Multi Craft Product CATALOGUE S hristi Society for Sustainable Rural Development PUBLISHED BY: SHRISTI New Delhi. Kolkata. Ahmedabad Office of the Development Commissioner, Handicrafts, Ministry of Textiles, Government of India, West Block-7, R.K.Puram, New Delhi - 110066 Website : www.indianhandicrafts.org.in Tel. : 26163085, 26199466 SPONSORED BY: Email : [email protected]
The Development Commissioner for HandicraftsOffice of the Development Commissioner (Handicrafts)Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India, West Block-7, R.K.Puram, New Delhi-110 066Tel. : 26106902, Email : [email protected]
The Regional Director (H), Eastern RegionO/o of the Development Commissioner (H)Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of IndiaEastern Regional Office, CGO Complex,
rdA-Wing, 3 Floor, DF Block,Salt Lake City, Kolkata-700064Tel. : 23345403, Email : [email protected]
The Assistant Director (H)Marketing and Service Extension CentreO/o of the Development Commissioner (H)Ministry of Textiles, Govt. of India51, G.N. Mitra LaneBurdwan-713101Tel. : 2566523 Email : [email protected]
CANE AND 14-16BAMBOO
The popularity of Indian handicrafts has grown quite significantly over
the last decade and the exports, over the years, have steadily grown.
Besides, there are about five million rural artisans who need strategic
support in producing items of high quality for exports. Thus, there is
enormous potential for the development of the handicraft sector.
For better quality products we need improved technology, consistent
quality, and increased focus on R&D. For many traditional crafts, level of
excellence and master craftsmanship has suffered over the years in
relation to their realizable market/export potential and potential for
providing better incomes. The chief reasons for this being poor access
to required raw materials and capital, mechanization, and stiff price
competition, inability to keep pace with market related design and
product demand, lack of awareness/appreciation by consumers and
lack of sustained patronage in these specific traditional crafts.
Handicraft products constitute a significant part of the informal sector
of the Indian economy. Product innovation and improvements in
design technologies are therefore necessary for keeping this sector
economically sustainable and compete successfully in the global
In this scenario, Shristi, was founded by the late Shri.Sudipto Mukherjee. A chemical engineer by profession, he
was actively involved in the field of social work. Shristi, a non- governmental organization registered under the
Societies Registration Act of 1860 has been working in the field of handicrafts for the upliftment of the rural
artisan since the last decade. Shristi has worked with DC(H), New Delhi, Ministry of Textiles and has completed
for them various raw material and techno-assessment studies in terracotta, dhokra, stone, metal, natural fibres
etc. in 11 states of India. We have also conducted seminars and awareness programmes sponsored by DC(H) and
held exhibitions for handicrafts all over India.
Shristi's vision is to create self-sustaining, viable producer groups and encourage them to market directly thus
using their own inherent skills as a means of employment, income generation and economic self-sufficiency.
Shristi with the generous grant-in-aid of the DC(H) implemented the multi-craft Common Facility Centre(CFC)
at village Moina, Barasat, West Bengal, under AHVY scheme, where a number of clusters engaged in different
crafts are present. The objective of the CFC is wide scale dissemination of information and knowledge sharing
among the economically challenged rural artisan to enhance their economic progress. The craftsmen can access
modern advanced glazing and firing facilities and other equipment. The CFC extends required benefits to
artisans engaged in various crafts such as terracotta, cane and bamboo, glass and natural fibres.
The CFC has an initial support of 21 SHGs and is technically managed by Shristi. The artisans of the different SHGs
basically belong to the lower socio-economic strata of that area and are in need of appropriate skill
enhancement through design and technology intervention. This is imperative so as to make the product more
cost effective and marketable.
Delegates of 2day craft based seminar on terracotta craft held at Salt lake Kolkata on 31st march & 1st april 2008, taken on visit to CFC, Moina, Barasat, WB
Shristi in association with the DC(H), has guided craftsmen in the process of developing, designing, costing and
then marketing the product, and suggesting proper usages and investment of the income generated ensuring
that end products so produced are competitive in cost, better in utility services and aesthetic in nature. Training
in the form of skill upgradation workshops is given on a regular basis to the artisans. This ensures a continuous
input of new designs which are market oriented and bring about value-added items, Further, the craftsmen are
also apprised of the latest technologies in the relevant crafts.
