A. Tamasin Sterner Pure Energy Lancaster, Pennsylvania 717-293-8990

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Electric Baseload Basics ACI 09 FUND 8: Wednesday, April 29, 2009 2:00 pm to 3:40 pm Kansas City, Missouri. Rana Belshe Conservation Connection Consulting Fairchild, Wisconsin 715-334-2707. A. Tamasin Sterner Pure Energy Lancaster, Pennsylvania 717-293-8990. Session Objectives. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Electric Baseload Basics

    ACI 09 FUND 8: Wednesday, April 29, 20092:00 pm to 3:40 pm Kansas City, MissouriA. Tamasin Sterner Pure EnergyLancaster, Pennsylvania717-293-8990

    Rana BelsheConservation Connection ConsultingFairchild, Wisconsin715-334-2707

  • Session ObjectivesLearn how to separate electric baseload from whole house electric useExplore how occupants, equipment, and use patterns affect electricity consumptionEvaluate options and actions to reduce use

  • Todays TopicsThe equipment we will talk about today:ElectronicsLightingRefrigerationWater HeatingAnd a few other thingsWhat they useHow they workWhat can be done in terms of measures and behaviors

  • Weatherization Core Competencies

  • Baseload + Seasonal = Total Household Electric UseBaseload: Electricity that power thingslights and appliances--used year roundSeasonal use: Electricity used to provide heating, cooling, often dehumidification

    The goal is to understand how a particular household uses electricity, identify the possibilities for reducing that use and dialogue with the occupant for the best possible outcomes.

  • Holiday Hell-oExample of lighting as a seasonal load Photo: A. Tamasin Sterner, Pure Energy

  • Houses dont use energy. People do.

  • Reasons to Address BaseloadSometimes, reducing electric baseload can guarantee better savings than measures geared toward reducing the cost of heating and/or cooling: Savings Follows Use.Plug loads are increasing.Electric energy waste (energized equipment not in active use) is increasing.

  • Electricity originates inside clouds. There it forms lightning, which is attracted to the earth by golfers. After entering the ground, the electricity hardens into coal, which, when dug up by power companies and burned in big ovens called generators, turns back into electricity, which is sent in the form of volts (also known as watts or rpm for short) through special wires with birds sitting on them to consumers homes, where it is transformed by TV sets into commercials for beer, which passes through the consumer and back into the ground, thus completing what is known as a circuit.Dave Barry, Funny Times, 2002

  • Electricity: Energy & PowerEnergy From meter to utility billpower over time

    Watt hour - Wh kiloWatt hour - kWh (1,000 Wh)

    Power Nameplate potential instantaneous demandWatt - WkiloWatt (1,000 W) kWWatt - is one joule per second or the power supplied when a current of one ampere is driven by a potential difference of one volt

  • Energy Cost & ValueFebruary 4, 2009

    Cost/Unit x Unit/MBtu = Cost/MbtuPricing Source: ww.eia.doe.gov.neic/experts/heatcalc.xls

    Fuel SourceUnitBtu/ UnitUnit/ MbtuCost/ UnitCost/ MbtuCrude OilBarrel6,300,0000.16$45.00$7.20Coal Ton24,916,0000.04$240.00$9.63Mixed Wood Cord22,000,0000.05$200.00$10.00GasolineGallon125,0008$1.86$14.88Corn KernelsTon16,500,0000.06$250.00$15.15Natural GasTherm100,00010$1.55$15.50Wood PelletsTon16,500,0000.06$259.00$15.70Heating OilGallon138,6907.14$3.18$22.71PropaneGallon92,00010.87$2.48$26.96ElectricitykWh3,412293$0.10$29.31KeroseneGallon135,0007.4$4.10$30.37

  • General Baseload Analysis

  • Tools of the TradeConsumption historyCalculatorCameraClipboard & pen Tape measurekWh meterGround testerThermometersFlashlightLadderGloves (to remove hot bulbs)Extension cord

    2-3 prong adapterMicroWeir or stop watch and containerDrip gaugeLamp harp and diffuser extendersProduct sheet showing replacement light fixturesScrewdrivers, pliers, or a multipurpose tool like a Leatherman Laptop computer with appliance use software

  • Establish Baseload UseObtain (a printout of) the customers electricity use for at least one year prior to the site visit.Separate the baseload use from the total use by:adding together the three lowest months (not weird numbers) dividing the sum by 3 to get an average baseload months use multiplying that number by 12 months

    This can easily be done visually from a bar chart. There are lots of ways to do this. They all work.

