1. Lesson objectivesWhat is editing?Can I analyse the editing techniques in TV Drama?
2. What are we looking for whenanalysing editing in a clip? Order of shots ContinuityYou need to be Transitions able to discusshow these Shot duration technical Pace and rhythm elements help Special effectscreate meaning. 3. Order of shots The meaning of a clip can change depending on the order the shots are cut together Hitchcock Loves Bikinis Putting two shots together can suggest a connection or emphasise contrast (juxtaposition). 4. ContinuityContinuity editing Cutting shots to tell a story with narrative continuity, helping theviewer make sense of the action by implying spatial relationships andensuring smooth flow from shot to shot. Continuity techniques: Establishing shot (establishes the space in which action is to happen) Shot/reverse shot Eyeline match (e.g. character looks off-screen, next shot shows us whatthey see) Match on action (character begins to move in one shot, we seecontinuation of the same movement in the next shot) Realism - edit is invisible so action appears real rather than constructed.TaskWatch the sequence of waterloo road.How many of the editing techniques can you spot? 5. Establishing shot 6. Cutting Shots, eye line match 7. Task 1 Web Drama Editing How are order of shots and continuity used in your chosenweb drama? 8. Task 2: Storyboard TaskCreate a sequence using order ofshots and all the continuitytechniques 9. Non-Continuity Montage a combination of shots to give a quicksummary of what happened, is happening or goingto happen Non-continuity editing the order of the shots arenot in a linear form Flashbacks Flash forwards Dream sequencesTaskWatch the extract of Waterloo road.How is non continuity used here? 10. Transitions The process of cutting from one shot to another usuallyinvolves a simple straight cut. However there are othermeans of transition available to a film editor, e.g. Fade to black Dissolve/cross fade Wipe What meaning could be created by the use of thetransitions above? As well as simply moving to another shot, transitionscan imply a passage of time or location, or emphasise aconnection, perhaps what a character is thinking ordreaming about (dissolve/cross fade). 11. Fade the preceding shot fades into black from which thefollowing shot emerges. 12. Fade the preceding shot fades into black from which thefollowing shot emerges. 13. Fade the preceding shot fades into black from which thefollowing shot emerges. 14. Dissolve or cross fade the preceding shot merges into thefollowing shot, resulting in the two shots being superimposed.The longer the dissolve the more noticeable the superimpositionbecomes. 15. Dissolve or cross fade the preceding shot merges into thefollowing shot, resulting in the two shots being superimposed.The longer the dissolve the more noticeable the superimpositionbecomes. 16. Dissolve or cross fade the preceding shot merges into the following shot,resulting in the two shots being superimposed. The longer the dissolvethe more noticeable the superimposition becomes. 17. Shot duration/pace The duration of a shot will usually reflect thenarrative context. Generally speaking short shot duration conveysaction and urgency (say in a chase sequence). Clickhere for a chase sequence from Die Another Day.See if you can count the number of shots! Whilst long duration conveys intensity and intimacywithin the narrative, it allows us to focus upon facialexpression and other aspects of mise en scenewhich would otherwise be missed. 18. Some editing devices Parallel editing - crosscutting orintercutting between different locations canconvey the impression that two or moreevents are occurring simultaneously. This isoften used to build tension. split screen where the frame is split intosections so that we can see different eventsoccurring at the same time. This techniquewas used on the TV series 24. 19. Editing controls what informationwe get and when we get itWhen analysing a clip consider how editing techniques areused to control:What information is revealed to or hidden froma) the characters?b) the audience?As well as being used for dramatic effect, this control ofinformation can tell you whose perspective is privileged -this is important when considering representation.