18th ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW ARBITRATION MOOT .18th ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW ARBITRATION

  • View
    217

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of 18th ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW ARBITRATION MOOT .18th ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW...

  • 18th

    ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW

    ARBITRATION MOOT 2017

    In the matter of an Arbitration under the International Arbitration Act (Cap.

    143A, Rev Ed 2002) and the Singapore Chamber of Maritime Arbitration Rules

    Between

    Furnace Trading Pte Ltd

    Claimant

    and

    Inferno Resources Sdn Bhd

    Respondent

    ________________________________________________________________

    Claimants Memorandum

    ________________________________________________________________

    Team 22

    Douglas Lok Bao Guang

    Leung Liwen

    Law Jia Hao

    Tan Yi Wei Nicholas

    Wang Yufei

  • 2

    List of Authorities

    Statutes

    International Arbitration Act (Cap. 143A, Rev Ed 2002)

    Interpretation Act (Cap. 1, Rev Ed 2002)

    Cases

    A/S Tank v Agence Maritime L Strauss (1939) 64 Lloyds List Law Reports 19

    Aktieselskabet Olivebank v Dansk Svovlsyre Fabrik (The Springbank) [1919] 2 KB 162 (CA)

    Bangladesh Chemical Industries Corporation v Henry Stephens Shipping Co. Ltd. and Tex-

    Dilan Shipping Co. Ltd. (The SLS Everest) [1981] 2 Lloyds Rep 389 (CA)

    Beard v Moira Colliery Co Ltd [1915] 1 Ch 257 (CA)

    Castleton Commodities Shipping Co Pte Ltd v Silver Rock Investments (The Clipper

    Monarch) [2015] EWHC 2584 (Comm), [2016] 1 Lloyds Rep 1

    Compania Naviera General SA v Kerametal Ltd (The Lorna I) [1983] 1 Lloyds Rep 373

    Five Ocean Corp v Cingler Ship Pte Ltd [2015] SGHC 311, [2016] 1 SLR 1159

    Great Western Railway and Midland Railway v Bristol Corporation (1918) 87 LJ Ch 414

    (HL)

    Greenshields, Cowie & Co v Stephens & Sons Ltd [1908] AC 431 (HL)

    Johs. Thode v Vda. de Gimeno Y Cia. S.L. (The Steendiek) [1961] 2 Lloyds Rep 138 (CA)

    L Schuler AG v Wickman Machine Tool Sales Ltd [1974] AC 235 (HL)

    Maldives Airports Co Ltd and another v GMR Mal International Airport Pte Ltd [2013]

    SGCA 16, [2013] 2 SLR 449

    Mansel Oil Ltd and another v Troon Storage Tankers SA (The Ailsa Craig) [2009] 2 Lloyds

    Rep 371 (CA)

    NCC International AB v Alliance Concrete Singapore Pte Ltd [2008] SGCA 5, [2008] 2

    SLR(R) 565

    Oriental Steamship Co Ltd v Tylor [1893] 2 QB 518 (CA)

    Robertson v French (1803) 4 East 130

  • 3

    ST Shipping & Transport Inc v Kriti Filoxenia Shipping Co SA (The Kriti Filoxenia) [2015]

    EWHC 997 (Comm), [2015] 2 Lloyds Rep 609

    Swift-Fortune Ltd v Magnifica Marine SA [2006] SGCA 42, [2007] 1 SLR(R) 629

    The Athanasia Comninos and Georges Chr Lemos [1990] 1 Lloyds Rep 277 (QB)

    Books and Treatises

    Gary B. Born, International Commercial Arbitration, vol 2 (2nd

    edn, Kluwer Law

    International 2014)

    Julian Cooke and others, Voyage Charters (4th

    edn, Informa 2014)

    Bernard Eder and others, Scrutton on Charterparties and Bills of Lading (23rd

    edn, Sweet &

    Maxwell 2015)

    Stephen Girvin, Carriage of Goods by Sea (2nd

    edn, OUP 2011)

    William V Packard, Seatrading, vol 2 (Cargoes, Fairplay Publications 1985)

    Philip Rogers, John Strange and Brian Studd, Coal: Carriage by Sea (2nd

    edn, LLP 1997)

    Others

    Attorney-Generals Chambers, Singapore Statutes Online (International Arbitration Act: 01

    January 2006 version s 12(7) (repealed), Attorney-Generals Chambers)

    accessed 14 April 2017

    International Maritime Law Arbitration Moot 2017 Moot Scenario (9th December 2016)

    accessed 12 December

    2016

    International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code (IMO Maritime Safety

    Committee, 2008)

    accessed 15 April 2017

    Lloyds Maritime Law Newsletter, London Arbitration 20/86 (24 November 1986, Informa)

    Lloyds Maritime Law Newsletter, London Arbitration 8/14 (03 April 2014, Informa)

    Lloyds Register, UK P&I Club and Intercargo, Carrying Solid Bulk Cargoes Safely (2nd

    edn, Lloyds Register 2016)

  • 4

    77020_IMSBC_Code_pocket_guide_v1_1.0_August%202016.pdf> accessed 15 April

    2017

    Singapore Chamber of Maritime Arbitration, SCMA Rules (3rd

    edn, October 2015)

    accessed 29 December 2016

    Singapore Parliamentary Debates: Official Report 19 October 2009, vol 86, col 1626 (K

