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ASI Policy 2019 2019 American Sheep Industry Association (ASI) Policy

2019 American Sheep Industry Association (ASI) Policy€¦ · 6-22:07:R17 Recreation Campaign 6-24:08:R18 Private Land Acquisition 6-25:08:R16 Reservations of Public Lands 6-26:10:R15

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Page 1: 2019 American Sheep Industry Association (ASI) Policy€¦ · 6-22:07:R17 Recreation Campaign 6-24:08:R18 Private Land Acquisition 6-25:08:R16 Reservations of Public Lands 6-26:10:R15

ASI Policy 2019

2019 American Sheep IndustryAssociation (ASI) Policy

Page 2: 2019 American Sheep Industry Association (ASI) Policy€¦ · 6-22:07:R17 Recreation Campaign 6-24:08:R18 Private Land Acquisition 6-25:08:R16 Reservations of Public Lands 6-26:10:R15
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The following are current policies of the AmericanSheep Industry Association, Inc. (ASI), including thoseadopted by the ASI Board of Directors on Jan. 31, 2018. ASI resolutions stand as adopted for a period offive years, unless amended or deleted by action of theBoard of Directors. At the end of that five-year period,resolutions are dropped unless extended for anotherfive-year period by a vote of the Board of Directors.Directives expire after one year.


• First digit(s) (from 1-12) indicate the area under whichthe policy is classified;

• Next two digits indicate the number of the policywithin that section (at time of passage);

• Next two digits indicate the year adopted; and• R indicates year renewed or revised. (Note: Policies renewed for additional years will re-tain the number of the original year adopted with therenewal or revision date preceded by an R.)

Example: 1-04:11:R191 indicates 1st section, Animal Health/Animal Welfare-04 indicates 4th policy adopted under that topic:11 indicates that the policy was adopted in 2011:R19 indicates that the policy was renewed or revisedin 2019


The American Sheep Industry Association (ASI) is aproducer-driven federation of state associations repre-senting the U.S. sheep industry. The policy developmentand implementation process is also producer-driven.There are many opportunities for producers to becomeactively involved in discussions on issues facing the in-dustry; policy recommendations are developed throughdemocratic processes that, on approval of the ASIBoard of Directors, set policy to guide ASI’s activitiesand programs. The policy process is made up of two steps: (1) Pol-icy Development and (2) Policy Implementation. PolicyDevelopment occurs before the annual meeting duringstate member association conventions, and in ASI coun-cil meetings and policy forums held before or during theannual convention. These policies result in formal actionby the Board of Directors during the Annual Meeting.Policy Implementation occurs following the Annual Meet-ing through the respective councils that put the policyinto action. The following more fully explains the twoabove-mentioned steps.


A trade association represents the interests of the in-dustry it serves. To do this, the policy developmentprocess must involve as many people as possible to re-flect industry consensus. The policy development process

actually begins at the state member association level,where producers first become involved in associationactivities. During annual conventions and other meet-ings, individual producers can raise issues, concerns orsuggestions that should be addressed by the industry.Resolutions or directives adopted by state associationsare forwarded to the ASI for consideration in Policy Fo-rums during the annual convention. Policy Forums aremeetings organized by topics, which involve one votingrepresentative from every state member association, theNational Lamb Feeders (NLFA) and ASI Women at eachforum. The Policy Forums consider policy resolutionsfrom the states, recommendations from the ASI councilsand from individual producers, on which they take ac-tion. Resolutions and directives that are acted upon andpassed during the Policy Forums are forwarded to theResolutions Committee. The Resolutions Committee reviews the resolutionsand directives to prevent duplication between councilsand to resolve conflict with existing policy or other pro-posed resolutions and directives. The Resolutions Com-mittee may not develop new resolutions or directives,stop resolutions or directives from being considered bythe Board of Directors or substantially change them, butmay return them to a council for the purpose of resolvingconflicts. The ASI Board of Directors then considers resolutionsand directives during its Annual Meeting. Policy resolu-tions and directives adopted by the Board of Directorsbecome ASI policy at the close of the Annual Meeting.Resolutions remain active with Board of Directors’ re-newal or revision; the Board may also repeal. If no ac-tion of any kind is taken, resolutions automatically sunsetin the fifth year. Directives expire after one year. If an issue or situation arises following the AnnualMeeting that is not covered by existing policy, the Exec-utive Board has the authority to set interim policy. Whendoing so, the Executive Board relies on the counsel ofthe appropriate council. The Board of Directors must rat-ify interim policy action adopted by the Executive Boardat its next meeting.


Policy resolutions and directives adopted by the Boardof Directors are assigned to the appropriate ASI councilfor implementation. Policies requiring legislative action arereferred to the Legislative Action Council. It is the respon-sibility of each council to pursue implementation of actionsaddressed in their policy resolutions and directives. Coun-cils periodically report to the Board of Directors and Ex-ecutive Board on the progress of policy implementation.


Sheep producers with policy questions are encour-aged to contact their state association or the ASI office.From issue identification, to policy development, throughpolicy implementation, sheep producers set the course forthe American Sheep Industry Association.

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1-29:14:R16 Biologicals and Pharmaceuticals Licensing Approval1-31:15 Brucella Ovis Testing of Rams1-32:15 Animal Care and Handling1-33:16 Bighorn/Domestic Sheep1-34:16 Scrapie Eradication1-35:17 Scrapie Compliance, Surveillance, and Enforcement1-36:19 National Scrapie Eradication and Program Funding1-37:19 Ovine Cysticercosis (Sheep Measles)1-38:19 Confirmatory Testing for OPP


2-01:90:R15 Grizzly Bear Delisting2-02:92:R18 Wolf/Dog Hybrids2-04:95:R15 Management of Natural Resources/ Ecosystems2-10:03:R18 Environmental Treaties2-11:03:R19 Wolves’ Reintroduction and Delisting2-14:08:R18 Endangered Species Act2-15:08:R18 Management and Delisting of the Wolf Populations2-16:11:R16 Sage Grouse Recovery


3-01:94:R19 Wild and Scenic Rivers3-02:91:R16 Environmental Legislation3-04:92:R17 Private Property Rights Protection3-05:93:R18 Corporate Average Fuel Economy3-06:93:R18 Environmental Stewardship Statement3-07:95:R15 Environmental Benefits of Sheep3-08:96:R16 Impaired Streams/Watersheds3-10:00:R15 Federal Access to Private Property3-11:03:R18 Clean Water Act and Water Rights3-12:03:R18 Voluntary Technical Assistance and the National Grazing Lands Coalition3-13:06:R16 Wilderness Area Rights3-14:08:R18 FSA Office Closures3-15:10:R15 Categorical Exclusions (CXs)3-16:11:R16 Humane Horse Slaughter3-17:11:R16 Wild-Horse- and Burro-Herd Reduction

i. FOREWORD ...............................................1ii. KEY TO POLICY CODES...............................1iii. POLICY PROCESS (As of January 1998).........1iv. POLICY DEVELOPMENT ...............................1v. POLICY IMPLEMENTATION...........................1vi. SUMMARY..................................................1TABLE OF CONTENTS .......................................21. ANIMAL HEALTH/ANIMAL WELFARE ............42. ENDANGERED SPECIES.............................103. ENVIRONMENT........................................124. LAMB MARKETING....................................145. PREDATOR MANAGEMENT .......................156. PUBLIC LANDS ..........................................167 PRODUCTION, EDUCATION AND RESEARCH..208. SEEDSTOCK .............................................229. WOOL MARKETING..................................2210. GENERAL .................................................2411. PELTS........................................................2812. DIRECTIVES...............................................28


1-01:90:R15 NAHMS1-02:90:R15 Vet-Client Relationship1-03:90:R15 Food Animal Veterinary Education and Veterinary Assistance1-04:92:R18 Quality Assurance1-06:91:R17 Code of Practice/Animal Husbandry1-08:95:R15 Over-the-Counter Drugs1-09:95:R18 Drug-Approval Process1-10:96:R19 Sheep Well-being and Exhibition1-12:97:R18 Scrapie Research 1-19:06:R16 Approval of Trace Mineral Products1-20:09:R19 Biosecurity1-21:09:R19 Regionalization/ Compartmentalization1-24:10:R15 Antimicrobial Use in Food Animals1-26:11:R16 FootVax®1-27:13:R16 Scrapie Priorities1-28:13:R18 Screwworms


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3-19:13:R18 Second Amendment Rights3-48:13:R18 Air Quality Standards


4-01:90:R19 Country-of-Origin Labeling4-02:90:R15 Meat-Inspection Fees4-03:91:R18 Export Enhancement Programs4-04:91:R19 Inspection Practices4-13:04:R19 BSE Trade Impact4-14:05:R15 Control Processor Costs4-16:07:R17 Instrument Grading4-17:08:R18 Mutton Promotion4-23:17 USD Frozen Stock Reporting4-24:19 Imitation and Substitute Products


5-01:90:R15 Predator Loss Data5-03:96:R16 Management of Predator Protected Species5-05:94:R19 Compliance with USFS and BLM Regulations5-06:00:R15 State-Managed Predator Programs5-07:03:R18 Predator-Management Methods5-09:03:R19 Wildlife Services (WS) Funding5-10:08:R18 Animal Damage Control (ADC) Act of 193105-11:18 Wildlife Services Cost-Savings Measures


6-01:91:R16 Wildlife Population Plans6-02:91:R18 Community Coalitions6-03:91:R18 Public Lands Council6-04:92:R18 Federal Grazing Fees6-05:94:R18 AUM Ratio (7:1)6-06:96:R16 Range-Improvement Funds6-08:00:R18 Management of National Grasslands6-09:00:R15 Range Conservationists’ Training6-10:01:R16 Grazing Allotments6-11:03:R18 Grazing Preference6-13:03:R18 Rangeland Monitoring6-17:03:R18 Protection of State Sovereignty and Individual Property Rights6-18:04:R19 Transplantation and Movement of Bison6-19:04:R19 Grazing Buyout

6-20:04:R19 Travel Management6-22:07:R17 Recreation Campaign6-24:08:R18 Private Land Acquisition6-25:08:R16 Reservations of Public Lands6-26:10:R15 Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA)6-27:11:R16 States’ Authority to Manage Wildlife6-28:11:R16 No Net Loss of Animal Unit Months (AUMs)6-29:11:R16 Alternative Allotments6-30:12:R17 U.S. Sheep Experiment Station (USSES)6-31:16 Occupation of the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge


7-02:90:R15 Predator Management Research7-09:90:R19 Livestock in Education Materials7-12:07:R17 Microbial Contamination7-19:16 Research & Education Funding


8-03:91:R18 Seedstock Export/Import Programs8-04:16 Genetic Improvement


9-02:90:R19 Textile Imports9-03:90:R15 Wool-Content Labeling9-04:90:R15 “Buy American” Requirements9-05:91:R16 Wool-Research Funding9-06:92:R15 Genetic Programs for Wool Quality9-07:93:R15 Wool Clip Contamination9-09:95:R19 Wool Quality9-10:90:R15 Shearing School Programs9-11:96:R16 Wool Pools9-13:96:R16 Wool Technology Research9-15:99:R16 Niche Marketing9-17:01:R15 USDA Market News9-18:03:R15 Removal of Tariffs on Woolpacks and Covers9-19:05:R15 Grants for Sheep Shearing9-21:08:R18 Dye-Resistant Fibers (Hair and Kemp) Contamination9-22:12:R17 Classing Labor

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9-23:15 Objective Measurement of Wool9-24:15 Maintaining Our Wool Labs 9-26:16 Scrapie Ear Tag


Taxation and Accounting 10-02:90:R18 Federal Tax Policy 10-03:91:R16 Capital Gains 10-10:93:R18 Farm-Licensed Vehicle Exemptions 10-11:93:R18 Cash-basis Accounting 10-12:93:R18 Section 179 Deduction (expensing depreciable assets) 10-33:05:R15 Promote Development of Pharmaceuticals for SheepTrade 10-15:98:R15 International Trade 10-17:00:R15 Anti-dumping Laws 10-25:02:R17 Lamb Imports 10-29:03:R18 Free Trade Agreements 10-30:01:R19 Congressional Appropriations,FAS 10-49:14:R19 Exports

Labor 10-47:13:R18 H-2A Program 10-51:15 H-2A Guest Worker Program 10-52:15 Guest Worker ProgramOther 10-13:94:R19 Alternate Research/Promotion 10-14:94:R19 Farm Service Agency 10-16:98:R18 DOT Regulations 10-18:00:R15 Safety-Net Program 10-22:01:R16 Freedom of Information Act 10-27:03:R18 Regulatory Impact 10-31:94:R19 Unfunded Federal Mandates 10-32:04:R19 Risk-Management Tools 10-35:06:R16 ASI Correspondence on Behalf of Member States 10-37:09:R19 Renewable Fuels 10-42:10:R15 Climate Change 10-55:16 Packers and Stockyard Act 10-56:19 Non-Ethanol Fuel Availability


11-01:00:R15 Ked Control


10:61:18 H2A

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THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the AmericanVeterinary Medical Association (AVMA) and veterinarymedical colleges be encouraged to develop recruitmentand enrollment tactics that encourage those interestedin food-animal production, as well as the developmentof curriculum that addresses the need for rural and food-animal veterinarians.

1-04:92:R18 Quality Assurance

WHEREAS a more complete knowledge of the ex-tent and causes of quality defects and potential residueswill provide educational opportunities for sheep produc-ers, and WHEREAS identification of the source point of de-fects and residues in the production system will chal-lenge producers to improve production systems andpractices to enhance efficiency and assure quality andsafety of their products, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the continuedand accelerated implementation of the National SheepSafety and Quality Assurance (SSQA) program.

1-06:91:R17 Code of Practice/Animal Husbandry

BE IT RESOLVED that the American Sheep Industry(ASI) adopts the following Industry Code of Practice: Domestic sheep production has been a part of thehuman way of life for thousands of years. Responsiblesheep husbandry has always included a concern for thewell-being and humane treatment of the sheep, as wellas a commitment toward good stewardship of the land. Sheep operations in the United States are very di-verse, owing to the adaptability of sheep to a widerange of climates and management systems. Sheep areefficient converters of renewable forage to high-qualityfood and fiber. In many areas of the country sheep areused to glean crop residues or utilize agricultural by-products. Nutrition - Providing sheep with adequate nutritionensures their continued productivity and well-being.Sheep on pasture are frequently able to meet all or mostof their nutritional needs from grazing. Supplementationof natural feed sources may become necessary duringcertain stages of production or unfavorable forage con-ditions. Under more intense raising systems,the acceptedNational Research Council (NRC) feed requirementsshould be used in order to meet the sheep’s nutritionalneeds appropriate to their stage of production. Adequate water should always be available. Health - It is in sheep producers’ best interests to main-tain their flocks in a healthy, productive state and, to theextent possible, avoid the possibility of injury or diseasethrough good, preventative-health management. Vaccines, anthelmintics and other health-care prod-ucts should be used in accordance with approved-veteri-nary practices, and care should be taken to comply withany drug-withdrawal requirements.


