89024516 Wage and Salary Administration

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<p>Wage and salary administration affect levels of employee commitment to the organization. However, fascinating the individuals job assignment is, the employee must be paid. Pay affects the way people work-how much and how well. A large part of the compensation that people receive from work is monetary. Although managers are expected to conserve money and distribute it wisely, many employees feel that they should get more of it for what they do. Wages, salaries and many employee benefits and services are form of compensation. Administration of employee compensation is called wage and salary administration. According to D.S. Beach Wage and Salary Administration refers to the establishment and implementation of sound policies and practices of employee compensation. It includes such areas as job evaluation, surveys of wage and salaries, analysis of relevant organizational problems, development and maintenance of wage structure, establishing rules for administrating wages, wage payment incentives, profit sharing, wage changes and adjustments, supplementary payments, control of compensation costs and other related items. The wage and salary administration aims to establish and maintain an equitable wage and salary structure and an equitable labor cost structure. Objectives of Wage and Salary Administration: A sound plan of wage and salary administration seeks to achieve the following objectives : </p> <p>To establish a fair and equitable compensation offering similar pay for similar work. To attract competent and qualified personnel. To retain the present employees by keeping wage levels in tune with competitive units. To keep labor and administrative costs in line with the ability of the organization to pay. To improve motivation and morale of employees and to improve union management relations. To project a good image of the company and to comply with legal needs relating to wages and salaries. To establish job sequences and lines of promotion wherever applicable. To minimize the chances of favoritism while assigning the wage rates.</p> <p>Principles of Wage and Salary Administration: The following principles should be followed for an effective wage and salary administration; </p> <p>Wage policy should be developed keeping in view the interests of all concerned parties viz., employer, employees, the consumers and the society. Wage and salary plans should be sufficiently flexible or responsive to changes in internal and external conditions of the organization. Efforts should be made to ensure that differences in pay for jobs are based on variations in job requirements such as skill, responsibility, efforts and mental and physical requirements. Wage and salary administration plans must always be consistent with overall organizational plans and programmes.</p> <p>Wage and Salary administration plans must always be in conformity with the social and economic objectives of the country like attainment of equality in income distribution and controlling inflation, etc. These plans and programmes should be responsive to the changing local and national conditions. Wage and salary plans should expedite and simplify administrative process. Workers should be associated, as far as possible, in formulation and implementation of wage policy. An adequate data base and a proper organizational set up should be developed for compensation determination and administration. The general level of wages and salaries should be reasonably in line with that prevailing in the labor market. There should be a clearly established procedure for hearing and adjusting wage complaints. This may be integrated with the regular grievance procedure, if it exists. The workers should receive a guaranteed minimum wage to protect them against conditions beyond their control. Prompt and correct payments to the employees should be ensured and arrears of payment should not accumulate. The wage and salary payments must fulfill a wide variety of human needs including the need for self actualization. Wage policy and programme should be reviewed and revised periodically in conformity with changing needs. For revision of wages, a wage committee should also be preferred to the individual judgment however unbiased of a manager.</p> <p>Factors influencing wage and salary structure and administration </p> <p>The organizations ability to pay; Supply and demand of labour; The prevailing market rate; The cost of living; Living wage; Productivity Trade unions bargaining power Job requirements Managerial attitudes Psychological and sociological factors Levels of skills available in the market</p> <p>Administration of Wages and Salaries Handled by: </p> <p>Personnel department Or committee whos major functions are o Approval to management on job evaluation methods o Review of basic wage and salary structure o Help in the formulation of wage policies o Co-ordination of relative departmental o Review of budget estimates</p> <p>PRINCIPLES OF WAGES ANDSALARY ADMINISTRATION </p> <p>Pays varies as per skills required General level of wages should be proportionate with existing labour market rates Equal pay for equal work</p> <p>Wage Policy in India </p> <p>Minimum Wage Fair wage Living wage</p> <p>State regulation of wages </p> <p>Minimum wages act, 1948 Payment of Wages Act, 1936</p> <p>Wages and Salary Administration in India : Wage policy refers to all systematic efforts of the government in relation to a national wage and salary system. It includes orders, legislations, etc., to regulate the levels or structures of wages and salaries with a view to achieving economic and social objectives of the government. Specifically, the objectives of wage policy are : </p> <p>To obtain for the workers a just share of the fruits of economic development To set minimum wages for workers whose bargaining position is weak To bring about a more efficient allocation and utilization of human resources through wage and salary differentials, and To abolish malpractices and abuses in wage and salary payments.</p> <p>The first step towards the evolution of a wage policy was the enactment of the Payment of Wages Act, 1936. The main objective of the Act is to prohibit any delay or withholding of wages legitimately due to the employees. The next step was the passing of the Industrial Disputes Act,</p> <p>1947, authorizing all the state governments to set up industrial tribunals which would look into disputes relating to remuneration. Another notable development that led to the evolution of wage policy was the enactment of the Minimum Wages Act, 1948. The purpose of the Act is the fixation of minimum rates of wages to workers in sweated industries such as woolen, carpet making, flour mills, tobacco manufacturing, oil mills, plantations, quarrying, mica, agriculture and the like. The Act was amended several times to make it applicable to more and more industries. Then came the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976, which prohibits discrimination in matters relating to remuneration on the basis of religion, region or sex. The Constitution of India committed the government to evolve a wage policy. Successive five year plans documents have also devoted necessary attention to the need for wage policy. Following the recommendations of the First and Second Plans, the Government of India constituted wage boards for important industries in the country. A wage board is a tripartite body comprising representations from the government, owners, and employees. Technically speaking, a wage board can only make recommendations, and wage policies are normally implemented through persuasion. In spite of legislations, tribunals and boards, disparities in wages and salaries still persist. Some of the disparities are : </p> <p>Employees of MNCs are paid much more than their counterparts in host countries for identical work. Different industries have different wage and salary structures resulting in disparities in remuneration for identical work. Wide gaps exist between wages and salaries of employees in the organized sector and of those in the unorganized sector, the latter earning much less than the former. Differences exist between earnings of employees in the government sector and those in the private sector. Within the government sector salary differences exist among employees of different departments.</p> <p>BIBLOGRAPHY: The sources of secondary data collection will be: </p> <p>Books Company manual Websites</p> <p>A. KRISHNA PAVAN KUMAR (RESEARCHER) (SUPERVIOSR)</p> <p>Prof.T.SUBBARAYUDU (Dept of HRM, AU)</p> <p>VISAKHAPATNAM DATE:</p>


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