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Designing and developing inclusive urban environments

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  • Designing and Developing Inclusive Urban Environments in

    The Global South

    Rethinking the Informality

    Contemporary Urban Issues Conference DAKAM Istanbul

    Chiko Ncube

    Doctoral Researcher at SURFACE Inclusive Design Research Centre

    University of Salford, United Kingdom

  • Demographic Transitions

    What is Inclusive Design?

    PhD Research Design

    WHO Age-friendly Cities

    Questions that begin to arise

  • A world in transition Continuing population growth Additional 2.5 Billion people to the urban population by 2050 Globally, more people projected to be living in urban areas

  • People over 60

    Another transition Global Ageing

    Photo taken by Ira de Reuver

  • Inclusive Design?

  • PhD Research

    What is to be done in designing and

    developing inclusive


    How can inclusive urban

    environments be achieved in developing countries?

    How can the best practice in inclusive urban environments in developed

    countries be used as a paradigm for developing countries? (Age-friendly cities Manchester) Analyse the major challenges experienced in less developed settings to develop

    inclusive urban environments and the practical steps to overcome them

  • Functional capacity

    The Determinants of Active Ageing

    Creating Urban Environments for Older People: WHO Age-friendly Cities

    What is an Age-friendly city?

    An Age-friendly city encourages active ageing by optimizing opportunities for health, participation and security in order to enhance quality of life as people age.

    An age-friendly city adapts its

    structures and services to be accessible to and inclusive of older people with varying needs and capacities.

  • Eight Domains of Age-friendliness

    Urban landscape and the built environment

    Social environment

    Global Network of Age-friendly Cities 2010

  • Early life Adult life Older Age

    Disability Threshold








    The incidence of disability increases with age

    Decline of functional capacity

    (Adapted from Kalache and Kickbusch,1997)

  • Maintaining functional capacity over the life course

    Early life Growth and development

    Adult life Maintaining highest Possible level of function

    Older Age Maintaining independence and Preventing disability








    (Adapted from Kalache and Kickbusch,1997)

    Disability Threshold

    Environmental changes can lower the disability threshold

  • Questions that begin to arise How far can the Age-friendly Cities programme

    be taken in less developed settings? What radical adjustments and innovative delivery

    models need to be in place in areas of accelerating urbanization and informal city settlements?

    What challenges are involved in designing and

    developing urban environments in the Global South?

    What evidence based framework can be

    introduced to support developing countries in the design and development of inclusive urban environments and contribute to policy and practice?

    Source:Thomas Reuters/CBM website