1st International EIMPack Congress Recycling of Packaging ... Todor ¢  1st International

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  • 1st International EIMPack Congress

    Recycling of Packaging Waste:

    Considering all the Costs and all the Benefits 29-30 November 2012

    PA C K A G I N G WA S T E R E C Y C L I N G

    I N B U L G A R I A

    Todor Bourgoudjiev Executive Director

  • THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA

    Territory: 111 000 sq.km.

    Population: 7,3 million

    Borders: Romania, Turkey, Greece,

    Macedonia, Serbia

    Capital: Sofia

    (1,3 million inhabitants)

  • “The aim is to recover and recycle wastes to levels

    that make sense, i.e. to the point where there is a

    net environmental benefit and it is economically and

    technically feasible.”

    6th Environment Action Program, EU Commission, December 2000

  • Legal Framework

    EU

    Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste

    Directive 2004/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council

    of 11 February 2004 amending Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and

    packaging waste;

    Directive 2008/98/EC.

    BG

    Waste Management Act (promulgated, SG, issue 86 from 13.07.12)

    Ordinance on Packaging and Packaging Waste (adopted with

    DCM 271/2012, promulgated, SG, issue from 0.11.2012);

    Shared responsibility of the industry and the municipalities in

    organization and implementation of separate collection.

  • How it works?

    All producers or importers of packaged goods are obliged to

    collect, recycle and recover their packaging waste;

    Producers and importers have obligation to achieve targets

    for recycling and recovery of packaging waste generated in

    result of the use of the produced/imported goods;

    The targets are quantitative. They are determined in the

    Ordinance on Packaging and Packaging Waste as a

    percentage of the total quantity of packaging waste generated

    (based on targets set in Directive 94/62/EC).

  • Recycling and recovery targets

    TARGETS 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

    RECOVERY 25% 35% 39% 42% 46% 48% 50% 53% 56% 60%

    RECYCLING 34% 38% 42% 45% 47% 49% 52% 54,9% 55%

    Plastics 8% 12% 14,5% 17% 19% 20% 22% 22,5% 22,5%

    Glass 26% 33% 40% 46% 51% 55% 59,6% 60% 60%

    Paper&cardboard 15% 15% 60% 60% 60% 60% 60% 60% 60%

    Metals 15% 15% 50% 50% 50% 50% 50% 50% 50%

    Wood 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 15% 15%

    Obliged persons: Producers and importers of packed goods

  • How to achieve the targets?

    Producers and importers may fulfil the specified obligations:

    Individually, by organizing themselves the collection and

    recovery of their packaging waste;

    Through joining a collective system represented by a

    recovery organization, such as ECOPACK BULGARIA;

    By payment of government fees to the MOEW fund (EMEPA).

  • Effective recovery

    Packaging Recovery Organizations perform the

    responsibilities and represents the interests of producers and

    importers of packed goods;

    Their mission is to meet the targets on recovery and

    recycling in compliance with the national and EU legislation by

    efficient management of systems for collection and recovery.

    They do not distribute profit but invest all incomes in further

    development and improvement of the established systems

    and information campaigns.

  • How the system works?

    Collection Transportation Sorting and

    treatment

    Recycling or

    recovery

    Collection in

    containers from

    households

    Collection

    centers

    Waste from

    industrial or

    commercial

    facilities

    Municipal Projects

  • Collection from different channels

    Collection in containers from households

    (The consumer packaging collection is based

    on the 3-container model :blue, yellow and green).

    Collection from offices, administrative

    and public buildings;

    Collection from industrial and

    commercial facilities;

    Collection from Collection centers.

