1. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation Wong De-Vin| 0319814 | Puan HAs| FNBE Aug 2014 | Taylors University 1 Better Livable Town Elements of Natural and Built Environment UNiEA 1.Wong De-Vin | 0319814 2.FNBE AUG 2014 | Taylors University
2. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation Wong De-Vin| 0319814 | Puan HAs| FNBE Aug 2014 | Taylors University 2 1.Introduction Thereare2partsthatisdividedinthisproject,whichispartA,andpartB.In partA,weareaskedtoproduceanA4reportaboutmyfuturetown.Toproduce an A4 report, we are to refer to ancient civilizations and present cities to modifiedthedisadvantagestoproduceabetterfuturetown.Afterreferring,we aretodesignanewtownbyourimaginationonhowthefuturetownwillsave ourearth.Afterwehavedonethereport,wearetoproducea3minutesvideo clipaboutfuturetown.Theobjectiveofthisistoshowourviewersinaclearer wayofourfuturetown. InpartBoftheproject,wearetoformagroupof5members.Ourtaskisto buildamodelofthefuturetownanddescriptionofourfuturetownin3A2sized mountingboard.Afterthat,wehavetopresentourproposalofourfuturetown withthemodelandalsothepresentationboards.
3. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation Wong De-Vin| 0319814 | Puan HAs| FNBE Aug 2014 | Taylors University 3 2.The City 2.1 The City Definition A city is a relatively large and permanent settlement. Although there is no agreement on how a city is distinguished from a town within general English language meanings, many cities have a particular administrative, legal, or historical status based on local law. Cities generally have complex systems for sanitation, utilities, land usage, housing, and transportation. The concentration of development greatly facilitates interaction between people and businesses, benefiting both parties in the process, but it also presents challenges to managing urban growth. A big city or metropolis usually has associated suburbs and exurbs. Such cities are usually associated with metropolitan areas and urban areas, creating numerous business commuters traveling to urban centers for employment. Once a city expands far enough to reach another city, this region can be deemed a conurbation or megalopolis. 2.2 What is the brief history? Towns and cities have a long history, although opinions vary on whether any particular ancient settlement can be considered a city. A city formed as central places of trade for the benefit of the members living in close proximity to others facilitates interaction of all kinds. These interactions generate both positive and negative externalities between others' actions. Benefits include reduced transport costs, exchange of ideas, sharing of natural resources, large local markets, and later in their development, amenities such as running water and sewage disposal. Possible costs would include higher rate of crime, higher mortality rates, higher cost of living, worse pollution, traffic and high commuting times. Cities grow when the benefits of proximity between people and firms are higher than the cost.
4. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation Wong De-Vin| 0319814 | Puan HAs| FNBE Aug 2014 | Taylors University 4 The first true towns are sometimes considered large settlements where the inhabitants were no longer simply farmers of the surrounding area, but began to take on specialized occupations, and where trade; food storage and power were centralized. In 1950 Gordon Childe attempted to define a historic city with 10 general metrics. These are: 1 Size and density of the population should be above normal. 2 Differentiation of the population. 3 Payment of taxes to a deity or king. 4 Monumental public buildings. 5 The king supports those not producing their own food. 6 Systems of recording and practical science. 7 A system of writing. 8 Development of symbolic art. 9 Trade and import of raw materials. This categorization is descriptive, and it is used as a general touchstone when considering ancient cities, although not all have each of its characteristics. One characteristic that can be used to distinguish a small city from a large town is organized government. A town accomplishes common goals through informal agreements between neighbors or the leadership of a chief. A city has professional administrators, regulations, and some form of taxation (food and other necessities or means to trade for them) to feed the government workers. The governments may be based on heredity, religion, military power, work projects (such as canal building), food distribution, land ownership, agriculture, commerce, manufacturing, finance, or a combination of those. Societies that live in cities are often called civilizations. 2.3 What makes a city / town Whatever the perceived strengths and weaknesses of your city's brand, one thing appears unarguable, and that's the value of being identified as a city in the first place. In the US midwest, admittedly, the word "city" has been appended with abandon to any one-brothel main street that once offered
5. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation Wong De-Vin| 0319814 | Puan HAs| FNBE Aug 2014 | Taylors University 5 relief to travellers across the prairies. Likewise Australia, where Melbourne suburbs style themselves as cities and outback dots such as the City of Dubbo appear on the map. This is the pioneer spirit at work echoing ancestors' hopes and ambitions for these remote settlements. Nowadays, however, towns everywhere seem to have aspirations to brand themselves with city status and sometimes even that isn't enough, when there is also a "global city" or "city of culture" title to be garnered. Beyond the brand blather, does the city distinction really matter? I think so but that we need a more discerning definition of the title (and, for that matter, subtitles such as "eco-city", "smart city" and the like). And so to fledgling Ebbsfleet Garden City, a clip-on surburb planned in the eastern periphery of London that was recently (re)announced by the UK's chancellor, George Osborne. In name at least, Ebbsfleet echoes the ambition of the garden cities movement that first gained traction at the beginning of the last century, and led to the establishment of Letchworth Garden City and Welwyn Garden City as a reaction to England's overcrowded, high density, polluted capital. In a garden city, healthy, peaceful residents were envisioned as having the physical space to grow their greens and the mental space to better themselves of an evening at educational institutes, rather than drink their way through their wage packet at the local. While utopian in vision, low-density "cities" such as these are, as a concept, profoundly anti-urban. Many places around the world that have been founded on this model have suffered similar problems from the pragmatic (not enough people to support decent public transport) to the existential (they are boring). The unofficial city moniker seeks to big them up but Letchworth and Welwyn, no matter how pleasant to some, unequivocally remain towns. The truth is, we know this instinctively when we visit such places there is something city-ish missing. The UK has, for centuries, regulated which settlements can title themselves a city. Under Henry VIII, the presence of a diocesan cathedral was usually enough to guarantee the claim. Size didnt matter so much as the exercise of power spiritual or temporal. This was clearly getting ridiculous by the mid-19th century, when the booming English industrial centres of the north and Midlands remained towns while St Davids (population c.2000) on the west coast of Wales enjoyed the city mantle. Manchester finally won city status in 1854 and Liverpool in 1880 Birmingham had to wait until 1889 when the requirement to have an Anglican cathedral was dropped. Leeds and Sheffield followed in 1893 while Bradford, Hull and Nottingham got the gig in 1897, the year of Queen Victorias Diamond Jubilee.
6. ENBE | Final Project | Part A Report | The Better Livable Town Representation Wong De-Vin| 0319814 | Puan HAs| FNBE Aug 2014 | Taylors University 6 Today, the UK's official criteria for what constitutes a city remain opaque, but those put in place in 1907 remain a good rule of thumb: home to at least 300,000 residents, a distinct identity that is the centre of a wider area, and a good record of local government. There are now 69 official UK cities (there would be 70 but Rochester, a cathedral city since 1211, became a town in 1998 after it neglected to confirm its status following local government reorganisation). 2.4 What makes a good town/ township? Any effort to describe what makes a great town is bound to elicit a multiple of desires. To some a great city has an influx of ethnic cultures, high-end shopping and the presence of jazz clubs, all night restaurants and a happening nightlife. Thats not, however, what youll discover in any of the myriad of charming towns that make up the high desert. Instead you find original culture mixed with sustainable environments and a desire to keep our communities small but prosperous. The air is clean, the water is top quality, the rivers and mountains are inviting and accessible and the small economies that are growing in various sections of the region are hopeful. The traffic is manageable, roundabouts add pizzazz to our driving experience, restaurants are pretty fabulous, the schools are excellent and where else can you park right in front of Victoria Secret at numerous times of the day? The artist community is so bountiful that one often wonders how these artists find a way to make a living here. The answer, of course, is that most cant survive on art alone, but the desire to live here makes them forge other avenues of revenue. Their commitment to Central Oreg