12 References - Pilbara Ports Rijn, L. (1993): Principles of Sediment Transport in Rivers, ... van Rijn, L. (2006): Principles of Sediment Transport in Rivers, Estuaries and Coastal Seas –

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  • Port Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Final Report Version 4 Prepared for Port Hedland Port Authority

    4 November 2010 Cardno (NSW/ACT) Pty Ltd 35

    Z:\Doc_CLT\2010\Reports.2010\Rep1017pv4.doc

    12 References AME (2010). PHPA South West Creek Approvals Initial Plume Modelling Input. File Note, 13 July 2010.

    Berthot A. and Treloar P. D. (2009). The Use of Numerical Modeling in Assisting Port Development Case Study at Port Hedland. Proceedings of Coast and Ports 2009. Wellington, NZ. September 2009.

    Bridges T.S., Ells S., Hayes D, Mount D, Nadeau S.C., Palermo M.R., Patmont C., and Schroeder P.UASCE (2008). The Four Rs of Environmental Dredging:Resuspension, Release, Residual, and Risk. Published by USACE, Dredging Operations and Environmental Research Program, ERDC/EL TR-08-4.

    Cardno Lawson Treloar (2010). Port Hedland Harbour Current Modelling Investigations for Proposed Development at Lumsden Point. Prepared for Port Hedland Port Authority. Ref: LJ2843, L2043. 29 March 2010.

    Global Environmental Modelling Systems (GEMS) 2008. RGP5 Port Facilities Dredging Program Simulation Studies at Harriet Point. Report July 2008.

    Port of Melbourne Corporation (2008). Turbidity Detailed Design (Channel Deepening Project). CDP_ENV_MD_024 Rev 2. January 2008.

    Postma, L., Stelling, G.S. and Boon, J., (1999). Three-dimensional water quality and hydrodynamic modelling in Hong Kong. Stratification and water quality. Proceedings of the 2nd Int. Symp. on Environmental Hydraulics, Hong Kong, Balkema, Rotterdam. December 1998, 43-49. Provis D. and Aijaz S. (2009). Prediction of Plume Generation and Movement from Dredging Operations in Port Phillip Bay, Melbourne. Proceedings of Coast and Ports 2009. Wellington NZ, September 2010. SKM (2008). Dredging Verification Studies at Cape Lambert. Presentation prepared by SKM. March 2008. SKM (2010). Port Hedland Port Authority South West Creek Dredging - Geotechnical Interpretative Report. Prepared by SKM, Rev 0 October 2010.

    van Rijn, L. (1993): Principles of Sediment Transport in Rivers, Estuaries and Coastal Seas. AQUA Publications.

    van Rijn, L. (2006): Principles of Sediment Transport in Rivers, Estuaries and Coastal Seas Part II. AQUA Publications.

    Wolanski E., Jones M., and Bun J.S. (1980). Hydrodynamics of a Tidal Creek-Mangrove Swamp System. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. Volume 31, pp431-450.

    Worley Parsons (2009). The Heng Shan Project - South West Creek Berths 1 and 2 (SWC1 and SWC2) Geotechnical Investigation. Prepared for FORTESCUE METALS GROUP LIMITED. Ref: 00093-P-12044-RP-GE-0003.

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    Figure 1.1 Locality Plan

    Figure 3.1 Offshore Tide Gauge, Current meter and ADCP Locations

    Figure 3.2 Seabed Mounted ADCP Locations

    Figure 4.1 Model Grid Setup

    Figure 4.2 Model Grip Setup (Inner Harbour)

    Figure 4.3 Comparison Measured and Modelled Water Level

    Figure 4.4 Comparison Measured and Modelled Current (Cm3)

    Figure 4.5 Comparison Modelled and Measured Discharge ADCP Transects

    Figure 4.6 Comparison Modelled and Measured Current (ADCP2-2007)

    Figure 4.7 Comparison Modelled and Measured Current (ADCP 1-2009)

    Figure 4.8 Comparison Modelled and Measured Current (ADCP 3-2009)

    Figure 5.1 Output Points Map

    Figure 5.2 Dredging Locations

    Figure 6.1 Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time Series-Spring