WHEREAS there are disease and national policyissues that may affect the sheep industry, and WHEREAS the sheep industry needs informationgathered by National Animal Health Monitoring System(NAHMS) on issues involving animal health, animal pro-ductivity, animal welfare, product wholesomeness, andthe environment to promote and protect its industry, and WHEREAS facts data and results from previousNAHMS studies have been beneficial to the sheep in-dustry by providing guidance on management, produc-tion, disease prevention, and marketing, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI recom-mends that NAHMS work with industry and the Na-tional Agriculture Statistics Service (NASS), as well asstate animal-health officials, on study design and imple-mentation and that field and laboratory resources bemade available by USDA for future NAHMS studies ofthe sheep industry and that the sheep industry continuesto be included in the NAHMS projects regularly.

1-02:90:R15 Vet-Client Relationship

WHEREAS limited availability and restrictions onapplication of biologicals and pharmaceuticals for useby livestock producers may cause extreme hardship andfinancial impact to the entire livestock industry, and WHEREAS it is critical to establish a veterinarian-client-patient relationship, not only to obtain biologicalsand pharmaceuticals but also to stimulate an interest inand awareness of sheep health, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI recommends that sheepproducers establish a working veterinarian-client-patientrelationship for the continued use of pharmaceuticals andbiologicals by producers to maintain the general healthof the sheep population and profitability of the industry.

1-03:90:R15 Food Animal Veterinary Education and VeterinaryAssistance

WHEREAS the U.S. sheep industry is in need ofqualified veterinarians who have knowledge of sheepdiseases and management practices, and WHEREAS the shortage of veterinary service to thefood-animal industry has reached a critical level in re-cent years, and WHEREAS this shortage of veterinarians that servethe food-animal industry has been due to multiple factors,including economics and decreasing numbers of studentshaving a food-animal background, it is difficult for vet-erinary practices to attract food-animal veterinarians,and WHEREAS the growing shortage of food-animalveterinarians emphasizes the need for an official food-animal, veterinary assistant program,

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It is usually necessary to dock lambs and castratemale lambs in order to prevent serious health conse-quences, such as fly strike, inbreeding, ewe-lamb preg-nancy or cleanliness problems. These procedures shouldbe done appropriately, at an early age and in such amanner as to minimize stress and not compromise thehealth or well-being of the animals. Common senseshould be used to avoid stress due to handling lambs dur-ing unfavorable weather. Handling and Equipment - Handling facilities andworking corrals should be designed to ease handlingstress and reduce the possibility of injury. Corrals, loadingchutes and shearing areas should be in good repair andfree of sharp edges that could cause injury to the sheepor handler. Pen size and feeder space will be variable dependenton the size of the sheep but should be large enough toprovide freedom of movement and ample access to feedand water. Good ventilation is essential when designinghousing for sheep. Buildings used to house sheep shouldbe maintained in a sanitary, clean condition. Transporting sheep should be done in a safe mannerto prevent the consequences of both under and over-crowding; this includes loading and unloading. Debili-tated, non-ambulatory sheep should not be sent to marketbut instead they should be euthanized on the farm in ahumane manner and disposed of properly. Animals at livestock markets, sales, shows and publicexhibitions should be handled in a humane manner, andsheep producers should comply with regulations andguidelines regarding showing and exposition of sheepas outlined by state, local and/or general rules of theevent. Youth programs should encourage proper manage-ment and care consistent with accepted animal-produc-tion practices and humane-handling methods, asendorsed by ASI. Management - Sound sheep management takes intoconsideration many diverse factors including feed re-sources, environmental conditions, marketing opportuni-ties, and climate and breed suitability. Condition - Reasonable efforts should be made topresent clean sheep and lambs for slaughter. Predator losses have become an increasing problemin the sheep industry. Sheep are basically defenseless an-imals, and depredation from wild species or domesticdogs can cause great stress, suffering and death. There-fore, all available methods of predator control should bepromoted to control depredation on sheep.

Besides a concern for the health and well-being ofthe sheep, successful management involves a commitmentto preserve and utilize natural resources in such a mannerthat ensures the sustained productivity for the productionof lamb and wool. Sheep practices are constantly changing, as newknowledge about animal behavior and health becomesavailable. Producers are encouraged to incorporate theseimprovements into their operations whenever possible.

1-08:95:R15 Over-the-Counter Drugs

WHEREAS there are relatively few medications la-beled to treat sheep diseases, and WHEREAS judicious use of antibiotics and an-thelminetics is necessary to alleviate animal pain andsuffering and ensure animal health and welfare, and WHEREAS the shortage of food-animal veterinari-ans is a significant issue to the sheep industry, and WHEREAS the availability of FDA-approved, over-the-counter (OTC) antibiotics and anthelminetics is nec-essary in order for producers to have access to theseessential medications when needed, and WHEREAS the sheep industry has developed train-ing and information programs to demonstrate produc-ers’ responsible use and administration of medicationsand vaccines, including a valid veterinarian-client-pa-tient relationship (VCPR), and WHEREAS eliminating OTC medications and vac-cine sales would not prevent their irresponsible use orensure their responsible use, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes eliminating orotherwise restricting OTC sales to preserve the availabil-ity of medications and vaccines that can be used forsheep, as long as they are being used within the confinesof a VCPR and a quality assurance program.

1-09:95:R18 Drug-Approval Process

WHEREAS there is a lack of approved pharmaceu-ticals for the treatment of important sheep diseases, and WHEREAS the current drug-approval process dis-courages research, development and data submissionleading to new products for the treatment of sheep dis-ease, and WHEREAS new pharmaceuticals could significantlyimprove the overall health and well-being of sheep, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports legislative andregulatory efforts that will restructure and expedite thedrug-approval process and provide financial incentivesto sponsors, while maintaining product safety and effi-cacy.

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1-10:96:R19 Sheep Well-being and Exhibition

WHEREAS the exhibition of livestock, includingsheep, is an important aspect of breed promotion, mar-keting and educational programs, and WHEREAS the health, well-being and productivityof sheep is of paramount importance to the industry, in-cluding appropriate and necessary husbandry and med-ical practices, and WHEREAS a wide range of educational resourcesexists, which are targeted toward both youth and adults, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI endorses and assists inthe distribution of the Show Animal Care and HandlingGuide, published by the Animal Industry Foundation, theNational Show Ring Code of Ethics, published by the In-ternational Association of Fairs and Exhibitions, andother publications, videos and programs, which are con-sistent with the Sheep Industry Code of Practice and theSheep Care Guide, both published by ASI, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI supports hu-mane and necessary husbandry practices, as prescribedand/or endorsed by the United States Animal Health As-sociation (USAHA), the American Veterinary Medical As-sociation (AVMA) and the American Association of SmallRuminant Practitioners (AASRP).

1-12:97:R18 Scrapie Research

WHEREAS the role of premise contamination dueto scrapie is not understood, and WHEREAS the role of vectors and fomites inscrapie transmission has not been determined, and WHEREAS the pathogenesis and potential trans-missibility of atypical scrapie has not fully been defined,and WHEREAS the relationship between peripheral in-fectivity and deposition of PrPsc in cases of atypicalscrapie is not fully understood, and WHEREAS data confirm that ARR/ARQ andARR/ARR sheep cannot be considered fully resistant toclassical or atypical scrapie, and WHEREAS the ability of scrapie strains (includingatypical scrapie) to adapt and transmit is not fully un-derstood, then BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urges USDA/ARS andAPHIS to continue to share information as it relates toscrapie eradication, new research findings and emerg-ing epidemiological information, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI urgesUSDA/APHIS to continue conducting epidemiologicalstudies and ongoing monitoring surveys of scrapie-in-fected animals and flocks to help define strain adapta-tion and transmissibility.

BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI urgesUSDA/ARS and USDA/APHIS to make appropriate re-quests for budgetary increases for scrapie research proj-ects and epidemiological studies designed to ascertainthe roles of sheep genotype, atypical scrapie, interac-tions of the two, and the roles of premise contamination,vectors, and other fomites.

1-19:06:R16 Approval of Trace Mineral Products

WHEREAS iodine deficiencies and other mineraldeficiencies in sheep can occur in large numbers andbe more widespread than commonly believed, and WHEREAS iodine supplementation through free-choice-mineral mixtures is not always effective, and noalternative methods of supplementing iodine are avail-able in the United States, and WHEREAS commercial, slow-release-iodine prod-ucts are safe and routinely recommended by the WorldHealth Organization for human supplementation in de-veloping countries, and sheep producers in countriesthat compete with American producers use slow-release-iodine products that are available as injections and bo-luses, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encourages companiesand supports their efforts to obtain FDA approval for theuse of safe, slow-release-iodine preparations and othertrace-mineral products for sheep.

1-20:09:R19 Biosecurity

WHEREAS the security of the U.S. food supply, theeconomic viability of the country and the economic wel-fare of agriculture producers’ food and fiber is at riskfrom natural, accidental or intentional introduction ofcatastrophic diseases, THERFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI recom-mends that sheep producers develop written biosecurityplans for their operations, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI works withits state sheep associations and affiliates to encouragesheep producers to be active in their county Animal Is-sues Committees and that ASI encourage local supportfor state and national animal veterinary diagnostic lab-oratories, and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI support fund-ing for research related to catastrophic livestock dis-eases, including research by APHIS, ARS, universitiesand the National Center for Foreign and Zoonotic Dis-ease Defense (FAZD Center).

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1-21:09:R19 Regionalization/Compartmentalization

WHEREAS USDA/APHIS/VS utilizes regionaliza-tion to create trade opportunities with other countries,while at the same time safeguarding animal health; re-gionalization can help facilitate the marketability of U.S.animals and products, and WHEREAS USDA/APHIS/VS participates in theWorld Organization for Animal Health (OIE), whoseguidelines help guard against introduction of animal dis-eases without creating unjustified trade barriers, and VSuses OIE guidelines when negotiating trade protocols,and WHEREAS the relevance of international animal-health and disease-control standards, as well as U.S.standards, are considered when regionalization is im-plemented, and WHEREAS the United States is close to being ableto apply for Scrapie-free status with regionalization, and WHEREAS the concept of compartmentalizationcould be beneficial to the trade of U.S. sheep and sheepproducts if implemented in such a manner that providesverifiably secure-animal health and disease protection, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urgesUSDA/APHIS/VS to adhere to the following parameterswhen considering or implementing regionalization orpotential compartmentalization of areas or operationsof any country for the importation of animals or animalproducts into the United States, and when consideringregionalization or potential compartmentalization ofany area or operations in the United States for animaldisease control:1. Policies and regulations must be transparent and

based on sound science.2. Policies and regulations must be based on science-

based, quantitative- and qualitative-risk assessmentand risk analysis.

3. Risk assessment and analyses should consider andmeasure added risk due to potential economic in-centives to trans-ship animals or animal productsfrom non-regionalized areas to proposed regional-ized areas.

4. Policies and regulations must be fair and consistent. BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI urgesUSDA/APHIS/VS to require any country where region-alization is employed for the purposes of exportation ofanimals or animal products into the United States to ad-here to the following:1. Areas regionalized must be definitively identifiable

by geographic boundaries.2. Animal movement controls, identification require-

ments, and biosecurity measures must be strictly en-forced.

3. Disease surveillance and control, diagnostic capa-bilities, and epidemiologic response capabilitiesmust be available and adequate.

4. Notification of disease occurrence or presence mustbe immediate.

5. Compliance with all parameters must be verifiableby the USDA/APHIS/VS.

6. USDA/APHIS/VS must monitor compliance throughrequired periodic (at least annual) reviews with sitevisits and data requests to update risk assessmentsas necessary and indicated by the review and veri-fication process.

BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI urgesUSDA/APHIS to consider and incorporate the above re-quirements as proposed regulations for compartmental-ization and regionalization are developed.

1-24:10:R15 Antimicrobial Use in Food Animals

WHEREAS there is widespread concern and mis-perception regarding factors contributing to antimicro-bial resistance, and WHEREAS scientific evidence does not support theclaim that prudent antimicrobial usage in food animalsis a contributing factor to the development of antimicro-bial resistance, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encour-ages sheep producers to become trained and certifiedthrough the ASI Sheep Safety and Quality Assuranceprogram and practice judicious and prudent use of an-timicrobials in treating and preventing disease condi-tions in sheep.

1:26:11:R16 FootVax®

WHEREAS FootVax® vaccine for foot-rot preventionis no longer available for foot-rot prevention in theUnited States and WHEREAS FootVax® has been a useful tool to someAmerican producers, and WHEREAS the NAHMS report ranks foot rot as thenumber three disease concern of U.S. sheep producers, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI work with USDA/APHIS/CVB or other appropriate agencies and vaccinemanufacturers to develop and license an effective foot-rot vaccine for U.S. sheep industry use.

1-27:13:R16 Scrapie Priorities

WHEREAS Transmissible Spongiform Encephalo-pathies (TSEs) are recognized globally to be a risk ofanimal health, human health and trade, and WHEREAS scrapie is a significant disease insheep, and WHEREAS the European Union (EU) has statedBovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) may be pres-ent in the sheep population in Europe and has con-firmed BSE in two goats. The EU has taken specificactions to protect human and animal health from thisrisk by enacting specified-risk-material (SRM) bans pro-hibiting certain tissues from sheep and goats from en-tering the food and feed chains of Europe. In addition,the United States is taking precautionary measures toreduce the risk of BSE occurring in this country throughvoluntary and regulatory action,

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WHEREAS ASI in cooperation with USDA/APHIShas worked diligently over the years to eradicatescrapie through education, research, surveillance andcompliance, and WHEREAS the number of found cases of scrapie inthe United States has been reduced to a very small per-centage of the U.S. sheep and goat populations; the in-cidence of scrapie-positive sheep sampled hasdecreased by 95 percent since 2003 to .007 percentin 2015, thus making scrapie eradication achievable inthe foreseeable future, and WHEREAS being a “Scrapie Free” country (perOIE criteria) is essential to the sheep and goat industriesto be able to export our products in a global economy,and BE IT RESOLVED that ASI accepts the challenge ofmaking “Scrapie Free” (per OIE criteria) its number one(#1) animal health priority, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI works withUSDA/APHIS to make scrapie eradication the top ani-mal-health priority and to continue to enhance its fund-ing to complete the eradication process in a timelymanner.

