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A, B1, B2 & B3 SYLLABUSES Cross-References AeroGATES

A, B1, B2 & B3 SYLLABUSES

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Cross-References
AeroGATES
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1.1. ARITHMETIC
Fractions and decimals,
Factors and multiples,
Ratio and proportion,
Averages and percentages,
Square and cube roots.
(b) - -
7
Indices and powers, negative and fractional indices,
Binary and other applicable numbering systems,
Simultaneous equations,
Logarithms.
Graphs of equations/functions.
- -
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2.1. MATTER
Nature of matter: the chemical elements, structure of atoms, molecules;
Chemical compounds.
Changes between states.
Centre of gravity.
Elements of theory of stress, strain and elasticity: tension, compression, shear and torsion;
Nature and properties of solid, fluid and gas;
Pressure and buoyancy in liquids (barometers).
2.2.2. Kinetics AG-02-02-02-A-B2-B3 1
Linear movement: uniform motion in a straight line, motion under constant acceleration (motion under gravity) ;
Rotational movement: uniform circular motion (centrifugal/centripetal forces);
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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Velocity ratio mechanical advantage and efficiency.
2.2.3. Dynamics AG-02-02-02-A-B2-B3 1
(a) Mass AG-02-02-03a-A-B2-B3 1
Mass, force, inertia, work, power, energy (potential, kinetic and total energy), heat, efficiency.
(b) Momentum, conservation of momentum AG-02-02-03b-A-B3 1
Momentum, conservation of momentum;
2.2.4. Fluid dynamics
(a) AG-02-02-04a-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Effects of compressibility on fluids ;
Static, dynamic and total pressure: Bernoulli’s Theorem, Venturi
2.3. THERMODYNAMICS
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(b) - -
Volumetric expansion;
Isothermal, adiabatic expansion and compression, engine cycles, constant volume and constant pressure, refrigerators and heat pumps;
Gases: ideal gases laws; specific heat at constant volume and constant pressure, work done by expanding gas;
Latent heat of fusion and evaporation, thermal energy, heat of combustion.
2.4. OPTICS (LIGHT)
Laws of reflection and refraction: reflection at plane surfaces,
Reflection by spherical mirrors, refraction, lenses, fibre optics.
- -
Wave motion: mechanical waves, sinusoidal wave motion,
Interference phenomena, standing waves;
Pitch and quality, Doppler effect.
- -
- -
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3.1. ELECTRON THEORY
Structure and distribution of electrical charges within: atoms, molecules, ions, compounds;
Molecular structure of conductors, semiconductors and insulators.
AG-03-01-A-B1-B2-B3 1
Static electricity and distribution of electrostatic charges;
Electro static laws of attraction and repulsion;
Units of charge, Coulomb's Law;
Conduction of electricity in solids, liquids, gases and vacuum.
AG-03-02-A-B3
1
AG-03-03-A-B3 1
Production of electricity by the following methods: light, heat, friction, pressure, chemical action, magnetism and motion.
AG-03-04-A-B1-B2-B3 1
14
Construction and basic chemical action of: primary cells, secondary cells, lead acid cells, nickel cadmium cells, other alkaline cells;
Cells connected in series and parallel;
Internal resistance and its effect on a battery;
Construction, materials and operation of thermocouples;
Operation of photo-cells.
Kirchhoff’s Voltage and Current Laws;
Calculations using the above laws to find resistance voltage and current;
Significance of the internal resistance of a supply.
- -
Resistor colour code, values and tolerances, preferred values, wattage ratings;
Resistors in series and parallel;
Calculation of total resistance using series, parallel and
Series parallel combinations;
Operation and use of potentiometers and rheostats; operation of Wheatstone Bridge.
(b) - -
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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Variable resistors, thermistors, voltage dependent resistors; construction of potentiometers and rheostats;
Construction of Wheatstone Bridge.
Dissipation of power by a resistor;
Power formula;
- -
Operation and function of a capacitor;
Factors affecting capacitance area of plates, distance between plates, number of plates, dielectric and dielectric constant, working voltage, voltage rating;
Capacitor types,
Calculations of capacitance and voltage in series and parallel circuits;
Exponential charge and discharge of a capacitor, time constants;
Testing of capacitors.
Properties of a magnet;
Action of a magnet suspended in the Earth’s magnetic field;
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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Electromagnets construction and principles of operation;
Hand clasp rules to determine: magnetic field around current carrying conductor.
(b) - -
Precautions for care and storage of magnets.
3.11. INDUCTANCE/INDUCTOR
Faraday’s Law;
Action of inducing a voltage in a conductor moving in a magnetic field;
Induction principles;
Effects of the following on the magnitude of an induced voltage: magnetic field strength,
Induction principles;
Effects of the following on the magnitude of an induced voltage: magnetic field strength, rate of change of flux,
Number of conductor turns;
- -
Factors affecting mutual inductance: number of turns in coil, physical size of coil, permeability of coil, position of coils with respect to each other.
Lenz's Law and polarity determining rules; - -
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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Construction and purpose of components in DC generator ;
Operation of, and factors affecting output and direction of current flow in DC generators;
Operation of, and factors affecting output power, torque, speed and direction of rotation of DC motors;
Series wound, shunt wound and compound motors;
Starter generator construction.
Sinusoidal waveform: phase, period, frequency, cycle;
Instantaneous, average, root mean square, peak, peak to peak current values and calculations of the values, in relation voltage, current and power;
Triangular/Square waves;
3.14. RESISTIVE (R), CAPACITIVE (C) AND INDUCTIVE (L) CIRCUITS
Phase relation ship of voltage and current in L, C and R circuits, parallel, series and series parallel;
Impedance, phase angle, power factor and current calculations;
- -
3.15. TRANSFORMERS
Transformer losses and methods for overcoming them;
- -
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Power transfer, efficiency, polarity markings;
Calculation of line and phase voltages and currents;
Primary and Secondary current, voltage, turns ratio, power, efficiency;
Auto transformers.
3.16. FILTERS
- -
Rotation of loop in a magnetic field and waveform produced;
Operation and construction of revolving armature and revolving field type AC generators;
Single phase, two phase and three phase alternators;
Three phase star and delta connections advantages and uses ;
Permanent magnet generators.
- -
Methods of speed control and direction of rotation;
Methods of producing a rotating field: capacitor, inductor, shaded or split pole.
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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5.1. ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT SYSTEMS
5.2. NUMBERING SYSTEMS
- -
5.3. DATA CONVERSION
- -
5.4. DATA BUSES
Operation of data buses in aircraft systems including knowledge of ARINC and other specifications;
Aircraft network/Ethernet.
Identification of common logic gate symbols, tables and equivalent circuits;
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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(b) - -
(a) AG-05-06a-A 1
Computer terminology (including bit, byte, software, hard ware, CPU, IC, and various memory devices such as RAM, ROM, PROM);
Computer technology (as applied in aircraft systems).
(b) - -
Computer related terminology;
Operation, layout and interface of the major components in a micro computer including their associated bus systems;
Information contained in single and multi address instruction words;
Memory associated terms;
Operation, advantages and disadvantages of the various data storage systems.
5.7. MICROPROCESSORS
Functions performed and overall operation of a microprocessor;
- -
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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5.9. MULTIPLEXING
Operation, application and identification in logic diagrams of multiplexers and demultiplexers. - -
5.10. FIBRE OPTICS
Advantages and disadvantages of fibre optic data transmission over electrical wire propagation;
Fibre optic data bus; Fibre optic related terms;
Terminations; couplers, control terminals, remote terminals;
Application of fibre optics in aircraft systems.
- -
5.11. ELECTRONIC DISPLAYS
- -
Awareness of risks and possible damage, component and personnel anti-static protection devices.
AG-05-12-A-B3 1
- -
Influence of the following phenomena on maintenance practices for electronic system:
EMC-ElectroMagnetic Compatibility;
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General arrangement of typical electronic / digital aircraft systems and associated BITE (Built In Test Equipment) testing such as:
ACARS – ARINC Communication and Addressing and Reporting System;
ECAM – Electronic Centralised Aircraft Monitoring;
EFIS – Electronic Flight Instrument System;
EICAS – Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System;
FBW – Fly-By-Wire:
IMA – Integrated Modular Avionics;
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6.1. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS - FERROUS
Characteristics, properties and identification of common alloy steels used in aircraft;
Heat treatment and application of alloy steels.
(b) - -
Testing of ferrous materials for hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength and impact resistance.
6.2. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS – NON-FERROUS
Heat treatment and application of non-ferrous materials.
(b) - -
Testing of non-ferrous material for hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength and impact resistance.
6.3. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS – COMPOSITE AND NON-METALLIC
6.3.1. Composite and non-metallic other than wood and fabric
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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Sealant and bonding agents.
Repair of composite and non-metallic material.
6.3.2. Wooden structures
Construction methods of wooden airframe structures;
Characteristics, properties and types of wood and glue used in aeroplanes;
Preservation and maintenance of wooden structure;
Types of defects in wood material and wooden structures;
The detection of defects in wooden structure;
Repair of wooden structure.
Inspections methods for fabric;
AG-06-03-03-A 1
6.4. CORROSION
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(b) AG-06-04b-A-B2-B3 2
Causes of corrosion;
6.5. FASTENERS
Screw nomenclature;
Thread forms, dimension and tolerances for standard thread used in aircraft;
Measuring screw threads
Bolt types: specification, identification and marking of aircraft bolts, international standards;
Nuts: self locking, anchor, standard types;
Machine screws: aircraft specifications;
Self tapping screws, dowels.
