Click here to load reader

2003-2004 Technical Progress Reports - ciwr.ucanr. · PDF file2003-2004 Technical Progress Reports University of California Salinity/Drainage Research Program ... Steve Grattan, Catherine

  • View
    215

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of 2003-2004 Technical Progress Reports - ciwr.ucanr. · PDF file2003-2004 Technical Progress...

  • 2003-2004Technical Progress

    Reports

    University of California

    Salinity/Drainage Research Program

    Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources University of California

    October 2004

  • This publication is available on the website of the UC Center for Water Resources at:www.waterresources.ucr.edu

    Funding for this publication is provided by the University of California.It is available to the general public free of charge.

    The University of California prohibits discrimination or harassment of any person on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, gender identity, pregnancy (including childbirth, and medical conditions related to pregnancy or childbirth), physical or mental disability, medical condi-tion (cancer-related or genetic characteristics), ancestry, marital status, age, sexual orientation, citizenship, or status as a covered veteran (covered veterans are special disabled veterans, recently separated veterans, Vietnam era veterans, or any other veterans who served on active duty during a war or in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized) in any of its programs or activities.

    University policy is intended to be consistent with the provisions of applicable State and Federal laws.

    Inquiries regarding the Universitys nondiscrimination policies may be directed to the Affi rmative Action/Staff Personnel Services Director, Univer-sity of California, Agriculture and Natural Resources, 300 Lakeside Drive, 6th Floor, Oakland, CA 94612-3550, (510) 987-0096.

    This publication is a continuation of the Salinity/Drainage Program Annual Report series. It is published and distributed by the DIRECTORS OFFICE of the UC CENTER FOR WATER RESOURCES. The Center sponsors projects in salinity and drainage and related research within the state of California with funds provided by various state and federal agencies and private industry. Copies of this and other reports published by the Center may be obtained by contacting:

    UC CENTER FOR WATER RESOURCESRUBIDOUX HALL 094

    UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIARIVERSIDE, CA 92521-0436

    ATTENTION: PUBLICATIONS(951) 827-4327

    Copies of Center publications may be examined at:

    Water Resources Archives410 OBrien Hall

    University of CaliforniaBerkeley, CA 94720

    (510) 642-2666

    Or downloaded from: www.waterresources.ucr.edu

  • i Table of Contents

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Foreword ....................................................................................................................................... ii

    Advisory Council Members........................................................................................................... iii

    Salinity/Drainage Program Annual Meeting Agenda .................................................................... iv

    Teresa W-M. Fan, Richard HigashiInteraction of Se Biogeochemistry with Foodchain Disruption in Full-Scale Evaporation Basins and Pilot-Scale Drain Water systems ........................................................................1

    W. T. Frankenberger, Jr., Yiqiang ZhangRemoval of Selenium from Water by Zero-Valent Iron..................................................................9

    Steve Grattan, Catherine Grieve, Jim Poss, Don SuarezDoes Saline Drainage Water Affect Crop Tolerance to Boron? ..................................................19

    Kurt A. Schwabe, Keith KnappIntegrated Drainwater Management in the Central Valley: A Regional Analysis of

    Irrigated Agriculture ..............................................................................................................33

    Norman Terry, Yi-Chieh ChangPhytoremediation of Selenium-Contaminated Drainage Sediments and Different

    Transgenic Lines of Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea).........................................................45

  • FOREWORD

    The UC Salinity/Drainage Program was initiated in 1985 to develop, interpret, and disseminate research knowledge addressing critical agricultural and environmental problems of salinity, drainage, and toxic trace elements in the West Side of the San Joaquin Valley in California. The Water Resources Center and the Salinity/Drainage Program were administratively combined with the UC Center for Water Resources in 1993.

    A major function of the UC Salinity/Drainage Program is to support research and extension activities that will contribute to developing optimal management strategies to cope with salinity/drainage/toxics problems in the western San Joaquin Valley. Funded research projects must be both relevant and scientifi cally sound. An external advisory committee consisting of UC scientists and individuals, listed on page iv, evaluates the merits of proposals. Appreciation is expressed to all the individuals that devoted time and made valuable contributions to the selection of the research to be supported.

    This publication reports the research fi ndings of projects funded by the Salinity/Drainage Program in 2003-2004. The number of projects supported during this year is signifi cantly lower than in previous years because of the 47% reduction in budget as compared to previous years.

