1 The Empiricists: Hume Theory of Ideas Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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  • *The Empiricists: HumeTheory of IdeasSoazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Outline

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana1. Introduction2. Human Understanding3. Knowledge5. Conclusion

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    IntroductionHume

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of MontanaLife: (1711-1776) Calvinist family Education and Projects A new scene of thought Carrier Works: Treatise of Human Nature Enquiries Concerning Human Undersanding Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    IntroductionHumes Philosophy

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of MontanaMain components: Empiricism vs Metaphysical Systems Naturalism: Hume and Newton Empiricism and Skepticism Hume and Religion

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Outline

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana1. Introduction2. Human Understanding3. Knowledge5. Conclusion

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Human Understanding Structure

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of MontanaUNDERSTANDING

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Human Understanding Two Laws

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of MontanaCopy Principle:All ideas are resolved into simple ideas copied from a simple impressionArgument: the blind man and the idea of colorAssociation of ideas: Resemblance Contiguity Cause and effect

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Human Understanding The Copy Principle Applied to Philosophy

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of MontanaCopy Principle:All ideas are resolved into simple ideas copied from a simple impressionBy the converse:Any idea which cannot be traced back to a set of simple ideas / copies of impressions is meaningless !!

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Human Understanding The missing shade of blue

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of MontanaObjection to the Copy Principle:The missing shade of blueHumes answer:singular case unsatisfactoryA better Answer: Mental paint mixing Not for metaphysical ideas

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Conclusion Humes theory of ideas Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Outline

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana1. Introduction2. Human Understanding3. Knowledge5. Conclusion

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Human Understanding Structure

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of MontanaKNOWLEDGE

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Human Understanding Laws of Reasoning

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of MontanaRelations of ideasThought alone nothing can be shown to be false unless it implies contradictionMatters of facts Observation Memory Reasoning in terms of causes and effects (dorms)

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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    Conclusion Humes theory of knowledgeSoazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

    Soazig Le Bihan - University of Montana

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