Composition in photography
Composition in photographyComposition is the arrangement of visual elements within the frame of a photograph.
Snapshot vs. PhotographSnapshot is just a
memory of something,
event, person or an object.
Snapshot vs. Photograph
Photograph isan artisticinterpretationof an eventor person or object.
Composition Depends on:
Structurestructural elementsPosition Line Shape
non-structural elements Light Texture Perspective Motion
the Nine-Grid Zone -Theorem of thirds.
-Each zone needs to produce a different effect in order to be doing its Job.
-Most of the zones may be exactly the same with one or two different zone. (ex)
-Weighing a photograph
the Nine-Grid ZoneSome effects we can
achieve by positioning
weighing toward the bottom
the Nine-Grid Zone
the Nine-Grid Zone
Slightly off-center whieghted toward the top, bottom,
Line and ShapeLine and Shape are the building blocks of the photograph.
Control them and Don’t allow them to control you.
They can help You a lot to control the eye of the viewer when exploring your photograph.
We have 3 types of lines:
Horizontal Vertical Diagonal
Makes you feel relax
Ex: the distant horizon.
A Question:Why do you think he had put the line on the upper line zone and
didn’t used the lower?
Makes you feel the power of Height
Specially when the photo is in the portrait format
)ex (a building, a tree, a person.
The strongest type,Use it to guide your viewers eye to your main subject
Also, imagine it makes the flat 2D plane of a photograph into a 3D sense
ShapeThe shape affect the
photograph by two ways :where it is +vewhere it isn't –ve
Composition takes care to make the –ve space interesting
ShapeWhat is the negative space?
The area between the borders of the shape and the borders of the framesThe closer these borders to each others the more interesting the negative space will be
BalanceBalance is an equal relationship between two things or more.
A photograph is balanced when various elements weigh the same
That don’t mean they should take the same amount.
DynamicDynamic is the movement of a viewer's eye as it explores a photograph.
1-Move begin with the most important subject (primary subject)2-Proceeds to less Important ones (secondary subjects)
3-Makes a full circle back to the primary subject again
DynamicIn a poorly composed photographThe eye of the viewer may stuck to one of the secondary objects
DynamicHow can we do to control dynamic
-Try to arrange your subjects in the frame
-Try to make your mainSubject big
-Try to make it near-Try to make your main
by light intensityby colors
-Use lines to guid the viewer
DynamicUsing lines in dynamicIn this case the diagonal helps a lotLook at the photograph don’t you feel these diagonal lines leading your eye to this train
)ex(Some one looking
Top 10 tips…1- Back Ground, Back Ground, Back
Ground ..…2- keep it simple.
3- get in close.4 -Personalize it .
5 -Get into the habit of scanning the edges of the frame.
Top 10 tips…6 -Edit your image.
7 -shoot a lot of frames8 -Raise your aspiration .
9 -study photography.10 -Always carry a camera with you.