1-28:13:R18 Screwworms

WHEREAS screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivo-rax, have been eradicated from the United States dueto successful USDA efforts, and WHEREAS screwworms present not only significantanimal health implications, but also wildlife and human-health implications, BE IT RESOLVED, in order to prevent re-infestationsof the United States with screwworms, ASI urges USDAto pursue and request appropriations to maintain fund-ing for adequate fly production levels by retaining sterilescrewworm fly production plants in Central America.

1-29:14:R16 Biologicals andPharmaceuticalLicensing/Approval

WHEREAS the U.S. sheep industry lacks biologi-cals and pharmaceuticals that are widely available out-side the United States to prevent economically importantdiseases and enhance animal well-being, WHEREAS these products are widely availableand have been used extensively with demonstratedsafety and efficacy in Canada, Australia, New Zealandand United Kingdom, and the non-availability of theseproducts puts the U.S. producer at a competitive disad-vantage and poses a threat to sheep welfare, BE IT RESOLVED, that the American Sheep IndustryAssociation urges USDA Center for Veterinary Biologicsand FDA to open avenues for efficient licensing and im-portation of these biologicals and pharmaceuticals.

1-31:15 Brucella Ovis Testing of Rams

WHEREAS many states require a negative Brucellaovis Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) testfor rams being imported from other states and countriesand many grazing associations and ram sales requirea negative test, and WHEREAS in spite of attempts to standardize theELISA test reagents, antigens, dilutions, low-positive con-trols, and protocols, many laboratories continue to getB. ovis ELISA test results that are called “indeterminate”or may be interpreted as “positive” at one laboratoryand “negative” on the same animal’s sample at anotherlaboratory. There is, at times lack of consistency oragreement between laboratories on the B. ovis ELISAtest, and WHEREAS the United States Department of Agri-culture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Na-tional Veterinary Services Laboratory had earliersuggested standardized test protocols, but there is stilllack of consistency between laboratories on applied testprotocols. These discrepancies create inconvenienceand added expense for producers, lack of producer andveterinary practitioner confidence and trust in the labo-ratories, and leave regulatory personnel with manyquestions about proper disposition of test positive and“indeterminate” rams, BE IT RESOLVED, that ASI urges the United StatesDepartment of Agriculture (USDA), Animal and PlantHealth Inspection Service, National Veterinary ServicesLaboratory and the USDA, Agricultural Research Service(ARS) to review the protocols for enzyme linked im-munosorbent assay (ELISA) Brucella ovis testing (testreagents, antigens, dilutions, low-positive control)among laboratories conducting the ELISA test and de-velop an explanation for the “indeterminate” and dis-crepant results between labs, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that ASI urges USDA-ARS and USDA-APHIS-NVSL to develop strict, standard-testing protocols for all laboratories for the B. ovis ELISAtest. We further urge the American Association of Vet-erinary Laboratory Diagnosticians and state diagnosticlaboratories to adhere to these standard-testing proto-cols, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that ASI urges USDA-ARS to develop an accurate and consistent Brucella ovisconfirmatory test for samples with “indeterminate” re-sults to help facilitate prudent regulatory and sheep-man-agement decisions.

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1-32:15 Animal Care and Handling

WHEREAS farmers and ranchers who raise sheepin the United States take great pride in the care they pro-vide for their animals and do not condone or defendmistreatment or abuse of sheep either intentionally orunintentionally, and WHEREAS these principles hold true for all man-agement practices, including the shearing of sheep -- anecessary process that is of great benefit to the animals’own welfare, and WHEREAS sheep that must be shorn regularly toprevent excess wool from interfering with their bodies’ability to thermo-regulate. Excessive wool coats alsomake the sheep more vulnerable to becoming immobi-lized by physical obstacles in the environment and moresusceptible to predator and parasite attacks, BE IT RESOLVED that shearers use ASI-approved,standardized-handling techniques, which are designedfor the comfort and well-being of the sheep, BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the AmericanSheep Industry Association (ASI), along with its memberfarmers and ranchers, promote and encourage the train-ing of proper sheep handling and shearing. ASI pro-vides its members with the Sheep Care Guide, aneducational document for proper care, handling andmanagement of sheep as an industry standard for sheepcare. ASI also sponsors training for sheep shearers andprovides standardized-educational material on propershearing techniques.

1-33:16 Bighorn/Domestic Sheep

Research background information WHEREAS the current regulatory precedent thatseparation of domestic sheep and bighorn sheep popu-lations will protect populations of bighorn sheep frommorbidity and mortality due to respiratory disease isflawed, as the precedent is based upon limited scopeof published research and doesn’t consider the multiplefactors that other animal populations contribute to thedevelopment of fatal respiratory disease. Therefore thecurrent regulatory approach is based primarily on caselaw using these limited data, without consideration thatpopulation-based problems can result from multiple fac-tors influencing interactions between the host, infectiousagents and the environment, and WHEREAS the evidence upon which the claims ofdisease transmission risk from domestic sheep tobighorn sheep is inconclusive, a thorough survey of ex-isting wild bighorn sheep populations to characterizethe differences in thriving populations and those thathave experienced ‘die-offs’ is necessary. This researchshould be conducted by researchers with expertise inpopulation-based surveys, and the following factorsneed to be statistically characterized as follows: host ge-netics; nutrient availability and content (water, protein,energy and trace elements); pathogen virulence not lim-ited to respiratory agents; and interaction with other do-mestic and wildlife species and environmentalinfluences, and

WHEREAS other ruminant species both wild anddomestic, may carry pathogenic microorganisms whichcould be transmitted to existing susceptible bighornsheep populations, it must be acknowledged that multi-ple species have bacterial and viral flora in commonthat may play a role in bighorn sheep disease, but thatsome bighorn populations already possess immunity orresistance to respiratory pathogens, and WHEREAS there is limited published, generally ac-cepted, and truly “peer reviewed” scientific researchthat clearly defines the risk of disease transmission be-tween domestic sheep grazing under range conditionsand bighorn sheep nearby, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, that since it is im-perative that the concept of species separation is vali-dated by research, that ASI pursues efforts to cause theU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, state and federal wildlifeand land management agencies, USDA/APHIS, andUSDA/ARS to cooperate with state universities and pro-ducers in devising appropriate scientific studies to helpdetermine the influence of domestic sheep on the healthof bighorn sheep. These agencies, universities and pro-ducers must also rigorously explore through well-de-signed epidemiological studies, methods to providepopulation immunity to bighorn populations, and con-sider the multi-causal nature of disease and death inbighorn sheep, such as range conditions, transplant pol-icy, nutrition-mineral deficiency, predation, stress factors,observed-density-dependent decrease in reproductionand increase in mortality and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI seeks fundingfor appropriate scientific studies by independent scien-tists to determine the compatibility with and the influenceof domestic sheep on the population sustainability ofbighorn sheep, including the aforementioned necessaryresearch.

1-34:16 Scrapie Eradication

WHEREAS there is no uniform, regulatory policyon all types of TSEs, and WHEREAS scrapie is a significant disease insheep, the European Union has stated Bovine Spongi-form Encephalopathy (BSE) may be present in the sheeppopulation in Europe, and the United States is takingprecautionary measures to reduce the risk of BSE occur-ring in this country through voluntary and regulatory ac-tion, and WHEREAS the U.S. Department of Agriculture(USDA)/Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service hasregulations restricting interstate movement of sheep andgoats, and WHEREAS ASI strongly supports scrapie eradica-tion in the United States, and

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WHEREAS compliance with animal-identificationrequirements in the scrapie-eradication program to en-able traceability of infected animals to breeding flocksis essential to the scrapie-eradication effort, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urges USDA/APHIS tocontinue to develop and enforce appropriate sheep andembryo import-control measures to prevent the introduc-tion of BSE or new strains of scrapie into the UnitedStates. APHIS should also conduct country-by-countryrisk assessments as a basis for importation, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI urgesUSDA/APHIS to propose and finalize rulemaking de-signed to reduce the risk, control and eradicate in theUnited States, all TSEs for which effective-control meas-ures exist and to codify the appropriate import controls,and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI urgesUSDA/APHIS to propose and finalize amendments tothe 9 CFR that are consistent with current science andAPHIS Universal Methods & Rules (UM&R) guidelines,as well as to address enhanced methods for achievinghigher compliance with animal traceability, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI urgesUSDA/APHIS to conduct surveillance in sheep and goatpopulations at a level sufficient to support the rapideradication of scrapie from the United States and to de-termine the current prevalence rates. BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI urges USDAto continue to take a sciencebased approach in flockswhere a diagnosis of Nor98-like scrapie has beenmade.

1-35:17 Scrapie Compliance,Surveillance, andEnforcement

WHEREAS ASI strongly supports scrapie eradica-tion in the United States, and WHEREAS an animal-identification program andtraceability is the most important component of a dis-ease-eradication program, and WHEREAS compliance with animal-identificationrequirements under the current scrapie program is inad-equate in some locations, and WHEREAS APHIS is currently able to trace about80 percent of scrapie-infected sheep found throughslaughter surveillance to their flock of origin, and WHEREAS slaughter surveillance is essential to thesuccess of scrapie eradication, and WHEREAS the ability to trace infected animals tobreeding flocks of origin is essential to the scrapie-erad-ication effort,

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urges USDA/APHIS andState Veterinarians to enact and strictly enforce all of theappropriate laws and regulations required for states tomeet and maintain “consistent state” status and that anystate not in compliance be removed from the consistent-state list, thus subjecting the animals leaving these statesto substantial restrictions, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI urgesUSDA/APHIS to strictly enforce the current scrapie-ID re-quirements under the 9 CFR, and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI urgesUSDA/APHIS to maintain sheep-slaughter, scrapie-sur-veillance sampling and to increase goat-slaughter,scrapie-surveillance sampling.

1-36:17:R19 National ScrapieEradication ProgramFunding

WHEREAS official identification is critical to thesuccess of the National Scrapie Eradication Program,and WHEREAS compliance with the scrapie-identifica-tion requirement is critical to disease traceability andepidemiology, and WHEREAS both metal and plastic tags have histor-ically been provided free of charge to producers, and WHEREAS metal tags have been implicated inshearer and sheep-handler-safety issues and also incausing infected ears,and WHEREAS the plastic tags are more readily visibleand readable and are preferred by the majority ofsheep and goat producers, therefore safer to the shear-ing industry, and WHEREAS the printed flock ID on plastic tags hasbeen proven to be more effective for traceability, and WHEREAS funding for the National Scrapie Erad-ication Program has been reduced over the years to alevel where it is not sufficient to effectively finalize thegoals of the program without additional funding, BE IT RESOLVED that the American Sheep IndustryAssociation (ASI) urges United States Department ofAgriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service(USDA APHIS) to provide plastic ear tags to producersfree of charge, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that ASI urges theSecretary of Agriculture and APHIS to request, and Con-gress to fund, an increase of at least $3 million annuallyin the budget for the National Scrapie Eradication Pro-gram to maintain the program’s effectiveness.

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1-37:19 Ovine Cysticercosis (Sheep Measles)

WHEREAS Ovine Cysticercosis is caused by twodifferent tapeworms that are spread by dogs, coyotes,and other Canid species, and is a human health con-cern, and WHEREAS Ovine Cysticercosis is a cause for car-cass condemnation, can ruin pelts, and is not detectableuntil slaughter, and WHEREAS Ovine Cysticercosis infects sheep thathave eaten forage that has been contaminated withtapeworm eggs shed by Canids in their feces; and WHEREAS dogs can also contract Ovine Cysticer-cosis from eating infected sheep carcasses, and WHEREAS Echinococcosis granulosus cysts (Hy-datid disease) are carried by wolves, and has the samelifecycle as Ovine Cysticercosis, and can be transmittedto dogs by eating infected carcasses, and WHEREAS treatment against Cysticercosis andEchinococcus must be specific with products containingactive ingredients with broad-spectrum, anthelmintic ef-ficacy, such as benzimidazoles (e.g. fenbendazole,febantel, mebendazole) or specific taenicides, such aspraziquantel and epsiprantel, the latter often in combi-nation with nematicides (e.g. levamisole, milbemycinoxime, pyrantel, etc.) to cover a broader spectrum ofworms, and WHEREAS several classic anthelmintics, such asmacrocyclic lactones (e.g. ivermectin, doramectin, se-lamectin, etc.), levamisole, tetrahydropyrimidines (e.g.pyrantel, morantel) and piperazine derivatives are noteffective at all against Cysticercus ovis or whatever adulttapeworm or cysticercoid, neither in dogs, nor in sheep,goats or other livestock, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI strongly encouragessheep producers to not allow dogs to eat sheep car-casses, to implement a routine deworming program fordogs (2 to 4 times/year) in consultation with their vet-erinarian, and to make sure that anyone bringing theirdogs to farms and ranches are up-to-date on a deworm-ing program.

1-38:19 Confirmatory Testing for OPP WHEREAS nearly 80 years ago (1942) UnitedStates Department of Agriculture (USDA) Senior Veteri-narian, G. T. Creech, recognized that “Chronic progres-sive pneumonia (OPP) is unquestionably of considerableeconomic importance.” WHEREAS the USDA, Animal and Plant Health In-spection Service, National Animal Health MonitoringSystem 2001 Sheep Study determined that 36.4 percentof the nation’s sheep operations had one or more ani-mals test positive for OPP. WHEREAS in 2013 the University of MinnesotaVeterinary Diagnostic Laboratory (UMN-VDL) importedthe Elitest ELISA for OPP testing. While not USDA-li-censed, Elitest is used in OPP test and control programsworldwide and is the only ELISA for OPP validated toWorld Organization for Animal Health (OIE) standards.