  • Annual Customer Usage Printout

    Bill Date(not use date)Billing DaysTariff ScheduleReading SourceKWHKWH/DayBill Amount7/10/200732RSORegular Company2,04364$181.456/8/200730RSORegular Company1,13438$107.445/9/200729RSOEstimate1,05636$101.094/10/200732RSORegular Company1,49247$136.593/9/200730RSORegular Company1,97266$175.672/7/200728RSORegular Company1,59957$145.301/10/200733RSORegular Company1,39642$128.7412/8/200629RSORegular Company1,19441$112.2811/9/200630RSORegular Company1,31444$122.0510/10/200629RSORegular Company89231$87.699/11/200633RSORegular Company1,74053$156.718/9/200629RSORegular Company2,38682$209.33 TotalTotal Baseload18,21812,328 $ 1,664.34 $ 1,126.25

  • Consumption HistoryApproximate monthly baseload use ~ 600 kWh or about 7,200 kWh/year

  • Annual End Use Consumption Ranges (kWh)National averages trued up to PA utility program experience

    Sheet1

    Electricity UseLOWMIDHIGH

    Baseload225050008000

    Domestic Hot Water

    Hot water use, 1-3 people250045006000

    Hot water use, 3-6 people400060008000

    Cooling

    Cooling load (total household)75015002500

    Heating

    Electric heat load200050008500

    Sheet2

    Sheet3

  • Assess the Opportunity for Energy SavingsDetermine if the customers use is in the low, mid range, or high range using their consumption history or data on their utility bills.Focus your efforts in the home based on your determination.Since savings follows use, you will likely find more opportunities to save energy where the use is high.If any category of use is low, then save time and focus where the use is medium or high

  • Savings Follows Use / WasteTotal electricity use relates directly to potential electricity savings

  • Reasons for High BaseloadTime on 24/7 adds up quicklyHigh demand / power (kW)Poor control strategiesNot known to be operatingFaulty equipmentIntermittent useHidden loadsLots of people in the householdPPL Managing CAP Credits Pilot Program, 2006

  • What Does My Bill Pay ForSource: 2007 Buildings Energy Data Book

    Chart1

    0.31

    0.12

    0.12

    0.11

    0.09

    0.09

    0.08

    0.08

    Energy Use

    Sheet1

    Energy Use

    Space Heating31%

    Space Cooling12%

    Water Heating12%

    Lighting11%

    Computers & Electronics9%

    Appliances9%

    Refrigeration8%

    Other8%

  • Why Address Baseload?Electricity Use is RisingMark Fortney, 2007, PHRC, PA Home Energy Forum

  • Plug Load Energy Use is IncreasingU.S. delivered residential energy consumption by end use, 2001, 2004, 2015, and 2030 (million Btu per household)Source: Energy Information Administration 2006

  • NRDC Study of Set Top Box and Game Console Power Use, Peter Ostendorp, Ecos Consulting, May 2007@ $.09/kWh

  • 2007 Ecos Consulting, Final Field Research Report: Share of Plug Load Energy Use by Product Category27Plug Load Baseload Energy Use by Product Category

  • Power Settings & ModeONActive powerLow power modeIndeterminate power Sleep/hibernateREALLY OFFNo powerUnpluggedPower switched off with strip or other control deviceOFFStandby powerPhantom loadVampire powerIdle powerAnything with a remote, display, touchpad, or light is using power even when turned off

  • Game Console Power UseNRDC Study of Set Top Box and Game Console Power Use, May 2007, Peter Ostendorp, Ecos Consulting

  • Power Supplies: A Growing Component Function: convert wall voltage ac to low voltage dc needed to operate todays digital chips, LED indicators, displays, etc.6% to 10% of U.S. electricity flows through the nations 3.6 billion power supplies

    2007 Ecos Consulting, Final Field Research ReportRoughly 1 to 2% of U.S. electricity could be saved by improving power supply efficiency

    $2.1 to 4.2 billion saved by consumers on their electricity billsPrevent release of 40 to 80 million tons of CO2 into the atmosphereEquivalent of taking 2.3 to 4.6 million cars off the roadEquivalent of building roughly 4.5 to 9 average sized power plants

  • Sample Annual kWh of TVs by Mode

    Standby power is similar regardless of TV type or size.Newer TVs use a lot more energy than older ones.Larger and newer technologies (plasma & rear projection) tend to be used more and are frequently part of a larger entertainment set up.Source: Ecos Consulting, Final Field Research Report, 2007

  • Managing Computer Power UseTeach everyone that it makes sense to Turn off monitor if not using for > 5-20 min. and both CPU and monitor if not using for > 30-60 min.Use power strips for positive off and control of peripheralsLearn about and teach others about how to Activate Power Management FunctionsMaximize sleep features in the operating system

  • Battery Charging StrategiesChargers can draw 5 to 20 times more power than they can store so...Unplug chargers once battery is chargedUse timer to control charge cycleChoose equipment based on charging performanceBuy efficient chargersUse rechargeable batteriesUse power strips to simplify disconnecting chargers

  • Advanced Power Strip Optionshttp://wattstopper.comhttp://www.p3international.comhttp://www.smarthomeusa.com/Shop/Smart-Energy/Smart-Strip

  • Strategies to Control Home Electronic Energy UseUnplug stuff you dont useManage control settings for maximum efficiencyTurn equipment off when not actively usingMinimize standby use with power strips, switched outlets, unplugging, etc.Purchase less stuffBuy the most efficient products possible

  • Nighttime from the Space S