A Study of Green ICT and Cloud Computing of Green ICT and cloud computing implementation at ... cloud…

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<ul><li><p>ISSN: 2278 1323 </p><p>International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering &amp; Technology (IJARCET) </p><p>Volume 1, Issue 8, October 2012 </p><p>377 All Rights Reserved 2012 IJARCET </p><p>A Study of Green ICT and Cloud Computing </p><p>Implementation at Higher Technical Education </p><p>Institution Kavita Suryawanshi1, Sameer Narkehde2 </p><p> Abstract:Recently biggest challenge facing the environment is </p><p>global warming caused by carbon emission. This paper provides </p><p>a role of Green ICT and Cloud Computing at higher technical </p><p>education, focusing on the implementation need and benefits.In </p><p>this paper we have proposed cloud computing strategy and </p><p>architecture of cloud computing implementation at higher </p><p>technical education institutions based on the latest technologies. </p><p>The study identified Green strategies and also identifies the </p><p>benefits of Green ICT and cloud computing implementation at </p><p>higher educational institutions. </p><p>Keywords: CloudComputing,Cloud Strategy, Higher Technical </p><p>Education (HTE),Green ICT (GICT). </p><p>I. INTRODUCTION In the current scenario every enterprise wants to implement </p><p>Green ICT and cloud computing to fulfill their computing </p><p>needs and social responsibilityInnovative use of ICT in </p><p>teaching and learning stimulated dynamic learning </p><p>environment. ICT have improved the quality of teaching and </p><p>learning by providing access to a great variety of educational </p><p>resources. Higher education has acknowledged in time as one </p><p>of the pillars of society development. [6].Cloud computing is </p><p>a new method to add capabilities to a computer without </p><p>licensing new software, investing in new hardware or </p><p>infrastructure or training new personnel. Applications are </p><p>purchased, licensed and run over the network instead of users </p><p>desktop [1].Globalization, requirements of the students from </p><p>the twenty first century and other factors are leading to </p><p>pressure on universities in terms of ensuring appropriate </p><p>Information Technology supports necessary for educational </p><p>and research/development activities [2].The Cloud Computing </p><p>implementation at higher technical education may be a </p><p>solution to improve the agility and quick access to technology, </p><p>with the achievement of savings at institution level [3]. Cloud </p><p>has many benefits for educational institutions. Here are four to </p><p>consider with cloud computing higher technical education can </p><p>open their technology infrastructures to students and </p><p>academicians for research advancement [3]. </p><p>Generally, cloud computing could be roughly defined as </p><p>provision of a new computing infrastructure or a scale out </p><p>computing paradigm shifting the location of the traditional </p><p>infrastructure to the Internet in order to cut costs for managing </p><p>resources of hardware and software [4].As part of the </p><p>evolution of cloud computing in the last two years, many </p><p>renowned companies have begun to engage in the provision of </p><p>cloud computing infrastructures and services. Amazon, </p><p>Microsoft, Google, IBM, Sun, Dell are examples of Service </p><p>Providers and Infrastructure Providers [7].Here we have </p><p>defined educational cloud as the software ,infrastructure and </p><p>platform data of higher technical educational institutions </p><p>hosted centrally over Internet Green Information and </p><p>Communication Technology is broadly understood as an </p><p>initiative to encourage individuals, groups, and organization </p><p>engaged in the use of ICT to consider environmental </p><p>problems and find solutions to them [17]. Use of ICT in </p><p>education is a cause of carbon dioxide emission, high energy </p><p>consumption and hazardous waste production. These pressure </p><p>led education institutions to adopt Green ICT so as to </p><p>minimize energy consumption, carbon footprint, ICT waste </p><p>and to reduce energy cost. </p><p>II. LITERATUREREVIEW Supaporn Chai-Arayalert, Keiichi Nakata have reviewed the </p><p>concept of Green ICT and presented a framework to analyze </p><p>Green ICT strategy, practice and measurement in UK Higher </p><p>Education Institutions. The study analyzed the evolution of </p><p>Green ICT practices in UK HEIs based on web based data </p><p>collection in 2009 and 2011 [17]. </p><p>Robert C. Meuranthave conducted a study on ICT uses to </p><p>go Green in institutional education at Korea. The studies have </p><p>found that educational institutions seek to adopt responsible </p><p>environmental practices. The study has evaluated blended </p><p>learning system [16]. </p><p>MarinelaMircea ,AncaIoanaAndreescuhave found out </p><p>alternatives to use information technologies. The paper also </p><p>provided strategies for the use of cloud solutions in </p><p>universities by improving knowledge in this field and </p><p>providing a practical guide adaptable to the university </p><p>structures[1]. </p><p>Liladhar R. RewatkarUjwal A. Lanjewar </p><p>has analysed the implementation of cloud computing on web </p><p>application. He also discussed the advantages of cloud </p></li><li><p>ISSN: 2278 1323 </p><p>International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering &amp; Technology (IJARCET) </p><p>Volume 1, Issue 8, October 2012 </p><p>378 