1 ECONOMIC STATISTICS PROGRAMME IN INDIA by S.K.Nath, INDIA.

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  • 1 ECONOMIC STATISTICS PROGRAMME IN INDIA by S.K.Nath, INDIA
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  • 2 MAIN PROGRAMMES ON ECONOMIC STATISTICS Annual Surveys of Industries (ASI) Annual Surveys of Industries (ASI) Economic Census Economic Census Country-wide Large Scale Sample Surveys Country-wide Large Scale Sample Surveys Census of Registered Small Scale Industries Census of Registered Small Scale Industries
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  • 3 CHALLENGES Under Economic Statistics there is no Statistical Act for data collection, except for ASI Under Economic Statistics there is no Statistical Act for data collection, except for ASI There are more than 42 million establishments / enterprises in the country. This excludes activities relating to crop plantation and production There are more than 42 million establishments / enterprises in the country. This excludes activities relating to crop plantation and production There are more than 211 million households There are more than 211 million households There are 17 National Languages There are 17 National Languages Data are collected through physical visits Data are collected through physical visits Schedules require interview for 2 hours Schedules require interview for 2 hours
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  • 4 Annual Survey of Industries (Manufacturing/Repair Sector)
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  • 5 General Information Data Collected under Collection of Statistics Act, 1953 Data Collected under Collection of Statistics Act, 1953 ASI extends to the entire country except three States and one Union Territory ASI extends to the entire country except three States and one Union Territory National Industrial Classification (based on ISIC ) is followed. National Industrial Classification (based on ISIC ) is followed. ASICC (ASI Commodity Classification) is followed for input-output data collection ASICC (ASI Commodity Classification) is followed for input-output data collection List frame followed for ASI List frame followed for ASI Micro data available on public domain Micro data available on public domain
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  • 6 Objective Estimation of the contribution of manufacturing industries as a whole and of different industry groups to national income Estimation of the contribution of manufacturing industries as a whole and of different industry groups to national income Systematic study of the structure of industry as a whole and of each type of industry Systematic study of the structure of industry as a whole and of each type of industry Analysis of various factors influencing industry in the country and Analysis of various factors influencing industry in the country and Providing a comprehensive, factual and systematic basis for formulation of policies. Providing a comprehensive, factual and systematic basis for formulation of policies.
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  • 7 Industries Covered Factories and industrial units registered under Sections 2m (i) & (ii) of the Factories Act, 1948 employing 10 or more workers using power or employing 20 or more workers without power Bidi and cigar manufacturing establishments registered under the Bidi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966 and employing 10 or more workers using power or employing 20 or more workers Bidi and cigar manufacturing establishments registered under the Bidi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966 and employing 10 or more workers using power or employing 20 or more workers List frame is maintained and updated annually List frame is maintained and updated annually
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  • 8 Unit of Enumeration The primary unit of enumeration in the survey is: a factory in the case of manufacturing industries a factory in the case of manufacturing industries an establishment in the case of bidi and cigar industries an establishment in the case of bidi and cigar industries a workshop in the case of repair services and a workshop in the case of repair services and an undertaking or a licensee in the case of electricity, gas and water supply undertakings an undertaking or a licensee in the case of electricity, gas and water supply undertakings
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  • 9 Sampling Design Frame of units for each Industry Group at 4 digit level of National Industrial Classification (NIC) is stratified by States at first stage and put in descending order of number of workers; Frame of units for each Industry Group at 4 digit level of National Industrial Classification (NIC) is stratified by States at first stage and put in descending order of number of workers; Units with 100 or more workers are separated as census sector units; Units with 100 or more workers are separated as census sector units; All units are selected if number of units within each group is less than six; All units are selected if number of units within each group is less than six; If stratum size is = 6, 20% sample is selected subject to a minimum of 6, with half in each of the 2 sub-samples;