Shristi has conducted design and technical development projects on terracotta and on ceramics, workshops on
metal, natural fibres, shitalpati and glass enamel for the cluster artisans. Market assessment and product study
tours are also conducted and artisans are taken to visit successful clusters to study the methodology being
followed by them and for a knowledge sharing between the two clusters. This has helped the craftsmen
broaden their horizon of knowledge and gain valuable insight into practices of craft and products in other
regions. All this has richly endowed the skills of the cluster artisan and his design base which is amply reflected in
Subsequently, the earnings of the craftsmen have significantly increased as they have been able to introduce
new designs and explore new possibilities in their craft. As a result the craftsmen have directly benefited and
their earnings have been significantly augmented.
The catalogue attempts to show case a few of the products that are being produced by the artisans at the
Common Facility Centre at village Moina, Dist. Barasat, West Bengal
Terracotta & Ceramics CraftTerracotta is associated with the growth of human civilization on earth. It started with the objective to provide man with cooking pots and pans. Subsequently the craft flourished through the centuries and diversified into decorative items as well which now are known as the handicraft items.
Ceramics is a technology dealing with earthen materials and minerals processed, formed and fired or baked finally to give permanency to wares. Ceramics is also the art of shaping and backing clay articles as pottery, earthenware and porcelain. It has been derived from the Greek word 'Keramics' which means earthen or made of clay or earth. It is the general art of heating common clay to create a utilitarian or ornamental object. All pottery and porcelain are considered ceramic.
Today under the onslaught of modernity, when traditions and cultures are being eroded and corrupted by the availability of mass-produced goods, many common household items are becoming collectors' items. For the appreciative and discerning, it is these artifacts of everyday life, like storage containers for rice and salt, earthenware water jars, cooking pots and incense burners, which are assuming rich forms and ideas, hitherto undiscovered. Utilitarian yet unique, such ordinary articles are as much the result of a folk craft handed down over the generations as of the collective experience and wisdom of the people.
The Process of Manufacture
Various modern machineries are available at the CFC premises, Barasat, which are utilized for training the artisans:Hand-operated wheel and electric motorized wheel are used for making pottery. Ball mill, Blunger and de-aired pug mill are used for preparing clay. Glazes are prepared in pot mill and spray machine is used for application of glazes. Wood fired kiln and electric and gas kilns are for improved products. The main raw materials — common clay is collected from the nearest river (Hooghly) and from ponds. The clay is pulverized and screened and then immersed in water for aging with addition of talcum powder and barium carbonate. After aging for 48 hrs. the slurry is kept in plaster state to get required consistency / workability. The common and gangetic soil is placed in ball mill and ground with grog (terracotta) & barium carbonate and then the slurry is kept in blunger. The propeller is rotated for a few hours, and then the mixture is sucked by slurry pump to filter press. The extra water is allowed to pass out and the clay slab is taken out of the filter press and placed in pug mill machine. The roll of clay is cut in regular intervals and placed on potter's wheel for production. The processed clay is then utilized in shaping a variety of items. The materials are dried in the open air. The first firing or biscuit firing of the earthenware
0products is done in a wooden furnace at 900 C. The clay objects become porous in the course of biscuit firing. In just a few seconds they absorb the raw glaze which is, in effect, liquid glass. Glaze application is done by dipping, pouring, brushing and spraying methods. The glazed objects are
0then given a glost firing at temperatures of 1000-1040 C.