All Rights Reserved 2012 IJARCET </p><p>computing and issues related to cloud computing on web </p><p>application [3]. </p><p>Dr AshishRastogihas proposed a model based framework to </p><p>implement cloud computing in E-governance. He has also </p><p>discussed the various problems that have been identified in </p><p>implementing the various phases of the E-governance in </p><p>developing countries[6]. </p><p>Amrit Shankar Dutta has provided educational cloud </p><p>architecture and use of cloud computing in education. He has </p><p>also suggested the benefits of cloud implementation in </p><p>education[13]. </p><p>MarinelaMircea has provided an approach to use the mix of </p><p>SOA, BPM and cloud computing in higher education. He has </p><p>presented the current state of Romanian universities regarding </p><p>the implementation of integrated solutions based on the latest </p><p>technologies[2]. </p><p>Matthew James, Karen Card (2012) was used case study </p><p>methodology to determine factors contributed to three USA </p><p>universities institutions achieving environmental </p><p>sustainability. The study identified six factors that were </p><p>present at all three institutions [10]. Nan Chou Chen has studied the feasibility of the adoption </p><p>of cloud computing in the development of Information </p><p>Systems in IT Firms in Taiwan[14]. </p><p>Shahid Al Noor,F.T. Jaigirdarhas proposed architecture of </p><p>cloud computing for education system in Bangladesh and </p><p>discussed the impact of his proposed architecture on current </p><p>education system of Bangladesh[8]. ZuqiangWu have presented constraints that hampered the </p><p>development of green schools in china including outmoded </p><p>conventions of educators,finance and trained teachers, </p><p>inadequate environmental teaching methods and the </p><p>limitations of Green school criteria. The paper also suggested </p><p>strategies to foster Green schools in China [15]. </p><p>III. RESEARCHDESIGN A. Objective of Research : 1. To study the feasibility of cloud computing and Green </p><p>ICT implementation at higher education. </p><p>2. To proposed cloud strategy for higher education. 3. To study cloud computing architecture with reference to </p><p>higher education institutions. </p><p>4. To identify the benefits of cloud computing and Green ICT implementation at higher educational institutions. </p><p>B. Research Questions: The research aims to answer the following research questions: </p><p>1. What is implementations status of Green ICT and cloud </p><p>computing in Educational Institutes? </p><p>2. What are phases in implementation of cloud computing </p><p>services at higher technical education? </p><p>3. What are benefits attained through cloud computing and </p><p>Green ICT implementations? </p><p>C. Research Methodology : The research methodology comprises a rigorous analysis of </p><p>the latest research on Cloud Computing and Green ICT. </p><p>D. Type of Data: Only secondary data is used. The various statistics, facts, and </p><p>figures on cloud computing Articles published in national and </p><p>international journal, E-journal, internet, books, newspaper </p><p>etc. </p><p>E. Scope of Research: The scope of research is limited to higher technical education </p><p>institutions8.The population of study consists of faculty, </p><p>student, researcher, and administrative staff of any higher </p><p>technical education. </p><p>IV. CLOUD IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES FOR HIGHER TECHNICAL EDUCATION </p><p>In this section we discuss the cloud strategies to migrate </p><p>from traditional computing structure to Cloud computing as </p><p>shown in figure 1. These strategies are based on prototyping </p><p>model of software engineering and includes eight phase. This </p><p>is continuous improvement process till higher technical </p><p>Education attained their goal [19]. Following are the phases </p><p>for cloud computing implementation at higher technical </p><p>education: </p><p>A. Phase 1: Form Cloud Computing Steering Committee. This committee is formed to supervise all the activities </p><p>regarding implementation of cloud computing at higher </p><p>technical education. This committee is mainly consisting of </p><p>the stakeholders of educational institutionslike faculties, </p><p>students, researchers, administrative staff, and parents. </p><p>B. Phase 2: Develop the knowledge base about cloud computing. </p><p>Cloud computing steering committee develops knowledge </p><p>base by attending seminars, conferences on cloud computing </p><p>solution. The committee has a discussion with cloud </p><p>computing service providers like Amazon, Microsoft, etc. </p><p>C. Phase3: Feasibility Study </p><p>After forming the knowledge base, there is need to do </p><p>feasibility study for implementing cloud computing solutions </p><p>with respect to economic concern, technical concern and </p><p>reliability concern. In economicconcern, higher technical </p><p>education need to consider the preliminary capital investment </p><p>and ongoing cost involved in the adoption of cloud services. </p><p>In technical concern, the speed of broadband and performance </p><p>ofwebbased application should be improved. In reliability </p><p>concern, the capability of cloud services must be audited by </p><p>third parties. Service vendor must provide reliable system. </p><p>D. Phase 4: Identify Service Provider Agency Higher technical education has to study and analyse different </p><p>service providers policies and strategies. The institution need </p><p>to