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  • 10 Data Collection Strategy List frame List frame As per law, Annual General Meeting of a company should be held by September As per law, Annual General Meeting of a company should be held by September Data collected from such Administrative documents by regular enumerators located though out the country Data collected from such Administrative documents by regular enumerators located though out the country Joint return is received from some enterprises Joint return is received from some enterprises Management units are contacted when local units do not have balance sheets Management units are contacted when local units do not have balance sheets
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  • 11 INFORMATION COLLECTED Type of Organisation /Ownership Type of Organisation /Ownership Assets and Liabilities Assets and Liabilities Employment and Labour Cost Employment and Labour Cost Receipts Receipts Expenses Expenses Input items (Indigenous) Input items (Indigenous) Input Items ( Imported) Input Items ( Imported) Products and by-products Products and by-products Distributive Expenses Distributive Expenses Electricity generated / purchased /consumed / sold Electricity generated / purchased /consumed / sold Exports (*) Exports (*) Pollution Control Degree / P & M for abatement (*) Pollution Control Degree / P & M for abatement (*)
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  • 12 ECONOMIC CENSUS Of INDIA
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  • 13 Challenges for Data Collection Indian economic census is the largest enumeration exercise in terms of Indian economic census is the largest enumeration exercise in terms of Technological intricacies Technological intricacies Volume of work Volume of work Involvement of huge manpower Involvement of huge manpower Imparting training to large number of field personnel Imparting training to large number of field personnel Monitoring and coordination of pre-census, census period and post census operations Monitoring and coordination of pre-census, census period and post census operations
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  • 14 Scope and coverage Scope and coverage Al the States/UTs All economic activities except those involved in crop production and plantation New features of last Economic Census- 2005 New features of last Economic Census- 2005 Canvassing of a separate Address Slip Use of Intelligent Character Recognition (ICR) technology for scanning and data processing
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  • 15 Schedules Schedules (i) House List, (ii) Enterprise/Establishment Schedule (iii) Abstracts- for Rural and Urban (iv)Address Slip
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  • 16 SCHEDULESOF ECONOMIC CENSUS-2005
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  • 17 HOUSE LIST House List : To list all the households and identify the enterprises in these households or any member has enterprise outside the household without fixed location. Enterprise Schedule : Detailed information on various characteristics relating to the enterprises viz. number of workers, social group of owner, registration code etc., for all the enterprises listed in the HL form is to be collected here. NOTE: House listing and filling up Enterprise schedule done simultaneously.
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  • 18 House List
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  • 19 RURAL - ID
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  • 20 URBAN ID
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  • 21 Data Collection Strategy: RURAL In Rural areas, all the census villages within the geographical boundary of the country will be covered In Rural areas, all the census villages within the geographical boundary of the country will be covered One enumerator is allotted the work of 1 to 3 Enumeration Blocks consisting of about 200-230 households. In hilly/terrain areas EB consists of 120 to 150 households One enumerator is allotted the work of 1 to 3 Enumeration Blocks consisting of about 200-230 households. In hilly/terrain areas EB consists of 120 to 150 households
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  • 22 Data Collection Strategy: URBAN In Urban areas, all the cities/towns within the geographical boundary of the country will be covered with the help of Urban Frame Survey (UFS) Blocks prepared by NSSO of the Ministry of Statistics & PI. For identification of UFS blocks, the following materials was made available to all enumerators: For identification of UFS blocks, the following materials was made available to all enumerators: maps for each Investigator unit (IV unit) boundary details of each block within an investigator unit
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  • 23 Establishment/Enterprise Schedule
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  • 24 Information Collected Location- fixed / mobile within hh or outside Location- fixed / mobile within hh or outside Number of workers ( hired / non-hired) according to sex Number of workers ( hired / non-hired) according to sex Economic Activities confirming to ISIC-4 digit Economic Activities confirming to ISIC-4 digit Social group of owner, Social group of owner, Registration code Registration code Major activity and Subsidiary activity Major activity and Subsidiary activity Ownership of enterprise Sources of outstanding loans
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  • 26 ABSTRACT FOR QUICK DATA RELEASE Abstract : To be filled for each enumeration unit by the enumerator by transferring entries from Total row of the ABSTRACT form.