6.5.3. Locking devices AG-06-05-03-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Tab and spring washers, locking plates, split pins, pal-nuts, wire locking, quick release fasteners, keys, circlips, cotter pins.
6.5.4. Aircraft rivets AG-06-05-04-A-B2 1
Types of solid and blind rivets: specifications and identification;
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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(a) AG-06-06a-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Identification of, and types of rigid and flexible pipes and their connectors used in aircraft.
(b) AG-06-06b-A-B1-B3 2
Standard unions for aircraft hydraulic, fuel, oil, pneumatic and air system pipes.
6.7. SPRINGS
6.8. BEARINGS
Purpose of bearings, loads, material, construction; Types of bearings and their application. AG-06-08-A-B3 1
6.9. TRANSMISSIONS
Gear ratios, reduction and multiplication gear systems, driven and driving gears, idler gears, mesh patterns;
Belts and pulleys, chains and sprockets.
AG-06-09-A-B3 1
Pulleys and cable system components;
AG-06-10-A-B2 1
Bowden cables;
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Crimping;
Connector types, pins, plugs, sockets, insulators, current and voltage rating, coupling, identification codes.
AG-06-11-A 1
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7.1. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS-AIRCRAFT AND WORKSHOP
Aspects of safe working practices including precautions to take when working with electricity, gases especially oxygen, oils and chemicals.
Also, instruction in the remedial action to be taken in the event of a fire or another accident with one or more of these hazards including knowledge on extinguishing agents.
AG-07A-01-A-B1-B2 3
Care of tools, control of tools, use of workshop materials;
Dimensions, allowances and tolerances, standards of workmanship.
Calibration of tools and equipment, calibration standards.
AG-07A-02-A-B1-B2 3
7.3. TOOLS
Lubrication equipment and methods.
AG-07A-03-A-B1-B2 3
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7.5. ENGINEERING DRAWINGS, DIAGRAMS AND STANDARDS
Drawing types and diagrams, their symbols, dimensions, tolerances and projections;
Identifying title block information;
Specification 100 of the Air Transport Association (ATA) of America;
Aeronautical and other applicable standards including ISO, AN, MS, NAS and MIL;
Wiring diagrams and schematic diagrams.
AG-07A-05-A 1
Common system of fits and clearances;
Schedule of fits and clearances for aircraft and engines;
Limits for bow, twist and wear;
Standard methods for checking shafts, bearings and other parts.
AG-07A-06-A-B2 1
Continuity, insulation and bonding techniques and testing;
Use of crimp tools: hand and hydraulic operated;
Testing of crimp joints;
Co-axial cables: testing and installation precautions;
AG-07A-07-A 1
Identification of wire types, their inspection criteria and damage tolerance;
Wiring protection techniques: Cable looming and loom support, cable clamps protective sleeving
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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EWIS installations, inspection, repair, maintenance and cleanliness standards.
7.8. RIVETING
Inspection of riveted joints.
Inspection and testing of aircraft pipes and hoses;
Installation and clamping of pipes.
AG-07A-09-A 1
7.10. SPRINGS
7.11. BEARINGS
Lubrication requirements of bearings;
AG-07A-11-A 1
7.12. TRANSMISSIONS
AG-07A-12-A 1
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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AG-07A-13-A 1
Inspection of sheet metal work.
7.14.2. Composite and non-metallic - -
(a) - -
(b) - -
Bonding methods and inspection of bonded joints.
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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(a) - -
(b) - -
Aircraft weighing.
Aircraft taxiing / towing and associated safety precautions;
Aircraft jacking, chocking, securing and associated safety precautions;
Aircraft storage methods;
Refuelling / de-fuelling procedures;
De-icing / anti-icing procedures;
Effects of environmental conditions on aircraft handling and operation.
AG-07A-17-A-B1-B2 2
(a)
Corrosion removal, assessment and re-protection.
AG-07A-18a-A 2
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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(c) - -
(d)
(e)
(b) AG-07A-19b-A-B1 2
Inspections following abnormal events such as heavy landings and flight through turbulence.
7.20. MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
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8.1. PHYSICS OF THE ATMOSPHERE
International Standard Atmosphere (ISA), application to aerodynamics. AG-08-01-B1-B2 2
8.2. AERODYNAMICS
Airflow around a body;
Boundary layer, laminar and turbulent flow, free stream flow, relative airflow, upwash and downwash, vortices, stagnation;
The terms: camber, chord, mean aerodynamic chord, profile (parasite) drag, induced drag, centre of pressure, angle of attack, wash in and wash out, fineness ratio, wing shape and aspect ratio;
Thrust, Weight, Aerodynamic Resultant;
Generation of Lift and Drag: Angle of Attack, Lift coefficient, Drag coefficient, polar curve, stall;
Aerofoil contamination including ice, snow, frost.
AG-08-02-B1-B2 2
Relation ship between lift, weight, thrust and drag; Glide ratio;
Steady stable flights, performance;
Theory of the turn;
Influence of load factor: stall, flight envelope and structural limitations;
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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Longitudinal, lateral and directional stability (active and passive). AG-08-04-B1-B2 2
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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9.1. GENERAL
Incidents attributable to human factors / human error;
‘Murphy's’ law.
AG-09A-01-A 1
Vision;
Hearing;
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Time pressure and deadlines;
Sleep and fatigue, shiftwork;
Alcohol, medication, drug abuse.
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Dissemination of information.
Implications of errors (i.e accidents);
Avoiding and managing errors.
Recognising and avoiding hazards;
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10.1. REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
Role of the European Commission;
Role of EASA;
Role of the Member States and the National Aviation Authorities
Regulation (EC) N° 1321/2014 and its implementing rules Regulations (EC) N° 216/2008 and (EC) N° 2042/2003.
Relationships between the various Annexes (Parts) such as Part-21, Part-M, Part-145, Part-66, Part-147 and EO-OPS.
AD-10-01-A-B1-B2-B3 1
10.3. APPROVED MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS
Detailed understanding of Part-145 and Part-M Subpart F. AD-10-03-A-B1-B2-B3 2
10.4. AIR OPERATIONS
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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Aircraft Maintenance Programme;
Aircraft placarding (markings).
(a) General - -
(b) Documents - -
Certificate of registration;
10.6. CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS
Detailed understanding of Part-M.
SUPERSEDED BY EU REQUIREMENTS).
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Airworthiness directives;
Modifications and repairs;
Master Minimum Equipment Lists, Minimum equipment lists, Dispatch Deviation lists.
AD-10-07a-A 1
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SYSTEMS
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MODULE 11A. TURBINE AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS – A1 CATEGORY
11A.1. THEORY OF FLIGHT
Operation and effect of:
pitch control: elevators, stabilators, variable incidence stabilisers and canards;
yaw control, rudder limiters;
Control using elevons, ruddervators;
Drag inducing devices, spoilers, lift dumpers, speed brakes;
Effects of wing fences, saw tooth leading edges;
Boundary layer control using, vortex generators, stall wedges or leading edge devices;
Operation and effect of trim tabs, balance and antibalance (leading) tabs, servo tabs, spring tabs, mass balance, control surface bias, aerodynamic balance panels.
11A.1.2. High Speed flight AG-11A-01-02-A1 1
Speed of sound, subsonic flight, transonic flight, supersonic flight,
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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Factors affecting airflow in engine intakes of high speed aircraft;
Effects of sweepback on critical Mach number.
11A.2. AIRFRAME STRUCTURES – GENERAL CONCEPTS
(a) AG-11A-02a-A1-B11 2
Structural classification, primary, secondary and tertiary;
Fail safe, safe life, damage tolerance concepts;
Zonal and station identification systems;
Stress, strain, bending, compression, shear, torsion, tension, hoop stress, fatigue;
Drains and ventilation provisions;
Structure assembly techniques: riveting, bolting, bonding
Methods of surface protection, such as chromating, anodising, painting ;
Surface cleaning;
11A.3. AIRFRAME STRUCTURES – AEROPLANES
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Construction and pressurisation sealing;
Seat installation and cargo loading system;
Doors and emergency exits : construction, mechanisms, operation and safety devices ;
Windows and windscreen construction and mechanisms.
11A.3.2. Wings (ATA 57) AG-11A-03-02-A1 1
Construction;
11A.3.3. Stabilizers (ATA 55) AG-11A-03-03-A1 1
Construction;
Construction and attachment;
Construction;
Firewalls;
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11A.4.1. Air supply AG-11A-04-01-A1 1
Sources of air supply including engine bleed, APU and ground cart.
11A.4.2. Air conditioning AG-11A-04-02-A1 1
Air conditioning systems;
Distribution systems;
11A.4.3. Pressurization AG-11A-04-03-A1 1
Cabin pressure controllers.
Protection and warning devices.
Pitot static: altimeter, air speed indicator, vertical speed indicator;
Gyroscopic: artificial horizon, attitude director, direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, turn and slip indicator, turn coordinator;
Compasses: direct reading, remote reading;
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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Glass cockpit;
Fundamentals of system lay-outs and operation of:
Auto Flight (ATA 22);
(a) AG-11A-07a-A1-B11 2
Emergency equipment requirements;
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Airstairs.
