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1 Extensive Reading Mark Brierley Shinshu University

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3 Intro Vocab Vocab Collocation Collocation Experiment Outro “Students reading a lot of easy, enjoyable books” 「読みやすく、楽しめる本をたくさん 読むこと。」 - Marc Helgesen (2005). What is ER?

Text of 1 Extensive Reading Mark Brierley Shinshu University

Words and text coverage

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Vocabulary size

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Words and text coverage

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reportsconvER activitiesbooksTypeTesterslevelmotivationfunctionassessmentsogo ASogo BOthersHad heard ofHad heard ofHow?Impression beforeUsed beforewanted to?Why not?Changed?Impression nowStudents' impression123other experiencestarting agegraded readersproblemsproblemshow to change ERPOther commentsReading for pleasurefictionrecommend bookswish had more time to readwant to write readersteaching expnative/nonElementary schoolMiddle schoolHigh SchoolAdult langChildrens langBusinessOutside Japan

Eztrusts students to find their own best speeds, levels, genresChallengeOutputimprovement in students of writing classes has never been so pronouncedfair assessment (number 1)nnAE, Eikaiwayyconferences, ed materials, book fairs, publishers promos, book catalogues, guardian pedagogic website, other teachers, library collectionssame as nownycourse time constraints, curriculum guidelinesnvery helpful and productive. improvement in students of writing classes has never been so pronouncedfair assessmentsimultaneous output to aid retentiontrusts students to find their own best speeds, levels, genresprivate

Word concentric circles

themselves...everything...immediately...understand...afterwards...conversation...appearance...particular...circumstances...impossible...considered...altogether...countenance...opportunity...determined...especially...acquaintance...particularly...expression...difficulty...understood...satisfaction...confidence...consequence...difference...frightened...something...gentleman...sometimes...therefore...certainly...continued...different...character...knowledge...necessary...beautiful...presently...attention...beginning...happiness...gentlemen...perfectly...everybody...mentioned...affection...exclaimed...companion...breakfast...afternoon...otherwise...condition...situation...following...advantage...miserable...surprised...direction...generally...satisfied...tomorrow...proceeded...according...anything...together...answered...returned...business...pleasure...yourself...children...appeared...thinking...question...possible...remember...daughter...interest...thoughts...followed...received...whatever...happened...observed...suddenly...creature...standing...expected...distance...occasion...remained...speaking...marriage...presence...feelings...pleasant...entirely...thousand...strength...probably...repeated...father's...handsome...supposed...resolved...consider...surprise...carriage...believed

...scarcely...directly...position...kindness...although...laughing...opposite...mistress...stranger...somebody...finished...wouldn't...mother's...promised...dreadful...shoulder...whenever...somewhat...greatest...couldn't...servants...thought...himself...without...nothing...another...herself...through...perhaps...against...because...between...morning...however...looking...towards...brought...replied...believe...present...whether...evening...suppose...chapter...country...husband...certain...already...friends...feeling...account...neither...subject...company...opinion...brother...entered...married...general...silence...turning...forward...several...strange...purpose...pleased...trouble...sitting...getting...there's...besides...hundred...minutes...carried...instead...natural...further...obliged...knowing...fortune...talking...spirits...stopped...leaving...promise...comfort...captain...laughed...reached...walking...waiting...exactly...service...putting...society...perfect...journey...arrived...engaged...respect...history...mention...clothes...settled...running...allowed...outside...hearing...serious...farther...changed...o'clock...passing...greater...reading...anybody...started...meaning...servant...keeping...finding...anxious..

.conduct...telling..

.passion...meeting...offered...matters

...private...justice...letters...holding...delight...weather..

.written...kitchen...persons...quarter...ashamed...quickly...

writing...quietly...touched...smiling...watched...manners...calling

...little...should...before...though...having...looked...better...always

...seemed...enough...indeed...mother...myself...rather...father...people..

.things...almost...moment...friend...turned...called...manner...course....

