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Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary Word Wall Cards
Mathematics vocabulary word wall cards provide a display of mathematics content words and associated visual cues to assist in vocabulary development. The cards should be used as an instructional tool for teachers and then as a reference for all students. The cards are designed for print use only.
Table of ContentsNumber and Number SenseDecimal Place ValueRoundMixed NumberEquivalentPrime NumberComposite NumberEven and Odd Numbers
Computation and EstimationFraction: AdditionFraction: SubtractionLeast Common MultipleGreatest Common FactorUnit Fraction MultiplicationAdditionSubtractionMultiply: ProductDivide: Quotient
Measurement and GeometryArea: Square unitsPerimeter: UnitsVolume: Height, Width, LengthEquivalent Measurements: Kilometer, Meter,
CentimeterEquivalent Measurements: Kilogram, GramsEquivalent Measurements: Liter, MillilitersMillimeter: CentimeterChordDiameterRadiusCircumferenceAcute AngleObtuse AngleRight Angle
Straight AngleAcute TriangleRight TriangleObtuse TriangleEquilateral TriangleScalene TriangleIsosceles TriangleRectangle: Right AngleSquare: Right AngleParallelogramRhombusTrapezoidTranslationReflectionRotationSubdivideCombine
Probability and StatisticsSample SpaceLine GraphFundamental Counting PrincipleLine PlotStem-and-Leaf PlotMeanMean: Fair ShareMedianModeRange: Measure of Spread
Patterns, Functions and AlgebraPatternsExpressionVariable ExpressionEquationEquality
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary
Inequality
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary
DecimalPlace Value
Position
decimal pointVirginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 1
One
s
Tent
hsH
undr
edth
s
Thou
sand
ths
3 . 7 2 1
Round
Round 1.24 to the nearest tenth.
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 2
1.2 1.31.24
Mixed Number
1610
=1 610
=1.6
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 3
whole fraction
Equivalent 75
100
34
0.75 34
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 4
=
=
=
Prime Numberhas exactly two different
factors, 1 and itselfPrime numbers to 100
2 3 5 7 1113 17 19 23 2931 37 41 43 4753 59 61 67 7173 70 83 89 97
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 5
Composite Number
has factors other than one and itself
factors of 6: 1, 2, 3, 6
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 6
Even and Odd Numbers
4 – even
3 - odd
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 7
Fraction:Addition
12
+ 38
78
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 8
Fraction:Subtraction
58
14
38
Least Common Multiple
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 9
Multiples of 12 Multiples of 181 x 12 = 12 1 x 18 = 182 x 12 = 24 2 x 18 = 363 x 12 = 36 3 x 18 = 544 x 12 = 48
LCM is 36.
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 10
Greatest Common FactorFactors of 12 Factors of 181 x 12 = 12 1 x 18 = 182 x 6 = 12 2 x 9 = 183 x 4 = 12 3 x 6 = 18
1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, 18
GCF is 6.
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 11
Unit Fraction Multiplication
How much is 12 x 6?
12
× 6 = 3
How much is 6 x 12?
