Academic Practice. AVA Academic Practice Research Academic Practice

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  • Academic Practice

  • AVA Academic Practice ResearchAcademic Practice

  • AVA Academic PracticeResearch is

    QuestioningSearching for knowledgeA system for investigationDiscoveryA basic process of inquiryInterpretation

    AVA Academic Practice

  • Starting ResearchQuestion framingResearch Creative

  • Question framing

    Problem definition.Idea finding.Concept development.Production.

  • What do I haveGeneral KnowledgeDocumentation & EvaluationExamplesResearch of similar worksResearch of specific artists/designers

  • AVA Academic PracticeLibrary GuideWhere to lookArchitecture 711-711.12; 711.2-711.9; 720-729

    Arts in general 700; 709

    Decorative arts, applied arts 688.2; 736; 738-740; 744-745.66; 745.7; 745.9-749

    Graphic arts, drawing, design 741-743

    Museums, collectors & collecting 069 Painting 745.67; 745.8; 750-759

    Photography 770-773; 775; 777-779

    Printing 760-769

    Sculpture 730-735

    Visual arts in general 701-708; 710; 776

    AVA Academic Practice

  • Different approaches to researchAVA Academic Practice

    Archival researchOld Newspapers and Historical recordsOn-line archives/ public/ open source resourcesHistory records services of HK: http://www.grs.gov.hk/ws/index.htmVisual Arts Research ModelArtist / Artwork / OthersQuestion / Interpret / Explain

    AVA Academic Practice

  • AVA Academic PracticeCiting and ReferencingAcademic Practice

  • AVA Academic PracticeWhat is CitingAcknowledging the influences and works you have used; written, verbal and visual.

    AVA Academic Practice

  • AVA Academic PracticeEach and every piece of work will have.Bibliography -List all references at the end of your work

    . Book/ website / image

    1.Tony T.N. Hung. Handbook Avoiding Plagiarism (Language Centre, Hong Kong Baptist University, 4th Revision, May 2008)

    AVA Academic Practice

  • AVA Academic PracticeLearn how to cite and referencePlease Use the links to learn the methods for Chicgao and MLA systems

    http://www.hkbu.edu.hk/~lib/support/citing_sources.html

    http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

    AVA Academic Practice

  • AVA Academic Practice PresentationsAcademic Practice

  • PresentationsPresenting your learning, research and creativityPlease follow the linkhttp://lorien.ncl.ac.uk/ming/dept/tips/present/present.htm

  • AVA Academic Practice PlagiarismAcademic Practice

  • AVA Academic Practice What is PlagiarismPlagiarism: Plagiarism means taking someone elses words or ideas and passing them off as your own.

    http://net2.hkbu.edu.hk/~plagiar/module1.html

    AVA Academic Practice

  • AVA Academic Practice How to Avoid PlagiarismAlways Cite and reference your influences and sourcesEvery piece work should have a bibliography

    If in Doubt always cite!

    AVA Academic Practice

  • AVA Academic Practice TURNITINWritten work may be submitted through Turnitin software

    http://buelearning.hkbu.edu.hk/mod/assignment/type/turnitin/submissions.php?id=5442

    AVA Academic Practice

  • AVA Academic Practice More information on Plagiarismhttp://www.hkbu.edu.hk/~lib/support/avoid_plagiarism.html

    http://buar.hkbu.edu.hk/index.php/current_students_and_alumni/academic_guidelines/avoiding_plagiarism

    Please visit both sites and read all documentation

    AVA Academic Practice

  • Art LawCopyright

  • Art LawCopyright and property

    Blindfold - represents objectivityScales -measures the arguments Double-edged sword - symbolizing the power of Reason and Justice

  • Copy or Transformative?Left: A photo by Patrick Cariou / Right: One of Richard Prince's Canal Zone collages

  • Knowledge is considered the key to human development

    Two major international copyright conventions in operation Berne Convention that dates originally from 1886, and the Universal Copyright Convention, dating from 1952 - revised in 1971 Copyright and Property

  • Knowledge is considered the key to human development

    Intellectual property rights (IPRs)

    Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce.World Interllectual Property Organisation http://www.wipo.int

  • Intellectual property rights (IPRs)

    The first English copyright act (1710)

    Berne Convention originally from 1886

    Universal copyright conventions dating from 1952 - revised in 1971 Copyright and Property

  • Intellectual PropertyCopyright: protects original works. Related Rights: protect the performances, original recordings and broadcasts of works.