.matter...really...passed...behind...person...making...within...answer...let.

reason...pretty...others...that's...either...taking...walked...strong...nate..

hardly...saying...wanted...return...fellow...afraid...honour...ground

...except...seeing...second...window...sister...longer...wonder

..during...dinner...across...doctor...living...wished...silent.

..common...likely...length...street...become..giving...

struck...church...object..ladies...former..

.corner...spirit...horses...

notice...figure...

twenty...months...broken...secret..

.minute...showed...pounds...nearly...school...

heaven...beauty...desire...effect...caught...regard..

.follow...spoken...raised...future...temper...appear.

.easily...unless...expect...sudden...latter...garden...

honest...you'll...bright...danger...proper...talked.

..public...forget...speech...slowly...sooner

...gentle...placed..

oncelove

...knew...lady...room..

.sure...door...told...till...felt

...both...side...seen

...who...gone.

There are many English words!

Words we understand

Words we can use

Words we have seen

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

What are these?

What are they called in Japanese?

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

Vocabulary Questions

What is wine made from?Pinot noir, cabernet sauvignon and chardonnay are varieties of _______?What is in English?What is the common name for vitis vinifera?

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

Do you know the word?

How do you spell it?What is it in Japanese?What does it mean?

Japanese

Word

English

Word

Japanese

Word

English

Word

English

Word

Japanese

Word

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

Do you know the word?

What nuances does it have?How do you use the word?What situations do you use it in?Which words does it like?

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

Noun-verb Collocations

Wear shoesWear a coatWear glasses

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

More collocations

Bake breadFry an eggGrill a fish

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

More collocations

have a cold

make a mistake

take a train

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

Collocation

Words hunt in packs (Thornbury, 1998)

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

Top ten

THE AND TO A OF I HE WAS SHE IT

I DO N'T KNOW I DO N'T THINK I DO N'T WANT THE END OF THE DO N'T WANT TO I 'M GOING TO FOR THE FIRST TIME THE REST OF THE AT THE END OF IN THE MIDDLE OF

I DO N'T THERE WAS A ONE OF THE IT WAS A DO N'T KNOW I DID N'T I 'M NOT I CA N'T YOU DO N'T HE DID N'T

OF THE IN THE IT WAS TO THE ON THE AT THE DO N'T HE WAS TO BE AND THE

12345678910

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

Probability

the: 1 in 20 wordsof: 1 in 50 wordsof the: 1 in 200 words(not 1 in 1,000 words)the of: never!

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

Probability

the: 1 in 20 wordsof: 1 in 50 wordsone: 1 in 400One of the1 in 3,000 words(not 1 in 400,000)

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

Collocation graph

Graph1

0.39

0.44

0.13

0.04

Frequency

Collocation length in top 1,000 "words"

test scores

Score on Extensive Reading TestsEPER LevelB class students (81)A class students (131)Equivalent Oxford / Cambridge Level

27 and lessBelow E43%23%Penguin level 1

28-41E48%39%Oxford level 1

42-50D4%24%Level 2

51 and overAbove D3%14%Level 3

Score on Placement Test AEPER Level% B class students (111)% A class students (95)Equivalent Oxford / Cambridge Level

25-Feb-14%4%

26-32G17%8%

33-45F57%48%Penguin 1

46-59E13%38%Oxford 1

60-69D0%1%Level 2

70-76C0%0%Level 3

test scores

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B class students (81)

A class students (131)

EPER Level

EPER Reading test

Sheet2

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% B class students (111)

% A class students (95)

EPER Level

EPER Placement Test

Sheet3

Collocation lengthFrequencyCollocation lengthFrequency

44%139%

313%244%

244%313%

139%44%

Sheet3

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Collocation length

Frequency

Collocation length in top 1,000 "words"

2

1

3

4

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Frequency

Collocation length in top 1,000 "words"

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IntroVocabCollocationExperimentOutro

Experiment

Y