TBD23 & 24 TBD-27INL
TBD25 & 26
TR-10INL TR-10C TR-10 TR-20
TR-42 & 43TR-38
TR-36 TR-28 TR-17 TR-14 TR-14INL
TMS-8ATMS-10 & 13
TMS-18 TMS-19 & 19-INL TMS-26
TMG-7 & 13
TMG-3 & 26
TMS-98 TAINL P-9
TMG-38A , B
JAMINI ROY Tiles - 3
arrow design 4
JAMINI ROY Tiles - 2
JAMINI ROY Tiles - 1
Dinner setShristi 11
In India, cane and bamboo have since ancient history given form to the expression of tribal art and provided them livelihood. Today it adorns the homes of the rich and elite and mud-houses alike. Many useful as well as decorative items are made out of these. Baskets and mats are the most popular items in this category. The best-known places for basketry and mats are Assam and Bengal. Bengal has an ancient tradition in making cane and bamboo items which are rich and varied. Initially bamboo crafts were limited to hand fans, sieves, fish traps of various types, kulas etc. but now with time, the crafts have diversified into various decoration and utility items like furniture, letter holders, candle stands etc.
Cane & Bamboo
TABM-9TABM-7 & 15
BM - 1, 2, 3
BM - 11
BM - 16, 17, 18
BM - 25
BM - 4, 5, 6
BM - 12, 13, 14
BM - 19, 20, 21
BM - 26
BM - 7, 8, 9, 10
BM - 15
BM - 22, 23, 24
BM - 27, 28
Palm WoodPalm wood is a hardwood timber from palm trees, most commonly associated with the Coconut Palm, but also including the Date Palm. Only in very recent years have people begun to explore the potential commercial uses for this vast, alternative supply of wood. This led to the commercial launch of Palm wood in a range of different products, from flooring to furniture to decorative products. With these products performing at equal to or even better than conventional hardwoods, Palm wood represents a viable substitute for endangered hardwoods from an ecologically-sound source.
Due to its beautiful grain and attractive natural appearance, it is ideal for high value wood products which include furniture, decorative interior walls, parquet floors, various novelties and curio items like ash trays, plates, bowls, vases, etc. which are equally, if not more than, comparable to the traditional wood species commonly used in the furniture industry as far as appearance is concerned.
Coconut shell craft is a popular craft where coconut trees are found in abundance. A high degree of skill is required for carving coconut shell as it is hard. The common products are cups, flower vases, snuff boxes, sugar bowls, nut bowls, powder boxes and spoons etc
The outer surface of the shell is rubbed with steel wool and the inner part is smoothened with a chisel. Then the shells are used to make several aesthetic pieces by cutting, fitting, painting etc. A first coat of boot polish is then used on the surface. Then a final coat of French polish is added to the whole. The fibres are also passed through some cleansing treatments. Then they are smoothened and finally used for making an attractive and decorative utility piece.
The shitalpati is a kind of mat found in Bengal, Assam and Tripura. These are woven with flat strips in check, twill or zigzag designs, sometimes incorporating stylized human and animal forms. A special kind of cane which is known as Mutra cane is the basic or the raw material for preparing shitalpati.
The fibre has to be soaked in cold water first for 20-30 minutes to obtain maximum water soaking and also to remove the cellulose, grease oil etc which are present in the natural fibers. The water, ratio 1: 20 (1 kg raw material and water 20 liters) is taken and set to boil. 200cc of hydrogen peroxide is added to the water & stirred well. After 5 minutes, 100 cc of sodium silicate is added to the same water solution and stirred well and allowed to boil. Finally liquid ammonia of 50 cc is mixed with cold water of 1 lit and this solution is added to the previous solution of hydrogen peroxide and sodium silicate & stirred well.
Finally the raw material is removed from the cold water and allowed to drip fully and then put in to the bleaching solution of hydrogen peroxide, sodium silicate and liquid ammonia and boiled for 30 minutes The raw material is removed from the solution and cooled for 10-15 minutes. 100 cc of glycerine is taken in 20 litres of water and raw materials soaked for 30 minutes and dried in shade and taken for practical work. The fibres are then dyed and the dyed fibre is stitched and integrated with various other materials like cane, leather, cloth etc. to make contemporary handicraft products like bags, lamps, holders, cushions etc. These are then packaged and marketed.
