Abraham Lincoln

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Text of Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln A legend among men

Abraham LincolnA legend among menBy Daniel Johnson & Mai Nguyen

OverviewEarly lifeEarly political careerThe road to presidencyLincolns childhoodBorn in Kentucky

Lincoln was born on Feb 12, 1809 to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks in Hardin County, Kentucky.

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Abraham Lincoln's Log Cabin in Kentucky He was born in a one-room log cabinHis parents were both illiterate farmers. There were many stories about Lincolns honesty-he once walked for miles just to give a woman six cents that he had overcharged her. Thus, he received the nickname Honest Abe.His mother died of milk sickness when he was 9.Then his father married to Sarah Bush Johnson.4

As a child, he never went to school so he taught himself.He loved to read and learn from any books he could get his hands on, especially the bible. As a young man, he worked on the familys farmlands and as a shopkeeper.5Moved to Indiana in 1816 then to Illinois in 1830Decided not to move back to Indiana with his father in 1831.

In 1816, his family moved to Indiana.Then moved to Illinois in 1830.In 1831, his Father wanted to moved back to Indiana, but he decided to set off on his own and make a life for himself in New Salem, Illinois (at age 22).6Family ties Siblings: Sarah GrigsbyWife: Mary ToddChildren: Robert EdwardWilliam Thomas

He has only one sister- Sarah Grigsby but died on January 20, 1820 when giving birth.He married to Mary Todd in 1842 and had 4 boys7

This is his marriage certificate.8Robert & Edward Lincoln

*Robert Todd Lincoln, the oldest son, was born in 1843 and the only child to live to adulthood and have children. He was a lawyer and diplomat.*Edward Baker Lincoln, second son was born in 1846 and died at the age of 3 in February, 1850. (born on March and died on Feb)

9 William & Thomas Lincoln

*William Lincoln, third son, was born in 1850 but then died at the age of 11 in February 1862.*Thomas Lincoln, the youngest son, was born in 1853 and died of heart failure at the age of 18 in July 1871.

10Lincolns Jobs Before PresidencyA clerkA candidate and soldierA postmaster

*When he decided to stay in New Salem, Illinois in 1831, Lincoln worked at a clerk in the village store and sleeps in the back.During this year, he also participates in a local debating society.*In 1832, Lincoln became a candidate for the Illinois General Assembly and a Captain in the militia of the Black Hawk War. He serves a total of three months but does not fight in a battle.*In 1833, he was appointed Postmaster of New Salem then appointed Deputy County Surveyor.11The road to the PresidencyIn 1836, re-elected and became a leader of the Whig PartyReceived license to practice Law

Lincoln also run for Illinois General Assembly in 1832 but lost it.Then, he run again in 1834 and won it as a member of the Whig Party. He began to study law at this time.*In 1836, he was re-elected to the Illinois General Assembly, becoming a leader of the Whig Party. Then he received his license to practice Law.12

*In 1837, he helped to get the Illinois state capital moved from Vandalia to Springfield.Then left New Salem and settled in Springfield. In the same year, he became a lawyer partner of John T. Stuart. *In 1838, he was re-elected to Illinois General Assembly, becoming Whig Floor Leader.*Then he was re-elected in 1840. Eventually, he had served in the Illinois General Assembly four terms.13First known Photograph of Lincoln, about 1846In 1846, became a national politicianIn 1847, moved to Washington, D.C and served there for 2 years.

Slavery the main focus of his presidency*In 1846, Lincoln was nominated to be the Whig candidate for U.S Congress and was elected to the U.S House of Representatives. He worked for State of Illinois in the capital buildingin 1847, he moves into a boarding house in Washington, D.C., with his wife and two sons. He served for 2 years in Congress ( one term in Congress), where he spoke out against the was with Mexico and protested slavery. His opinions were known and worried southern states that supported slavery.Then returns to Springfield and leaves politics to practice law.14In 1854, re-enter politics, opposing the Kansas-Nebraska Act.In 1856, helped organize the new Republican Party of Illinois.1857, spoke against the Dred Scott Decision.In 1858, run for Senator of Illinois.