6 × 12
= 62=3
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 12
Addition 4.65 + 1.24 = 5.89
sum
+plus
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 13
Subtraction4.65 – 1.24 = 3.41
difference
minus
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 14
Multiply:Product
32 × 48 = 1,536
product
×Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 15
Divide:Quotient
1420
|280 28014
¿20
280 ÷ 14 = 20
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 16
Area:Square Units
the number of square units needed to cover a surface or plane figure
l x w4 x 3 = 12
Area = 12 square units
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 17
Perimeter:Units
the measure of the path or distance around any plane figure in units
3 + 4 + 3 + 4Perimeter = 14 units
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 18
Volume:Height, Width, Lengththe measure of capacity of a 3-D figure,
measured in cubic units
l x w x h5 x 3 x 2
Volume = 30 cubic units
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 19
length
heightwidth
Equivalent Measurements:
Kilometer, Meter, and Centimeter
1 kilometer (km) = 1,000 meters (m)
1 meter (m) = 100 centimeters (cm)
1 centimeter (cm) = 10 millimeters (mm)
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 20
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 21
Equivalent Measurements:
Kilogram and Grams
1 kilogram (kg) = 1,000 grams (g)
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 22
Equivalent Measurements:
Liter and Milliliters
1 liter (l) = 1,000 milliliters (ml)
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 23
Millimeters:Centimeters
10 millimeters (mm) = 1 centimeter (cm)
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 24
centimeter (cm)
millimeter (mm)
Chorda line segment connecting any
two points on a circle
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 25
Diametera chord that passes through the
center of a circle
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 26
Radiusa line segment joining the center
of a circle to any point on the circle
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 27
Circumferencethe distance around or “perimeter” of a circle
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 28
Acute Angle
less than 90º
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 29
Obtuse Angle
greater than 90º, but less than 180º
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 30
Right Angle
exactly 90º
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 31
Straight Angle
.exactly 180º
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 32
Acute Triangle
all angles less than 90º
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 33
Right Triangle
one 90º angle
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 34
Obtuse Triangle
one angle greater than 90º
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 35
EquilateralTriangle
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 36
33
3
ScaleneTriangle
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 37
6
5
2
IsoscelesTriangle
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 38
55
Rectangle:Right Angle
4 right angles opposite sides are parallel
and congruent
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 39
3
7
Square:Right Angle
4 right angles 4 congruent sides 2 pairs of parallel sides
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 40
3
3 3
3
Parallelogram
opposite sides are parallel and congruent
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 41
7
7
44
Rhombus
4 congruent sides 2 pairs of parallel sides opposite angles are
congruent
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 42
3
3
3
3
Trapezoid
exactly one pair of parallel sides
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 43
Translationan image formed by moving
every point on the preimage the same distance in the same
direction
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 44
pre-image
image
Reflectionan image formed by reflecting the
preimage over a line called the line of reflection
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 45
pre-image image
Rotationan image formed by rotating the preimage about a point called the
center of rotation
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 46
imagepre-image
Subdivide
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 47
triangle
parallelogram
trapezoid
Combine
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 48
Sample Space
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 49
thin crust
pepperoni
cheese
mushrooms
thick crust
pepperoni
cheese
mushrooms
Pizz
a C
hoic
es
Tree Diagram
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 50
Line Graph
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 51
Tem
pera
ture
(F)
Temperature Over Time
Fundamental Counting Principle
If Joe has 4 different color shirts (green, blue, white, and yellow) and 2 different color shorts (tan
and black), then he has 4 x 2 or 8 different outfits to wear.
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 52
Line PlotNumber of Pets
x x x x x
1 2 3 4 5
x represents 1 student
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 53
Stem-and-Leaf Plot
Key: 1| 8 means 18
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 54
Stem Leaf1 7, 82 2, 4, 5, 6, 93 3, 7, 9, 945 0
Meanfair share or
average
6, 9, 8, 8, 9
6 + 9 + 8 + 8 + 9 = 4040 ÷ 5 = 8
mean = 8
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 55
Mean:
Fair Share
4, 7, 6, 6, 7
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 56
The mean is 6.
Medianthe middle value of a data
set in ranked order
6, 7, 8, 9, 9
8 = median
5, 6, 8, 9, 11, 12
8.5 = medianVirginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 57
11107 98
Modedata that occurs most
frequently 6, 7, 8, 9, 99 = mode
6, 8, 10, 11, 15, 20no mode
2, 2, 2, 3, 7, 9, 9, 92 and 9 = mode
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 58
Range the spread of a set of data
6, 7, 8, 9, 9
6 least value in the data set
9 greatest value in the data set
range = 9 – 6 = 3
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 59
Patterns8, 10, 13, 17, __
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 60
Rule: ______ Rule: ______ Rule: ______
Input Output Input Output Input Output
4 11 145 130 2 8
5 12 100 85 4 16
6 13 75 60 ? 2010 17 50 ? 8 32
Expressiona representation of a
quantity
12.814 × 351
45 ÷ 8
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 61
Variable Expressionan expression that contains numbers, operations, and
variables
4 + s variable
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 62
Equation3 + 5 = 10 – 2
6 – x = 4
12 ÷ 4 = y
8n = 56
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 63
Equality
=400 – 177 = 399 – 176
25 x 5 = 250 ÷ 21.8 x 5 = 18 ÷ 2
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 64
Inequality
≠5 + 6 ≠ 11 – 5 9 – 8
9 ≠ 223 × 3
0.5 x 7 ≠ 3.5 + 5
Virginia Department of Education 2018 Grade 5 Mathematics Vocabulary – Card 65