04 STP SRI 07 05 STP SRI 07 06 STP SRI 07
03 STP SRI 07
07 STP SRI 07
02 STP SRI 07
08 STP SRI 07
01 STP SRI 07
09 STP SRI 07
10 STP SRI 07 11 STP SRI 07 12 STP SRI 07
20 STP SRI 07
15 STP SRI 07
17 STP SRI 0716 STP SRI 07
22 STP SRI 07
13 STP SRI 07 14 STP SRI 07
23 STP SRI 07
21 STP SRI 07
19 STP SRI 07
24 STP SRI 07 25 STP SRI 07
DETAILED INDEXShristi 25
S.No Code No. Product Size Raw Material Page No. 1. THD 1 Handi- Inlay , Glazed D12cm H8.5cm Terracotta 2 2. THD 2 Handi – Etching,
178 05 / STP / SRI / 07 Shoulder Bag 15” X 4” X 8” Shitalpati& Leather 22 179 06 / STP / SRI / 07 Shopping Bag 6” X 4” X 8” Shitalpati& Leather 22 180 07 / STP / SRI / 07 Cosmetic Bag 8” X 3” X 5” Shitalpati 22
181 08 / STP / SRI / 07 Coin Purse 7” X 2.5” X 3.5” Shitalpati 22 182 09 / STP / SRI / 07 Tray 7” X 7” X 2” Shitalpati 22 183 10 /STP /SRI / 07 Storage Container 12” X 6” Shitalpati 22 184 11/ STP / SRI / 07 Fruit Tray 9 “ X 4” Shitalpati 22 185 12 / STP / SRI / 07 Container 5” X 11” Shitalpati 22 186 13 / STP / SRI / 07 Table Mat(A) 16” X 12” Shitalpati 23 187 14 / STP / SRI / 07 Table Mat(B) 20” X 14” Shitalpati 23 188 15 / STP / SRI / 07 Table Mat(C) 17” X 12” Shitalpati 23 189 16 / STP / SRI / 07 Table Mat ( D) 16” X 12” Shitalpati 23 190 17 / STP/ SRI / 07 Cushion 16” X 16 “ Shitalpati 23 191 19/ STP / SRI / 07 Waste Bin 8” X 7” X 10” Shitalpati 23 192 20 / STP / SRI / 07 Sunglass Container 5.5” X 3” Shitalpati 23 193 21 / STP / SRI / 07 Bolstar 28.5” X 11” Shitalpati 23 194 22 / STP / SRI / 07 Lamp 12” X 10” Shitalpati 23 195 23 / STP / SRI/ 07 Table Mat ( E) 20” X 14” Shitalpati 23 196 24 / STP / SRI / 07 Trendy Bag 6.5”X 5” Shitalpati& Leather 23 197 25 / STP / SRI / 07 Shoulder Bag 6” X 4” X 8” Shitalpati& Leather 23 198 NAPJ 29A Ladies Bag 37cmX13cmx24.5cm Shitalpati 24 199 NAPJ 29B Shopping Bag 37cmX13cmx24.5cm Shitalpati& Cane 24 200 NAPL 29B Shopping Bag 37cmX13cmx24.5cm Shitalpati& Cane 24 201 NAPL 30 Shoulder Bag 28cmx20.5cmx25cm Shitalpati& Leather 24 202 NAPJ 32 Ladies Bag 27cmx 21.5cm Shitalpati& Leather 24 203 NAPL32 Ladies Bag 27cmx 21.5cm Shitalpati& Leather 24 204 NAPJ 33 Ladies Bag 28cmx10cmx18cm Shitalpati & Cane 24 205 NAPL 40 Ladies Bag 26.5cmx6.5cmx19.5cm Shitalpati& Leather 24 206 NAPL 57 Pen Holder 5”x3” Shitalpati 24 207 NAPL 60 Men’s Wallet 4”x3” Shitalpati 24 208 NAPL 93 Journey Bag 35.5cmx11.5cmx35.5cm Shitalpati& Leather 24 209 NAPR 99 File Cover 35cmx23.5cm Shitalpati 24
0 / 9
d - 3
Office of the Development Commissioner, Handicrafts, Ministry of Textiles, Government of India, West Block-7, R.K.Puram, New Delhi - 110066