WHEREAS in 2013 scientists at the USDA, Agricul-tural Research Service, Meat Animal Research Center(ARS-MARC) in Clay Center, Nebraska, reported thatthe primary cause of OPP infection (70 to 90 percent)in a flock of mature ewes is likely due to non-maternalexposure that occurs after young ewes join the infectedbreeding flock. WHEREAS during 2013 to 2017, building onUSDA ARS MARC’s findings, an Eradication Trial wasconducted In Minnesota through the collaboration of in-dustry and numerous allied stakeholders to validate anew, cost-effective strategy to eliminate OPP from in-fected flocks without orphaning lambs or prematureculling of infected animals that remained productive. WHEREAS in 2018 the ASI Executive Board ap-proved funding for an Expanded Pilot of Minnesota’sEradication Project into additional cooperating states,selected flocks are now being tested. WHEREAS all readily available serological tests forOPP, including Elitest, depend on detection of antibodiesto the OPP virus rather than actual presence of the virus,producers need access to a reliable Western blot forconfirmatory testing when animals enrolled in ASIand/or state OPP test and eradication programs arefound indeterminate for OPP by ELISA. BE IT RESOLVED, that ASI urges USDA-ARS todedicate needed resources toward collaboration withaccredited veterinary diagnostic laboratories to provideconfirmatory testing, such as Western blot using Hy-phen’s recombinant p25 antigen, whenever deemednecessary for animals found indeterminate for OPP byELISA.

ENDANGERED SPECIES2-01:90:R15 Grizzly Bear Delisting

WHEREAS the total predetermined population ofthe grizzly bear in the northern continental divide andYellowstone ecosystem has been reached, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports removal of thegrizzly bear from the threatened and endangeredspecies list.

2-02:92:R18 Wolf/Dog Hybrids

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports prohibiting theownership, breeding or sale of wolf/dog and/or coy-ote/dog hybrids in the United States.

2-04:95:R15 Management of Natural Resources/Ecosystems

WHEREAS management of natural resources andecosystems are critical to ASI, BE IT RESOLVED that federal management of nat-ural resources include: 1. Protection of property rights and the constitutional

rights of U.S. citizens,2. Multiple usage options for federal land,3. Consideration of local community needs,

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4. The role domesticated livestock play for a healthyenvironment,

5. Emphasis on incentives rather than regulations, 6. Inclusion of private-property owner, state, county

and local governments into federal decisionprocesses,

7. Scientifically and technologically based decisions,and

8. Recognition of human and economic health.

2-10:03:R18 Environmental Treaties

WHEREAS according to the Constitution of theUnited States, all powers not expressly granted to thefederal government are reserved to the states and thepeople, and WHEREAS the federal government is entering intoglobal treaties, which exceed the powers granted fed-eral government under the Constitution, and WHEREAS these treaties are adversely affectingthe rights reserved to the states and the people accord-ing to the Constitution, including rights of private prop-erty, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urges the U.S. Congressto forego consideration of any treaty until impacts ofsuch treaties on the rights of the states and the peoplehave been determined by economic, political, culturaland social analysis at the local and state level, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that if it is determinedthat the impacts of a treaty are adverse, ASI urges thatthe treaty in question be dropped from consideration orthat ASI supports the defeat of the ratification of suchtreaty by the U.S. Senate.

2-11:03:R19 Wolves’ Reintroduction and Delisting

WHEREAS the wolf population in North Americais expanding with little chance of becoming endangeredwithin the foreseeable future, and WHEREAS efforts to reintroduce wolves into otherregions of the United States does little to further enhancerecovery efforts of the species as a whole, but doeshave the potential to impact the continued viability ofthe sheep industry in those regions proposed for intro-duction,and WHEREAS wolf introductions restrict the use of pri-vate and public property, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes any wolf intro-duction or reintroduction program, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI requests thatthe agencies responsible for wolf management collar aminimum of one wolf per pack before, during and afterdelisting, and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI supports thedelisting of the wolf under the Endangered Species Act.

2-14:08:R18 Endangered Species Act

WHEREAS, the Endangered Species Act (ESA) hasonly recovered approximately two percent of thespecies listed as endangered since its implementationin 1973; and WHEREAS the ESA is misused by radical environ-mental and animal rights groups to control land man-agement and other wildlife management decisions; and WHEREAS the ESA negatively impacts land own-ers, livestock operators, federal lands permittees, otherprivate businesses, and public agencies; THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI works withCongress to pass ESA reform legislation that will signif-icantly reduce the regulatory burden and cost of the Act;and utilize accurate, objective science to determinespecies eligibility for listing and delisting. BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED ASI strongly urges thefollowing concerns be addressed:1. The listing of any species that is not truly threatened

throughout its entire range and is being listed withthe intent of limiting multiple-use, including sheepgrazing, and the use of private property should beprohibited.

2. Critical habitat must be identified at the time of aspecies being proposed for listing.

3. Population criteria of delisting must be clearly iden-tified at the time of proposed listing, and once thosedelisting criteria are met, delisting should automati-cally occur.

4. That Environmental and Economic Impact State-ments that include potential for regulatory takingsbe conducted, and that provisions be providedwithin the ESA for the just compensation for prop-erty taken for public use, either directly or through“regulatory takings”.

5. That initial review of the listing petition, inventory ofspecies numbers, inventory of critical habitat of thespecies and scientific evidence of decline be madeavailable for public review, and that private andcommercial data and evidence be considered in thelisting process.

6. That the empirical evidence supporting the listing ofa species as threatened and endangered be “clearand convincing” and subject to independent scien-tific peer review.

7. That local and state governments be invited and al-lowed to participate in the gathering and review ofdata for listing, development of recovery plans andthe designation of critical habitat, and those meet-ings to be open to the public, and that notices ofsuch meetings be widely publicized.

8. That listing, research and all species recovery ex-penses be identified and published on an annualbasis, and federal agencies are held accountablefor those costs.

9. The establishment of migratory corridors for broadranging species, such as the wolf and grizzly bear,for the purposes of land-use control rather than thestabilization and recovery of the species, be prohibited.

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2-15:08:R18 Management and Delisting of Wolf Populations

WHEREAS science-based recovery goals for a sta-ble and genetically diverse population of wolves for theGreater Yellowstone/Idaho region have long been met, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports immediatedelisting of wolves under terms and conditions deemedacceptable to the individual states, by those states, with-out further demands or stipulations placed upon themby the USF & WS, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI supports anyand all efforts to restrict wolves to areas as small as pos-sible in order to limit their expansion into adjoiningstates, while maintaining minimally viable populationsto assure any attempts to re-list wolves fail, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI requests fed-eral funds be available to adequately cover the states’costs for wolf management and that any future indemni-fication programs be designed to cover costs borne bylivestock producers.

2-16:11:R16 Sage Grouse Recovery

WHEREAS sage grouse management is vital to thesheep industry’s interests, and WHEREAS there are multiple efforts by permitteesand landowners in developing sage grouse conserva-tion practices, and WHEREAS federal agencies are developing theirown plans for management that could include cuttingcurrently available public land grazing where other op-tions may have a greater effect for management, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encouragestate and federal agencies to work with all permitteesand landowners when developing management plans,and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that ASI oppose anyaction on sage-grouse protection that negatively affectsgrazing management on private and public lands, includ-ing reducing AUMs available to permittees.

ENVIRONMENT3-01:94:R19 Wild and Scenic Rivers

WHEREAS ASI is opposed to proposals which ne-cessitate the taking of scenic easements or fee title toprivately owned land by eminent domain, or that unnec-essarily involve federal responsibility for a river, whichis being adequately managed by a state, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes adding morerivers and adjoining lands to the National Wild andScenic Rivers System, and urges re-evaluation of all ex-isting Wild and Scenic Rivers. (All land so acquired bythe federal government should be returned to the origi-nal owners), and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that any land desig-nated for Wild and Scenic Rivers be subject to local or-dinances and police jurisdiction.

3-02:91:R16 Environmental Legislation

WHEREAS ASI is committed to maintaining a vi-able sheep industry, and production includes sound en-vironmental practices, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI researches and identifieslanguage in existing laws that impact the U.S. sheep in-dustry and take an active role in affecting that languagein the renewal of environmental legislation.

3-04:92:R17 Private Property Rights Protection

WHEREAS the United States is founded on the prin-ciple of private property ownership recognizing that thelong-term productive capabilities and stewardship of thecountry are best served by private ownership, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI press for legislation thatprotects the principle of private property ownership.

3-05:93:R18 Corporate Average Fuel Economy

WHEREAS efforts have been made recently in Con-gress to impose drastic, government-mandated in-creases in the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE)standards on the automotive industry for cars and lighttrucks, calling for a 40-percent increase, and WHEREAS unrealistic standards would seriously re-duce the availability of full-size and mid-size vans andpickup trucks, and BE IT RESOLVED that ASI calls upon Congress toreject any effort to impose unrealistic standards on theautomobile and farm equipment industries, whichthereby impact agriculture.

3-06:93:R18 Environmental Stewardship Statement

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI adopts the following En-vironmental Stewardship Statement: Sheep are earth-friendly animals. They are efficientconverters of renewable forage to high-quality food andfiber. In many areas of the country, sheep are used tograze leftover stalks and seed after crops have beenharvested. Sheep also help control weeds on streambanks, croplands, pastures and rangelands, reducingthe need for chemical herbicides. In range operations sheep have been successful insuppressing brush for wildfire control. They also are effec-tive in weed and brush control on new forest plantings. Following well-planned range and pasture manage-ment, sheep safely and naturally revive lands and ben-efit wildlife in the process. Sheep harvest the land, recycle vital nutrients backto the soil and provide mankind with nourishment, cloth-ing, and shelter.

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3-07:95:R15 Environmental Benefits of Sheep

WHEREAS targeted grazing has been demon-strated to be an effective vegetation-management toolfor restoring landscapes, managing invasive and nox-ious plant species, managing fire-fuel loads, improvingwildlife habitat, and generally enhancing ecosystems, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI will promote the use oftargeted grazing for public- and private-sector land man-agers, grazing contractors, and to the general publicby educating them on the environmental benefits of tar-geted grazing, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI will continueto provide leadership to support research, develop ed-ucational tools, and enable networking between graz-ers, land managers, policy makers, and the public, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI will encour-age public-land-management agencies, such as BLM,U.S. Forest Service, and NRCS to institutionalize the useof targeted-grazing tools in their respective organiza-tions, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI pursue effortsto include targeted grazing in agency policy and fund-ing opportunities, and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI collaboratewith and provide leadership for targeted-grazing activi-ties within private, state, Federal, academic organiza-tions, and non-governmental organizations (NGO), suchas Society for Range Management (SRM), GrazingLands Conservation Initiative (GLCI), American Forageand Grassland Council (AFGC), etc.

3-08:96:R16 Impaired Streams/Watersheds

WHEREAS various streams and watersheds in theUnited States have been listed by the Environmental Pro-tection Agency as "impaired streams," and WHEREAS this has had a dramatic impact on pri-vate-property rights and economic factors, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes the Environmen-tal Protection Agency's and the various state agencies'general listing of impaired streams and watersheds with-out quantifiable and scientific data, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI opposes theexpanded definition of navigable streams proposed bythe EPA.

3-10:00:R15 Federal Access to Private Property

WHEREAS Private property rights are protected bythe U.S. Constitution, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes federal or stateagency entrance on private property without expressedwritten permission, easement or legal probable cause.

3-11:03:R18 Clean Water Act and Water Rights

WHEREAS there are many sections of the CleanWater Act and other federal laws that diminish statewater rights; confuse federal responsibilities over man-agement of water with those responsibilities of states,Indian nations and individuals; are used as land-usecontrols; expand the definition of navigability; and serveto federalize water rights, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI strongly supports protec-tion of state and individual water rights.

3-12:03:R18 Voluntary TechnicalAssistance and the NationalGrazing Lands Coalition

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI strongly supports volun-tary technical assistance on privately owned grazinglands, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI endorses theNational Grazing Lands Coalition voluntary technical-assistance program to managers of privately ownedgrazing lands and actively pursues congressional ap-propriations to fund this initiative.

3-13:06:R16 Wilderness Area Rights

WHEREAS Section 4 of the Wilderness Act of1964 states that "the grazing of livestock, where estab-lished prior to effective date of this Act, shall be permit-ted subject to such reasonable regulation as are deemednecessary," and WHEREAS the Act also protects valid, existingrights to livestock trails, reservoirs and private property,and "nothing in the Act shall constitute an express or im-plied claim or denial on the part of the Federal Govern-ment as to exemption from State water laws," BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the protectionof valid, existing rights of its members and memberstates within designated wilderness areas.

3-14:08:R18 FSA Office Closures

WHEREAS FSA Offices provide invaluable pro-grams that are designed to improve the economic sta-bility of the agricultural industry and to help farmersadjust production to meet demand, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encourages the FSA towork towards minimizing the closing and consolidationof their offices in a manner that is reflective of the needof the area rather than a constraint of the budget.

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3-15:10:R15 Categorical Exclusions (CE)

WHEREAS a Categorical Exclusion (CE) is a cate-gory of action which does not individually or cumula-tively have a significant effect on the environment andwhich have been found to have no such effect in proce-dures adopted by a Federal agency in implementationof these regulations and for which, therefore, neither anenvironmental assessment nor an environmental impactstatement is required, and WHEREAS Federal land-management agencies uti-lize CEs to mitigate time and resources to issue grazingpermits for public-land users in an efficient, evidence-based manner, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urges federal land-man-agement agencies to utilize CEs in all appropriate situ-ations.

3-16:11:R16 Humane Horse Slaughter

WHEREAS horses are an important component ofthe sheep industry, and WHEREAS the U.S. sheep industry supports the hu-mane treatment and management of all animals, includ-ing horses, and WHEREAS it is economically important for horseowners to be allowed to sell horses for the highest mar-ket value, and WHEREAS barring humane horse slaughter doesnot offer an alternative for horses to which humaneslaughter is no longer available; there are no mandatorycare standards established for horse rescue facilities toensure the humane treatment of horses; the number ofunwanted horses presently sent for humane slaughterwill overwhelm the ability of the current network ofhorse-protection facilities to care for them; and euthana-sia and carcass disposal are very expensive, which maycause people to abandon horses, and WHEREAS in 2006 approximately 55,000 horseswere slaughtered at U.S. facilities, and according to theAmerican Association of Equine Practitioners, subsis-tence care for these horses would cost approximately$1,825 per horse per year or $100 million annually;and costs will escalate as more horses are added to thiscategory every year; THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI is op-posed to any regulation or legislation that would inhibitor prohibit the sale or transportation of horses for hu-mane slaughter.

