3M Electrical Tapes (ECMRO) - tape Portfolio...3M CONFIDENTIAL 3M ELECTRICAL TAPES 3M PVC ... Scotch 130C 30 MIL (0.76 mm) LINERLESS SPLICING TAPE ... Scotch 130C Applications RUBBER TAPES

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  • 3M Electro Communication Business - Europe

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved.

    Seref Cekic / Central Technical Service, Neuss-Germany

    EC&MRO Tapes Portfolio Training

    3M Electrical Tapes (EC&MRO)

    product presentation, March 2010

  • 2

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Content

    EC&MRO Electrical Tapes x Markets Overview

    Basic Technical Terminologies for Tapes

    PVC (VINYL) Tapes and Applications

    Premium, Mid-Range vs. General Use Tapes

    Corrosion Protection Tapes

    Rubber Tapes and Applications

    Mastic Tapes and Applications

    Other / Special Tapes in EC&MRO portfolio

    Special Application Areas

    Telecom applications

    Automotive Application

    Mining applications

  • 3

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    ELECTRICAL TAPES

    Electrical

    Applications

    Automotive

    Applications

    Heavy

    IndustryElectricians Electricians

    Telecom

    Operators

    Equipment

    Manufacturers

    Harness

    Manufacturers

    Telecom

    Applications

    Direct

    S23

    S13

    Direct

    S33+

    Temflex

    S23

    S13

    Mastics

    Dist

    S33+

    S35

    Mastics

    Dist Dist

    Temflex S31

    S23

    Scotchfil

    Dist

    Temflex

    S23T

    Direct/dist

    S88

    S23T

    Scotchfil

    Scotch130C

    Mastic2228

    Direct

    S88

    S23T

    Scotchfil

    Scotch 130C

    Mastic 2228

    Direct

    Mid Range tape

    Cable / Splice

    Appl. / Manuf.

    Power

    Utilities

    Marketing Mix 3M EC&MRO Tapes x Markets

    Mining

  • 4

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Basic Technical Terminologies

    CONTINUOUS

    OPERATING TEMPERATURE

    IN C FOR 20 000 HOURS

    180

    155

    130

    120

    105

    90

    CATEGORY TEMPERATUREacc. to IEC 60216

    200

    220

    240

    INSULATION CLASSacc. to IEC 60085

    H

    F

    B

    E

    A

    Y

    N

    R

    S

    Insulation Temperature ClassTemperature Class

    defines the

    temperature at which

    the tape will perform

    for continuous

    operation.(acc. to IEC for 20 000 hrs)

    e.g Class F = 155C

  • 5

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Basic Technical Terminologies

    What is ELECTRIC STRENGTH?

    Electrical Properties

    What is its unit?

    Electric Strength (or Dielectric Breakdown) (V)(Voltage where a single layer of tape will show electrical failure)

  • 6

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Electrical Tests Tests

    ELECTRIC STRENGTH (Dielectric Breakdown) (V or V/mm)

    TAPE

    BRASS

    50 +/- 2 g

    500V/sec 6 mm

    IEC 60454-2IEC 60243-1

  • 7

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Basic Technical Terminologies

    What is ADHESION?

    Physical Properties

    What is its unit?

    Adhesion (to Steel) (N/10mm) (Force necessary to remove the tape from a steel surface)

  • 8

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    ADHESION to STEEL (N/10mm)

    TAPEUNDER TEST

    TEST EQUIPMENTin acc. to ISO 1184

    300 mm/min

    DRIVEN JAW OFTESTING MACHINE

    FIXED JAW OFTESTING MACHINE

    IEC 60454-2

    Tests

  • 9

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Basic Technical Terminologies

    What are TENSILE STRENGTH and ELONGATION?

    Physical Properties

    What are their units?

    Tensile Strength (Breaking Strength) (N/10mm)(The force required to break the tape) Elongation (%)(Percent inrease in length of tape at breaking point)

  • 10

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    TENSILE (BREAKING) STRENGTH (N/10mm)

    ELONGATION (%)

    IEC 60454-2

    STRETCHED TAPE

    TEST EQUIPMENTin acc. to ISO 1184

    300 mm/min

    FIXED JAW OFTESTING MACHINE

    DRIVEN JAW OFTESTING MACHINE

    Tests

  • 11

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    3MTM EC&MRO Electrical Tape Overview

  • 12

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    3M ELECTRICAL TAPES

    3M PVC (VINYL)

    TAPES

    3M RUBBER

    & SPECIAL TAPES

    Premium

    Tapes

    Mid range

    TapesGU Tapes Rubber Tapes

    EPR

    Semi-conductive

    Tape

    3M PVC (Vinyl) and Rubber Tapes

    Super 33+Super 88SCOTCH 35

    SCOTCH 780

    TEMFLEX 1500 and 1300

    SCOTCH 23, 130C

    SCOTCH 13SCOTCHRAP SCOTCH 70

    Electrical Tape Overview/Product Range

    Corrosion Prot.

