Updated (12 April 2014) with extra information on what to include in your CV.
Text of CV advice for postgraduates and postdoctoral researchers
Recognising your skills & writing an effective CV Sarah Blackford Academic & science career specialist www.biosciencecareers.org www.sebiology.org
Recognising your skills & writing an effective CV Note to Slideshare viewers: Make sure to refer to my blog for examples of CVs and covering letters +++ www.biosciencecareers.org
What do employers want?
Specific Research Knowledge & Skills Academic Research (universities, research institutes, government) Research in Industry/Business (technology, bioindustry, policy think tanks, media) Scientific services (clinical sciences, specialist industries) Associated commercial careers (technology transfer, patent agent, data management, regulatory affairs, marketing) Communication (publishing editorial, commissioning, production - press officer, outreach, medical writer) Teaching (university, schools) Administrative/Development work Self Employment/Consultancy work Something completely different ....Finance, project mgt ? Non-Academic Knowledge & Skills
SKILLS Technical Skills Communication Analytical/Research Willingness to learn Problem solving Flexibility Specific knowledge Project management Teamwork Organisational Interpersonal Leadership
What do you have to offer?
What have you gained from your research experience? Specific research knowledge Research/Technical skills and techniques Teaching/supervising ? Funding and independent activities ? Communication skills: presenting, writing, negotiating, building relationships Management skills: managing time, projects, resources, people Problem-solving skills: designing, conducting experiments, troubleshooting Research skills: critical analysis of literature, data, conceptual thinking Fund-raising: seeking and preparing funding applications Self-motivation: self-starter, able to keep going under pressure Multi-tasking: able to organise your research, teaching, administration Networking: collaboration with other groups (within and outside of your discipline/department), industry, conferencing, organising seminars
How do you sell yourself effectively to employers?
Your CV Is NOT your biography It is your personal prospectus The Perfect CV will not get you the job It will - Help you to get an Interview
Marketing Yourself on Paper Successful CVs: Identify and Address the EMPLOYERS Needs Give Evidence of RELEVANT Skills and Qualities Present a Professional Cohesive Image Convey Enthusiasm and Commitment Dont Undersell
The Perfect CV Key Elements Concise Communication Clearly Demonstrates Ability to Produce Results For Your Potential Employer Motivated to Meet You
How Long Will an Employer Spend Reading Your CV? 20-30 Seconds
What do employers want from applicants? Targeted Applications: Awareness of Skills Required - Matched to your Evidence of Skills you Possess Explain your Interest and Motivation Fully and Correctly Completed Applications Evidence which Sets you Above the Average
Marketing yourself in a CV Successful Applications: Identify and address the EMPLOYERS needs Give evidence of RELEVANT skills and qualities Present a professional cohesive image Convey enthusiasm and commitment
CV Action Verbs Describe what you have DONE Achieved Assessed Completed Created Coordinated Demonstrated Developed Elected Expressed Initiated Investigated Led Organised Prepared Produced Selected Supervised Tested AGCAS 2009
Preparing An Effective CV It Should: Be Clear and Concise Set Out Why You Think You are the Right Person for the Job Show What You can Offer the Employer Basic Rules It Must Look Good Allocate Space Strictly in Relation to the Importance of the Information Be Easy to Read and Follow Always Send a Covering Letter
Preparing An Effective CV How long does it take to prepare?
Preparing a CV Put Strongest Statement at the Top Keep Sentences and Paragraphs Short Use Indented and Bulleted Statements Use Simple Terms Use Quantities and Amounts
Preparing a CV Avoid/ Leave Out Jargon Self-Serving Evaluations Hobbies Unless they Contribute to Job Target I
What should you include in your CV Personal Details (including social media/website) ?Career Goal/Key capabilities Education Work History Skills and competencies ?Publications, Conferences, Professional Memberships, Interests Referees
Personal details Your name - the title of your CV Contact information (address, phone, email) Photo? Only mandatory in some countries Social media extends your profile (e.g. Researchgate for academic jobs; LinkedIn for business/industry jobs; Twitter for communication jobs)
Career goal/capabilities Optional. Advise to use as follows: 1) If you can satisfy the vast majority of the job requirements, and more and you want to make sure you write this prominently on your CV so it can be seen easily. 2) If you are not sending a CV, e.g. when attending a careers fair.
Education Place this Section first if you are a PhD student. Include your current PhD details - write the title of your thesis, supervisor and description of your project for an academic CV; for other posts make the information more general). Then place information about your masters degree and undergraduate degree after this. You can include other training in this section if it is relevant to the post.
Work History Place this Section first if you are a postdoctoral/early career researcher/fellow. Include your current post with details of your project aims and description for academic posts. Add in previous research posts in reverse chronological order including internships. Depending on the seniority of an academic post, you may need to add in considerable detail. For non academic posts this section can be shorter and less detailed.
Skills & Competencies For most jobs this will be the most important section of your CV as it demonstrates your skills and personal attributes. Include 3 4 subtitles according to the skills specified in the job description: Eg. Research & Technical; Communication; Teaching & Public Engagement Teamworking & collaboration; Project management; Organisational & Planning. Provide evidence of these skills taken from your experiences (work, education, personal).
Publications & Conferences Cite your publications in the body of your CV if you only have one or two. If you have a long list (lucky you ) you can add an appendix and refer to them on page 1 of your CV (eg See Appendix on page 3 for list of publications and conference presentations). This will keep the main part of your CV at 2 pages in length. For non-academic non-research jobs you may need to exclude your publications and simply refer to the fact that you have published papers from your researcher work, showing evidence of your output and success.
Awards, membership, Interests Depends on the job: you need to decide whether and how to display these in your CV. Eg they could be evidence of positions of responsibility, achievement, motivation, desire for success, working towards a goal. As a rule, only include interests if they add to your personal profile and show evidence of skills such as teamworking, leadership, achievement. Can depend on the country: www.totaljobs.co.uk
Referees Try to choose referees who will give different perspectives of you. If youre able, tell your referees what you are applying for and even remind them in the type of key experiences and skills you have. You can choose to say Referees available on request especially if sending your CV to a recruitment company. It means your referees wont receive too many requests during your job-seeking ventures. Sometimes you can include a letter of recommendation with your CV
Top 10 CV Mistakes 1. Too Long 2. Disorganised 3. Untargeted/generic 4. Misspellings, Typing Errors, Poor Grammar 5. Too Many Irrelevancies 6. Too Sparse Gaps? 7. Misdirected 8. Not Oriented for Results 9. Tries Too Hard 10. Overwritten