  • The way of the packages

    Transportation/pick up: For every color

    container there is designated day in which all

    containers in the same color are serviced;

    The collected packaging waste is

    transported to the sorting line;

    At the sorting line, the waste is separated

    according to material, pressed and packed

    bales;

  • ECOPACK BULGARIA

    Shareholders’ company established under the Commercial Act;

    Profit not for distribution;

    First licensed Recovery Organization in Bulgaria (July 2004);

    Independent from Waste Management Companies - The biggest recovery organization in Bulgaria (44 % market share);

    Balance between big multinational companies and Bulgarian companies, representing different industrial sectors;

    The only representative of Bulgaria in

  • AGRIMA AD BBB GROUP AD KAVEN IRADIS OOD FLORINA BULGARIA AD DEVIN EAD

    GANCHEV EOOD POBEDA AD CARLSBERG BULGARIA AD HERTI OOD TETRA PAK BULGARIA EOOD

    GOTMAR EOOD PRISTA OIL AD COCA-COLA HBC BULGARIA AD UNILEVER BULGARIA EOOD

    DANONE-SERDIKA AD SARS GROUP & Co OOD ITD OOD FICOSOTA SYNTEZ OOD

    SHAREHOLDERS

  • 14

    ECOPACK services are aimed at producers and

    importers circulating packed goods on the Bulgarian market;

    The business relationship is settled by a standard

    contract. By signing it companies transfer to ECOPACK

    their obligations to collect, recover and recycle all

    packaging placed on the Bulgarian market;

    Additional services provided to clients include:

    consultancy, audit, prevention programs, eco-design, CO2

    reports;

    Who can join ECOPACK and under

    what conditions?

  • ECOPACK’s responsibilities

    Organizing the system throughout the municipalities – purchase and placement of containers, financed by ECOPACK;

    Servicing the containers (sub-contractors) ECOPACK signs contracts with specialized waste management companies and finances their servicing as well as installation of sorting lines for packaging waste;

    Organizing information campaigns among population to increase the correct usage of the system.

  • ECOPACK operates in 95 municipalities

    BoD meeting, June 27th 2012 16

  • From 2005 until now, we have invested 17.7 million BGN in

    systems for separate collection, sorting lines and waste

    collection equipment;

    We have placed and serve 20,142 colored containers in 95

    municipalities in Bulgaria with a population of over 2,79 million

    people;

    We have 13 sorting plants with a capacity 360,000 tons, in

    which there are over 200 jobs created;

    We have recycled 334 000 tons of packaging waste;

    We have involved in information and education initiatives over

    3 million inhabItants.

    OUR ACIEVEMENTS

  • To promote the separate collection to the public and to create lasting environmental habits;

    To explain how to properly separate waste;

    To show packaging waste as a resource that can be used to produce new goods;

    To convince people that their efforts are not in vain and the collected waste is recycled;

    To create a positive attitude and emotional commitment to the cause of separate collection.

    18

    Informational and Educational Initiatives

    OBJECTIVES:

  • 19

    From April 2011 by end of 2012 3D Green Eco bus tour

    covered 50 000 kids in 210 Schools in 15 big and medium and

    17 small cities.

    3 year campaign targeting 400 schools in 95 municipalities –

    end December 2013;

    3D Green Eco bus

  • 20

    Materials for Eco class:

    In 2011 we sent 680 sets of posters (10 posters each set) and 70,000 books and 680 manuals for teachers to 407 schools, in coordination with the Ministry of Education;

    We're looking for feedback on actual eco classes performed: by holding competitions, using the 3D Green Eco bus tour, by getting assistance from municipalities;

    Eco class in over 400 Schools

  • 21

    Joint communication campaign with Burgas – a Model city in separate collection;

    Brochures;

    Posters in public transport;

    Press conferences;

    Competition for schools, events with interactive games.

    BURGAS – A MODEL CITY IN SEPARATE COLLECTION

  • CURRENT SITUATION

    7 operating Recovery Organizations in Bulgaria;

    Price war and unfair competition: Proposed discounts by competitors up to 30% - 50%;

    New Waste Management Act adopted in July 2012, new Ordinance on Packaging and Packaging Waste – in November 2012: new legal framework for operation of ROs;

    New requirements and targets for municipalities;

    Increased requirements for ROs – bank guarantees