(a) AG-11A-08a-A1 1
Fire extinguishing systems;
Primary controls: aileron, elevator, rudder, spoiler;
Trim control;
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System operation: manual, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, fly-by-wire;
Artificial feel, Yaw damper, Mach trim, rudder limiter, gust locks systems;
Balancing and rigging;
System lay-out;
Fuel tanks;
Supply systems;
System lay-out;
Hydraulic fluids;
Emergency pressure generation;
57
Ice formation, classification and detection;
Anti-icing systems: electrical, hot air and chemical;
De-icing systems: electrical, hot air, pneumatic and chemical ;
Rain repellent;
Construction, shock absorbing;
Indications and warning;
Tyres;
Steering;
Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo;
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Supply regulation;
Toilet system lay-out, flushing and servicing;
Corrosion aspects.
AG-11A-17-A1 2
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
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AG-11A-18-A1 1
11A.19. INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS (ATA 42)
Functions that may be typically integrated in the Integrated Modular Avionic (IMA) modules are, among others:
Bleed management,
Temperature control,
Tyre pressure indication,
Oleo pressure indication,
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11A.20. CABIN SYSTEMS (ATA 44)
The units and components which furnish a means of entertaining the passengers and providing communication within the aircraft (Cabin Intercommunication Data System) and between the aircraft cabin and ground stations (Cabin Network Service). Includes voice, data, music and video transmissions.
The Cabin Intercommunication Data System provides an interface between cockpit/cabin crew and cabin systems. These systems support data exchange of the different related LRU’s and they are typically operated via Flight Attendant Panels.
The Cabin Network Service typically consists on a server, typically interfacing with, among others, the following systems:
Data/Radio Communication, In-Flight Entertainment System.
The Cabin Network Service may host functions such as:
Access to pre-departure/departure reports,
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The units and components which furnish a means of storing, updating and retrieving digital information traditionally provided on paper, microfilm or microfiche. Includes units that are dedicated to the information storage and retrieval function such as the electronic library mass storage and controller. Does not include units or components installed for other uses and shared with other systems, such as flight deck printer or general use display.
Typical examples include Air Traffic and Information Management Systems and Network Server Systems:
Aircraft General Information System;
Flight Deck Information System;
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15.1. FUNDAMENTALS
Potential energy, kinetic energy, Newton's laws of motion, Brayton cycle;
The relationship between force, work, power, energy, velocity, acceleration;
Constructional arrangement and operation of turbojet, turbofan, turboshaft, turboprop.
AG-15-01-A1-A3 1
Engine efficiencies;
Pressure, temperature and velocity of the gas flow
- -
Ice protection.
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Fan balancing;
Causes and effects of compressors tall and surge;
Methods of air flow control: bleed valves, variable inlet guide vanes, variable stator vanes, rotating stator blades;
Compressor ratio.
15.6. TURBINE SECTION
Blade to disk attachment;
AG-15-06- A1-A3-B1 2
Engine noise reduction;
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15.11. FUEL SYSTEMS
Operation of engine control and fuel metering systems including electronic engine control (FADEC);
Systems lay-out and components.
Operation of engine air distribution and anti-ice control systems, including internal cooling, sealing and external air services.
AG-15-12- A1-A3 1
Operation of engine start systems and components;
Ignition systems and components;
Engine thrust Indication:
engine pressure ratio,
AG-15-14- A1-A3 1
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Reduction gears;
Overspeed safety devices.
AG-15-16- A1-A3 1
15.17. TURBO-SHAFT ENGINES
15.18. AUXILIARY POWER UNITS (APUs)
Purpose, operation, protective systems. AG-15-18- A1-A3 1
15.19. POWERPLANT INSTALLATION
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feeders, connectors, wiring looms, control cables and rods, lifting points and drains.
15.20. FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
15.21. ENGINE MONITORING AND GROUND INSTALLATION
Procedures for starting and ground run-up;
Interpretation of engine power output and parameters;
Trend (including oil analysis, vibration and boroscope) monitoring;
Inspection of engine and components to criteria, tolerances and data specified by engine manufacturer;
Compressor washing / cleaning;
Foreign object damage.
AG-15-21- A1-A3 1
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17A.1. FUNDAMENTALS
rotational speed;
Propeller slip;
Torque;
Relative airflow on blade angle of attack; vibration and resonance.
AG-17A-01-A 1
Construction methods and materials used in composite and metal propellers;
Blade station, blade face, blade shank, blade back and hub assembly;
Fixed pitch, controllable pitch, constant speeding propeller;
Propeller/spinner installation.
AG-17A-02-A 1
Feathering and reverse pitch;
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17A.6. PROPELLER MAINTENANCE
Propeller treatment/repair schemes;
Propeller engine running.
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1.1. ARITHMETIC
Fractions and decimals,
Factors and multiples,
Ratio and proportion,
Averages and percentages,
Square and cube roots.
(b) - -
74
Indices and powers, negative and fractional indices,
Binary and other applicable numbering systems,
Simultaneous equations,
Logarithms.
Graphs of equations/functions.
- -
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2.1. MATTER
Nature of matter: the chemical elements, structure of atoms, molecules;
Chemical compounds.
Changes between states.
Centre of gravity.
Elements of theory of stress, strain and elasticity: tension, compression, shear and torsion;
Nature and properties of solid, fluid and gas;
Pressure and buoyancy in liquids (barometers).
2.2.2. Kinetics AG-02-02-02-A-B2-B3 1
Linear movement: uniform motion in a straight line, motion under constant acceleration (motion under gravity) ;
Rotational movement: uniform circular motion (centrifugal/centripetal forces);
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Velocity ratio mechanical advantage and efficiency.
2.2.3. Dynamics AG-02-02-02-A-B2-B3 1
(a) Mass AG-02-02-03a-A-B2-B3 1
Mass, force, inertia, work, power, energy (potential, kinetic and total energy), heat, efficiency.
(b) Momentum, conservation of momentum AG-02-02-03b-A-B3 1
Momentum, conservation of momentum;
2.2.4. Fluid dynamics
(a) AG-02-02-04a-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Effects of compressibility on fluids ;
Static, dynamic and total pressure: Bernoulli’s Theorem, Venturi
2.3. THERMODYNAMICS
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(b) - -
Volumetric expansion;
Isothermal, adiabatic expansion and compression, engine cycles, constant volume and constant pressure, refrigerators and heat pumps;
Gases: ideal gases laws; specific heat at constant volume and constant pressure, work done by expanding gas;
Latent heat of fusion and evaporation, thermal energy, heat of combustion.
2.4. OPTICS (LIGHT)
Laws of reflection and refraction: reflection at plane surfaces,
Reflection by spherical mirrors, refraction, lenses, fibre optics.
- -
Wave motion: mechanical waves, sinusoidal wave motion,
Interference phenomena, standing waves;
Pitch and quality, Doppler effect.
- -
- -
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80
3.1. ELECTRON THEORY
Structure and distribution of electrical charges within: atoms, molecules, ions, compounds;
Molecular structure of conductors, semiconductors and insulators.
AG-03-01-A-B1-B2-B3 1
Static electricity and distribution of electrostatic charges;
Electro static laws of attraction and repulsion;
Units of charge, Coulomb's Law;
Conduction of electricity in solids, liquids, gases and vacuum.
AG-03-02-A-B3
1
AG-03-03-A-B3 1
Production of electricity by the following methods: light, heat, friction, pressure, chemical action, magnetism and motion.
AG-03-04-A-B1-B2-B3 1
81
Construction and basic chemical action of: primary cells, secondary cells, lead acid cells, nickel cadmium cells, other alkaline cells;
Cells connected in series and parallel;
Internal resistance and its effect on a battery;
Construction, materials and operation of thermocouples;
Operation of photo-cells.
Kirchhoff’s Voltage and Current Laws;
Calculations using the above laws to find resistance voltage and current;
Significance of the internal resistance of a supply.
- -
Resistor colour code, values and tolerances, preferred values, wattage ratings;
Resistors in series and parallel;
Calculation of total resistance using series, parallel and
Series parallel combinations;
Operation and use of potentiometers and rheostats; operation of Wheatstone Bridge.
(b) - -
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Variable resistors, thermistors, voltage dependent resistors; construction of potentiometers and rheostats;
Construction of Wheatstone Bridge.
Dissipation of power by a resistor;
Power formula;
- -
Operation and function of a capacitor;
Factors affecting capacitance area of plates, distance between plates, number of plates, dielectric and dielectric constant, working voltage, voltage rating;
Capacitor types,
Calculations of capacitance and voltage in series and parallel circuits;
Exponential charge and discharge of a capacitor, time constants;
Testing of capacitors.
Properties of a magnet;
Action of a magnet suspended in the Earth’s magnetic field;
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83
Electromagnets construction and principles of operation;
Hand clasp rules to determine: magnetic field around current carrying conductor.
(b) - -
Precautions for care and storage of magnets.
3.11. INDUCTANCE/INDUCTOR
Faraday’s Law;
Action of inducing a voltage in a conductor moving in a magnetic field;
Induction principles;
Effects of the following on the magnitude of an induced voltage: magnetic field strength,
Induction principles;
Effects of the following on the magnitude of an induced voltage: magnetic field strength, rate of change of flux,
Number of conductor turns;
- -
Factors affecting mutual inductance: number of turns in coil, physical size of coil, permeability of coil, position of coils with respect to each other.
Lenz's Law and polarity determining rules; - -
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Construction and purpose of components in DC generator ;
Operation of, and factors affecting output and direction of current flow in DC generators;
Operation of, and factors affecting output power, torque, speed and direction of rotation of DC motors;
Series wound, shunt wound and compound motors;
Starter generator construction.
