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News stories Talkingaboutsociety Glking about people you know Used to (t)r Usedto (2)
lnlroductionThe main goal of the INNOVATIONS series is to help you speak English fluently and understand spoken English. Because of this, most of the exercises in this book give spoken models of how the language is normally used. One of the most important things to think about when studying English on your own is collocation.
Making the most of
your self-study timeTranslating from English into your own language is normal at this level. When you study this book at home, it is a good idea to also keep your own vocabulary notebook. Write down new bits of English on the left and translations on the right. Here is an exercise which shows you how to translate well. Start your vocabulary notebook by copying the sentences below on a page. Write a translation next to each sentence in your own language. Test yourself in a week's time. Cover the sentences and use your translations to help you remember the whole sentences in English. L What're you doing tonight? 2. Haveyou been there? 3. lt's the secondcity.
ffi what is a collocation?A collocation is two or more words which go together.This often means an adjective + a noun, a verb + a noun, or a noun * a noun. Some ofthe exercises in this book look at collocations of common words - hove, sort out, get - because it is important to learn how to use these useful words in lots of different ways. Match the verbs with the nouns to make collocations. l. to 2. play 3. send 4. work 5. study
* * * * *
a. tennis b . in a bank c. medicine d . swimming e . an e-mail
4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
How long'veyou been doing that? Not very long.Only abour a month. Did you havea nice weekend? Let'sgo to the caf6 round the corner. I went to bed really late last night.
Now match these adjectives with the nouns to make collocations.
6. srront7. a long 8. aheavy
terms ffi GrammaticalThis Workbook gives you plenty of chances to look at the most common, useful grammatical structures in English. You will look at both how to form these structures and how to use them in everyday contexts. Match the underlined words in the sentences with the grammatical terms. l. I'm meetinga friend of mine later. 2. I've never heard of it. 3. That was the worst film I've ever seen. 4. There's one in my bag. 5. I just stayedat home. 6. This one is better. 7. I dont feel well. 8. Sorry.I wasnt looking where I was going. a. a comParative adiective e. Pastcontinugus b. present continuous f. pastsimple c. Presentperfect simple d. a superlativeadjective a PrePosrtton h . an adverb
I. fan of Bob Marley h. coffee
9. .a bis10. auseful
subjectto study way to walk
Learnfurg new collocations is a big part of learning a language. You need to be careful when translating into your own language. lt is always better to translate collocations - or even whole sentences - than single words.
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ffi ConversationComplete the conversation with ONE word in each space. C: Do you (l) ...................... ?
Match the conversation starters with the replies. l. What's your name? 2. Where are you from? 3. ls this the bus stop for the centre of town? 4. ls anyonesitting here?
D: No, thanks.I'm trying to (2) .. C: Yes,I should too. I'm sorry,what'syour name
a. No, you need to go to that one over there, on the other side of the road. b. Tsuyoshi, just call meYoshifor short. but c. Panama. CentralAmerica. in d. Sorry,I'm.saving for a friend. it Now match these conversation starters with the replies. 5. lt's so hot! 6. Haveyou been waiting for a long time? 7. Do you know anyonehere? 8. What a horribleday!
. ................... ?
D: Danko. And yours? C: Caroline. so where are you from, Danko? Hi, D: Croatia. C: Oh, yes? Whereabouts (4) D: No, Split.lt's on the (5) t ....... Tagreb? .......Do you know it? .
* * *
C: I've heard of it, but I've never been there.There was a tennis playerfrom there, wasnt there?Whatt his name? D: Goran lvanisevic. C: Yes, that's the one. He was lovely. are lots of D: Yes,well you shouldcome to Split.There lovely people there. lt's a beautifulcity. C: I'd (6) ........... go one day.So how to
e. Yes,a few people.I was in the same classas Joanand Ali last term. f. I know lt's awful.isnt it? g. I know lt's boiling. h. No, I only just got here myself.
long haveyou been here in Britain? D: Almost six months now. I came here in September. C: Right. When are you (7) Croatia? back to
D: In May.I've got to go back then. C: Why?What do you do back (8)I D: Oh, I'm a student.I'm at university. haveto (9) some examsin June.
C : Oh right.What are you studying? D: English language and culture.That'sthe main ( | 0) .... l'm here.
very well. C: Right, right.Well,youspeakEnglish D: Thanks. hope so. I C: No, really. Write a conversation betweenYOU Caroline. For example: C: Do you smoke? Y: No, I dont thanks, but dont let me stop you. and
1 Whereareyou from?I
Where and whereaboutsComplete the paragraphs with the words in the boxes. Paragraph I
Complete the descriptions with the names of the places on the map. is a town on the north-west coastof England. I is in the north-west of Englanc, very close to the border with Scotland.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
l'm a (l)
....... come from Ethiopia .I
.......is an islandoff the north coast of Wales. . is a city in the middleof England. is in the north of Scotland. is in the south-eastof England.
originally and cameover here to (2) ........... the fightingin my country. Back home, I was an engineer, but because (3) my ....is from Addis Ababa University, not recognisedhere. I'm doing two it's jobs at the moment to try to (4) ................... my wife and children: I drive taxis at nightand then do a job cleaning in the mornings. reallyhard work. lt's Paragraph 2 broughtup closed down degree graduate .unemployment
7. ....................... is a town in the west of England,close to the border with Wales. 8. is a town in the south-westof Scotland, closeto the border with England.
I was born and (5)
............ in Tomsk, city in a
the centre of Russia. moved to Moscow about six I Dumfries Anglesey Carlisle Blackpool Birmingham Gloucester Hastings years ago because the factory I was working in (6) (7) ............ I lost my job.There'sa lot of and in my home town, so I decidedto
move to look for work. I've been working in a hotel for the last three years and I'm also doing a part-time (8) ........ | finishnext summerand I hope I can get a better job after | (9)
Whereabouts exactly is it?Match the descriptions with the places on the maP. l. lt's halfwaydown Lambert Street. 2. lt's on the right,just off Lambert Street. 3. It's at this end of Lambert Street. 4. lt's.& the end of Lambert. Street. 5. lt's on the left,just'pasttne mosque. 6. lt's just before you get to the mosque.
I'm an (10)
. . . . . . . . .e r e .l ' m f r o m G e o r g i a h.
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originally and I cameto Londonwhen I got married. My wife is English and we met when she was on ( | l) ....... Tblisi,my home town. I lilce in it here most of the time, but I ( l2) ........................... .........the ... food and especially wine from my country.I think the Georgiansare more relaxedand generousthan people here.We ( | 3) thingsmore.
MovingComplete the sentences with the pairs of words in the box. Complete the sentences with the words in the box.
l. I dont cook very much.Theret a reallygoodI
We moved to Berlin because my mum's of .. . Sheworks for a big multinational
. near my house, I so
usuallyjust get somethingfrom th