approach various service providers and compare their </p><p>policies to match their requirements as well as analyse the </p></li><li><p>ISSN: 2278 1323 </p><p>International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering &amp; Technology (IJARCET) </p><p>Volume 1, Issue 8, October 2012 </p><p>379 All Rights Reserved 2012 IJARCET </p><p>bestand optimal cloud computing solutions with minimum </p><p>cost and efforts. </p><p>E. Phase 5: Develop architecture After deciding the service provider the cloud computing </p><p>architecture is formed according to the needs of higher </p><p>technical education institutes for implementing cloud services </p><p>for their users. The detailed architecture is explained in the </p><p>next section. </p><p>F. Phase 6: Pilot Deployment The deployment is done in iterative phase, through the </p><p>continuous transition of data, services and processes towards </p><p>cloud. While deploying the data, services and processes, the </p><p>continuous evaluation of the cloud technology is done to </p><p>benefit the higher technical education with the cloud services. </p><p>G. Phase 7: Training After implementation it is essential to give proper training to </p><p>all the service users like faculties, researchers, admin staff, </p><p>and parents to get maximum advantage of using cloud services </p><p>in higher technical education. </p><p>H. Phase 8: Continuous improvements. There should be continuous improvement till educational </p><p>institute get the functional cloud computing base system using </p><p>live data. </p><p> Fig 1: Cloud Strategy in higher education (Source:ICEMT 2010) </p><p>V. CLOUD COMPUTING ARCHITECTURE FOR HIGHER TECHNICAL EDUCATION </p><p> The higher technical education can use cloud computing </p><p>services such as Saas, Paas and Iaas which allow users to use </p><p>computer applications without having to purchase, install and </p><p>run softwares on their local computers or servers. The </p><p>proposed architecture should be able to implement these </p><p>services for the users of Higher Technical Education for </p><p>carrying out their activities [19].For e.g. the administrative </p><p>staff handling student related work, finance and accounting, </p><p>purchasing and procurement etc. Also education, training and </p><p>research related needs of students and academic staff who </p><p>work especially in higher technical education. The service </p><p>providers for cloud computing like Amazon, Google </p><p>Microsoft, Sun, etc can provide these services in real time by </p><p>managing the entire infrastructure at some remote location </p><p>[14]. There are basically three types of cloud services offered </p><p>in the proposed architecture of cloud computing as shown in </p><p>figure 2. </p><p>A. Software AsService (SaaS) Through Software as a service (SaaS), the software </p><p>support can be provided to Higher Technical Education to </p><p>meet for their users like faculties, student, administrative staff, </p><p>researchers and other personals. The software provided is </p><p>either very expensive or rarely found.Here we are trying to list </p><p>out the various softwareservices, web portals and </p><p>collaboration tools required in highertechnical education for </p><p>their Faculties, Students,Researchers, Parents, Administrative </p><p>staff and non-teachingstaff. </p><p>1. Software services for students </p><p>Students needs software for having student corner student </p><p>information management,e-learning, live courses, online exam, </p><p>software projects, placement support, training to students, </p><p>computer lab etc[12]. Student Corner is provided to register </p><p>them and also to utilize the services from education clouds. </p><p>Educational clouds can built a virtual computing lab equipped </p><p>with original licensed softwares which can be accessed by </p><p>students and faculties for developing various computer </p><p>applications and projects. E-learning applications and </p><p>processes provide virtual education opportunities and </p><p>digitalcollaboration. Educational Content is delivered via the </p><p>Internet, intranet, audio or video tape, Satellite TV, and CD-</p><p>ROM etc. </p></li><li><p>ISSN: 2278 1323 </p><p>International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering &amp; Technology (IJARCET) </p><p>Volume 1, Issue 8, October 2012 </p><p>380 All Rights Reserved 2012 IJARCET </p><p> Fig. 2 The ProposedCloud computing Architecture for HTE </p><p> 2. Software services for researchers and faculties Researchers needs research paper resources, presentations, </p><p>virtual research lab like Meta lab etc.The various software </p><p>services can be provided to faculties for having faculty corner, </p><p>curriculum resources, education analytics, online faculty </p><p>development program and training. </p><p>3. General softwares services Cooperative library collection will provide the live tutoring </p><p>help on demand. It also provides Writing Lab for students to </p><p>submit their articles and other forms of writing for </p><p>constructive feedback .Cloud service provider can offer web </p><p>portals for live webinars and web mails. The students, </p><p>faculties, researchers and non teaching staff can access emails </p><p>using a webmail client i.e. the Higher Technical Education </p><p>itself. Computer as their webinar instructor can describe about </p><p>the new technology, trading and the market around the </p><p>world.Other Collaboration Tools like docum...</p></li></ul>

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