Click here to load reader

>78>63>42 >33 Average 57.2 Median 58.5 Highest 98 Lowest 18

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)

Text of >78>63>42 >33 Average 57.2 Median 58.5 Highest 98 Lowest 18

  • Slide 1
  • Slide 2
  • >78>63>42 >33 Average 57.2 Median 58.5 Highest 98 Lowest 18
  • Slide 3
  • Using Crossed and Fields Velocity selector independent of the mass of the particle!
  • Slide 4
  • Mass spectrometer
  • Slide 5
  • Thomsons e/m experiment 1897: Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England
  • Slide 6
  • Exercise 1 An electron, q=1.6 10 -19 C moves with velocity It enters a magnetic field with What is the force on the electron?
  • Slide 7
  • Problem 5 Hall effect: The magnetic force on the charge carries in a wire can be used to determine their sign. Show that there will be an electric field, set up inside a wire in a magnetic field, that is perpendicular to the direction of the current. You should be able to show that the sign of the field depends on whether the mobile charges are positive or negative.
  • Slide 8
  • Slide 9
  • You place a slab of copper, 2.0 mm thick and 1.5 cm wide, in a uniform magnetic field with magnetic field with magnitude 0.40 T. When you run a 75-A current in the +x direction, you find by careful measurement that the potential at the left side of the slab is 0.81 V higher than at the right side of the slab. From this measurement, determine the concentration of mobile electrons in copper.
  • Slide 10
  • Current carrying wires 1820 Hans Christian Oersted Hans Christian rsted
  • Slide 11
  • Exercise 3 A wire of length l and mass m is suspended as shown. A uniform magnetic field of magnitude B points into the page. What magnitude and direction would a current, passing through a wire, have to have so that the magnetic and gravitational forces would cancel?
  • Slide 12
  • Problem 4 A metal wire of mass m can slide without friction on two parallel, horizontal, conducting rails. The rails are connected by a generator which delivers a constant current i to the circuit. There is a constant, vertical magnetic field, perpendicular to the plane of the rails. If the wire is initially at rest, find its velocity as a function of time. i B l generator