    Figure 6.2 Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time Series Neap

    Figure 6.3 Tracer Concentration After 48-hours

    Figure 6.4 Tracer Concentration Time Series 8 Days

    Figure 6.5 E-folding Time

    Figure 7.1 TSS Average Concentration Contours - Surface Layer

    Figure 7.2 TSS Average Concentration Contours - Bottom Layer

    Figure 7.3 TSS Concentration Contours Exceeded 5% of the time - Surface Layer

    Figure 7.4 TSS Concentration Contours Exceeded 5% of the time - Bottom Layer

    Figure 7.5 Concentration Time Series - Bottom Layer

    Figure 7.6 Light Intensity Time Series

    Figure 7.7 Sediment Deposition (mass) Contours

    Figure 7.8 Cumulative Sediment Deposition Contours

    Figure 7.9 60mm Cumulative Sediment Deposition Contour DMMA Option 1

    Figures

    4 November 2010 Cardno (NSW/ACT) Pty Ltd A1

  • Figure 7.10 Offshore TSS Concentration Contours Exceeded 5 % of the Time DMMA Option 1 Surface Layer

    Figure 7.11 Offshore TSS Concentration Contours Exceeded 5 % of the Time - DMMA Option 1 Bottom Layer

    4 November 2010 Cardno (NSW/ACT) Pty Ltd A2

    Z:\Doc_CLT\2010\Reports.2010\Rep1017pv4.Doc

    Figure 8.1 TSS Average Concentration Contours DMMA Option 2- Surface Layer

    Figure 8.2 TSS Average Concentration Contours DMMA Option 2- Bottom Layer

    Figure 8.3 TSS Concentration Contours Exceeded 5% of the time DMMA Option 2 - Surface Layer

    Figure 8.4 TSS Concentration Contours Exceeded 5% of the timeDMMA Option 2 - Bottom Layer

    Figure 8.5 Concentration Time Series DMMA Option 2- Bottom Layer

    Figure 8.6 Light Intensity Time Series DMMA Option 2

    Figure 8.7 Sediment Deposition (mass) ContoursDMMA Option 2

    Figure 8.8 Cumulative Sediment Deposition Contours DMMA Option 2

    Figure 8.9 60mm Cumulative Sediment Deposition Contour DMMA Option 2

    Figure 8.10 Offshore TSS Concentration Contours Exceeded 5 % of the Time DMMA Option 2 Surface Layer

    Figure 8.11 Offshore TSS Concentration Contours Exceeded 5 % of the Time DMMA Option 2 Bottom Layer

    Figure 9.1 Sensitivity Case BC Bathymetry

    Figure 9.2 Sensitivity Cases - TSS Average Concentration Contours - Surface Layer

    Figure 9.3 Sensitivity Cases - TSS Average Concentration Contours - Bottom Layer

    Figure 9.4 Sensitivity Cases - TSS Concentration Contours Exceeded 5% of the time - Surface Layer

    Figure 9.5 Sensitivity Cases - TSS Concentration Contours Exceeded 5% of the time - Bottom Layer

    Figure 9.6 Sensitivity Cases - Concentration Time Series - Bottom Layer

    Figure 9.7 Sensitivity Cases - Light Intensity Time Series

    Figure 9.8 Sensitivity Cases - Sediment Deposition (mass) Contours

    Figure 10.1 Water Depth Map

    Figure 10.2 Water Level Time Series Existing and Developed Cases Comparison

    Figure 10.3 Bed Shear Stress Map Erosion/Sedimentation Patterns

    Figures

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Locality MapPort Hedland

    Figure 1.1

  • Port Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Investigations

    STUDY AREAOFFSHORE TIDE GAUGE, CURRENTMETER AND ADCP LOCATIONs

    Figure 3.1LJ15011/Rep1017p September 2010File: J:\CM\LJ15011-PH-SWCreek-DredgePlume\Figures\Final\Figures_3-1to4-7.cdr

    T1

    T2

    T3

    T4

    T5 T6

    T7 T8

    ADCP2

    ADCP1

    T9

    ADCP0

    WNI dataMarch-April 1998:

    May-June 1998:

    - Tidal Gauges TG1 and TG2- Current meter CM1 and CM

    - ADCP (ADCP moored)0

    CLT dataMarch-April 2007:

    October-November 2007:

    - ADCP Transects (T1-T4,T6)- ADCP (ADCP moored)

    - ADCP Transects (T4-T9)ADCP moored

    1

    2- ADCP ( )

  • Port Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Investigations

    SEABED MOUNTED ADCP LOCATIONS2007 and 2009

    Figure 3.2LJ15011/Rep1017p September 2010File: J:\CM\LJ15011-PH-SWCreek-DredgePlume\Figures\Final\Figures_3-1to4-7.cdr