Sinusoidal waveform: phase, period, frequency, cycle;
Instantaneous, average, root mean square, peak, peak to peak current values and calculations of the values, in relation voltage, current and power;
Triangular/Square waves;
3.14. RESISTIVE (R), CAPACITIVE (C) AND INDUCTIVE (L) CIRCUITS
Phase relation ship of voltage and current in L, C and R circuits, parallel, series and series parallel;
Impedance, phase angle, power factor and current calculations;
- -
3.15. TRANSFORMERS
Transformer losses and methods for overcoming them;
- -
85
Power transfer, efficiency, polarity markings;
Calculation of line and phase voltages and currents;
Primary and Secondary current, voltage, turns ratio, power, efficiency;
Auto transformers.
3.16. FILTERS
- -
Rotation of loop in a magnetic field and waveform produced;
Operation and construction of revolving armature and revolving field type AC generators;
Single phase, two phase and three phase alternators;
Three phase star and delta connections advantages and uses ;
Permanent magnet generators.
- -
Methods of speed control and direction of rotation;
Methods of producing a rotating field: capacitor, inductor, shaded or split pole.
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86
87
5.1. ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT SYSTEMS
5.2. NUMBERING SYSTEMS
- -
5.3. DATA CONVERSION
- -
5.4. DATA BUSES
Operation of data buses in aircraft systems including knowledge of ARINC and other specifications;
Aircraft network/Ethernet.
Identification of common logic gate symbols, tables and equivalent circuits;
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88
(b) - -
(a) AG-05-06a-A 1
Computer terminology (including bit, byte, software, hard ware, CPU, IC, and various memory devices such as RAM, ROM, PROM);
Computer technology (as applied in aircraft systems).
(b) - -
Computer related terminology;
Operation, layout and interface of the major components in a micro computer including their associated bus systems;
Information contained in single and multi address instruction words;
Memory associated terms;
Operation, advantages and disadvantages of the various data storage systems.
5.7. MICROPROCESSORS
Functions performed and overall operation of a microprocessor;
- -
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89
5.9. MULTIPLEXING
Operation, application and identification in logic diagrams of multiplexers and demultiplexers. - -
5.10. FIBRE OPTICS
Advantages and disadvantages of fibre optic data transmission over electrical wire propagation;
Fibre optic data bus; Fibre optic related terms;
Terminations; couplers, control terminals, remote terminals;
Application of fibre optics in aircraft systems.
- -
5.11. ELECTRONIC DISPLAYS
- -
Awareness of risks and possible damage, component and personnel anti-static protection devices.
AG-05-12-A-B3 1
- -
Influence of the following phenomena on maintenance practices for electronic system:
EMC-ElectroMagnetic Compatibility;
90
General arrangement of typical electronic / digital aircraft systems and associated BITE (Built In Test Equipment) testing such as:
ACARS – ARINC Communication and Addressing and Reporting System;
ECAM – Electronic Centralised Aircraft Monitoring;
EFIS – Electronic Flight Instrument System;
EICAS – Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System;
FBW – Fly-By-Wire:
IMA – Integrated Modular Avionics;
91
92
6.1. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS - FERROUS
Characteristics, properties and identification of common alloy steels used in aircraft;
Heat treatment and application of alloy steels.
(b) - -
Testing of ferrous materials for hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength and impact resistance.
6.2. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS – NON-FERROUS
Heat treatment and application of non-ferrous materials.
(b) - -
Testing of non-ferrous material for hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength and impact resistance.
6.3. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS – COMPOSITE AND NON-METALLIC
6.3.1. Composite and non-metallic other than wood and fabric
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93
Sealant and bonding agents.
Repair of composite and non-metallic material.
6.3.2. Wooden structures
Construction methods of wooden airframe structures;
Characteristics, properties and types of wood and glue used in aeroplanes;
Preservation and maintenance of wooden structure;
Types of defects in wood material and wooden structures;
The detection of defects in wooden structure;
Repair of wooden structure.
Inspections methods for fabric;
AG-06-03-03-A 1
6.4. CORROSION
94
(b) AG-06-04b-A-B2-B3 2
Causes of corrosion;
6.5. FASTENERS
Screw nomenclature;
Thread forms, dimension and tolerances for standard thread used in aircraft;
Measuring screw threads
Bolt types: specification, identification and marking of aircraft bolts, international standards;
Nuts: self locking, anchor, standard types;
Machine screws: aircraft specifications;
Self tapping screws, dowels.
6.5.3. Locking devices AG-06-05-03-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Tab and spring washers, locking plates, split pins, pal-nuts, wire locking, quick release fasteners, keys, circlips, cotter pins.
6.5.4. Aircraft rivets AG-06-05-04-A-B2 1
Types of solid and blind rivets: specifications and identification;
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(a) AG-06-06a-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Identification of, and types of rigid and flexible pipes and their connectors used in aircraft.
(b) AG-06-06b-A-B1-B3 2
Standard unions for aircraft hydraulic, fuel, oil, pneumatic and air system pipes.
6.7. SPRINGS
6.8. BEARINGS
Purpose of bearings, loads, material, construction; Types of bearings and their application. AG-06-08-A-B3 1
6.9. TRANSMISSIONS
Gear ratios, reduction and multiplication gear systems, driven and driving gears, idler gears, mesh patterns;
Belts and pulleys, chains and sprockets.
AG-06-09-A-B3 1
Pulleys and cable system components;
AG-06-10-A-B2 1
Bowden cables;
96
Crimping;
Connector types, pins, plugs, sockets, insulators, current and voltage rating, coupling, identification codes.
AG-06-11-A 1
97
98
7.1. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS-AIRCRAFT AND WORKSHOP
Aspects of safe working practices including precautions to take when working with electricity, gases especially oxygen, oils and chemicals.
Also, instruction in the remedial action to be taken in the event of a fire or another accident with one or more of these hazards including knowledge on extinguishing agents.
AG-07A-01-A-B1-B2 3
Care of tools, control of tools, use of workshop materials;
Dimensions, allowances and tolerances, standards of workmanship.
Calibration of tools and equipment, calibration standards.
AG-07A-02-A-B1-B2 3
7.3. TOOLS
Lubrication equipment and methods.
AG-07A-03-A-B1-B2 3
99
7.5. ENGINEERING DRAWINGS, DIAGRAMS AND STANDARDS
Drawing types and diagrams, their symbols, dimensions, tolerances and projections;
Identifying title block information;
Specification 100 of the Air Transport Association (ATA) of America;
Aeronautical and other applicable standards including ISO, AN, MS, NAS and MIL;
Wiring diagrams and schematic diagrams.
AG-07A-05-A 1
Common system of fits and clearances;
Schedule of fits and clearances for aircraft and engines;
Limits for bow, twist and wear;
Standard methods for checking shafts, bearings and other parts.
AG-07A-06-A-B2 1
Continuity, insulation and bonding techniques and testing;
Use of crimp tools: hand and hydraulic operated;
Testing of crimp joints;
Co-axial cables: testing and installation precautions;
AG-07A-07-A 1
Identification of wire types, their inspection criteria and damage tolerance;
Wiring protection techniques: Cable looming and loom support, cable clamps protective sleeving
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100
EWIS installations, inspection, repair, maintenance and cleanliness standards.
7.8. RIVETING
Inspection of riveted joints.
Inspection and testing of aircraft pipes and hoses;
Installation and clamping of pipes.
AG-07A-09-A 1
7.10. SPRINGS
7.11. BEARINGS
Lubrication requirements of bearings;
AG-07A-11-A 1
7.12. TRANSMISSIONS
AG-07A-12-A 1
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AG-07A-13-A 1
Inspection of sheet metal work.
7.14.2. Composite and non-metallic - -
(a) - -
(b) - -
Bonding methods and inspection of bonded joints.
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(a) - -
(b) - -
Aircraft weighing.
Aircraft taxiing / towing and associated safety precautions;
Aircraft jacking, chocking, securing and associated safety precautions;
Aircraft storage methods;
Refuelling / de-fuelling procedures;
De-icing / anti-icing procedures;
Effects of environmental conditions on aircraft handling and operation.
AG-07A-17-A-B1-B2 2
(a)
Corrosion removal, assessment and re-protection.
AG-07A-18a-A 2
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(c) - -
(d)
(e)
(b) AG-07A-19b-A-B1 2
Inspections following abnormal events such as heavy landings and flight through turbulence.
7.20. MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
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105
106
8.1. PHYSICS OF THE ATMOSPHERE
International Standard Atmosphere (ISA), application to aerodynamics. AG-08-01-B1-B2 2
8.2. AERODYNAMICS
Airflow around a body;
Boundary layer, laminar and turbulent flow, free stream flow, relative airflow, upwash and downwash, vortices, stagnation;
The terms: camber, chord, mean aerodynamic chord, profile (parasite) drag, induced drag, centre of pressure, angle of attack, wash in and wash out, fineness ratio, wing shape and aspect ratio;
Thrust, Weight, Aerodynamic Resultant;
Generation of Lift and Drag: Angle of Attack, Lift coefficient, Drag coefficient, polar curve, stall;
Aerofoil contamination including ice, snow, frost.
AG-08-02-B1-B2 2
Relation ship between lift, weight, thrust and drag; Glide ratio;
Steady stable flights, performance;
Theory of the turn;
Influence of load factor: stall, flight envelope and structural limitations;
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Longitudinal, lateral and directional stability (active and passive). AG-08-04-B1-B2 2
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109
9.1. GENERAL
Incidents attributable to human factors / human error;
‘Murphy's’ law.
AG-09A-01-A 1
Vision;
Hearing;
110
Time pressure and deadlines;
Sleep and fatigue, shiftwork;
Alcohol, medication, drug abuse.