3-17:11:R16 Wild-Horse- and Burro-Herd Reduction

WHEREAS, the population growth of wild horsesand burros in the western United States continues to out-pace natural death loss and adoption rates, and WHEREAS, this overpopulation greatly contributesto range degradation, reducing the biodiversity andproductivity for wildlife and livestock, and

WHEREAS, long-term, feedlot-type management isnot economically sustainable, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, that ASI favors acomprehensive program, including fertility control, sexratios, and other humane means of wild-horse- andburro-herd reduction.

3-19:13:R18 Second Amendment Rights

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the right to keepand bear arms to protect lives, property and livestock.

03-48:13:R18 Air Quality Standards

WHEREAS efforts are being made to establish AirQuality Standards for many industries, including agri-culture, and WHEREAS proposed standards would have farreaching, negative effects in agricultural production, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI calls on Congress to re-ject any effort to impose standards that create an undueburden on agriculture.

LAMB MARKETING4-01:90:R19 Country-of-Origin Labeling

WHEREAS ASI is concerned with consumers’ con-fusion between foreign and domestic lamb, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI support legislation, andall other avenues, to require country-of-origin includingpositive identification of lamb at the retail and wholesalelevel.

4-02:90:R15 Meat-Inspection Fees

WHEREAS ASI believes the U.S. Department ofAgriculture (USDA) meat inspection service provides aninvaluable service in protecting and ensuring the con-suming public of meat’s safety, and WHEREAS ASI believes if the government chargesprocessors a user fee for inspection services, the priceof meat will rise significantly and meat safety might becompromised, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes federally man-dated user fees for meat-inspection services.

4-03:91:R18 Export Enhancement Programs

WHEREAS greater participation in the global mar-ketplace could be beneficial to the U.S. sheep industry, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urges the U.S. govern-ment to continue to recognize that the export of U.S.agricultural products will help to reduce the U.S. tradedeficit, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI urges theU.S. government to include sheep products in export en-hancement programs.

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4-04:91:R19 Inspection Practices

WHEREAS all meats, poultry and fish products arenot currently required to meet the same criteria for la-beling and inspection, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI works to ensure that allmeats, poultry and fish are required to meet the samestringent standards for inspection and labeling.

4-13:04:R19 BSE Trade Impact

WHEREAS any diagnosis of a cow infected withBovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) has beenmade in the United States, and WHEREAS this finding may adversely impact thelevel of consumer confidence in our nation’s food supplyand result in subsequent impacts to our nation’s livestockindustries, and WHEREAS appropriate regulatory programs existand continue to be enhanced to ensure a safe and ad-equate food supply, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI and theNational Lamb Feeders Association (NLFA) coordinateefforts with affiliated interests, including the USDA, to en-sure that any diagnosis of BSE does not unreasonably orunnecessarily impact the movement of sheep and sheepproducts on a domestic or export basis.

4-14:05:R15 Control Processor Costs

WHEREAS lamb processing in the United Statesfaces challenges, including waste disposal and render-ing issues, labor and overall operating costs and food-safety regulations, and WHEREAS a viable lamb- and sheep-processingsector is essential to the economic health and viability ofthe U.S. sheep industry, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encourages State Depart-ments of Agriculture, USDA and the U.S. Congress to ag-gressively support processors and to examine existinglegislation and regulations for possible revision and de-velopment of new approaches, as needed, in order toassure the continued viability of the lamb- and sheep-pro-cessing sector, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the following is-sues should specifically be addressed:1. assistance with meat processing waste issues (ren-

dering),2. USDA/FSIS Hazard Analysis and Critical Control

Point (HACCP) regulations, and3. high-operating costs driven by labor issues, Worker’s

Compensation and other governmental regulations.

4-16:07:R17 Instrument Grading

WHEREAS the American sheep industry utilizes of-ficial USDA grade determinations and certification-pro-gram requirements to segregate dissimilar carcassesbased on grading attributes, and

WHEREAS the state of current instrument-technologyevaluation and prediction has progressed to a pointwhere it is now repeatable, accurate and precise, and WHEREAS value determinations using technologycan be based on smaller, more precise incremental strat-ifications of the lamb carcass grades, than current grad-ing practices, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encourages the Agricul-tural Marketing Service (AMS) to conduct the necessaryresearch and develop the appropriate testing protocolsand requirements, in conjunction with all interested par-ties, to allow for instrument technologies to be utilizedin evaluations of lamb carcasses for the classification ofthose carcasses based on published criteria that reflectattribute differentiation that can be utilized for value de-terminations.

4-17:08:R18 Mutton Promotion

WHEREAS ewe and ram depreciation is one of thelargest cost factors in sheep production, BE IT RESOLVED that the ASI encourages theAmerican Lamb Board to invest in improving the valueof cull breeding stock through promotion and merchan-dising activities geared toward mutton.

4-23:17 USDA Frozen StocksReporting

WHEREAS ASI believes the U.S. Department ofAgriculture (USDA) National Agricultural Statistics Serv-ice (NASS) provides an invaluable service in collectingand publishing data that is driven by the needs and de-mands of an industry, and WHEREAS imported lamb accounts for more thanhalf of the total available supply of lamb in the UnitedStates therefore the impacts of imported lamb on the do-mestic market have become more significant, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI believesthe monthly frozen stocks data reported for lamb is vitalinformation for the lamb industry and there is a needfor more transparent information on the supply of im-ported lamb product in U.S. cold storage facilities, asthe impact of imported lamb on the marketplace contin-ues to strengthen, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI pursues allefforts to allow for the reporting of monthly frozen-stockdata for lamb to include, but not be limited to, the fol-lowing categories: domestic lamb, imported lamb, do-mestic shoulder, domestic rack, domestic loin, domesticleg, domestic ground lamb, imported shoulder, importedrack, imported loin, imported leg, and imported groundlamb.

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4-24:19 Imitation and Substitute Products

WHEREAS, alternative sources of protein, includ-ing laboratory produced-cultured proteins (L-PCP) arebeing designed, labeled and promoted as an equivalentor substitute for lamb, and WHEREAS, the use of traditional lamb nomencla-ture on alternative products is confusing to consumersand may potentially weaken the value of products de-rived from livestock production, and WHEREAS, the processes for creating these imita-tion and substitute proteins is susceptible to food-borneillness, labeling of these products must be reviewed andregulated in such a way as to not disparage traditionallyraised livestock products, and the potential import andexport of these products must be addressed, BE IT RESOLVED, the American Sheep Industry As-sociation (ASI) opposes alternative proteins being per-mitted to use nomenclature associated with proteinsourced from traditional livestock production and op-pose these proteins claiming to be equivalent to, or asubstitute for, proteins derived from livestock production,and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, ASI supports the def-inition of lamb to only include products derived from ac-tual livestock raised by sheep farmers and ranchers andharvested for human consumption, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, ASI supports USDAFood Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) regulatoryoversight of these products, having over a century of ex-perience in protecting consumers, ensuring accurate la-beling, and a framework for ensuring importequivalency standards,

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, in the interest of notmisleading consumers, ASI takes the position that man-ufacturers and distributors of L-PCP’s, non-lamb productsor other products designed to imitate or substitute forlamb and lamb products should be prohibited in productpromotion, advertising, or labeling from using picturesor pictorial facsimiles of lamb and lamb products, andfrom using names of natural lamb and lamb products orterms directly associated by the consumer with the nat-ural products.

PREDATOR MANAGEMENT5-01:90:R15 Predator Loss Data

WHEREAS predator-loss data is essential to theAmerican sheep industry for assessing the impact of pre-dation, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports continued fund-ing for Wildlife Services (WS) and NASS to accuratelycollect total, predator-loss data.

5-03:96:R16 Management of Predator Protected Species

WHEREAS Congressional earmarks and the intro-duction of predator species listed as threatened or endan-gered places an increased burden on USDA/WildlifeServices’ (WS) limited budget and resources, BE IT RESOLVED that states or federal authoritiescover the costs of any protected-predator species cur-rently being controlled by WS, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that any future effortsto shift existing WS funds or personnel to the increasedmanagement or control of protected-predatory speciesbe accomplished with increased funding.

5-05:94:R19 Compliance with USFS and BLM Regulations

WHEREAS livestock grazing is a legitimate use anda necessary natural resource management tool in fed-erally managed lands, and an effective animal-damage-control program is needed to control livestock, as wellas wildlife losses, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports a requirementfor the establishment of multi-year WS work plans bythe U.S. Forest Service (USFS) and Bureau of Land Man-agement (BLM) so that animal damage control can beeffectively accomplished, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI supports thenotification of all agency personnel that they must complywith current USFS and BLM regulations regarding animaldamage control.

5-06:00:R15 State-Managed Predator Programs

WHEREAS ASI believes in local collaboration fordecision making on predator management, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encourages states, whenappropriate, to establish coalitions with livestock, sports-men, and wildlife organizations to work cooperativelywith state wildlife agencies to coordinate and implementeffective predator-management programs for the benefitof wildlife populations and the livestock industry.

5-07:03:R18 Predator-Management Methods

WHEREAS ASI recognizes that wildlife is a valuablepublic resource; it also recognizes that wildlife must bemanaged in a responsible and legal manner to reduceand minimize damage to agriculture and private propertyand to reduce risks to public health and safety, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supportstraditional methods of predator control, including leg-hold traps, snares and aerial gunning, and

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BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI supports con-tinued use of devices, such as the livestock protection col-lar, M-44s and the compounds contained within, byurging Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) re-regis-tration of these products, through the maintenance of rea-sonable re-registration fees, and by seeking measuresthat remove excessive regulation and impediments,which make use of these devices impractical, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI supports re-search and data collection conducted by the NationalWildlife Research Center and supporting the EPA regis-tration of the above-mentioned and other predator toxi-cants, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI supports theresearch and development of new technologies, includ-ing biological and alternative controls to reduce depre-dation, and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI supportsboth corrective- and preventative-control methods asessential to an effective Integrated Predator Manage-ment Program.

5-09:03:R19 Wildlife Services (WS) Funding

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urges Congress to main-tain sufficient funding for an effective Wildlife ServicesProgram, including infrastructure, research, up-to-dateequipment and aviation needs and programming costs,and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that as demand tomanage sheep depredation surfaces in other regions ofthe nation, that ASI supports efforts to secure fundingfor predator management within these areas without im-pacting existing programs for funding allocations, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI opposes ef-forts by Congress and the Administration to direct or re-quire any specific levels of cost-sharing for WSactivities, as fixed levels of cooperative funding couldseriously hamper the program’s cooperative relation-ships and unfairly penalize the cooperative partnerswho experience temporary funding shortages, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI opposes thediversion of existing funds to non-lethal programs, and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that, in interest of theprogram, ASI recommends that WS bear only thoseAPHIS overhead costs directly associated with the actualWildlife Services Program.

5-10:08:R18 Animal Damage Control (ADC) Act of 1931

WHEREAS the Wildlife Services Program hasworked hand in hand with agriculture since the passageof the ADC Act of 1931 to achieve environmental bal-ance between agriculture and the environment, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the ADC Act of1931, as currently amended, and any other legislationand regulation that provides effective predator manage-ment tools for landowners, predator specialists andagents, and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI supports leg-islation and regulation improving the effectiveness ofpredator management, including support for the modi-fication of statutes and regulations to streamlining andfacilitating the lawful take of some migratory birdspecies, which are causing depredation losses andspreading human diseases, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED the ASI opposes anyefforts to repeal the ADC Act of 1931, or amendmentsthat weaken Congress’ original intent in passing the Act,and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI opposes anylegislation and/or initiative that restricts control andmanagement of depredating animals.

5-11:18 Wildlife Services Cost-Savings Measures

WHEREAS, the USDA APHIS Wildlife Services (WS)livestock protection program continues to face budgetchallenges due to reduced Congressional funding, in-creased operating expenses, and increased demand forservices, and WHEREAS, Wildlife Services continues to ask live-stock cooperator groups to increase the amount of theircost-share for their cooperative agreements for predatorcontrol services, and WHEREAS, there are possible ways for increasedefficiencies within the program that may reduce or elim-inate the need to increase the cost-share percentage forlivestock cooperator groups, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI strongly encouragesWildlife Services to look at cost-saving measures to op-erate more efficiently, and that the Wildlife Services live-stock protection program should be a priority recipientfor any unspent funds from other program areas withinWildlife Services.

PUBLIC LANDS6-01:91:R16 Wildlife Population Plans

WHEREAS western wildlife-population numbersand trends are set at the discretion of the state, and WHEREAS the state depends upon privatelandowners and federal land-management agencies toprovide forage, critical-winter range, water and openspace for this wildlife, and WHEREAS State Wildlife and Fisheries Compre-hensive Plans and Resource Management Plans, basedon sound-resource information, commensurate habitatand the analysis of wildlife-management capabilities,are used to bridge the split-state authority over wildlifeand federal and private authority over wildlife habitat, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urgesstates and federal land managers to maintain wildlifenumbers within the limits of existing plans and to bringany populations numbers (i.e. elk), which have ex-ceeded plan limits, back into compliance.

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6-02:91:R18 Community Coalitions

WHEREAS ASI has long supported the multiple-useconcept presently used on federal and state lands, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports efforts to buildcommunity coalitions advocating continued multiple-useactivities. BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI supports ef-forts by the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Manage-ment that provide greater input into land managementdecisions from stakeholders at the local level and en-courage the enhancement of rangeland resources.

6-03:91:R18 Public Lands Council

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI work closely on all mat-ters of concern and with the necessary agencies and or-ganizations on all issues concerning range-managementproblems on state, federal and private lands, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI work closelywith the Public Lands Council (PLC) and any other or-ganization on matters relating to the livestock manage-ment of federal and state lands and recognize PLC asthe lead organization on public lands issues.

6-04:92:R18 Federal Grazing Fees

WHEREAS federal lands grazing is critical not onlyto the western sheep industry but also to the infrastruc-ture of the industry as a whole, and WHEREAS long-term stabilization in pricing of fed-eral range forage greatly benefits the stewardship of theresources and the long-range planning for livestock pro-ducers and lending institutions, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports a formula-based federal grazing fee, which is fair and equitableto the U.S. sheep industry and provides for long-termstabilization of pricing for federal forage and rural com-munities.

