A Diagrammatic Case Study on The Municipal Orphanage, Amsterdam - Aldo van Eyck

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Text of A Diagrammatic Case Study on The Municipal Orphanage, Amsterdam - Aldo van Eyck

R.V. School of Architecture

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN V

ARCHITECTS: ALDO VAN EYCK CLIENTS: AMSTERDAM MUNICIPAL CORPORATION PROJECT YEAR: 1955-1960 PROJECT AREA: 14000 SQM CLIMATE: COOL DAMP CONTEXT: URBAN TOTAL COST: --

5 4 . M U N I C I P A L

O R P H A N A G E

A MSTERDAM , H OLLAND

54

S U J A Y

P U N N O O S E

T H O M A S

R.V. School of ArchitectureKEY

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN V

PROGRAMMATIC DISTRIBUTION1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. BOYS 14-18 GIRLS 14-18 BOYS 10-14 GIRLS 10-14 KIDS 6-10 KIDS 4-6 KIDS 2-4 BABIES INFIRMARY FESTIVE HALL THEATRE/GYM (TOP FLR. : NOT SHOWN) T RUSTEES, PSYCHOLOGISTS, TEAM LEADER AND STAFF ROOMS 13. ADMINISTRATION AND ARCHIVES 14. LIBRARY 15. MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE ROOM 16. GARAGE 17. MAIN LINEN ROOM 18. MAIN KITCHEN AND DIRECTOR S RESIDENCE 19. TEAM LEADERS RESIDENCE 20. CYCLE S HED PRIVATE S PACE

PUBLIC S PACE

STRICTLY PRIVATE SPACE

SERVICE AREA

MAIN ACCESS

VEHICULAR ACCESS

PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

SUJAY PUNNOOSE THOMAS

54.1

AMSTERDAM MUNICIPAL ORPHANAGE

R.V. School of Architecture

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN V

MASS #1

MASS #2

RESIDENTIAL MASS #1

RESIDENTIAL MASS #2

SHIFTING CENTRE

DECENTRALISED AND LINEARISED PIN-WHEEL ORGANISATION

THE SHIFTING OF THE VARIOUS CENTRES, REDUCING THEIR DOMINANCE

A RESPONSE TO THE CONTEXT:A MICROCOSMIC ANALOGY OF THE DWELLING AS A CITY AND THE MACROCOSMIC ANALOGY OF THE CITY FOR THE DWELLING A PARALLEL IS MADE THROUGH COMPARING PASSAGES WITHIN DWELLINGS TO STREETS AND URBAN PUBLIC PLAZAS TO LIVING ROOMS.

THE STREETS WITHIN AMSTERDAM

THE STREETS WITHIN THE CITY OF THE ORPHANAGE - TAKEN FROM ONE OF EYCKS CONCEPT SHEETS

SUJAY PUNNOOSE THOMAS

54.2

AMSTERDAM MUNICIPAL ORPHANAGE

R.V. School of Architecture

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN V

PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT VEHICULAR MOVEMENT

PROPORTIONS SEEN IN THE BUILDING (5:6)

MOVEMENTS PEDESTRIAN AND VEHICULAR

HEIRARCHY IN SCALE STRUCTURAL GRID DETAILED PLAN: KIDS(4-6) LOAD BEARING WALLS AND COLUMNATED SPANS=2750, HEIGHT=1800 (FF-BEAM BOTTOM)

SUJAY PUNNOOSE THOMAS

54.3

AMSTERDAM MUNICIPAL ORPHANAGE

R.V. School of Architecture

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN V

SUNPATH DIAGRAM, TEMPERATURE AND RAINFALL FOR AMSTERDAM

COURTYARDS ACT AS LIGHT TRAPS

LIGHT WELLS IN DOMES AND CUPOLAS ALSO PROVIDE LIGHT TO WALLED SPACES, ALONG WITH THE SLIT BEAMS

ALMOST 50% OF WALL SURFACES ARE OPENINGS TO ALLOW LIGHT AND THUS, HEAT.

SUJAY PUNNOOSE THOMAS

54.4

AMSTERDAM MUNICIPAL ORPHANAGE

R.V. School of ArchitectureCONCRETE CUPOLAS

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN V

PRECAST CONCRETE BEAMSLIT LEFT IN BETWEEN TENSION AND COMPRESSION ZONES LEFT FILLED FOR TRANSMISSION OF FORCE AND GIVES ILLUSION OF A CAPITAL

GENERAL ORDER AND TECHNOLOGY USEDEXPOSED CONCRETE CUPOLA EXPOSED PRECAST CONCRETE BEAM LIGHT WELLS FOR DORMITORIES

GLASS BLOCKS

EXPOSED BRICK MASONRY

MATERIALS USED (VIEW)

SECTION SHOWING GENERAL RHYTHM AND HORIZONTALITYOVERALL WE SEE A LOT OF SUSTAINABLE PRINCIPLES USED BY EYCK: LESS CONCRETE USED IN BEAMS AND NO PLASTERING THE USE OF THE DOME LOAD BEARING WALLS SEVERAL SMALLER GUTTERS CREATED BY CUPOLAS FOR RAINWATER LOTS OF OPENINGS TO ALLOW LIGHT AND HEAT PREFABRICATION OF BEAMS

SUJAY PUNNOOSE THOMAS

OPEN, TRANSITIONAL AND CLOSED SPACES SERVED AND SERVING SPACES (I.E. OPEN AND CLOSED SPACES SERVED BY THE TRANSITIONAL SPACE 54.5

AMSTERDAM MUNICIPAL ORPHANAGE