#18 Making Tough Choices Easier: A Prioritization Process for Pedestrian Infrastructure Improvements - Pullen-Seufert

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  • 1. Making Tough ChoicesEasier:A Prioritization Process forPedestrian InfrastructureImprovements
  • 2. The needEnd-userinterview results Explainable to public and funders Standardized Practical Safety-oriented
  • 3. SRTSprojectidentificationStep 1: Prioritize schoolsStep 2: Conduct field reviews of highest priority schoolsRESULT: Ped infrastructure needs for highest priority schools
  • 4. Group the schools Based on Crash history Safety concerns Current or potential pedestrian use
  • 5. Group the schools 1 Current walking, crash history. Ideally school interest 2 Current walking, public/school concerns. 3 Few students currently walk because of safety concerns. 4 Few students walk due to distance or costly infrastructure barriers 5 Students walk to the school & walking environment generally safe
  • 6. Prioritize within Group 1 (maybe 2) Use road and driver characteristics Traffic volume and speed Crossings Infrastructure
  • 7. Additionalconsiderations Geography Low income communities Interest
  • 8. Worksheet
  • 9. SRTSprojectidentificationStep 1: Prioritize schoolsStep 2: Conduct field reviews of highest priority schoolsRESULT: Ped infrastructure needs for highest priority schools
  • 10. Step 2: Field review (excerpt)
  • 11. Learn more at www.saferoutesinfo.org
  • 12. Thank youpullen@hsrc.unc.edu 919 962-7419
  • 13. San Franciscos Safe Routes to School Prioritization System Jessica Manzi, PE Formerly of the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA)
  • 14. Presentation Overview San Francisco & SRTS- SF Background School assignment policy commute study Infrastructure prioritization system Non-infrastructure prioritization system Lessons learned
  • 15. Background on San Francisco 49 square miles on tip of a peninsula Over 800,000 people One city and one county SF has one public school district w. 100 schools
  • 16. SRTS in SF, before prioritization School Area Safety Program Bus and passenger loading Traffic engineering requests around schools Evaluation sites for crossing guards Apply for and manage SR2S/SRTS grants Limited education/encouragement Grant locations selected from: Requests from schools/parents/residents Requests from elected officials Approved traffic calming plans Staff-identified need
  • 18. School Commute Study Change in school assignment policy UCSF conducted evaluation of school commute with over 12,000 students in K, 5th, 6th, and 9th grades Study included 72 out of 73 elementary schools 12 out of 13 middle schools All 14 high schools
  • 19. SRTS prioritization system ITE Journal article by Carl Sundstrom, Nancy Pullen- Seufert, et al (Feb 2010) Used results from UCSF school commute study, crash data, demographic data Modified procedure to fit needs of both infrastructure and non- infrastructure projects Buena Vista Elementary 25th St & Utah St.
  • 20. SRTS prioritization system Infrastructure improvements Prioritize schools with a lot of kids walking and safety concerns Non-infrastructure projects Prioritize schools with the highest potential for more walkers Jefferson Elementary Golden Gate Park
  • 21. SRTS Prioritization System-InfrastructurePrioritize schools with a lot of kidswalking and safety concerns Step 1: Compile data Total school enrollment (SFUSD) % who walk to school (UCSF) Calculate total walkers Pedestrian-involved crashes (SFMTA) Step 2: Classify schools into (5) tiers Calculate quartiles (total walkers, ped collisions) Classify each school John Muir Elementary Step 3: Reality check Page & Webster Streets
  • 22. SRTS Prioritization System-Infrastructure (cont.) Step 4: Rank within tiers % students living within 1 mile % qualifying for free/reduced lunch % of crashes during school hours Severity of crashes OR Step 4: Feasibility screen Work already planned/completed Coordination opportunities Scope budget v. grant budget Longfellow Elementary Scope v. funding source Morse Street, east of Mission Street
  • 23. SRTS prioritization system Non-infrastructure (5 Es)Prioritize schools with the highestpotential for more walkers Step 1: Compile data Total school enrollment (SFUSD) % living w/in 1 mile (SFUSD + Excel plug-in) % who walk to school (UCSF) Calculate # of non-walkers Jefferson Elementary Step 2: Rank by non-walkers 19th Avenue & Irving St. Step 3: Solicit participation
  • 24. Lessons Learned Focus on the goal Use what you have (data, relationships) Take advantage of time-sensitive opportunities Be creative with funding
  • 25. Contact usJessica Manzi, PECity of Redwood City(650)780-7372, jmanzi@redwoodcity.orgAna Validzic, MPHSan Francisco Dept. of Public Health(415) 581-2478, ana.validzic@sfdph.orgEllen Robinson, PESan Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency(415) 701-4322; ellen.robinson@sfmta.com
  • 26. David Henderson, Miami-Dade MPOStewart Robertson, Kimley-Horn and Associates, Inc. Pro Walk Pro Bike Pro Place September 11th 2012
  • 27. School Board CTST
  • 28. Study Goals Develop a formalized method to prioritize Miami-Dade elementary and K-8 schools for Safe Routes to School (SRTS) infrastructure improvements Develop SRTS plans and infrastructure improvements for 10 priority schools Prepare FDOT SRTS infrastructure funding applications for the 10 schools
  • 29. Public Schools Database Number of K-5/K-8 schools 219 SRTS plans complete/funding applied 62 Number of schools considered in 2011 157 The School Prioritization Process ranked the remaining 157 Elementary and K-8 schools based on need.
  • 30. Prioritization FactorsFactor Source NotesPercent of students Miami-Dade County Weighted x2walking to school Public Schools and UM WALKSAFE programStudents living within 0.5 Miami-Dade Countymiles of attended school Public Schools GISJuvenile pedestrian Miami-Dade MPOcrashesTotal pedestrian and Miami-Dade MPObicycle crashesTraffic volume on the FDOT and Miami-Dadenearest major street CountyAutomobile ownership Miami-Dade MPO Weighted x0.5 Prioritization is based on composite rank of individual factors
  • 31. Prioritization Rankings ExcerptPrioritization is based on composite rank of individual factors