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Adolescence The transition period from childhood to

Adolescence The transition period from childhood to adulthood

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Slide 2 Adolescence The transition period from childhood to adulthood. Slide 3 Is adolescence getting longer or shorter? Slide 4 Physical Development It all begins with puberty Puberty: the period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing. Slide 5 Physical Development What is the time period of adolescence? What produces puberty? What is the reason for puberty? Slide 6 Slide 7 Primary Sexual Characteristics The body structures that make sexual reproduction possible Ovaries Testicles Slide 8 Secondary Sexual Characteristics Nonreproductive sexual characteristics Female breasts Deepening of male voice Body hair Jalos Hips Slide 9 When does puberty start? The Landmarks First ejaculation for boys Menarche for girls Do we remember these things? Slide 10 Puberty Sequence is way more predictable than the timing. How might timing differences effect an adolescent socially? Would maturing early benefit girls and/or boys? Why or why not? Slide 11 Cognitive Development Have the ability to reason but. The reasoning is self-focused. Assume that their experiences are unique. Experience formal operational thought Slide 12 Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 16 Slide 17 Slide 18 Lawrence Kohlberg and his stages of Morality Preconventional Morality Conventional Morality Postconventional Morality Slide 19 Preconventional Morality Morality of self- interest Their actions are either to avoid punishment or to gain rewards. Slide 20 Conventional Morality Morality is based upon obeying laws to 1.Maintain social order 2.To gain social approval Slide 21 Postconventional Morality Morality based on your own ethical principles. Slide 22 Talk is Cheap How do we turn morality into action? Teach Empathy Self-discipline to delay gratification Modal moral behavior Slide 23 Social Development Its all about forming an identity!!! Slide 24 Identity Ones sense of self. The idea that an adolescents job is to find oneself by testing various roles. Comes from Erik Eriksons stages of Psychosocial development. Slide 25 Identity Some teenagers take their identity early by sharing their parents values and expectations. Some teenagers will adopt a negative identity- opposition to society, but conforms to a peer group. Slide 26 Intimacy Towards the end of adolescence, intimacy becomes the prime goal. Can you list the intimacy differences between men and women? Slide 27 Trust vs. Mistrust AgeImportant Event Description Birth - 18 months FeedingInfants form a loving, trusting relationship with parents; they also learn to mistrust others. Slide 28 Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt AgeImportant Event Description 18 months - 3 Years Toilet Training Child's energies are directed toward physical skills: walking, grasping, and toilet training. The child learns control along with a healthy dose of shame and doubt. Slide 29 Initiative vs. Guilt AgeImportant Event Description 3 - 6 YearsIndependenceChild becomes more assertive, takes more initiative, becomes more forceful. Slide 30 Competence vs. Inferiority AgeImportant Event Description 6 - 12 YearsSchoolThe child must deal with demands to learn new skills while risking a sense of inferiority and failure Slide 31 Identity vs. Role Confusion AgeImportant Event Description AdolescencePeersTeens must achieve self-identity while deciphering their roles in occupation, politics, and religion. Slide 32 Slide 33 Intimacy vs. Isolation AgeImportant Event Description Young AdultRelationshipsThe young adult must develop marriage-seeking relationships while combating feelings of isolation. Slide 34 Generativity vs. Stagnation AgeImportant Event Description Middle AdultParentingAssuming the role of parents signifies the need to continue the generations while avoiding the inevitable feeling of failure. Slide 35 Integrity vs. Despair AgeImportant Event Description Late AdultLife Reflection Acceptance of one's lifetime accomplishments and sense of fulfillment.