111
Dissemination of information.
Implications of errors (i.e accidents);
Avoiding and managing errors.
Recognising and avoiding hazards;
112
113
10.1. REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
Role of the European Commission;
Role of EASA;
Role of the Member States and the National Aviation Authorities
Regulation (EC) N° 1321/2014 and its implementing rules Regulations (EC) N° 216/2008 and (EC) N° 2042/2003.
Relationships between the various Annexes (Parts) such as Part-21, Part-M, Part-145, Part-66, Part-147 and EO-OPS.
AD-10-01-A-B1-B2-B3 1
10.3. APPROVED MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS
Detailed understanding of Part-145 and Part-M Subpart F. AD-10-03-A-B1-B2-B3 2
10.4. AIR OPERATIONS
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Aircraft Maintenance Programme;
Aircraft placarding (markings).
(a) General - -
(b) Documents - -
Certificate of registration;
10.6. CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS
Detailed understanding of Part-M.
SUPERSEDED BY EU REQUIREMENTS).
115
Airworthiness directives;
Modifications and repairs;
Master Minimum Equipment Lists, Minimum equipment lists, Dispatch Deviation lists.
AD-10-07a-A 1
116
SYSTEMS
117
MODULE 11B. PISTON AEROPLANE AERODYNAMICS, STRUCTURES AND SYSTEMS – A2 CATEGORY
11B.1. THEORY OF FLIGHT
Operation and effect of:
pitch control: elevators, stabilators, variable incidence stabilisers and canards;
yaw control, rudder limiters;
Control using elevons, ruddervators;
Drag inducing devices, spoilers, lift dumpers, speed brakes;
Effects of wing fences, saw tooth leading edges;
Boundary layer control using, vortex generators, stall wedges or leading edge devices;
Operation and effect of trim tabs, balance and antibalance (leading) tabs, servo tabs, spring tabs, mass balance, control surface bias, aerodynamic balance panels.
11B.1.2. High Speed Flight N/A
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(a) AG-11B-02a-A2-B12 2
Structural classification, primary, secondary and tertiary;
Fail safe, safe life, damage tolerance concepts;
Zonal and station identification systems;
Stress, strain, bending, compression, shear, torsion, tension, hoop stress, fatigue;
Drains and ventilation provisions;
Structure assembly techniques: riveting, bolting, bonding
Methods of surface protection, such as chromating, anodising, painting ;
Surface cleaning;
11B.3. AIRFRAME STRUCTURES – AEROPLANES
Construction and pressurisation sealing;
119
Seat installation and cargo loading system;
Doors and emergency exits : construction, mechanisms, operation and safety devices ;
Windows and windscreen construction and mechanisms.
11B.3.2. Wings (ATA 57) AG-11B-03-02-A2 1
Construction;
11B.3.3. Stabilizers (ATA 55) AG-11B-03-03-A2 1
Construction;
Construction and attachment;
Construction;
Firewalls;
Pressurisation and air conditioning systems;
Cabin pressure controllers, protection and warning devices;
AG-11B-04-01-A2 1
120
Pitot static: altimeter, air speed indicator, vertical speed indicator;
Gyroscopic: artificial horizon, attitude director, direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, turn and slip indicator, turn coordinator;
Compasses: direct reading, remote reading;
Angle of attack indication, stall warning systems;
Glass cockpit;
Fundamentals of system lay-outs and operation of:
Auto Flight (ATA 22);
121
(a) AG-11B-07a-A2-B12 2
Emergency equipment requirements;
Airstairs.
(a) AG-11B-08-A2 1
Fire extinguishing systems;
122
Primary controls: aileron, elevator, rudder, spoiler;
Trim control;
System operation: manual, hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, fly-by-wire;
Artificial feel, Yaw damper, Mach trim, rudder limiter, gust locks systems;
Balancing and rigging;
System lay-out;
Fuel tanks;
Supply systems;
System lay-out; AG-11B-11-A2 1
123
Emergency pressure generation;
Ice formation, classification and detection;
Anti-icing systems: electrical, hot air and chemical;
De-icing systems: electrical, hot air, pneumatic and chemical ;
Rain repellent;
Construction, shock absorbing;
Indications and warning;
Tyres;
Steering;
124
Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo;
Supply regulation;
125
Toilet system lay-out, flushing and servicing;
Corrosion aspects.
AG-11B-17-A2 2
126
127
16.1. FUNDAMENTALS
Operating principles: 2 stroke, 4 stroke, Otto and Diesel;
Piston displacement and compression ratio;
Engine configuration and firing order.
AG-16-01-A2-A4 1
Accessory gearbox;
Valve mechanisms;
AG-15-03-A2-A4 1
128
Icing and heating.
AG-16-04-01- A2-A4 1
16.4.3. Electronic engine control
Operation of engine control and fuel metering systems including electronic engine control (FADEC);
Systems lay-out and components.
Starting systems, pre-heat systems;
Ignition harnesses, spark plugs;
AG-16-05- A2-A4 1
Construction and operation of: induction systems including alternate air systems;
Exhaust systems, engine cooling systems — air and liquid.
AG-16-06- A2-A4 1
16.7. SUPERCHARGING/TURBOCHARGING
Principles and purpose of supercharging and its effects on engine parameters; AG-16-07- A2-A4 1
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System terminology;
Control systems;
System protection..
16.10. ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEMS
AG-16-11- A2-A4 1
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130
Interpretation of engine power output and parameters;
Inspection of engine and components: criteria, tolerances, and data specified by engine manufacturer.
AG-16-12- A2-A4 1
Preservation and depreservation for the engine and accessories/systems. AG-16-13- A2-A4 -
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131
132
17A.1. FUNDAMENTALS
rotational speed;
Propeller slip;
Torque;
Relative airflow on blade angle of attack; vibration and resonance.
AG-17A-01-A 1
Construction methods and materials used in composite and metal propellers;
Blade station, blade face, blade shank, blade back and hub assembly;
Fixed pitch, controllable pitch, constant speeding propeller;
Propeller/spinner installation.
AG-17A-02-A 1
Feathering and reverse pitch;
133
17A.6. PROPELLER MAINTENANCE
Propeller treatment/repair schemes;
Propeller engine running.
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134
135
136
1.1. ARITHMETIC
Fractions and decimals,
Factors and multiples,
Ratio and proportion,
Averages and percentages,
Square and cube roots.
(b) - -
137
Indices and powers, negative and fractional indices,
Binary and other applicable numbering systems,
Simultaneous equations,
Logarithms.
Graphs of equations/functions.
- -
138
139
2.1. MATTER
Nature of matter: the chemical elements, structure of atoms, molecules;
Chemical compounds.
Changes between states.
Centre of gravity.
Elements of theory of stress, strain and elasticity: tension, compression, shear and torsion;
Nature and properties of solid, fluid and gas;
Pressure and buoyancy in liquids (barometers).
2.2.2. Kinetics AG-02-02-02-A-B2-B3 1
Linear movement: uniform motion in a straight line, motion under constant acceleration (motion under gravity) ;
Rotational movement: uniform circular motion (centrifugal/centripetal forces);
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Velocity ratio mechanical advantage and efficiency.
2.2.3. Dynamics AG-02-02-02-A-B2-B3 1
(a) Mass AG-02-02-03a-A-B2-B3 1
Mass, force, inertia, work, power, energy (potential, kinetic and total energy), heat, efficiency.
(b) Momentum, conservation of momentum AG-02-02-03b-A-B3 1
Momentum, conservation of momentum;
2.2.4. Fluid dynamics
(a) AG-02-02-04a-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Effects of compressibility on fluids ;
Static, dynamic and total pressure: Bernoulli’s Theorem, Venturi
2.3. THERMODYNAMICS
141
(b) - -
Volumetric expansion;
Isothermal, adiabatic expansion and compression, engine cycles, constant volume and constant pressure, refrigerators and heat pumps;
Gases: ideal gases laws; specific heat at constant volume and constant pressure, work done by expanding gas;
Latent heat of fusion and evaporation, thermal energy, heat of combustion.
2.4. OPTICS (LIGHT)
Laws of reflection and refraction: reflection at plane surfaces,
Reflection by spherical mirrors, refraction, lenses, fibre optics.
- -
Wave motion: mechanical waves, sinusoidal wave motion,
Interference phenomena, standing waves;
Pitch and quality, Doppler effect.
- -
- -
142
143
3.1. ELECTRON THEORY
Structure and distribution of electrical charges within: atoms, molecules, ions, compounds;
Molecular structure of conductors, semiconductors and insulators.
AG-03-01-A-B1-B2-B3 1
Static electricity and distribution of electrostatic charges;
Electro static laws of attraction and repulsion;
Units of charge, Coulomb's Law;
Conduction of electricity in solids, liquids, gases and vacuum.
AG-03-02-A-B3
1
AG-03-03-A-B3 1
Production of electricity by the following methods: light, heat, friction, pressure, chemical action, magnetism and motion.
AG-03-04-A-B1-B2-B3 1
144
Construction and basic chemical action of: primary cells, secondary cells, lead acid cells, nickel cadmium cells, other alkaline cells;
Cells connected in series and parallel;
Internal resistance and its effect on a battery;
Construction, materials and operation of thermocouples;
Operation of photo-cells.
Kirchhoff’s Voltage and Current Laws;
Calculations using the above laws to find resistance voltage and current;
Significance of the internal resistance of a supply.
- -
Resistor colour code, values and tolerances, preferred values, wattage ratings;
Resistors in series and parallel;
Calculation of total resistance using series, parallel and
Series parallel combinations;
Operation and use of potentiometers and rheostats; operation of Wheatstone Bridge.
