¥¸ . - ‍½¾²‹ Slackware Linux - 2005

  • View
    144

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

Text of ¥¸ . - ‍½¾²‹ Slackware Linux - 2005

Slackware Linux

Slackware Linux

Copyright 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 Slackware Linux, Inc. All rights reserved.:

Slackware Linux,

Slackware Linux, Inc., 1164 Claremont Drive, Brentwood, CA 94513

: . : - . : . : , , .

:

2000 2005

Slackware Linux (Patrick Volkerding) Slackware Linux, Inc. Linux (Linus Torvalds). America Online AOL America Online, Inc. / .

Apple, FireWire, Mac, Macintosh, Mac OS, Quicktime TrueType Apple Computer, Inc., .

IBM, AIX, EtherJet, Netnity, OS/2, PowerPC, PS/2, S/390 ThinkPad International Business Machines Corporation , . IEEE, POSIX, and 802 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. .

Intel, Celeron, EtherExpress, i386, i486, Itanium, Pentium Xeon Intel Corporation .

Microsoft, IntelliMouse, MS-DOS, Outlook, Windows, Windows Media Windows NT , Microsoft Corporation / .

Netscape Netscape Navigator Netscape Communications Corporation .

Red Hat, RPM Red Hat, Inc. .

XFree86 XFree86 Project, Inc. , , . , , Slackware Linux, Inc. , , .

ISBN: 1-57176-338-4

.................................................................................................... xvii 1. Slackware Linux .......................................................................... 11.1. Linux?....................................................................................... 1 1.1.1. GNU ................................................................................... 2 1.2. Slackware? ............................................................................... 2 1.3. Open Source Free Software ..................................................................... 4 2. ........................................................... 7 2.1. ............................................... 7 2.1.1. man.................................................................................................... 7 2.1.2. /usr/doc .............................................................................. 9 2.1.3. HOWTO mini-HOWTO ......................................... 10 2.2. ........................................................................ 11 2.2.1. - ............................. 11 2.2.2. ............................................. 11 2.2.3. - ................. 13 3. ....................................................................................................... 17 3.1. Slackware.............................................................................. 17 3.1.1. ................................. 17 3.1.2. ............................................................................ 18 3.2. .......................................................................... 19 3.2.1. ..................................... 20 3.2.2. ...................................................................... 21 3.2.3. ........................................................................ 23 3.2.4. Root- ....................................................................................... 24 3.2.5. ................................................................. 24 3.2.6. ........................................................................... 24 3.3. ....................................................................................... 25 3.4. - setup ............................................................... 28 3.4.1. HELP ()....................................................................... 29 3.4.2. KEYMAP ( )........................... 30

vi

3.4.3. ADDSWAP ( ).............................................. 31 3.4.4. TARGET () .......................................................................... 32 3.4.5. SOURCE () ............................................................. 32 3.4.6. SELECT () ....................................................................... 34 3.4.7. INSTALL () .......................................................... 34 3.4.8. CONFIGURE ().................................................... 36 4. .................................................................................... 45 4.1. ........................................................................................ 45 4.1.1. ................................................... 45 4.1.2. ............................................................................... 49 4.1.3. /etc/rc.d .......................................................................... 51 4.2. .............................................................................................. 56 4.2.1. /kernels CD-ROM Slackware................................ 57 4.2.2. ................................... 57 4.2.3. ..................................................... 62 5. ............................................................................................. 65 5.1. : netcong - .............................................................. 65 5.2. ...................................................... 66 5.2.1. .......................................................... 67 5.2.2. (10/100/1000Base-T Base-2) ........................... 67 5.2.3. .......................................................................................... 68 5.2.4. PCMCIA ......................................................................................... 69 5.3. TCP/IP .................................................................................. 69 5.3.1. DHCP .............................................................................................. 70 5.3.2. IP ............................................................................. 72 5.3.3. /etc/rc.d/rc.inet1.conf.................................................................... 72 5.3.4. /etc/resolv.conf ............................................................................... 73 5.3.5. /etc/hosts......................................................................................... 74 5.4. PPP ............................................................................................................ 75 5.4.1. pppsetup .......................................................................................... 75 5.4.2. /etc/ppp ............................................................................................ 76 5.5. ............................................................................... 76

vii

5.5.1. .............................................................. 77 5.5.2. ............................ 77 5.5.3. ............................................................................. 80 5.6. ................................................................. 80 5.6.1. SMB/Samba/CIFS........................................................................... 81 5.6.2. (NFS) .............................................. 83 6. X................................................................................................... 87 6.1. xorgcong.................................................................................................. 88 6.2. xorgsetup ................................................................................................... 93 6.3. xinitrc ........................................................................................................ 93 6.4. xwmcong.................................................................................................. 95 6.5. xdm ............................................................................................................ 98 7. ........................................................................................................ 103 7.1. LILO........................................................................................................ 103 7.2. LOADLIN ............................................................................................... 107 7.3. ................................................................................. 109 7.3.1. Windows........................................................................................ 109 7.3.2. Linux ............................................................................................. 115 8. (shell) ................................................................. 117 8.1. ........................................................................................ 117 8.1.1. ............................................................................ 117 8.1.2. Root: ........................................................... 118 8.2. ............................................................................... 119 8.2.1. ........................................................................ 119 8.2.2. .............................................................. 120 8.2.3. / 122 8.3. Bourne Again Shell (bash)...................................................................... 124 8.3.1. ............................................................ 124 8.3.2. ................................................. 126 8.4. .................................................................... 127 8.4.1. screen ............................................................................ 128

viii

9.

............................................................. 131

9.1. .............................................................................. 131 9.2. ....................................................................................... 132 9.3. ................................................................................................... 137 9.4. ...........................................