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  • 28 POST ENUMERATION CHECKS In order to assess the quality of data collected, post enumeration checks was conducted by in all the States/UTs after completion of the fieldwork of the Economic Census,2005 In order to assess the quality of data collected, post enumeration checks was conducted by in all the States/UTs after completion of the fieldwork of the Economic Census,2005 Two villages and two urban blocks were selected at random from each of about 600 districts throughout the country Two villages and two urban blocks were selected at random from each of about 600 districts throughout the country PEC was done by trained investigators of the Ministry of Statistics & PI (NSSO) who was not involved in the fieldwork of the census PEC was done by trained investigators of the Ministry of Statistics & PI (NSSO) who was not involved in the fieldwork of the census
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  • 29 DATA PROCESSING Intelligence Character Recognition (ICR) technology or Automated Forms Processing is used for processing the data Intelligence Character Recognition (ICR) technology or Automated Forms Processing is used for processing the data The technology enables the user to process documents from their images of the filled-in schedules and convert them into database The technology enables the user to process documents from their images of the filled-in schedules and convert them into database This permits permanent storage of copy of the original schedules in electronic form. This permits permanent storage of copy of the original schedules in electronic form.
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  • 30 Server Controller station Tiling & Completion stations Export station Scanning station Recognition stations Exception stations LAN SETUP - DATA CENTREs Forms are fed thru SCANNER(S) batch by batch Field by field character images are automatically RECOGNISED Tile/Correction station - Un-recognised Characters are corrected by OPERATORS Supervisors Handle Exceptional cases referred by Operators Supervisor Export completed batches as ASCII file for further processing Supervisor Monitor the workflow & Balance the load at different stages of operation Form IMAGES stored in Network DISK
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  • 31 TILING STATION
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  • 32 TILING STATION
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  • 33 COMPLETION STATION [Field mode ] Form Image Houselist Enterprise Schedule Enterprise Abstract Extracted data
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  • 34 LARGE SCALE LARGE SCALE SAMPLE SURVEYS SAMPLE SURVEYS
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  • 35 Basic Information Large scale Socio-economic sample surveys are conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) on regular basis. Have 5000 regular staff Large scale Socio-economic sample surveys are conducted by National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) on regular basis. Have 5000 regular staff Topic of Surveys: Consumer Expenditure/ Labour Force on regular basis, other subjects are taken up according to 5/10 year cycle or on priority basis Topic of Surveys: Consumer Expenditure/ Labour Force on regular basis, other subjects are taken up according to 5/10 year cycle or on priority basis Coverage: Entire country Coverage: Entire country Survey round: One year for Economic Surveys: Jul-Jun Survey round: One year for Economic Surveys: Jul-Jun Frame: Area Frame based on Economic Census used for Enterprise Surveys Frame: Area Frame based on Economic Census used for Enterprise Surveys
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  • 36 Sampling Design Data Collection Strategy Two Stage Stratified Sampling Two Stage Stratified Sampling FSUs are Villages / Urban blocks FSUs are Villages / Urban blocks Listing of HHS or Establishments done for each selected FSUs and further stratified according to sampling strategy varies from survey to survey Listing of HHS or Establishments done for each selected FSUs and further stratified according to sampling strategy varies from survey to survey SSUs ( HHs / Establishments) are chosen based on Circular Systematic Sampling. SSUs ( HHs / Establishments) are chosen based on Circular Systematic Sampling. Each investigator visits the selected SSUs and fills up paper schedule running into 8-10 pages Each investigator visits the selected SSUs and fills up paper schedule running into 8-10 pages Depending on surveys, multiple activity-wise data are collected Depending on surveys, multiple activity-wise data are collected
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  • 37 INFORMATION COLLECTED Type of Organisation /Ownership Type of Organisation /Ownership Assets and Liabilities Assets and Liabilities Employment a...

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