    Tapes

    Rubber Tape

    Silicone

  • 13

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Insulating cables and connections

    Three tiers of PVC (Vinyl)

    Scotch Super 33+, (Super 88)

    Scotch 780,

    Temflex 1500 and Temflex 1300

    Main application and properties

    Electrical Insulation (mainly Low Voltage)

    Primary Insulation, Secondary Insulation, Indoor

    and Outdoor Use

    Mechanical Protection

    Abrasion, Impact, Cut Through, Harnessing Bundling, Jacketing

    Environmental Protection

    Moisture, Corrosion and Chemical

    Color Coding & Identification

    Electrical Insulation, Protection & Identification

    (PVC)

    Electrical Insulation Mechanical Protection Environmental Protection Color Coding & Identification

  • 14

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    PVC Tapes, Premium vs. General Use Tapes

    Temperature range Minimum application temperature

    Max. (Continuous) operating temperature

    Adhesive / adhesion

    Type / amount of plasticizer

    Handling characteristics

    Conformability & stretchability

    Cost

    GU Tape

    Mid Range

    Premium

    0C 90 C

    -10 C 80 C

    105 C-18 CIEC Type 7 classification(-18C to 90C)

    (-10C to 80C)

    IEC Type 5 classification(0C to 90C)

    (0C to 90C) 90 C0C GU TapeMin

    . Ap

    pl.

    Tem

    p.

    Max

    . (C

    on

    t.)

    Op

    r. T

    emp

    .

  • 15

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    UL and CSA Specifications (different than IEC)

    90 C

    90 C

    90 C

    acc. toIEC

  • 16

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Different Agency Approvals UL CSA VDE /IEC

  • 17

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Premium TapesPRODUCT THICKNESSScotch Super 88 IEC Type 7 (VDE approved) 0,220 mmScotch Super 33+ IEC Type 7 (VDE approved) 0,177 mmScotch 35 IEC Type 5 (VDE approved) 0,177 mm

    AVAILABLE COLORS

    PVC TAPES

    Super 33+ and Super 88 -18 C to 90 C acc. to IEC (Type 7)105 C acc. to CSA80 C acc. to UL

    Super 35 0 C to 90 C acc. to IEC (Type 5)105 C acc. to CSA80 C acc. to UL

    All have UL, CSA, VDE approvals and IEC classified

  • 18

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    CORROSION PROTECTION TAPESPremium Tapes

    Product Thickness Available colors Scotchrap 50 0,25 mm

    Scotchrap 51 0,500 mm

    PVC TAPES

    USE:Anywhere chemicals can attackmetal surfaces on piping, conduit, fittings & closures

    u Chemical Plantsu Water Treatment Facilitiesu Power Plans u Refineriesu Pipelinesu Mines

    * Black printed or unprinted

  • 19

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Primary electrical insulation for splicing cables

    on all solid dielectric cables (i.e. XLPE, EPR) up to 69 kV

    Building up hand applied stress cones

    on MV splices and terminations

    Replacing semi-conductive layers of MV cables

    Jacketing on medium voltage

    splices and terminations

    Moisture sealing

    terminations, electrical connections

    Bus bar insulation

    End-sealing power cables

    Rubber and Mastic Tape Applications

    Primary insulation Moisrure Sealing Bus Bar Insulation Cable end-sealing

  • 20

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Rubber and Mastic Tapes for LV and MV

    Scotch 13 Self Fusing Semi-conductive EPR TapeScotch 23 Self Fusing EPR TapeScotch 130C Self Bonding EPR TapeScotch 70 Self Fusing Silicone Rubber TapeScotchfil Putty Tape (EPR)Scotch 2228 Rubber Mastic TapeScotch 2229 Sealing Compound

    M

  • 21

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Scotch 13

    30 MIL (0.76 mm)SEMI-CONDUCTING TAPE

    u Self-fusing

    u On liner

    u Printed on itself and on liner (CAUTION, Semi-Conducting / Self-Fusing Tape)

    RUBBER TAPE (Semi-conductive)

  • 22

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Scotch 13 ApplicationsRUBBER TAPES

    u REPLACING SEMI-CONDUCTIVE LAYERS OF MV CABLE

    u SMOOTH THE CONNECTOR

    u Scotch 13 self-fusing tape is wrapped on the connector as half-overlapped and with printed side coming out.

    u If you apply printed side in, functionally no issue, BUT then you can not differentiate it from Scotch 23 tape, because in this case both look simply black and you may make mistakes at installations.