6-05:94:R18 AUM Ratio (7:1)

WHEREAS the assessment of AUMs (Animal UnitMonths) at a ratio of seven sheep to one cow would moreaccurately reflect the relationship of the species in practicerather than the currently used five-to-one ratio, and WHEREAS the federal government will actually losegrazing-fee revenue due to sheep permits being convertedor vacated and potential increases in grazing fees, and WHEREAS changing the ratio to seven-to-one, forassessment purposes only, would assist sheep permitteesto remain in the sheep business and ultimately mean in-creased revenues to the government, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI develops and supportslegislation that would change the federal grazing AUMratio of sheep to cattle to seven-to-one, for assessmentpurposes only.

6-06:96:R16 Range-Improvement Funds

WHEREAS large portions of range-improvementprojects completed by the livestock industry enhance thehabitat for game animals, as well as the domestic ani-mals, and WHEREAS the Bureau of Land Management (BLM)and U.S. Forest Service (USFS) have asked that a largepercentage of 8100 range-improvement funds be ear-marked for wildlife and wildlife biologists (which wouldbe a violation of Congressional intent), BE IT RESOLVED that ASI asks Congress and theagencies to return livestock funds that were earmarkedfor range improvement and range betterment but notused for that purpose.

6-08:00:R18 Management of National Grasslands

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the followingobjectives in the preferred alternatives of all Environmen-tal Impact Statements involving National GrasslandsManagement:1. No wilderness or roadless recommendations for the

grasslands;2. No management objectives for extirpated species;3. Maintenance and encouragement of range- improve-

ments and grazing;4. Provisions for maintaining or improving local existing

economies;5. An open-travel management policy;6. Maintenance and control of existing prairie dog pop-

ulations;7. Provisions for in-stream flow water rights only when

unappropriated water is available and in accor-dance with state law; and

8. Provisions for oil, gas energy and mineral develop-ment with surface occupancy.

6-09:00:R15 Range Conservationists’ Training

WHEREAS many federal agencies are employingindividuals who are not qualified to serve as range man-agers and conservationists, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI recommends the U.S.Forest Service (USFS), Bureau of Land Management(BLM) and other federal agencies retain and hire rangeconservationists, who are adequately educated andtrained in range management, as outlined by the Soci-ety for Range Management’s Certification Program forRange Managers.

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6-10:01:R16 Grazing Allotments

WHEREAS legislative and regulatory provisionsexist mandating the completion of numerous reviews, re-ports and surveys for all grazing allotments, BE IT RESOLVED that appropriate regulatory agen-cies complete necessary documentation sufficient toallow continued multiple-use of our federal lands, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the USFS andBLM keep permittees informed and work cooperativelywith permittees in the National Environmental Policy Act(NEPA) process, BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI supports thelegal and historical definition of "No Action" in NEPAanalysis as being "status quo" as opposed to an inter-pretation of "no grazing" or "no use."

6-11:03:R18 Grazing Preference

WHEREAS a preference status for current permit-tees on federal lands is desirable and necessary for con-tinued operation of ranch business, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urges the USFS and BLMto give first preference for permits and leases to presentpermittees rather than entities that have no land- or water-base property or year-around operations, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI recommendsthat the BLM and USFS re-issue grazing preferences onallotments that have been surrendered or otherwise leftvacant to qualified grazers.

6-13:03:R18 Rangeland Monitoring

WHEREAS pursuant to the direction of U.S. Con-gress it is critical to determine and document the currenttrend and condition of America’s rangelands, and WHEREAS knowledge of biological and physicalrangeland functions is critical to the design and evalua-tion of alternative-management programs, thus determin-ing the ecological well-being of the land and theeconomic viability of livestock and wildlife/range pro-duction systems, and WHEREAS monitoring data that is gathered in apractical, feasible and economic manner is interpretedand used in agency and ranch decision-making and on-the-ground management of range resources, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports USFS and BLMrange-monitoring standards that are scientifically based,peer-reviewed and are consistent with applicable law,and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI urges U.S.Congressional direction of U.S. Department of Agricul-ture (USDA) and the Agricultural Research Service (ARS)to develop new, sound, effective and scientific methodsof assessing and monitoring rangeland health over timeand space, using uniform, quantifiable parameters toexpress condition and trends in conjunction with or sim-ilar to those developed by the Society for Range Man-agement (SRM) through their Certified Professional inRange Management (CPRM) program, and

BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that industry users beencouraged to take an active role in the development,interpretation and implementation of the above-men-tioned procedures.

6-17:03:R18 Protection of State Sovereignty and Individual Property Rights

WHEREAS past administrations and federal agen-cies have encroached on constitutionally protected prop-erty rights and the sovereignty of the state throughvarious federal actions, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI calls on Congress to re-store their constitutional role in the protection of suchproperty rights and sovereignty, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI calls on theAdministration to fully involve state and local govern-ments, whose economies are dependent on the outputsof natural resources found on federal lands, in resourceplanning processes through measures such as NEPAand other legislative means, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI calls on theAdministration to enforce Executive Order #12630 re-quiring federal agencies to conduct Takings ImplicationAssessments (TIA) if a federal action is likely to encroachor infringe on personal property rights, and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI call on Con-gress and the Administration to halt and correct Executiveactions and initiatives, such as the Clean Water ActionPlan and American Heritage Rivers Initiative that haveserved in the past to muddy the distinctions between stateand federal responsibilities and have infringed upon indi-vidual and state property rights.

6-18:04:R19 Transplantation andMovement of Bison

WHEREAS bison are known carriers of brucellosisand tuberculosis, which can spread to domestic live-stock, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes legislation thatprevents the killing of bison leaving Yellowstone Park. BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI opposes stateor federal efforts that would result in the implementationof grazing systems of wild bison outside of the park andthe transplantation of bison to areas outside of the park.

6-19:04:R19 Grazing Buyout

WHEREAS federal-land livestock grazing is impor-tant to the economic structures of western counties andstates and wholesale cancellation of grazing permits andleases would devastate these counties and states, and WHEREAS government policy has caused the par-tial or total loss of value of federal grazing permits, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports compensatinglivestock growers for their loss of permit value, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI opposes anyand all government buyout programs to purchase andpermanently eliminate grazing permits.

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6-20:04:R19 Travel Management

BE IT RESOLVED that the travel management plansfor federally managed lands must include language toprovide those who hold grazing permits and leasesguaranteed exemptions for management and mainte-nance purposes.

6-22:07:R17 Recreation Campaign

WHEREAS conflicts on federal land between motor-ized recreation and grazing are increasing across theWest, and WHEREAS federal land permittees are responsiblefor the grazing conditions of their allotment, permitteeswill not be held responsible for other user’s impacts tothe allotment, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, ASI supports thepromotion of a campaign to decrease recreation con-flicts on federal lands, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, that this campaignwill partner with motorized recreation associations,other affected users’ associations and the federal agen-cies to execute the following:1. Educate permittees, recreation users, law enforce-

ment officials to: a. Promote awareness of multiple uses, differing impacts by seasons of use, use of trails for recreation, involvement in agency planning, b. Develop educational materials, c. Train spokespeople, d. Develop sign system to post on federal lands, and e. Contribute to livestock and recreation trade publications.2. Support local law enforcement solutions to user conflicts.3. Involvement in recreation and travel planning.

6-24:08:R18 Private Land Acquisition

WHEREAS ASI believes that the best steward of ournation’s most basic productive resources is the personwith a vested interest in its future, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes legislation thatestablishes long-term funding sources for the purpose ofprivate-property acquisition, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI opposes pub-lic acquisition of private property except in cases of mu-tual agreement between parties.

6-25:08:R16 Reservations of Public Lands

WHEREAS BLM and USFS lands are not just an in-tegral part of the range livestock industry, but provide avariety of benefits and uses to the American public, and WHEREAS continued reservations of these lands aswilderness, wilderness study areas, “wildlands”, road-less areas, national monuments, wild and scenic rivers,national conservation areas and other designations notonly causes multiple-use to be displaced from these re-gions, but also restricts management options availableto ensure the sustainability of natural resources,

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI calls on Congress to fur-ther restore its constitutional role in managing lands be-longing to the United States, rather than allowingFederal Government and non-elected personnel thepower to reserve federal lands through de facto desig-nations of roadless areas, wilderness study areas andother measures, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI supports thecontinuation of grazing and other traditional uses thatoccurred prior to federal reservation of public lands andgrandfathered into such designations because Congressfound them not to be in conflict.

6-26:10:R15 Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA)

WHEREAS the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA)provides for the award of attorney fees and other ex-penses to eligible individuals and small entities that areparties to litigation involving the Federal government,and WHEREAS the Congressional intent of EAJA was toovercome the inability of many American individuals andsmall business owners to combat the vast resources of theFederal government in administrative adjudications andto redress the balance between the government acting inits discretionary capacity and the individual, and WHEREAS non-profit environmental groups havefiled several hundred lawsuits, and in turn, the Federalgovernment has paid out several millions in taxpayerdollars in settlements and legal fees in cases against theU.S. government, and WHEREAS this redirection of agency and programfunding to pay for EAJA awards is negatively impactingBLM and Forest Service ability to manage lands for mul-tiple use, and WHEREAS a database of EAJA awards is not avail-able to determine the extent of awards, and recent re-search indicates that organizations worth millions ofdollars are collecting most of the awards, which indicatesthe Congressional intent of the Act is not being met andthat EAJA is actually financing litigation intended by anti-livestock organizations to disrupt or eliminate multiple-use, including livestock-production on Federal lands, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the followingactions:1. stringent oversight of the EAJA award process to pre-

vent reimbursement of inflated attorney and consult-ant fees,

2. a detailed accounting of EAJA awards as a manda-tory component of the public record, and

3. a fair distribution of EAJA funds to eliminate the dis-proportionate payouts to special interest NGOs, and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED ASI urges the FederalGovernment to halt the abuse of EAJA’s original intent ofensuring all citizens get access to the court system.

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6-27:11:R16 States’ Authority to Manage Wildlife

WHEREAS, individual states have ownership ofand management authority over the wildlife within theirborders, and WHEREAS, over time, federal-land-managementagencies have attempted to usurp state-management au-thority of wildlife on federally managed lands, and WHEREAS, federal-land-management agenciesshould be restricted from interfering with state-wildlifemanagement, and WHEREAS, federal-land-management agencies areresponsible for managing federal lands to meet multi-ple-use objectives, as opposed to managing the wildlifeon the land, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI stronglyurges Congress to clearly direct federal-land-manage-ment agencies to defer to states’ authority to managewildlife, including species specifically listed as federallythreatened or endangered.

6-28:11:R16 No Net Loss of Animal Unit Months (AUMs)

WHEREAS, continued access to federal-lands graz-ing is extremely important to the continuation and ex-pansion of an economically viable and sustainable U.S.sheep industry, and WHEREAS, federal AUMs have an economic valueto federal-lands permittees and their financial lenders tosuch an extent that the value of AUMs is taxed by the IRS,and the AUMs are considered by financial lenders as anasset to livestock operations, and WHEREAS, federal-land-management agencieshave shown little interest in maintaining a sufficient num-ber of active AUMs to sustain an economically viablelivestock industry, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI fully sup-ports a “no net loss” policy in regard to livestock graz-ing AUMs; BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI is opposedto the transference or liquidation of livestock AUMs forthe purpose of creating wild-horse preserves or wildlifesanctuaries.

6-29:11:R16 Alternative Allotments

WHEREAS, wildlife-mitigation programs havecaused active sheep allotments on federal lands to beclosed, and WHEREAS, these closures have caused extremehardships to western-range-sheep operators, and WHEREAS, numerous productive allotments overthe years have been retired and made unavailable toproducers, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that ASI call on theUSFS, BLM, and Congress to actively pursue returningproductive and viable allotments, together with accessto use by the U.S. domestic-sheep industry.

6-30:12:R17 U.S. Sheep Experiment Station (USSES)

WHEREAS, the USSES and the Animal Disease Re-search Unit (ADRU) research stations work in partner-ship, have a history of careful use of taxpayers’ moniesto solve numerous sheep industry related challenges,and work to counter the flawed science and informationpropagated by those who wish to eliminate grazing andmultiple use across our Federal Lands, and WHEREAS, the unique research provided byUSSES and ADRU is vital to our industry in not onlyfood-animal research and animal health but also range-land systems, and WHEREAS, Administrative action to limit the scopeof USSES threatens the viability of this resource andUSSES’s unparalleled historic sage grouse range data,unless range and animal science programs continue tobe fully implemented, BE IT RESOLVED that the American Sheep Industryexpresses our strong support for the research conductedthrough USSES and ADRU, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that USDA maintainand continue all rangeland resources representing mul-tiple ecosystems available to the USSES, so that it canfulfill its mission to serve the industry, and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that USDA support themerger of USSES and ADRU to sustain and grow theirroles in food-animal science (NP-101), rangeland sys-tems (NP-215) and Animal Health (NP-103) programs.

6-31:16 Occupation of the MalheurNational Wildlife Refuge

WHEREAS the events at the Malheur NationalWildlife Refuge unfold in Eastern Oregon, the nation’slivestock industry, in particular those in the sheep com-munity who are dependent upon the public lands, arebeing portrayed in a negative way across all media out-lets, including social media. WHEREAS despite challenges by those who utilizepublic lands in regard to the restrictions imposed by fed-eral/state agencies, the sheep industry continues to ben-efit from grazing on public lands, while at the same timedeveloping positive relationships with conservation andmore ecosystem-focused groups to forge mutually bene-ficial results from such grazing practices. WHEREAS the majority of the livestock and sheepproducers who graze on public lands are responsible,caring, and trustworthy tenants of the public’s property,for the sheep industry not to address the developmentsat the Malheur National Wildlife Refuge in SouthernOregon, will only allow for a growing misperception bythe general public that all livestock and sheep producerswho utilize public lands are of the same character. BE IT RESOLVED THAT ASI makes it known thatgrazing on public lands is a partnership between thesheep community and the federal/state government andto create a clear, succinct message which reiterates thesheep industry’s commitment to positive outcomes on thepublic lands.

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PRODUCTION, EDUCATION and RESEARCH7-02:90:R15 Predator-Management


WHEREAS research is necessary to explore the av-enues for more effective and discriminate predator man-agement, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports funding of pred-ator-management research.