    Foreword ii

  • iii Advisory Council

    Manucher AlemiCA Department of Water Resources1020 Ninth StreetSacramento, CA 95814

    Tad BellDepartment of Food and Agriculture1220 N StreetSacramento, CA 95814

    Thad BettnerWestlands Water DistrictP. O. Box 6056Fresno, CA 93702

    Andrew ChangDepartment of Environmental Sciences2452 GeologyUniversity of CaliforniaRiverside, CA 92521-0436

    Doug DavisTulare Lake Drainage DistrictP. O. Box 985Corcoran, CA 93212

    Mike DelamoreU.S. Bureau of Reclamation2666 North Grove Industrial Drive, #3106Fresno, CA 93727-1551

    Jose FariaDepartment of Water Resources3374 East Shields AvenueFresno, CA 93726

    SALINITY/DRAINAGE PROGRAMADVISORY COUNCIL

    2003-2004

    David GoldhamerKearney Agricultural Center9240 S. RiverbendParlier, CA 93648

    Sarge GreenTranquility Irrigation DistrictP. O. Box 487Tranquility, CA 93668

    Mark GrismerDepartment of LAWR209 Veihmeyer HallUniversity of CaliforniaDavis, CA 95616

    Dan JohnsonU.S. Department of AgricultureNRCS2121-C Second StreetDavis, CA 95616

    Steve ShafferCA Dept. of Food and Agriculture1220 N Street, Rm. 464Sacramento, CA 95814

    Wayne VerrillState Water Res. Control BoardDWQP. O. Box 944213Sacramento, CA 94244-2130

  • Meeting Agenda iv

    Salinity/Drainage Annual Meeting March 25, 2004

    Red Lion Inn, Sacramento

    7:45 am Registration

    8:25 Welcome, John Letey, Director, UC Center for Water Resources, UC Riverside

    8:30 UC Salinity/Drainage Program Research Highlights

    9:45 Update of the USBR San Luis Drainage Service

    Jason Phillips, USBR

    10:15 BREAK Posters

    10:40 Is Land Retirement Drainage Service?

    Thad Bettner, Westland Water District

    11:10 Results from the CVPIA Land Retirement Demonstration Project

    Bea Olsen, USFWS,

    Stephen Lee, USBR,

    Curt Uptain, CSUS-ESRP,

    Ken Lair, USBR

    11:40 Selenium and Nitrate Removal from Agriculture Drain Water Using ABmet Process

    Tim Pickett, Applied Biosciences Corp.

    12:10 pm LUNCH Posters

    1:10 Advances in Reverse Osmosis Technology

    Jose Faria, DWR

    Scott Irvine, USBR

    1:10 Development and Application of New Solar Evaporator Regulations

    Wayne Verrill, SWRCB

    Lonnie Wass, Central Valley Regional WQCB

    2:50 BREAK Posters

    3:15 USFWS Approaches to Drainwater Risk Management

    Steven Detwiler, DFWS

    Thomas Maurer, DFWS

    3:45 Landscape-Level Approaches to Mitigate Impacts of Selenium at Agricultural DrainwaterEvaporation Basins.

    Scott Terrill, H.T. Harvey & Associates

    4:15 Sensibility or Senility: Personal Reflections

    John Letey, UC Center for Water Resources, UC Riverside

  • v

  • 1

    Interaction of Se Biogeochemistry with FoodchainDisruption in Full-Scale Evaporation Basins and Pilot-Scale

    Drain Water Systems

    Project Investigators:

    Teresa FanOffi ce: (530) 752-1450, E-mail: [email protected]

    Department of Land, Air & Water ResourcesUniversity of California, Davis

    Richard HigashiOffi ce: (530) 752-1830, E-mail: [email protected]

    Center for Health and the EnvironmentUniversity of California, Davis

    Research Staff:

    Chris Coelho, PGRWilliam Schilling, PGRTeresa Cassel, SRA

    Krassi Hristova, Assistant Researcher

  • 2

    ABSTRACT:The purpose of this project is to

    evaluate the Se bioremediation poten-tial (via reduction of ecotoxic risk) of combined foodchain disruption and Se volatilization in full-scale TLDD evap-oration basins and pilot-scale drain water systems. Our approach has been to assess the infl uence of ongo-ing brine shrimp harvest and fertilizer input on water chemistry, water and biota Se status, Se volatilization activi-ties, and algal community. Analyses have been conducted for monthly water and brine shrimp samples from selected saline basin cells as well as for the annual collections of water and macro invertebrate samples from both saline and less saline cells. Fertil-izer input appeared to enhance algal populations which in turn regulated brime shrimp harvest in hypsersa-line cells. Brine shrimp harvest did not appear to have a direct impact on water chemistry or the Se content of water-column biota. However, it exhibited a disruptive infl uence on Se incorporation into brine shrimp pro-teins and into benthic invertebrates. In addition, harvest act