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12 表表表表表表 LCD, PDP, ELD 表表表表表表表表

12 表示デバイス LCD, PDP, ELD

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電子デバイス工学. 12 表示デバイス LCD, PDP, ELD. すでに実用化されている ディスプレイデバイス. 陰極線管 Cathode Ray Tube (CRT). 液晶ディスプレイ Liquid Crystalline Display (LCD). プラズマディスプレイパネル Plasma Display Panel (PDP). エレクトロルミネセントディスプレイ Electroluminescent Display (ELD). LCD. LCD の1ピクセルの 断面図. 逆スタガー構造チャネルエッチング型TFTで駆動するLCD. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of 12 表示デバイス LCD, PDP, ELD

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LCD, PDP, ELD Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) Liquid Crystalline Display (LCD) Plasma Display Panel (PDP) Electroluminescent Display (ELD)

LCDLCD

LCDLCD

LCD

LCD

LCD

LCD

LCD

n-(4-methoxybenzyliden)-4-n-butylaniline

4-pentyl-4-cyanobiphenylH. Sakawamoto: The History of Liquid-Crystal Displays, Proc. IEEE 90 (2002) 460-500.LCDS. M. Kelly: Flat Panel Displays (The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2000) p.27.

ITO (Indium Tin Oxide)

Twisted NematicTwisted Nematic

0(V)V(V)LCD

TN

LCDLCD

J.-H. Lee, D. N. Liu, S.-T. Wu: Introduction to Flat Panel Displays (Wiley, 2008) p.76.

BrightDark

T. Scharf: Polarized Light in Liquid Crystals and Polymers (Wiley, 2007) p.172.xyxy xyyxyx xy

xyxy y y

(x,y)(x,y)nx = ny nnx = ny nn

n < 0n < 0n > 0yxyxyx

http://fujifilm.jp/business/material/display/fpdfilm/wvfilm/index.html

Rth WV-A 137nm 15.5WV-SA 156nm 18.2

J.-H. Lee, D. N. Liu, S.-T. Wu: Introduction to Flat Panel Displays (Wiley, 2008) p.78.

H. Sakawamoto: The History of Liquid-Crystal Displays, Proc. IEEE 90 (2002) 460-500.XYXYThin Film Transistor (TFT)

J.-H. Lee, D. N. Liu, S.-T. Wu: Introduction to Flat Panel Displays (Wiley, 2008) p.39.

J.-H. Lee, D. N. Liu, S.-T. Wu: Introduction to Flat Panel Displays (Wiley, 2008) p.42.308 nmaSi10 nspSipoly-Sia-SiTFTa-Sipoly-Si

a-Si (amorphous silicon: ) TFTpoly-Si (polycrystalline silicon: ) TFT0.5cm2/Vs100cm2/Vsa-Si TFTLCDTFTTFTTFTTFT

Si

poly-SiPDPPDP

PDP

http://goods.naganoblog.jp/c21483.htmlPDP

PDP(Ar)(Hg)(Ne)(Xe)Hg + e Hg* + eHg* Hg + hvhv + Xe + e Xe* + eXe* Xe + hv 147 nmhv147 nm+ (R,G,B)

185 nm254 nm

PDP

Phase 1Phase 2Phase 3Phase 4Phase 5

PDPPDP vs. LCDPDPLCDPDPLCDLCDLCDLCDPDPLED

pnpn

pnTFTpn

OLED

OLED

OLEDLUMO: HOMO:pnOLEDOLED

ELF504i

ELCarozzeria

EL SONY XEL-1OLED

80oC/Hum.80%OLED

(a)(b)(c)Cathode separatorAnodeSubstrateOrganic LayerCathodeGlass substrateOrganic LayerAnode (ITO)CathodeAdhesive resinMetal-Can passivationN2ConventionalMetal-Canpassivationmethod.

200WOLED