    3

  • Port Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Investigations

    MODEL GRID SETUP

    Figure 4.1LJ15011/Rep1017p September 2010File: J:\CM\LJ15011-PH-SWCreek-DredgePlume\Figures\Final\Figures_3-1to4-7.cdr

  • Port Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Investigations

    MODEL GRID SETUPInner Harbour

    Figure 4.2LJ15011/Rep1017p September 2010File: J:\CM\LJ15011-PH-SWCreek-DredgePlume\Figures\Final\Figures_3-1to4-7.cdr

  • Port Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Investigations

    COMPARISON MEASURED AND MODELLED WATER LEVELTg1 AND TG2

    Figure 4.3LJ15011/Rep1017p September 2010File: J:\CM\LJ15011-PH-SWCreek-DredgePlume\Figures\Final\Figures_3-1to4-7.cdr

  • Port Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Investigations

    COMPARISON MEASURED AND MODELLED CURRENTCm3

    Figure 4.4LJ15011/Rep1017p September 2010File: J:\CM\LJ15011-PH-SWCreek-DredgePlume\Figures\Final\Figures_3-1to4-7.cdr

  • T6T5

    T4T1

    * Measured data- Model data

    Port Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Investigations

    COMPARISON MODELLED AND MEASURED DISCHARGEADCP TRANSECTS

    Figure 4.5LJ15011/Rep1017p September 2010File: J:\CM\LJ15011-PH-SWCreek-DredgePlume\Figures\Final\Figures_3-1to4-7.cdr

  • Port Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Investigations

    COMPARISON MODELLED AND MEASURED CURRENTADCP2 - 2007

    Figure 4.6LJ15011/Rep1017p September 2010File: J:\CM\LJ15011-PH-SWCreek-DredgePlume\Figures\Final\Figures_3-1to4-7.cdr

  • COMPARISON MODELLED AND MEASURED CURRENTPort Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Investigations

    ADCP 1- 2009Figure 4.7LJ15011/Rep1017p September 2010

    File: J:\CM\LJ15011-PH-SWCreek-DredgePlume\Figures\Final\Figures_3-1to4-7.cdr

  • COMPARISON MODELLED AND MEASURED CURRENTPort Hedland South-West Creek Dredge Plume Modelling Investigations

    ADCP 3- 2009Figure 4.8LJ15011/Rep1017p September 2010

    File: J:\CM\LJ15011-PH-SWCreek-DredgePlume\Figures\Final\Figures_3-1to4-7.cdr

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case AOutput Points Map

    Figure 51A

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case BOutput Points Map

    Figure 51B

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case COutput Points Map

    Figure 51C

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case DOutput Points Map

    Figure 51D

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case EOutput Points Map

    Figure 51E

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case FOutput Points Map

    Figure 51F

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case GOutput Points Map

    Figure 51G

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Existing CaseOutput Points Map

    Figure 51X

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case ADredging Locations

    Figure 52A

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case BDredging Locations

    Figure 52B

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case CDredging Locations

    Figure 52C

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case DDredging Locations

    Figure 52D

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case EDredging Locations

    Figure 52E

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case FDredging Locations

    Figure 52F

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Case GDredging Locations

    Figure 52G

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesSpring Location Point: 1

    Figure 611

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesSpring Location Point: 2

    Figure 612

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesSpring Location Point: 3

    Figure 613

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesSpring Location Point: 4

    Figure 614

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesSpring Location Point: 5

    Figure 615

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesSpring Location Point: SWC1

    Figure 61SWC1

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesSpring Location Point: SWC3

    Figure 61SWC3

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesNeap Location Point: 1

    Figure 621

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesNeap Location Point: 2

    Figure 622

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesNeap Location Point: 3

    Figure 623

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesNeap Location Point: 4

    Figure 624

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesNeap Location Point: 5

    Figure 625

  • LJ15011 September 2010J:\CM\LJ15011PHSWCreekDredgePlume\CurrentMaps\

    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesNeap Location Point: SWC1

    Figure 62SWC1

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume Modelling

    Water Level, Current Speed and Direction Time SeriesNeap Location Point: SWC3

    Figure 62SWC3

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume ModellingTracer Concentration After 48h

    Case AFigure 63A

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume ModellingTracer Concentration After 48h

    Case BFigure 63B

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume ModellingTracer Concentration After 48h

    Case CFigure 63C

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    Port Hedland SouthWest Creek Dredge Plume ModellingTracer Concentr...

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