(b) - -
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145
Variable resistors, thermistors, voltage dependent resistors; construction of potentiometers and rheostats;
Construction of Wheatstone Bridge.
Dissipation of power by a resistor;
Power formula;
- -
Operation and function of a capacitor;
Factors affecting capacitance area of plates, distance between plates, number of plates, dielectric and dielectric constant, working voltage, voltage rating;
Capacitor types,
Calculations of capacitance and voltage in series and parallel circuits;
Exponential charge and discharge of a capacitor, time constants;
Testing of capacitors.
Properties of a magnet;
Action of a magnet suspended in the Earth’s magnetic field;
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146
Electromagnets construction and principles of operation;
Hand clasp rules to determine: magnetic field around current carrying conductor.
(b) - -
Precautions for care and storage of magnets.
3.11. INDUCTANCE/INDUCTOR
Faraday’s Law;
Action of inducing a voltage in a conductor moving in a magnetic field;
Induction principles;
Effects of the following on the magnitude of an induced voltage: magnetic field strength,
Induction principles;
Effects of the following on the magnitude of an induced voltage: magnetic field strength, rate of change of flux,
Number of conductor turns;
Mutual induction;
The effect the rate of change of primary current and mutual inductance has on induced voltage;
Factors affecting mutual inductance: number of turns in coil, physical size of coil, permeability of coil, position of coils with respect to each other;
Lenz's Law and polarity determining rules; - -
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Construction and purpose of components in DC generator ;
Operation of, and factors affecting output and direction of current flow in DC generators;
Operation of, and factors affecting output power, torque, speed and direction of rotation of DC motors;
Series wound, shunt wound and compound motors;
Starter generator construction.
Sinusoidal waveform: phase, period, frequency, cycle;
Instantaneous, average, root mean square, peak, peak to peak current values and calculations of the values, in relation voltage, current and power;
Triangular/Square waves;
3.14. RESISTIVE (R), CAPACITIVE (C) AND INDUCTIVE (L) CIRCUITS
Phase relation ship of voltage and current in L, C and R circuits, parallel, series and series parallel;
Impedance, phase angle, power factor and current calculations;
True power, apparent power and reactive power calculations.
- -
Transformer losses and methods for overcoming them;
- -
148
Power transfer, efficiency, polarity markings;
Calculation of line and phase voltages and currents;
Primary and Secondary current, voltage, turns ratio, power, efficiency;
Auto transformers.
3.16. FILTERS
- -
Rotation of loop in a magnetic field and waveform produced;
Operation and construction of revolving armature and revolving field type AC generators;
Single phase, two phase and three phase alternators;
Three phase star and delta connections advantages and uses ;
Permanent magnet generators.
Construction, principles of operation and characteristics of: AC synchronous and induction motors both single and polyphase;
Methods of speed control and direction of rotation;
- -
149
150
5.1. ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT SYSTEMS
5.2. NUMBERING SYSTEMS
- -
5.3. DATA CONVERSION
- -
5.4. DATA BUSES
Operation of data buses in aircraft systems including knowledge of ARINC and other specifications;
Aircraft network/Ethernet.
Identification of common logic gate symbols, tables and equivalent circuits;
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151
(b) - -
(a) AG-05-06a-A 1
Computer terminology (including bit, byte, software, hard ware, CPU, IC, and various memory devices such as RAM, ROM, PROM);
Computer technology (as applied in aircraft systems).
(b) - -
Computer related terminology;
Operation, layout and interface of the major components in a micro computer including their associated bus systems;
Information contained in single and multi address instruction words;
Memory associated terms;
Operation, advantages and disadvantages of the various data storage systems.
5.7. MICROPROCESSORS
Functions performed and overall operation of a microprocessor;
- -
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5.9. MULTIPLEXING
Operation, application and identification in logic diagrams of multiplexers and demultiplexers. - -
5.10. FIBRE OPTICS
Advantages and disadvantages of fibre optic data transmission over electrical wire propagation;
Fibre optic data bus; Fibre optic related terms;
Terminations; couplers, control terminals, remote terminals;
Application of fibre optics in aircraft systems.
- -
5.11. ELECTRONIC DISPLAYS
- -
Awareness of risks and possible damage, component and personnel anti-static protection devices.
AG-05-12-A-B3 1
- -
Influence of the following phenomena on maintenance practices for electronic system:
EMC-ElectroMagnetic Compatibility;
153
General arrangement of typical electronic / digital aircraft systems and associated BITE (Built In Test Equipment) testing such as:
ACARS – ARINC Communication and Addressing and Reporting System;
ECAM – Electronic Centralised Aircraft Monitoring;
EFIS – Electronic Flight Instrument System;
EICAS – Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System;
FBW – Fly-By-Wire:
IMA – Integrated Modular Avionics;
154
155
6.1. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS - FERROUS
Characteristics, properties and identification of common alloy steels used in aircraft;
Heat treatment and application of alloy steels.
(b) - -
Testing of ferrous materials for hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength and impact resistance.
6.2. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS – NON-FERROUS
Heat treatment and application of non-ferrous materials.
(b) - -
Testing of non-ferrous material for hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength and impact resistance.
6.3. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS – COMPOSITE AND NON-METALLIC
6.3.1. Composite and non-metallic other than wood and fabric
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156
Sealant and bonding agents.
Repair of composite and non-metallic material.
6.3.2. Wooden structures
Construction methods of wooden airframe structures;
Characteristics, properties and types of wood and glue used in aeroplanes;
Preservation and maintenance of wooden structure;
Types of defects in wood material and wooden structures;
The detection of defects in wooden structure;
Repair of wooden structure.
Inspections methods for fabric;
AG-06-03-03-A 1
6.4. CORROSION
157
(b) AG-06-04b-A-B2-B3 2
Causes of corrosion;
6.5. FASTENERS
Screw nomenclature;
Thread forms, dimension and tolerances for standard thread used in aircraft;
Measuring screw threads
Bolt types: specification, identification and marking of aircraft bolts, international standards;
Nuts: self locking, anchor, standard types;
Machine screws: aircraft specifications;
Self tapping screws, dowels.
6.5.3. Locking devices AG-06-05-03-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Tab and spring washers, locking plates, split pins, pal-nuts, wire locking, quick release fasteners, keys, circlips, cotter pins.
6.5.4. Aircraft rivets AG-06-05-04-A-B2 1
Types of solid and blind rivets: specifications and identification;
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(a) AG-06-06a-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Identification of, and types of rigid and flexible pipes and their connectors used in aircraft.
(b) AG-06-06b-A-B1-B3 2
Standard unions for aircraft hydraulic, fuel, oil, pneumatic and air system pipes.
6.7. SPRINGS
6.8. BEARINGS
Purpose of bearings, loads, material, construction; Types of bearings and their application. AG-06-08-A-B3 1
6.9. TRANSMISSIONS
Gear ratios, reduction and multiplication gear systems, driven and driving gears, idler gears, mesh patterns;
Belts and pulleys, chains and sprockets.
AG-06-09-A-B3 1
Pulleys and cable system components;
Bowden cables;
159
Crimping;
Connector types, pins, plugs, sockets, insulators, current and voltage rating, coupling, identification codes.
AG-06-11-A 1
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161
7.1. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS-AIRCRAFT AND WORKSHOP
Aspects of safe working practices including precautions to take when working with electricity, gases especially oxygen, oils and chemicals.
Also, instruction in the remedial action to be taken in the event of a fire or another accident with one or more of these hazards including knowledge on extinguishing agents.
AG-07A-01-A-B1-B2 3
Care of tools, control of tools, use of workshop materials;
Dimensions, allowances and tolerances, standards of workmanship.
Calibration of tools and equipment, calibration standards.
AG-07A-02-A-B1-B2 3
7.3. TOOLS
Lubrication equipment and methods.
AG-07A-03-A-B1-B2 3
162
7.5. ENGINEERING DRAWINGS, DIAGRAMS AND STANDARDS
Drawing types and diagrams, their symbols, dimensions, tolerances and projections;
Identifying title block information;
Specification 100 of the Air Transport Association (ATA) of America;
Aeronautical and other applicable standards including ISO, AN, MS, NAS and MIL;
Wiring diagrams and schematic diagrams.
AG-07A-05-A 1
Common system of fits and clearances;
Schedule of fits and clearances for aircraft and engines;
Limits for bow, twist and wear;
Standard methods for checking shafts, bearings and other parts.
AG-07A-06-A-B2 1
Continuity, insulation and bonding techniques and testing;
Use of crimp tools: hand and hydraulic operated;
Testing of crimp joints;
Co-axial cables: testing and installation precautions;
Identification of wire types, their inspection criteria and damage tolerance;
Wiring protection techniques: Cable looming and loom support, cable clamps protective sleeving techniques including heat shrink wrapping, shielding;
AG-07A-07-A 1
163
7.8. RIVETING
Inspection of riveted joints.
Inspection and testing of aircraft pipes and hoses;
Installation and clamping of pipes.
AG-07A-09-A 1
7.10. SPRINGS
7.11. BEARINGS
Lubrication requirements of bearings;
AG-07A-11-A 1
7.12. TRANSMISSIONS
Inspection of screw jacks, lever devices, push-pull rod systems.
AG-07A-12-A 1
164
AG-07A-13-A 1
Inspection of sheet metal work.
7.14.2. Composite and non-metallic - -
(a) - -
(b) - -
Bonding methods and inspection of bonded joints.
