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Automobile body

Prof. Nitin Malviya

(Associate Professor)

Sagar Institute of Science & Technology, Bhopal



Straddling the boundary between car and motorbike,

These vehicles have engines under 1.0 litre, typically seat only two passengers, and are sometimes unorthodox in construction.

Some microcars are three-wheelers, while the majority have four wheels.

Microcars were popular in post-war Europe, where their appearance led them to be called "Bubble cars".

More recent microcars are often electric powered.


A hatchback is a car body configuration with a rear door that swings upward to provide access to a cargo area.

Saloons / sedans

sedan (American, Canadian, Australian and New Zealand English)

saloon (British and Irish English)

It is a passenger car in a three-box configuration and principal volumes articulated in separate compartments for engine, passenger and cargo.

The passenger compartment features two rows of seats and adequate passenger space in the rear compartment for adult passengers.

The cargo compartment is typically in the rear,

with the exception of some rear-engined models, such as the Renault Dauphine, Tatra T613, Volkswagen Type 3 and Chevrolet Corvair. It is one of the most common car body styles

Estate cars / station wagons

A station wagon, also called an estate car, is an automotive body-style variant of a sedan/saloon with its roof extended rearward over a shared passenger/cargo volume with access at the back via a third or fifth door (the liftgate or tailgate), instead of a trunk lid.

Sports cars and grand tourers

A grand tourer (Italian: gran turismo) (GT) is a performance or luxury automobile capable of high speed or spirited long-distance driving. The most common format is a two-door coup with either a two-seat or a 2+2 arrangement.

A sports car (sportscar) is a small, usually two seat, two door automobile designed for spirited performance and nimble handling. Sports cars may be spartan or luxurious but high maneuverability and minimum weight are requisite


A convertible is a type of automobile of various automobile body styles that can convert from open-air mode to a provisional enclosed mode.

Roof designs have varied widely and have evolved from the earliest models, where roofs were demountable and/or detachable. ...


An off-road vehicle is considered to be any type of vehicle which is capable of driving on and off paved or gravel surface.It is generally characterized by having large tires with deep, open treads, a flexible suspension, or even caterpillar tracks

Sport utility vehicle

Crossover SUV

A sport utility vehicle or suburban utility vehicle (SUV) is a vehicle similar to a station wagon or estate car, usually equipped with four-wheel drive for on- or off-road ability. Some SUVs include the towing capacity of a pickup truck with the passenger-carrying space of a minivan or large sedan.

Sport utility vehicle

A crossover (or CUV: crossover utility vehicle) is a vehicle built on a car platform and combining, in highly variable degrees, features of a sport utility vehicle (SUV) with features from a passenger vehicle, especially those of a station wagon or hatchback.

Crossover SUV

Multi-purpose vehicles/Minivans

Minivan is a type of van designed for personal use.

Minivans are typically either two-box or one box designs for maximum interior volume

It is taller than a sedan, hatchback, or a station wagon.

MPVs may have seating for up to eight passengers.


van was a large covered wagon

A campervan (or camper van), sometimes referred to as a camper, or a caravanette, is a self-propelled vehicle that provides both transport and sleeping...


Recreational vehicle

RV is, in North America, the usual term for a motor vehicle or trailer equipped with living space and amenities found in a home.


A limousine (or limo) is a luxury sedan or saloon car generally driven by a chauffeur and with a partition between the driver and the passenger compartment.


A fastback is a car body style whose roofline slopes continuously down at the back.


A hardtop is a term for a rigid, rather than canvas, automobile roof. It has been used in several contexts: detachable hardtops, retractable hardtop roofs, and the so-called pillarless hardtop body style

Pickup truck

A pickup truck, often simply referred to as a pickup or truck, is a light motor vehicle with an open-top, rear cargo area (bed).

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