7-09:90:R19 Livestock in Education Materials

WHEREAS less than 2 percent of this nation’s pop-ulation is engaged in the actual production of food andfiber, and WHEREAS it is imperative that our society under-stands the issues confronting our industry as well as un-derstand the general mechanics of the productionprocess, and WHEREAS the proper education of our youth in re-gard to agriculture is a significant and important firststep in this understanding, and WHEREAS many youth are being taught that pred-ators are not a danger to livestock resources and thatour industry’s animal-damage-control programs aredetrimental to all wildlife, BE IT RESOLVED that the ASI supports the accuraterepresentation and presentation of information on live-stock production and management, public land use,predator problems and controls in school textbooks andother educational materials.

7-12:07:R17 Microbial Contamination

WHEREAS recent outbreaks of microbial-causedailments in humans have triggered public outcry aboutfood safety, and WHEREAS some outbreaks have been traced tocrops directly consumed by humans, and WHEREAS the exact source for these microbes isunknown, but human and non-human animals are sus-pected as a likely cause, along with human sanitation,and WHEREAS grazing-crop residue and grazing ad-jacent to cropping areas is a significant economic com-ponent of the sheep industry, and WHEREAS there is a lack of valid scientificallybased information regarding the degree to which sheepmay contribute problematic strains of microbes to thefood web, to what degree the microbes from sheep maypersist in the environment, and in what ways the organ-isms can move in the environment onto or into humanfood crops once leaving the sheep, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the necessaryreview of the literature pertaining to these issues, and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI vigorouslysupports and encourages research efforts to develop thenecessary scientific information that will better informmanagers of animals relative to food safety, as well asprovide research-based, peer-reviewed science for de-veloping policy for both public and private land.

7-19:16 Research & EducationFunding

WHEREAS the United States sheep industry reliesheavily on expertise in the University Land Grant systemfor • research development and educational support in

implementation of technology to improve their prof-itability and competitiveness of the sheep industry inan environmentally sustainable manner

• the education of undergraduate and graduate stu-dents who will either be our future producers, indus-try leaders or the allied industry support group, and

WHEREAS these programs are a key componentof the sheep industry’s infrastructure and have been rap-idly being reduced or eliminated, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encourages the retentionand expansion of a sheep-focused, research and edu-cational program that addresses the relevant technolog-ical needs of the sheep industry. The retention andexpansion of university teaching, research, and exten-sion programs directed at expertise in sheep and theirproducts (meat, wool and milk) is critical to the sustain-ability of the sheep industry. This may involve regional-ization of the sheep infrastructure at land grants andinclude working with the ARS-research stations to im-prove the effectiveness of both research and education.Furthermore ASI encourages research and education ef-forts funded by public funds be focused on issues thatare relevant to the sheep industry.

SEEDSTOCK8-03:91:R18 Seedstock Export/

Import Programs

WHEREAS ASI is the national trade association forthe U.S. sheep industry and is engaged in programs de-signed to enhance the profitability and sustainability ofthe sheep industry, and WHEREAS ASI encourages domestic and interna-tional programs to market lamb, wool and pelt products,as well as by-products of the sheep industry, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI continues to seek to ex-pand producer-marketing opportunities by developingand supporting programs aimed at exporting/ import-ing seedstock and genetic material.

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8-04:16 Genetic Improvement

WHEREAS genetic improvement is integral to theadvancement and profitability of sheep production, andultimately the growth of the U.S. sheep industry, and WHEREAS the National Sheep Improvement Pro-gram (NSIP) provides predictable, economically impor-tant, genetic-evaluation information to the Americansheep industry by converting performance records intorelevant decision-making tools, and WHEREAS the industry roadmap has identified theincreased adoption of NSIP as critical to the sustainabil-ity of the U.S. sheep industry BE IT RESOLVED that ASI strongly encourages allsectors of the U.S. sheep industry, including but not lim-ited to breed associations, universities, federal researchunits and producers, to actively participate and/or co-operate in the continued development and increased uti-lization of NSIP tools for the genetic evaluation ofsheep. Current major goals include:1. Encourage the development of an education pro-

gram that will assist producers in implementing NSIPtools within their individual production system. Thisincludes increased participation in NSIP by seed-stock producers and increased use of EBVs by com-mercial producers, when purchasing breedingstock.

2. Encourage the infrastructure support of genetic im-provement via ultrasound-certified technicians, wool-fiber-testing labs and diagnostic labs for fecal- eggcounts as necessary tools for genetic improvementof muscle, fiber and parasite resilience.

3. Encourage NSIP EBVs be available for buyers at ramsales and other points of breeding stock commerce.

4. Encourage increased USDA and ARS funding andresources to support the development and implemen-tation of new or improved EBVs or selection indexesand genomic-breeding values within NSIP for eco-nomically important traits in the major breeds ofU.S. sheep.

BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI supports thecontinued development and implementation of NSIP byproducers, industry leadership and the research and ed-ucation community.

WOOL MARKETING9-02:90:R19 Textile Imports

WHEREAS the domestic textile industry is a primaryconsumer of American wool and that industry is continu-ally threatened by imports of fabric and apparel, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports measures toregulate the growth of these imports to reduce the threatto the domestic textile market.

9-03:90:R15 Wool-Content Labeling

WHEREAS widespread mislabeling of wool fabricand garments causes a loss to consumers of millions ofdollars each year and damages all sectors of the woolindustry, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports increased govern-ment action, particularly by the Federal Trade Commissionand Customs Department, to police the labeling of woolcontent on fabric and garments in the domestic market.

9-04:90:R15 “Buy American”Requirements

WHEREAS ASI, together with the textile industry,recognizes the importance of maintaining a sound, do-mestic-textile industry, and WHEREAS increased import of textiles is detrimen-tal to the U.S. textile industry, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encourages the U.S. Con-gress to maintain its support for Department of Defense“Buy American” requirements (Berry/Hefner Amendment)and urges the Department of Defense to confine its entiretextile purchases to domestically produced products. BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI encourages theU.S. Congress to support the purchase of domestically pro-duced products by Homeland Security and TSA.

9-05:91:R16 Wool-Research Funding

WHEREAS major companies and entities havebeen successful in winning Department of Defense con-tracts by assisting in research and development of newproducts, and WHEREAS research and development of new andbetter military apparel is still critical for protection of ourarmed forces, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI seek research dollarsthat will assist in research programs aimed at findingand establishing criteria that will aid such developmentfacilities as the U.S. Army Natick Laboratories and oth-ers that ultimately will lead to greater usage of domesticwool in military apparel applications.

9-06:92:R15 Genetic Programs for Wool Quality

WHEREAS wool-quality improvement has been iden-tified as a priority by the American sheep industry, and WHEREAS improving genetics is integral in makingpermanent advancement of the domestic wool clip, and BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports genetic pro-grams encouraging wool quality.

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9-07:93:R15 Wool Clip Contamination

WHEREAS non-wool fiber contamination costs theU.S. wool textile industry millions of dollars per year, and WHEREAS these types of contamination damagethe reputation of the U.S. wool clip both domesticallyand internationally, and WHEREAS the primary complaints concerning theU.S. wool clip are polypropylene, non-scourablepaint/markers, hair, medullated and colored fiber con-tamination, and WHEREAS this problem will not be solved withouta significant, long-term, coordinated effort by all af-fected parties, BE IT RESOLVED that the American sheep industrydesires the highest quality in its wool and fully supportsthe American textile industry's request and need for de-livery of a contaminant-free U.S. wool clip, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI seeks a solu-tion to the problem, and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI supports em-phasis on the Certified Quality Programs, including boththe producer and shearer components, with a view to-wards improving the value and quality of the U.S. clip.

9-09:95:R19 Wool Quality

WHEREAS ASI supports the application of interna-tional standards to improve the quality, marketabilityand price of the U.S. wool clip, and WHEREAS the U.S. wool trade has gathered infor-mation, and through consensus, developed a Code ofPractice for the preparation of wool clips in the UnitedStates to apply these standards and support wool prepa-ration, and WHEREAS the Code of Practice ensures that U.S.wool prepared, packaged, sampled, tested and re-ported to standards used by the international and do-mestic trade, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the continuededucation and adoption of the international standardsin the Code of Practice by all segments of the U.S. woolindustry to improve wool preparation and to enhancemarketing and future sales of U.S. wool worldwide.

9-10:90:R15 Shearing School Programs

WHEREAS ASI is very concerned with the produc-tion of a quality wool clip and supports efforts to improvethe ability of producers to prepare such a clip, and WHEREAS the shearing school training programstrain shearers in the preparation of sheep for shearing,as well as the packaging of a product in which sheepproducers can take pride, WHEREAS improper handling and care of sheep isnot condoned by ASI or the sheep/wool industry, WHEREAS sheep shearing schools should properlytrain animal welfare and handling, WHEREAS ASI has provided educational print anda standardized curriculum for animal care and welfare,

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports all recognizedshearing school programs, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI urges Animalhandling and care be added to all shearing school cur-riculums, as well as the minimum standards in thoseschools.

9-11:96:R16 Wool Pools

WHEREAS wool pools provide a fair-market valuefor producers through skirting, classing and sorting, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the efforts ofwool pools to help ensure fair-market value for produc-ers' products.

9-13:96:R16 Wool Technology Research

WHEREAS wool and wool genetics research is im-portant to the health of the U.S. sheep industry, and WHEREAS funding for wool research entities is un-certain, and WHEREAS the U.S. Department of Agriculture andAgricultural Research Service (USDA/ARS) wool- re-search program addresses the addition of value to thedomestic wool clip, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI seeks research fundingfor universities and government research centers, whichwill aid in the development of new wool technologies.

9-15:99:R16 Niche Marketing

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports and encouragesniche marketing for both wool and lamb. We encourageour members to find additional markets for their products.

9-17:01:R15 USDA Market News

WHEREAS U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)Market News provides vital market reporting servicesfor the U.S. wool and pelt markets, and WHEREAS the world wool market reports wool ona clean-wool basis, which provides complete informa-tion and an accurate description of wool and a stan-dard for world comparison, and WHEREAS a percentage of the U.S. wool clip isnow exported in raw, scoured or top form and that in-ternational currency exchange rates greatly affect woolprices, and international buyers prefer being quotedclean-wool based prices, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encourages AgriculturalMarketing Service (AMS) and other entities to reportwool sales on a clean basis, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI encouragesAMS/Market News to report currency exchange ratesand other market information, and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that ASI supports re-tention of the Market News personnel in Colorado tocontinue this important service for the American wooland pelt industries.

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9-18:03:R15 Removal of Tariffs on Woolpacks and Covers

WHEREAS nylon woolpacks are widely used in theU.S. wool industry, however, are not manufactured do-mestically and must be imported, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI actively seek inclusionof nylon woolpacks in the Harmonized Tariff Scheduleof the United States (HTS) 6307.90.9989, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI aggressivelyseek to extend the duty suspension on nylon packs.

9-19:05:R15 Grants for Sheep Shearing

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI seeks available grantsfor specialized training, such as shearing and classing.

9-21:08:R18 Dye-Resistant Fibers (Hair and Kemp) Contamination

WHEREAS Dye-Resistant-Fiber contamination coststhe wool-textile industry millions of dollars per year, and WHEREAS this type of contamination is detrimentalto the reputation of the U.S. wool clip domestically andinternationally, and WHEREAS an increasing complaint of U.S. woolis dye-resistant fibers, including hair and kemp contam-ination, and WHEREAS this problem will not be resolved with-out a significant, long-term, coordinated effort by all af-fected parties, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI seeks solutions to theproblem of dye-resistant fibers, including coordinatedefforts involving the sheep and wool industries.

9-22:12:R17 Classing Labor

WHEREAS quality wools are important to the suc-cess and competitiveness of the U.S. sheep industry, and WHEREAS sorting and classing are key steps to im-proving the quality of wool in the U.S. sheep industry,and WHEREAS the U.S. sheep industry depends ontrained classers, both U.S. citizens, and properly docu-mented, legal, foreign labor, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encourages the sortingand/or classing of all wools and supports the use oftrained classers, both U.S. and foreign, for handling allwools in the United States.

9-23:15 Objective Measurement of Wool

WHEREAS wool processes more efficiently, eco-nomically and produces superior products when it is uni-form, clean and meets the standards necessary byfirst-stage processors and mills,

WHEREAS the value of wool is based on qualityincluding, micron, yield, length, strength and lack ofcontamination, such as poly, colored-fibers, and hair, WHEREAS objective measurement is the only wayin which wool can be accurately specified, and WHEREAS wool is sold domestically and interna-tionally based on internationally standards, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the use, devel-opment and exploration of equipment to measure wooland new technology.

9-24:15 Maintaining Our Wool Labs

WHEREAS wool production is an important com-ponent of the sheep industry in the United States, WHEREAS the sheep- and wool-industry infrastruc-ture is slowly eroding, and it is necessary to maintaincritical fiber-testing facilities, WHEREAS wool production has shifted to the cen-tral and northern plains and requires a more collabora-tive wool-educational effort with surrounding states, WHEREAS only two university supported facilitiesremain that provide affordable wool-testing services andwool-quality research, teaching, and outreach, and WHEREAS the Montana Wool Lab in Bozeman,Mont. and the Bill Sims Wool and Mohair Laboratory inSan Angelo, Texas provide valuable services that allowfor research and the continued improvement of geneticresources and wool-quality traits that impact the prof-itability of the sheep industry across the United States, BE IT RESOLVED that the American Sheep Industryencourages Montana State University and Texas A&MAgriLife Research to maintain the priority of improvingthe wool industry through fully functional wool labs thatare so critical to the future of sheep producers withintheir borders and surrounding states.

9-26:16 Scrapie Ear Tag

WHEREAS in the United States when it is manda-tory to tag an animal with a scrapie ear tag, which isavailable in both metal and plastic versions free ofcharge to the producer; WHEREAS metal ear tags are dangerous to shear-ers due to risk of injury to both the shearer and thesheep if the tag is caught in the comb and cutter from alock-up; BE IT RESOLVED that the ASI Wool Council andthe U.S. shearers request that all metal scrapie ear tagsbe removed from the supply in the United States andproducers use the plastic tags, some of which are freeof charge. BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the plastic tagshould be placed towards the outside edge of the leftear, approximately half way between the base and tip,and BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED that all new animalsare recommended to be tagged with the plastic tags.