*In 1854, as the slavery expansion controversy prompted his re-entry into public life in 1854, opposing the Kansas-Nebraska Act. He was elected to the Illinois legislature but declined the seat, hoping instead to become a U.S Senator (appointed by the legislature)In 1855, he did not get chosen by the Illinois legislature to be U.S Senator.In 1856, he helped organize the new Republican Party of Illinois and got 110 votes for the vice-presidential nomination at the first Republican convention, thereby gained national attention.Then he campaigned for the Republican presidential candidate, John C. Fremont.In 1857, he spoke against the Dred Scott Decision in Springfield.In 1858, he was nominated to be the Republican Senator from Illinois, opposing Stephen A. Douglas.15Lincolns letter to Douglas

Lincoln sent a letter to invited Douglas to debate around Illinois.16House Divided speech at the state convention in Springfield

He gave his "House Divided" speech at the state convention in Springfield.As the result, he lost the election for Illinois Senator, but became famous after the debates.17 Nominee for president - 1860

In 1860, he was nominated to be the Republican candidate for President of the Unites States, opposing Northern Democrat, Stephen A. Douglas, and Southern Democrat, John C. Breckinridge..

18Received 180 of 303 electoral votes40% of population vote

*He received 180 of 303 possible electoral votes and 40 percent of the population vote.*November 1860, he was elected as 16th President and was the first Republican president of the United States.

1913 states left the union (pictured in red)

Before his inauguration, seven southern states declared their secession from the United States, forming the Confederate States of America.Other southern states remained with the Union but showed their support for the Confederacy. Lincoln refused to recognize the Confederacy and promised the country that it would not be divided. Thus, the Civil War began.20

On March 1861, Inauguration ceremonies were held in Washington, D.C and President Lincoln delivered his First Inaugural Address21

On July 1862, President Lincoln prepared a document called the Emancipation Proclamation.22

*On September 1862, he issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing the slaves.(It proclaimed all slaves in Confederate territory to be forever free; that is, it ordered the Army to treat as free men the slaves in ten states that were still in rebellion, thus applying to 3.1 million of the 4 million slaves in the U.S. The Proclamation immediately resulted in the freeing of 50,000 slaves, with nearly all the rest (of the 3.1 million) actively freed as Union armies advanced. The Proclamation did not compensate the owners, did not itself outlaw slavery, and did not make the ex-slaves (called freedmen) citizens. It made the destruction of slavery an explicit war goal, in addition to the goal of reuniting the Union)*On December 1862, he singed a bill admitting West Virginia to the Union.*On January, 1863, He issued the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates.23President Lincoln among the crowd at Gettysburg November 1863

In November 1863, when the Union army won an important battle in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, he returned to Gettysburg to make a speech honoring soldiers who died.24June 1864, nominated for 2nd term as President.November 1864, defeated Democrat George B. McClellan with 212 of 233 electoral votes and 55% of population votes.March 1865, delivered his second Inaugural Address.

On June 1864 Abraham Lincoln was nominated for a second term as president.On November 1864, he was re-elected as President, defeating Democrat George B. McClellan. Lincoln gets 212 of 233 electoral votes and 55 percent of the popular vote.On March 1865, Inauguration ceremonies in Washington, D.C , President Lincoln delivered his second Inaugural Address25

Slaves were freed in the rebellious states and the Confederacy was weakened. However, slaves were not freed in the border states, whose support and loyalty Lincoln needed. Even though the Emancipation Proclamation did not free all slaves, it brought the problem of slavery to the forefront. Eventually, the 13th Amendment abolished slavery and all people were free.26

On April 1865, there was many African American men, women, and children rejoiced around President Lincoln and his son when both visited Richmond.27

Shortly after the end of the Civil War, President Lincoln went to the theater Ford Theater to watch a play on April 14 1865.28Theatre box(balcony) Lincoln sat in at the Ford Theatre

*Lincoln and his wife Mary saw the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater. About 10:13 p.m., during the third act of the play, John Wilkes Booth, a Confederate spy, shot Lincoln in the head and fatally wounded him. Doctors attend to the President in the theater then move him to a house across the street. He never regains consciousness.

*April 15, 1865 - President Abraham Lincoln died at 7:22 in the morning. *April 26, 1865 - John Wilkes Booth was shot and killed in a tobacco barn in Virginia.

*May 4, 1865 - Abraham Lincoln was laid to rest in Oak Ridge Cemetery, outside Springfield, Illinois.

29Funeral procession on Pennsylvania Avenue - April 19, 1865

*Funeral procession on Pennsylvania Avenue -