    1

    2

    2

  • 23

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Cold Shrink Splice QS 2000EInline Splice Installation 92/93/94-AS 6x0-1

    RUBBER TAPES

    Scotch 13 Applications

  • 24

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Scotch 2330 MIL (0.76 mm)ALL-VOLTAGE SPLICING TAPEu Self-fusingu On lineru Insulating up to 69 kV

    RUBBER TAPES (Insulating)

    Scotch 130C30 MIL (0.76 mm)LINERLESS SPLICING TAPEu Self-bondingu Linerlessu Insulating up to 69 kVu High thermal conductivity

    Scotch 7012 MIL (0.30 mm)SILICONE RUBBER TAPEu Self-fusingu On lineru Class "H", arc and track

    resistant insulation

  • 25

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Scotch 23 ApplicationsRUBBER TAPES

    u PRIMARY ELECTRICAL INSULATIONfor splicing and terminating up to 69 kV on all

    solid dielectric cables (i.e. XLPE, EPR)

    u This means you can replace an XLPE or EPR insulation of a MV cable by wrapping several layers of # 23 tape stretched about 50-70% and half-overlapped until you reach the required insulation thickness. IMPORTANT is to obtain an air void free insulation layer due to self-fusing feature of #23 tape.

    3

    4

    Scotch 2220Stress Control Tape

    4

  • 26

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Self Fusing Rubber Tape Scotch 23 application

    1 4

    2

    3

  • 27

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Scotch 130C ApplicationsRUBBER TAPES

    u PRIMARY ELECTRICAL INSULATIONfor splicing and terminating up to 69 kV on all

    solid dielectric cables (i.e. XLPE, EPR)

    u You can use #130C tape the same as #23 tape. Difference is such that #23 tape is more practical when used on 3 core cables splices than using #130C tape, For 3 core splices you have to use short strips of the tape rather than applying directly from a roll because a roll can not be easily passed between the cable cores. # 23 tape will not have any problems here, but #130C tape will, Because #130C has a sticky side and it sticks to itself and makes it difficult when you try to pass its strips between the cores.

    u Therefore, #130C is used more with 1 core cables/splices.

  • 28

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Scotch 130C ApplicationsRUBBER TAPES

    u PRIMARY ELECTRICAL INSULATIONfor splicing and terminating up to 69 kV on all

    solid dielectric cables (i.e. XLPE, EPR)

    u #130C tape has higher thermal conductivity than #23 tape. Therefore it is preferable to use it for splicing at higher voltages. Higher voltage means more layers of insulation tape and thicker insulation and in this case #130C tape offers the advantage of dissipating the heat of the splice to outside better at its operation and increasing the life time of splice. There are examples of customer made splice designs with #130C tape even higher than 69 kV due to this property (high therm. cond.).

  • 29

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Scotch 13 ApplicationsRUBBER TAPES

    u REPLACING SEMI-CONDUCTIVELAYERS OF MV CABLE

    u Scotch 13 self-fusing tape is wrapped over the insulation made by using Scotch 23 tape as half-overlapped and with printed side coming out.

    u If you apply printed side in, functionally no issue, BUT then you can not differentiate it from Scotch 23 tape because in this case both look simply black and you may make mistakes at installations.

    4

    5

    5

  • 30

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    MV SPLICING WITH RUBBER TAPES and OTHERS

    showing ALL TOGETHER

    12 35

    467

    Outer ProtectionExample:

    PVC tape + resinor

    Cold Shrinkor

    Heat Shrink

    Example: Section of a Tape Splice for 10 kV XLPE cable, an old technology, but still valid

  • 31

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    Scotch 70 ApplicationsRUBBER TAPES

    u SEALING TOP END (on cable lug) OF QT II SILICONE TERMINATION

    u HIGH TEMPERATURE RESISTANCE (180 C)(other than termination applications)

    u Scotch 70 self-fusing tape is made of silicone rubber, like the silicone material of QT II termination. Its layers fuses to itself and also almost to the silicone material of QT II and provides an excellent seal.

    u It is a high track resistance material (resistance to surface currents) like QT II insulation body. This means it also resists to surface currents on the termination and adds to long life of the termination.

    u Also used for other applications while Scotch 70 tape has 180 C continuous operating temperature.

  • 32

    3M Electrical Markets Division

    3M 2007. All Rights Reserved. 3M CONFIDENTIAL

    FILLERS IN TAPE FORM

    u SCOTCHFIL E...

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