    Industrial Property: Patents protect inventions. Industrial Designs protect the designs of the products Trademark protect distinctive signs

  • The Berne Conventionis administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) WIPO also has two copyright treaties- the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT)- the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty (WPPT)Many developing countries, have signed both treaties, the countries of the European Union have not yet done so..

  • Copyright protects the way in which ideas are expressed. Copyright does NOT protect ideas or mere facts. Copyright protection is automatic. The instant you draw a picture or write a poem your works are protected by copyright.

  • Obtaining or ProtectingOriginal creation is the Intellectual Property of the originator

    It is not about Obtaining but Protecting.

  • Originality originality is the only condition that a work must meet in order to be protected by copyright. This means that a work cannot simply be a copy of another work.

    works are protected by copyright regardless of their quality. A childs finger-painting has as much copyright protection as a famous painters masterpiece.

  • Copyright protects the way in which ideas are expressed. Written works books, speeches, magazine and newspaper articles, novels, stories, poems, essays, plays, text books, web pages, advertisements, and dance notations.Musical works musical compositions, lyrics, songs and ring tones, in all types of formats (sheet music, CDs, MP3 files, etc).Artistic works drawings, paintings, photographs, comics, sculptures, architectural works, and maps.Dramatic and choreographic works plays, operas and dance.Films and multimedia products movies, video games, TV programs, and cartoons. Computer programs human (source code) and machine (object code) computer programming language.

  • How Long does copy right last?General Rules

    Artistic, Literary, Dramatic works lasts for 70 years after the year of a known author's death. For unknown authors it expires 70 years from the end of the calendar year in which the work was first made available to the public.

    Sound Recording, Broadcasts, Cable Programmes and Computer Generated Works lasts for 50 years from the end of the year they were made, released or first broadcast

    USA - For an anonymous work, a pseudonymous work, or a work made for hire, the copyright endures for a term of 95 years from the year of its first publication or a term of 120 years from the year of its creation, whichever expires first.

  • Fair UseAllowedThe Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 allows individuals to copy a certain amount of copyright materials, through the 'fair dealing' exception, for specific purposes.No more than 5% of a book or one article from any one journal issue may be copied. This limit also applies to saving/printing from e-books and e-journals.Copying for instructional use is permitted provided that it is done by the lecturer or student and not by any reprographic methods (e.g. photocopier, fax etc).Copying for examination purposes is allowed by reprography, provided that it is not a musical work.

  • Fair UseRestricted

    Fair dealing does not apply to films, sound recordings or broadcasts.Copying for instructional use is permitted provided that it is done by the lecturer or student and not by any reprographic methods (e.g. photocopier, fax etc).Copying for examination purposes is not allowed for musical work. 'Fair Dealing' does not cover the creation of multiple copies for teaching purposes.

  • Fair UseRestricted

    http://www.benedict.com/info/FairUse/Visualizer/Visualizer.aspx

    In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be considered shall include

    Factor 1 - Purpose and Character of UseFactor 2 - Nature of Copyrighted WorkFactor 3 - Relative AmountFactor 4 - Effect upon Potential Market

  • The Internet. Without infringing copyright, the public has a right to expect: To read, listen to, or view publicly marketed copyrighted material privately, on site or remotely; To browse through publicly marketed copyrighted material; To experiment with variations of copyrighted material for fair use purposes, while preserving the integrity of the original; To make or have made for them a first generation copy for personal use of an article or other small part of a publicly marketed copyrighted work or a work in a library's collection for such purpose as study, scholarship, or research; and To make transitory copies if ephemeral or incidental to a lawful use and if retained only temporarily.

  • 4 possible outcomesPrince Wins Canal Zone declared fair use.Assessing all 21 works individually some may pass fair use some may not. Those that dont will be subject to damages.Ruling sent to a Jury - ????Re assessed by the courts

  • Some Thoughts eroding the fai