    Shanmugam, Minister for Law)

  • 5

    Table of Contents

    I. STATEMENT OF FACTS ..................................................................................... 6

    A. THE PARTIES ................................................................................................ 6

    B. THE CHARTERPARTY CHAIN ................................................................. 6

    C. PERFORMANCE OF THE CHARTERPARTY ......................................... 7

    II. SUMMARY OF THE ISSUES .............................................................................. 9

    III. THE TRIBUNAL HAS JURISDICTION AND/OR POWER TO ORDER THE SALE PENDENTE LITE OF THE CARGO ........................................... 9

    A. THE TRIBUNAL HAS THE POWER TO ORDER AN SALE PENDENTE LITE ................................................................................................... 9

    B. THE WORD PROPERTY UNDER S 12(1)(D) OF THE IAA ENCOMPASSES CHOSES IN ACTION ........................................................... 10

    1. Property under s 12(1)(d) of the IAA should be construed as having the same meaning as assets in s 12A(4) of the IAA............. 10

    2. Assets in s 12A(4) of the IAA includes a chose in action ................ 12

    C. THE CLAIMANT HAS A CHOSE IN ACTION IN THE FORM OF A SUI GENERIS INTEREST .............................................................................. 13

    1. The Claimant exercised the contractual right ..................................... 14

    2. The Claimant possesses the requisite beneficial right ........................ 21

    D. THE SALE OF THE CARGO IS A MEANS OF PRESERVING THE CLAIMANTS INTEREST IN THE CARGO ......................................... 23

    IV. THE TRIBUNAL SHOULD ORDER THE SALE PENDENTE LITE ........... 23

    A. A SALE IS COMMERCIALLY REASONABLE SO AS TO MITIGATE LOSS ARISING FROM THE PENDENCY OF

    ARBITRATION .................................................................................................... 24

    B. THE RISK OF SERIOUS HARM TEST IS SATISFIED ......................... 25

    1. There is a risk of serious harm to the Claimant if the Cargo is not sold. For the same reasons, a sale is also urgently required. ....... 26

    2. The Claimant has established a prima facie case ................................ 27

    V. PRAYER FOR RELIEF....................................................................................... 28

  • 6

    I. STATEMENT OF FACTS

    A. THE PARTIES

    1. The Claimant is Furnace Trading Pte Ltd, a Singaporean company. The Respondent is

    Inferno Resources Sdn Bhd, a Malaysian company. The registered shipowner of the

    Singapore-flagged M.V. TARDY TESSA (the Vessel) is Imlam Consignorist GmbH

    (CMI), a German company. The shipper of the cargo on board the Vessel is Idoncare

    Berjaya Utama Pty Ltd (Idoncare), an Australian company.

    B. THE CHARTERPARTY CHAIN

    2. The Claimant time chartered the Vessel for a period of two years from CMI pursuant to a

    time charterparty dated 15 February 2016 (the Time Charterparty).

    3. On or about 1 September 2016, the Claimant sub-voyage chartered the Vessel to the

    Respondent for the carriage of 80,000 mt 10% MOLOO Australian Steam Coal from

    New South Wales, Australia, to a port in China which the Respondent had the obligation

    to nominate (the Voyage Charterparty). The charterparty terms are based upon the

    COAL-OREVOY form as amended by the parties in a fixture recap set out in an email

    dated 1 September 2016 (the Fixture Recap). The relevant clauses are set out below:

    (a) Cl 16 of the Fixture Recap is titled Discharge Port. It states the following:

    1 spsb China (Dalian, Jinzhou, Yingkou, Yantai, Qingdao, Shanghai, Tianjin,

    Ningbo) CHOPT [] CHTRS to declare discharge port when vessel passes

    Singapore for bunkering. [].

  • 7

    (b) Cl 19 of the Fixture Recap (the Freight Clause) stipulates that 100% FRT to be

    paid within five (5) banking days after completion of loading and signing/releasing

    B/Ls marked freight payable as per charter party and rcpt of owners FRT INV,

    but in any case BBB. [].

    (c) Cl 19 of the COAL-OREVOY form (the Lien Clause) stipulates that The Owners

    shall have a lien on the cargo for freight, [] due to them under this Charter Party.

    (d) Cl 29 of the Fixture Recap provides for dispute resolution according to Singapore

    law and arbitration as per SCMA Rules with 3 arbitrators.

    C. PERFORMANCE OF THE CHARTERPARTY

    4. Under the Voyage Charterparty, 84,000.052 mt of Australian Steam Coal (the Cargo)

    was loaded at the load port in Kooragang Precinct, Australia by 0800h, 4 October 2016.

    The Vessel departed at 1615h, 4 October 2016 and sailed for Singapore.

    5. Three clean on board bills of lading numbered IMOBL11223344X (the Bills) were

    issued on 4 October 2016. These were issued on CMIs letterhead and signed by the

    Master. The shipper named on the Bills of Lading was Idoncare.

    6. The Bills were consigned To Order. Pursuant to Cl 1 of the Conditions of Carriage, the

    Bills incorporate all terms and conditions, liberties and exceptions of the Charter Party,

    dated as overleaf. However, the Bills did not identify any specific

Recommended

View more >