7.16. AIRCRAFT WEIGHT AND BALANCE
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(a) - -
(b) - -
Aircraft weighing.
Aircraft taxiing / towing and associated safety precautions;
Aircraft jacking, chocking, securing and associated safety precautions;
Aircraft storage methods;
Refuelling / de-fuelling procedures;
De-icing / anti-icing procedures;
Effects of environmental conditions on aircraft handling and operation.
AG-07A-17-A-B1-B2 2
(a)
Corrosion removal, assessment and re-protection.
AG-07A-18a-A 2
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(c) - -
(d)
(e)
(b) AG-07A-19b-A-B1 2
Inspections following abnormal events such as heavy landings and flight through turbulence.
7.20. MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES
Additional maintenance procedures.
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8.1. PHYSICS OF THE ATMOSPHERE
International Standard Atmosphere (ISA), application to aerodynamics. AG-08-01-B1-B2 2
8.2. AERODYNAMICS
Airflow around a body;
Boundary layer, laminar and turbulent flow, free stream flow, relative airflow, upwash and downwash, vortices, stagnation;
The terms: camber, chord, mean aerodynamic chord, profile (parasite) drag, induced drag, centre of pressure, angle of attack, wash in and wash out, fineness ratio, wing shape and aspect ratio;
Thrust, Weight, Aerodynamic Resultant;
Generation of Lift and Drag: Angle of Attack, Lift coefficient, Drag coefficient, polar curve, stall;
Aerofoil contamination including ice, snow, frost.
AG-08-02-B1-B2 2
Relation ship between lift, weight, thrust and drag; Glide ratio;
Steady stable flights, performance;
Theory of the turn;
Influence of load factor: stall, flight envelope and structural limitations;
AG-08-03-B1-B2 2
170
Longitudinal, lateral and directional stability (active and passive). AG-08-04-B1-B2 2
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172
9.1. GENERAL
Incidents attributable to human factors / human error;
‘Murphy's’ law.
AG-09A-01-A 1
Vision;
Hearing;
173
Time pressure and deadlines;
Sleep and fatigue, shiftwork;
Alcohol, medication, drug abuse.
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Dissemination of information.
9.8. HUMAN ERROR
Implications of errors (i.e accidents);
Avoiding and managing errors.
Recognising and avoiding hazards;
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176
10.1. REGULATORY FRAMEWORK
Role of the European Commission;
Role of EASA;
Role of the Member States and the National Aviation Authorities
Regulation (EC) N° 1321/2014 and its implementing rules Regulations (EC) N° 216/2008 and (EC) N° 2042/2003.
Relationships between the various Annexes (Parts) such as Part-21, Part-M, Part-145, Part-66, Part-147 and EO-OPS.
AD-10-01-A-B1-B2-B3 1
10.3. APPROVED MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS
Detailed understanding of Part-145 and Part-M Subpart F. AD-10-03-A-B1-B2-B3 2
10.4. AIR OPERATIONS
177
Aircraft Maintenance Programme;
Aircraft placarding (markings).
(a) General - -
(b) Documents - -
Certificate of registration;
10.6. CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS
Detailed understanding of Part-M.
SUPERSEDED BY EU REQUIREMENTS).
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Modifications and repairs;
Master Minimum Equipment Lists, Minimum equipment lists, Dispatch Deviation lists.
(b) - -
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180
A3 & A4 CATEGORIES
Terminology;
Dissymmetry of lift, Blade tip stall;
Translating tendency and its correction;
Coriolis effect and compensation;
Auto-rotation;
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Blade Dampers: Function and construction;
Rotor Blades: Main and tail rotor blade construction and attachment;
Trim control, fixed and adjustable stabilisers;
System operation: manual, hydraulic, electrical and fly-by-wire;
Artificial feel;
Rotor alignment;
Static and dynamic balancing;
Ground resonance.
AG-12-03-A3-A4 1
12.4. TRANSMISSION
Clutches, free wheel units and rotor brake;
Tail rotor drive shafts, flexible couplings, bearings, vibration dampers and bearing hangers.
AG-12-04-A3-A4 1
Structural classification, primary, secondary and tertiary;
Fail safe, safe life, damage tolerance concepts;
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Stress, strain, bending, compression, shear, torsion, tension, hoop stress, fatigue;
Drains and ventilation provisions;
Pylon, stabiliser and undercarriage attachments;
Seat installation;
Windows and windscreen construction;
Methods of surface protection, such as chromating, anodising, painting;
Surface cleaning;
12.6. AIR CONDITIONING (ATA 21)
12.6.1. Air Supply AG-12-06-01-A3-A4 1
Sources of air supply including engine bleed and ground cart.
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Air conditioning systems;
Protection and warning devices.
12.7. INSTRUMENTS – AVIONIC SYSTEMS
Pitot static: altimeter, air speed indicator, vertical speed indicator;
Gyroscopic: artificial horizon, attitude director, direction indicator, horizontal situation indicator, turn and slip indicator, turn coordinator;
Compasses: direct reading, remote reading;
Vibration indicating systems — HUMS;
Auto Flight (ATA 22);
Batteries Installation and Operation;
AG-12-08-A3-A4 1
184
(a) AG-12-09a-A3-A4-B1 2
Emergency equipment requirements;
Fire and smoke detection and warning systems;
Fire extinguishing systems;
System lay-out; AG-12-11-A3-A4 1
185
System lay-out;
Hydraulic fluids;
Emergency pressure generation;
Ice formation, classification and detection;
Anti-icing and De-icing systems: electrical, hot air and chemical;
Rain repellent and removal;
Probe and drain heating;
186
Construction, shock absorbing;
Indications and warning;
Wheels, Tyres, brakes;
Internal: cabin, cockpit, cargo;
Pressure control;
12.17. INTEGRATED MODULAR AVIONICS (ATA 42)
Functions that may be typically integrated in the Integrated Modular Avionic (IMA) modules are, among others:
AG-12-17-A3-A4 1
187
Temperature control,
Brake temperature monitoring, etc.
Central maintenance computers;
Data loading system;
Electronic library system;
AG-12-18-A3-A4 1
188
12.19. INFORMATION SYSTEMS (ATA 46)
The units and components which furnish a means of storing, updating and retrieving digital information traditionally provided on paper, microfilm or microfiche. Includes units that are dedicated to the information storage and retrieval function such as the electronic library mass storage and controller. Does not include units or components installed for other uses and shared with other systems, such as flight deck printer or general use display.
Typical examples include Air Traffic and Information Management Systems and Network Server Systems
Aircraft General Information System;
Flight Deck Information System;
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190
15.1. FUNDAMENTALS
Potential energy, kinetic energy, Newton's laws of motion, Brayton cycle;
The relationship between force, work, power, energy, velocity, acceleration;
Constructional arrangement and operation of turbojet, turbofan, turboshaft, turboprop.
AG-15-01-A1-A3 1
Engine efficiencies;
Pressure, temperature and velocity of the gas flow
- -
Ice protection.
191
Fan balancing;
Causes and effects of compressors tall and surge;
Methods of air flow control: bleed valves, variable inlet guide vanes, variable stator vanes, rotating stator blades;
Compressor ratio.
15.6. TURBINE SECTION
Blade to disk attachment;
AG-15-06- A1-A3-B1 2
Engine noise reduction;
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15.11. FUEL SYSTEMS
Operation of engine control and fuel metering systems including electronic engine control (FADEC);
Systems lay-out and components.
Operation of engine air distribution and anti-ice control systems, including internal cooling, sealing and external air services.
AG-15-12- A1-A3 1
Operation of engine start systems and components;
Ignition systems and components;
Engine thrust Indication:
engine pressure ratio,
AG-15-14- A1-A3 1
193
Reduction gears;
Overspeed safety devices.
AG-15-16- A1-A3 1
15.17. TURBO-SHAFT ENGINES
15.18. AUXILIARY POWER UNITS (APUs)
Purpose, operation, protective systems. AG-15-18- A1-A3 1
15.19. POWERPLANT INSTALLATION
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feeders, connectors, wiring looms, control cables and rods, lifting points and drains.
15.20. FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS
15.21. ENGINE MONITORING AND GROUND INSTALLATION
Procedures for starting and ground run-up;
Interpretation of engine power output and parameters;
Trend (including oil analysis, vibration and boroscope) monitoring;
Inspection of engine and components to criteria, tolerances and data specified by engine manufacturer;
Compressor washing / cleaning;
Foreign object damage.
AG-15-21- A1-A3 1
A4 CATEGORY
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
1.1. ARITHMETIC
Fractions and decimals,
Factors and multiples,
Ratio and proportion,
Averages and percentages,
Square and cube roots.
(b) - -
208
Indices and powers, negative and fractional indices,
Binary and other applicable numbering systems,
Simultaneous equations,
Logarithms.
Graphs of equations/functions.
- -
209
210
2.1. MATTER
Nature of matter: the chemical elements, structure of atoms, molecules;
Chemical compounds.
Changes between states.
Centre of gravity.
Elements of theory of stress, strain and elasticity: tension, compression, shear and torsion;
Nature and properties of solid, fluid and gas;
Pressure and buoyancy in liquids (barometers).
2.2.2. Kinetics AG-02-02-02-A-B2-B3 1
Linear movement: uniform motion in a straight line, motion under constant acceleration (motion under gravity) ;
Rotational movement: uniform circular motion (centrifugal/centripetal forces);
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Velocity ratio mechanical advantage and efficiency.
