Abolitionist Movement 1st movements: Mennonites 1688 Philadelphia 1775 – Anti-Slavery Debate 1816  American Colonization Society created (gradual, voluntary

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<ul><li><p>Abolitionist Movement1st movements: Mennonites 1688 Philadelphia 1775 Anti-Slavery Debate1816 American Colonization Society created (gradual, voluntary emancipation)</p><p>British Colonization Society symbol</p></li><li><p>Americans Speak-Out on SlaveryLIBERIA (West Africa) founded with U.S. $$$ in 1821 by American Anti-Slavery Groups William Lloyd Garrison Liberator July 4, 1829 speech American Revolution is not yet over calls for ABOLITION (END slavery)</p></li><li><p>William Lloyd Garrison (1801-1879)Slavery &amp; Free Masonry undermined Republican Values.Immediate Emancipation with NO compensation.Slavery was a moral issue, not an economic issue.R2-4</p></li><li><p>The LiberatorPremiere issue January 1, 1831R2-5</p></li><li><p>Propaganda Showing IMMORALITY of Slavery( Tree of Slavery)</p></li><li><p>Frederick Douglass (1817-1895)1845 The Narrative of the Life Of Frederick Douglass1847 The North StarR2-12</p></li><li><p>1850 The Narrative of Sojourner Truth R2-10Women within the Movement opposition to women participating in politics - Sojourner Truth</p></li><li><p>Harriet Tubman (1820-1913)Helped over 300 slaves to freedom.$40,000 bounty on her head (dead/alive)Served as a Union spy during the Civil War.Moses</p></li><li><p>Leading Escaping Slaves Along the Underground Railroad</p></li><li><p>The Underground Railroad</p></li><li><p>The Underground RailroadConductor ==== leader of the escape Passengers ==== escaping slaves Tracks ==== routes Trains ==== farm wagons transporting the escaping slaves Depots ==== safe houses to rest/sleep</p></li><li><p>Nat Turners RebellionNat Turner took his Bible seriously and often preached to the other slaves who called him The Prophet. As time went by Nat became more and more convinced that God had chosen him for some great purpose. In May 1828 while he was working in his masters fields he had another powerful vision in which he believed God appeared to him and told him Christ had laid down the yoke he had borne for the sins of men, and that I should take it on and fight against the Serpent. Not certain exactly what he was supposed to do, Nat waited for another sign from God.The sign finally came on February 12, 1831 when Nat was working in the fields. Nat looked towards the sun and saw it being blocked out by the moon in a solar eclipse. Nat decided this was the sign he had been waiting for and he began recruiting fellow slaves and made preparations for his rebellion against the slave owners of Virginia.80 followers / killed 60 before capturedSlave Codes tighten control in SouthFEAR of spreading ideas leading to revoltsIllegal to teach slaves / the BibleSpreads dangerous ideas (salvation/</p></li><li><p>CREATING AMERICAN CULTURECulturalNationalismLiterature / ArtValues / VirtuesReligious ReformsWomens ReformsSlavery &amp; AbolitionEconomics &amp; Immigration</p></li><li><p>The AMERICAN DREAM - UnfoldsYOU create it invent it do it build it explore it work for itYOU reap the rewards of your creationEncourages INDIVIDUAL INITIATIVEFree Market Capitalism - Laissez-Faire EconomicsFree Enterprise </p></li><li><p>(Immigration Explosion) Ireland (English control) -potatoes (poor)( Irish Potato Famine ) massive Irish immigration(Discrimination - Irish, Germans) - Competition for housing, jobs etc..(Anti-Immigration Feelings GROW)NATIVIST Movement (Native Born)Fear Rising Immigration would:TAKE AWAY JOBSCHANGE SOCIETY (Temperance)Know Nothing Society PartyStricter Citizenship LawsLocal / State Regulations Increase concerning state/local government jobs</p></li></ul>