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GENERALTaxation and Accounting10-02:90:R18 Federal Tax Policy

WHEREAS current federal tax policy fails to ad-dress situations involving sellers of farm and ranch prop-erty, assets and livestock and encourages short-termconsumption rather than savings and investment, and toagricultural businesses that have large fluctuations in in-come from year to year, BE IT RESOLVED that the ASI favors legislation to:1. give more favorable treatment of capital gains;2. make income averaging permanent;3. support favorable depreciation schedules; and4. support passage of estate and gift tax legislation,

which will eliminate or significantly reduce the bur-den of estate and gift taxes on family farms,ranches, and small businesses now and on a per-manent basis.

10-03:91:R16 Capital Gains

WHEREAS favorable treatment of Capital Gains isvery important to the viability of the industry, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI goes on record as sup-porting favorable treatment to capital gains.

10-10:93:R18 Farm-Licensed Vehicle Exemptions

BE IT RESOLVED that farm-licensed trucks be ex-empt from the special federal Highway Use Tax andfarm trailers be exempt from federal Excise Tax, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI supports ex-emption from the tax on non-highway use of farm-licensedvehicles.

10-11:93:R18 Cash-basis Accounting

WHEREAS cash-basis accounting is utilized bymany farmers and ranchers as a simple, effective, cost-efficient method of recordkeeping, and WHEREAS due to the volatility of market prices,weather and levels of farm income, in addition to thecyclical nature of agricultural financing, cash account-ing is a vital and necessary management tool for farm-ers and producers, BE IT RESOLVED that the ASI opposes any legisla-tion, ruling, regulation or proposal that restricts the avail-ability of cash accounting based on the type of businessstructure or any type of arbitrary cap based on gross re-ceipts.

10-12:93:R18 Section 179 Deduction (expensing depreciable assets)

WHEREAS the sheep industry is an integral part ofagriculture in the United States, and WHEREAS every effort should be made to supportSection 179 Deductions for agriculture and the sheepbusiness, BE IT RESOLVED that the ASI supports efforts tocontinue or to increase Section 179 Deductions, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Section 179Deduction continues to apply to machinery, equipment,buildings, and breeding livestock for sheep producersparticipating in the sheep business.

10-33:05:R15 Promote Development of Pharmaceuticals for Sheep

WHEREAS there is a severe shortage of approved,new animal drugs for use in minor species, includingsheep, and WHEREAS because of the small market shares,low-profit margins involved, and the capital investmentrequired, it is generally not economically feasible fornew animal drug sponsors to pursue approvals forminor species, and WHEREAS because the populations for which suchnew animal drugs are intended may be small and condi-tions of animal management may vary widely, it is oftendifficult to design and conduct studies to establish drugsafety and effectiveness under traditional new animaldrug-approval processes, and WHEREAS it is in the public interest and in the inter-est of animal welfare to provide for special proceduresto allow the lawful use and marketing of certain new an-imal drugs for minor species and minor use that take intoaccount the special circumstances and ensure that suchdrugs do not endanger animal or public health, and WHEREAS the U.S. Congress recognized these cir-cumstances exist and unanimously approved The MinorUse and Minor Species Animal Health Act of 2004 duringthe 108th Congress and said act was immediately signedinto law (Public-Law 108-282) by the President, and WHEREAS it is widely agreed that tax credits forclinical testing expenses have helped encourage the de-velopment and labeling of “orphan drugs” for humanuse, and comparable incentives should encourage thedevelopment and labeling of new animal drugs forminor species (including sheep) and minor uses, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports legislative ef-forts to amend the Minor Use and Minor Species AnimalHealth Act of 2004 to include language that would pro-vide federal tax incentives for the development and la-beling of much needed pharmaceuticals for minorspecies and minor uses.

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Trade10-15:98:R15 International Trade

WHEREAS the Doha round of World Trade Organ-ization trade negotiations continue and the UnitedStates continues to enter into trade agreements withother nations, and WHEREAS other nations maintain high subsidiesfor its sheep production, strict quotas on lamb imports,high tariffs and high volumes of import sensitive andspecialty products, and WHEREAS this unfair trade situation puts more pres-sure on the United States and the domestic sheep industryto the advantage of our competitor nations’ sheep pro-ducers, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI urges the U.S. govern-ment to establish a fair and equitable system for U.S.producers in trade negotiations.

10-17:00:R15 Anti-dumping Laws

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI oppose any efforts toweaken anti-dumping laws.

10-25:02:R17 Lamb Imports

WHEREAS the American sheep industry effectivelyutilizes renewable resources on public and private landsand crop aftermath to produce domestic food and fiberthat feeds and clothes, not only our own people but peo-ple around the world, and WHEREAS the American sheep industry has em-barked on an aggressive program to increase sheep num-bers in the United States, and WHEREAS the importation of lamb could have a neg-ative impact on profitability and ASI’s growth efforts, and WHEREAS federal regulations continue to impedeour ability to grow the flock, and BE IT RESOLVED that ASI encourages Congressand the Administration to address issues that would becounterproductive to ASI’s goals to increase sheep num-bers and profitability to meet market demand in theUnited States.

10-29:03:R18 Free-Trade Agreements

BE IT RESOLVED that foreign governments andtheir constituents not be allowed access to U.S. marketsthrough trade agreements unless such trade is equitable,legal and not detrimental to U.S. sheep and goats pro-ducers of like products.

10-30:01:R19 Congressional Appropriations, FAS

WHEREAS exports of American wool have grown withthe support of American Wool Council programs, and,

WHEREAS the USDA Foreign Agricultural Serviceis a critical partner with international programs of Mar-ket Access Program (MAP), of Foreign Market Develop-ment (FMD) and of Quality Samples Program (QSP), BE IT RESOLVED that ASI actively supports congres-sional appropriations to fund the Foreign Agricultural Serv-ice and QSP, MAP, FMD and other FAS programs.

10-49:19 Exports

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI continues to seek accessto international markets for the export of Americansheep, lamb and related products.

Labor10-47:13:R18 H-2A Program

WHEREAS the American sheep industry is depend-ent on a legal, well trained, and highly skilled laborforce, and WHEREAS that labor force comes from many coun-tries around the world, who are allowed to work in theUnited States under H-2A work visas, and WHEREAS the loss of this labor force would be cat-astrophic to the U.S. sheep industry, and WHEREAS ASI is proactive in the areas of contin-uing fair pay and treatment during a worker’s tenure inthe United States, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI takes necessary actionto insure the continuance of the H-2A Program or similarprograms.

10-51:15 H-2A Guest WorkerProgram Enforcement

WHEREAS The U.S. sheep industry has successfullyutilized a federal non-immigrant sheepherder programsince the 1950s for providing a mutually beneficial re-lationship between sheepherders and shearers fromother countries and U.S. sheep industry, and WHEREAS there is a constant need to enforce andaudit the program to maintain the integrity of the pro-gram and for the safety and security of our nation, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports monitoring andenforcement mechanisms within the H-2A program, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI will continue

to collaborate with Mountain Plains Agricultural Service,Western Range Association, and H-2A employers to ad-vocate on behalf of the industry when issues arise thatthreaten the effectiveness of the existing program. Specificareas of concern may include but are not limited to:1. Development of an objective, uniform, feasible, and effective audit system to maintain the integrity of the program.2. Enforcement of Department of Labor and Department of Homeland Security’s employer and employee reg- ulatory obligations.3. Stewardship of existing Special Procedures for occu- pations involved in sheepherding.

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10-52:15 Guest Worker Program

WHEREAS despite industry recruiting efforts, a re-liable domestic labor supply of sheepherders, sheepshearers and livestock workers does not exist in someareas of the country, WHEREAS Congress enacted the H-2A guestworker legislation that established a mutually beneficialprogram that provides non-immigrant sheepherders,sheep shearers, and livestock workers to the U.S. sheepindustry which provides job opportunities to individualsfrom other countries who desire to build a better life forthemselves and their families, WHEREAS H-2A and its accompanying SpecialProcedures regulations provide the continuity to thesheep industry with trained employees, which results inproper animal care, more efficient livestock production,and stewardship of natural resources, WHEREAS experience and continuity are keys tosuccessful sheepherding because of the large expanseof grazing lands that comprise many sheep ranches andthe necessity to care for the animals themselves, and WHEREAS the H-2A program is an integral and in-dispensable component of the U.S. sheep industry, andthe program has served the purpose of providing a re-liable labor supply in areas of need while creating ad-ditional U.S. jobs and economic development,therefore, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI recommends that Con-gress codify the H-2A Special Procedures and use the H-2A program as a model for other guest worker programswhen reforming immigration policy.

Other10-13:94:R19 Alternate Research/


BE IT RESOLVED that ASI continues to develop alter-nate research, promotion and operational funding sourcesin addition to funding provided by the American WoolTrust.

10-14:94:R19 Farm Service Agency

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the preservationof the U.S. Department of Agriculture local committee sys-tem of locally elected producers, including conservationdistricts, for natural resource programs, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI opposes thetransfer of USDA programs to other departments.

10-16:98:R18 DOT Regulations

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes federal Depart-ment of Transportation (DOT) regulations that inhibit nor-mal daily farm and ranch activity including cropplanting, harvesting procedures and transportation oflivestock.

10-18:00:R15 Safety-Net Program

WHEREAS the U.S. lamb and wool industries haveexperienced severe volatility in markets, and WHEREAS the sheep industry is an important partof agricultural production in the United States, and WHEREAS ASI successfully lobbied for inclusion ofa marketing-loan program for wool in the Farm Bill tohelp stabilize income in a volatile wool market, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI carry a priority of its leg-islative efforts and limited funds to maintain and en-hance the wool-marketing-loan program, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that ASI seeks an ad-ditional safety net for sheep producers through livestockrisk-management options.

10-22:01:R16 Freedom of Information Act

WHEREAS various entities are using the Freedomof Information Act to obtain information from federalagencies that is personal in nature or deals with the pri-vate affairs of business, and WHEREAS this information is being used to nega-tively impact business enterprises and individuals andpotentially jeopardizes the recipients of sheep-programfunding, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI work with other agricultural organizations toward legislation and regu-latory measures that protect personal- and private-busi-ness information of the agriculture industry and entitiesfrom disclosure through the Freedom of Information Act.

10-27:03:R18 Regulatory Impact

WHEREAS local, state and federal regulations con-tinue to be created that impact agriculture, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes regulations thatare not science-based and encourages efforts to keeplivestock production as a viable part of the agriculturalindustry.

10-31:94:R19 Unfunded Federal Mandates

WHEREAS unfunded mandates on state and localgovernments have increased significantly in recentyears, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports Congressionalaction that will bring about an end to federal unfundedmandates.

10-32:04:R19 Risk-Management Tools

WHEREAS price volatility for both market prices ofproduction and production inputs can vary greatly inthe sheep industry, and WHEREAS producers also deal with extremes inweather and variability of available forage and water,and

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WHEREAS LRP-Lamb, as developed by ASI, hasproven to be a useful risk-management tool for the in-dustry and the only price-risk management tool currentlyavailable in the United States for sheep, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI continues to actively sup-port a functional LRP-Lamb program and implement ad-ditional risk-management tools for sheep production andmarketing.

10-35:06:R16 ASI Correspondence on Behalf of Member States

WHEREAS ASI sends numerous letters during theyear to governmental entities backing programs that areimportant to the American Sheep Industry, and WHEREAS the member states are individually listedon these letters giving their support to the concept, and WHEREAS it is often difficult for ASI to individuallycontact all states and receive their permission to use theirnames on these letters, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that when ASI ini-tiates correspondence on behalf of its member states,that such correspondence will be reviewed by the indi-vidual states and, if no objection is received by ASI asto a specific state's name being used, then ASI may pro-ceed in mailing such correspondence with memberstates being listed.

10-37:09:R19 Renewable Fuels

WHEREAS ASI supports our nation's commitmentto reduce dependence on foreign energy and supportsefforts to develop forms of renewable energy, and BE IT RESOLVED ASI supports research and devel-opment of renewable fuels that may provide additionalbenefits for the livestock industry.

10-42:10:R15 Climate Change

WHEREAS the federal government is pursuing cli-mate change policy to reduce U.S. greenhouse gasemissions, and WHEREAS anti-livestock organizations are portray-ing livestock incorrectly as major contributors to harmfulemissions, and WHEREAS sheep grazing, as well as lamb andwool production, have comparatively low, carbon foot-prints and add great value environmentally to forageimprovement and wildlife habitat and open space; BE IT RESOLVED that ASI opposes legislation orregulation that would be detrimental to sheep produc-tion in the United States, including methane regulationof livestock under the Clean Air Act, and BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED as a part of any na-tional climate change policy, sheep producers shall becompensated for any management practices which re-duce or offset emissions.

10-55:16 Packers and Stockyards Act

WHEREAS the Packers and Stockyards Act (P & SAct) and law dates to 1921, and the underlying rulesof the U.S. Department of Agriculture governing live-stock transaction are in need of update, and WHEREAS topics of particular interest to the sheepindustry include consistent application of prompt pay-ment rules and effectiveness of bonds, and WHEREAS modernization of U.S. Grain Inspec-tion, Packers and Stockyards Administration’s (GIPSA)authority in P & S needs careful consideration, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI works with the nationallivestock organizations and the Livestock Marketing As-sociation towards necessary and appropriate updatesto the P & S Act and/or regulations for sheep buyers,sellers and auction houses.

10-56:19 Non-Ethanol Fuel Availability

BE IT RESOLVED that ASI supports the availabilityof non-ethanol fuel for small engines and agricultural ve-hicles.

PELTS11-01:00:R15 Ked Control

WHEREAS the United States and international peltmarkets demand quality, cockle-free pelts for use in var-ious products, and WHEREAS quality, cockle-free pelts are of highervalue and substantially increase pelt prices and pro-ducer profitability, and WHEREAS the total value of a market lamb is im-pacted by pelt quality, BE IT RESOLVED that ASI strongly supports aggres-sive efforts by U.S. producers and lamb feeders to re-duce and eliminate keds and other external parasiteson U.S. sheep to produce consistent quality pelts


WHEREAS the U.S. sheep industry has a criticalneed for guest workers, and WHEREAS the U.S. sheep industry has used theH2A program to provide a legal workforce for morethan 50 years, and WHEREAS questions still remain about the healthinsurance requirements and the numerical cap provi-sions in the proposed new H2C program, BE IT DIRECTED that ASI support and works to en-sure passage of H.B. 4092 (the Ag Act) to fulfill this crit-ical labor requirement of the U.S. sheep industry, and BE IT FURTHER DIRECTED that ASI works to ad-dress the concerns of the health insurance requirementand the numerical cap.

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