2.2.3. Dynamics AG-02-02-02-A-B2-B3 1
(a) Mass AG-02-02-03a-A-B2-B3 1
Mass, force, inertia, work, power, energy (potential, kinetic and total energy), heat, efficiency.
(b) Momentum, conservation of momentum AG-02-02-03b-A-B3 1
Momentum, conservation of momentum;
2.2.4. Fluid dynamics
(a) AG-02-02-04a-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Effects of compressibility on fluids ;
Static, dynamic and total pressure: Bernoulli’s Theorem, Venturi
2.3. THERMODYNAMICS
212
(b) - -
Volumetric expansion;
Isothermal, adiabatic expansion and compression, engine cycles, constant volume and constant pressure, refrigerators and heat pumps;
Gases: ideal gases laws; specific heat at constant volume and constant pressure, work done by expanding gas;
Latent heat of fusion and evaporation, thermal energy, heat of combustion.
2.4. OPTICS (LIGHT)
Laws of reflection and refraction: reflection at plane surfaces,
Reflection by spherical mirrors, refraction, lenses, fibre optics.
- -
Wave motion: mechanical waves, sinusoidal wave motion,
Interference phenomena, standing waves;
Pitch and quality, Doppler effect.
- -
- -
213
214
3.1. ELECTRON THEORY
Structure and distribution of electrical charges within: atoms, molecules, ions, compounds;
Molecular structure of conductors, semiconductors and insulators.
AG-03-01-A-B1-B2-B3 1
Static electricity and distribution of electrostatic charges;
Electro static laws of attraction and repulsion;
Units of charge, Coulomb's Law;
Conduction of electricity in solids, liquids, gases and vacuum.
AG-03-02-A-B3
1
AG-03-03-A-B3 1
Production of electricity by the following methods: light, heat, friction, pressure, chemical action, magnetism and motion.
AG-03-04-A-B1-B2-B3 1
215
Construction and basic chemical action of: primary cells, secondary cells, lead acid cells, nickel cadmium cells, other alkaline cells;
Cells connected in series and parallel;
Internal resistance and its effect on a battery;
Construction, materials and operation of thermocouples;
Operation of photo-cells.
Kirchhoff’s Voltage and Current Laws;
Calculations using the above laws to find resistance voltage and current;
Significance of the internal resistance of a supply.
- -
Resistor colour code, values and tolerances, preferred values, wattage ratings;
Resistors in series and parallel;
Calculation of total resistance using series, parallel and
Series parallel combinations;
Operation and use of potentiometers and rheostats; operation of Wheatstone Bridge.
(b) - -
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Variable resistors, thermistors, voltage dependent resistors; construction of potentiometers and rheostats;
Construction of Wheatstone Bridge.
Dissipation of power by a resistor;
Power formula;
- -
Operation and function of a capacitor;
Factors affecting capacitance area of plates, distance between plates, number of plates, dielectric and dielectric constant, working voltage, voltage rating;
Capacitor types,
Calculations of capacitance and voltage in series and parallel circuits;
Exponential charge and discharge of a capacitor, time constants;
Testing of capacitors.
Properties of a magnet;
Action of a magnet suspended in the Earth’s magnetic field;
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Electromagnets construction and principles of operation;
Hand clasp rules to determine: magnetic field around current carrying conductor.
(b) - -
Precautions for care and storage of magnets.
3.11. INDUCTANCE/INDUCTOR
Faraday’s Law;
Action of inducing a voltage in a conductor moving in a magnetic field;
Induction principles;
Effects of the following on the magnitude of an induced voltage: magnetic field strength,
Induction principles;
Effects of the following on the magnitude of an induced voltage: magnetic field strength, rate of change of flux,
Number of conductor turns;
- -
Factors affecting mutual inductance: number of turns in coil, physical size of coil, permeability of coil, position of coils with respect to each other.
Lenz's Law and polarity determining rules; - -
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Construction and purpose of components in DC generator ;
Operation of, and factors affecting output and direction of current flow in DC generators;
Operation of, and factors affecting output power, torque, speed and direction of rotation of DC motors;
Series wound, shunt wound and compound motors;
Starter generator construction.
Sinusoidal waveform: phase, period, frequency, cycle;
Instantaneous, average, root mean square, peak, peak to peak current values and calculations of the values, in relation voltage, current and power;
Triangular/Square waves;
3.14. RESISTIVE (R), CAPACITIVE (C) AND INDUCTIVE (L) CIRCUITS
Phase relation ship of voltage and current in L, C and R circuits, parallel, series and series parallel;
Impedance, phase angle, power factor and current calculations;
- -
3.15. TRANSFORMERS
Transformer losses and methods for overcoming them;
- -
219
Power transfer, efficiency, polarity markings;
Calculation of line and phase voltages and currents;
Primary and Secondary current, voltage, turns ratio, power, efficiency;
Auto transformers.
3.16. FILTERS
- -
Rotation of loop in a magnetic field and waveform produced;
Operation and construction of revolving armature and revolving field type AC generators;
Single phase, two phase and three phase alternators;
Three phase star and delta connections advantages and uses ;
Permanent magnet generators.
- -
Methods of speed control and direction of rotation;
Methods of producing a rotating field: capacitor, inductor, shaded or split pole.
AeroGATES: PART-66 Syllabuses and Cross-references
220
221
5.1. ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT SYSTEMS
5.2. NUMBERING SYSTEMS
- -
5.3. DATA CONVERSION
- -
5.4. DATA BUSES
Operation of data buses in aircraft systems including knowledge of ARINC and other specifications;
Aircraft network/Ethernet.
Identification of common logic gate symbols, tables and equivalent circuits;
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(b) - -
(a) AG-05-06a-A 1
Computer terminology (including bit, byte, software, hard ware, CPU, IC, and various memory devices such as RAM, ROM, PROM);
Computer technology (as applied in aircraft systems).
(b) - -
Computer related terminology;
Operation, layout and interface of the major components in a micro computer including their associated bus systems;
Information contained in single and multi address instruction words;
Memory associated terms;
Operation, advantages and disadvantages of the various data storage systems.
5.7. MICROPROCESSORS
Functions performed and overall operation of a microprocessor;
- -
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223
5.9. MULTIPLEXING
Operation, application and identification in logic diagrams of multiplexers and demultiplexers. - -
5.10. FIBRE OPTICS
Advantages and disadvantages of fibre optic data transmission over electrical wire propagation;
Fibre optic data bus; Fibre optic related terms;
Terminations; couplers, control terminals, remote terminals;
Application of fibre optics in aircraft systems.
- -
5.11. ELECTRONIC DISPLAYS
- -
Awareness of risks and possible damage, component and personnel anti-static protection devices.
AG-05-12-A-B3 1
- -
Influence of the following phenomena on maintenance practices for electronic system:
EMC-ElectroMagnetic Compatibility;
224
General arrangement of typical electronic / digital aircraft systems and associated BITE (Built In Test Equipment) testing such as:
ACARS – ARINC Communication and Addressing and Reporting System;
ECAM – Electronic Centralised Aircraft Monitoring;
EFIS – Electronic Flight Instrument System;
EICAS – Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System;
FBW – Fly-By-Wire:
IMA – Integrated Modular Avionics;
225
226
6.1. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS - FERROUS
Characteristics, properties and identification of common alloy steels used in aircraft;
Heat treatment and application of alloy steels.
(b) - -
Testing of ferrous materials for hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength and impact resistance.
6.2. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS – NON-FERROUS
Heat treatment and application of non-ferrous materials.
(b) - -
Testing of non-ferrous material for hardness, tensile strength, fatigue strength and impact resistance.
6.3. AIRCRAFT MATERIALS – COMPOSITE AND NON-METALLIC
6.3.1. Composite and non-metallic other than wood and fabric
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227
Sealant and bonding agents.
Repair of composite and non-metallic material.
6.3.2. Wooden structures
Construction methods of wooden airframe structures;
Characteristics, properties and types of wood and glue used in aeroplanes;
Preservation and maintenance of wooden structure;
Types of defects in wood material and wooden structures;
The detection of defects in wooden structure;
Repair of wooden structure.
Inspections methods for fabric;
AG-06-03-03-A 1
6.4. CORROSION
228
(b) AG-06-04b-A-B2-B3 2
Causes of corrosion;
6.5. FASTENERS
Screw nomenclature;
Thread forms, dimension and tolerances for standard thread used in aircraft;
Measuring screw threads
Bolt types: specification, identification and marking of aircraft bolts, international standards;
Nuts: self locking, anchor, standard types;
Machine screws: aircraft specifications;
Self tapping screws, dowels.
6.5.3. Locking devices AG-06-05-03-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Tab and spring washers, locking plates, split pins, pal-nuts, wire locking, quick release fasteners, keys, circlips, cotter pins.
6.5.4. Aircraft rivets AG-06-05-04-A-B2 1
Types of solid and blind rivets: specifications and identification;
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229
(a) AG-06-06a-A-B1-B2-B3 2
Identification of, and types of rigid and flexible pipes and their connectors used in aircraft.
(b) AG-06-06b-A-B1-B3 2
Standard unions for aircraft hydraulic, fuel, oil, pneumatic and air system pipes.
6.7. SPRINGS
6.8. BEARINGS
Purpose of bearings, loads, material, construction; Types of bearings and their application. AG-06-08-A-B3 1
6.9. TRANSMISSIONS
Gear ratios, reduction and multiplication gear systems, driven and driving gears, idler gears, mesh patterns;
Belts and pulleys, chains and sprockets.
AG-06-09-A-B3 1
Pulleys and cable system components;
AG-06-10-A-B2 1
Bo