Against extension of slavery into Mexican Secession Territory Anti-slavery political party Free = no slavery.

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  • Against extension of slavery into Mexican Secession TerritoryAnti-slavery political partyFree = no slavery

  • Free-SoilersAgainst extension of slavery into Mexican Secession TerritoryAnti-slavery political partyFree = no slavery

  • Senator Stephen DouglasGave during the Lincoln-Douglas DebatesSlavery should be left up to the will of a territories peopleDont make laws for slavery, you wont have slavery

  • Freeport DoctrineSenator Stephen DouglasGave during the Lincoln-Douglas DebatesSlavery should be left up to the will of a territories peopleDont make laws for slavery, you wont have slavery

  • Westward expansion issueAbolitionists againstHeated up withBleeding Kansas

  • Slavery Westward expansion issueAbolitionists againstHeated up withBleeding Kansas

  • Popular sovereignty in new territories to determine slave issueFugitive slave lawCalifornia free state

  • Compromise of 1850Popular sovereignty in new territories to determine slave issueFugitive slave lawCalifornia free state

  • Residents of a territory decide slavery issue by a vote

  • Popular SoverigntyResidents of a territory decide slavery issue by a vote

  • Supreme CourtSlaves are propertySlaves cannot sue

  • Dred Scott v. SanfordSupreme CourtSlaves are propertySlaves cannot sue

  • Beat by Preston Brooks Abolitionist Senator

  • Charles SumnerBeat by Preston Brooks Abolitionist Senator

  • Kansas and Nebraska became territoryPopular sovereignty to decide slave issue

  • Kansas-Nebraska ActKansas and Nebraska became territoryPopular sovereignty to decide slave issue

  • United in opposition to slaveryPolitical party

  • RepublicansUnited in opposition to slaveryPolitical party

  • Caused by the Kansas-Nebraska ActBloody conflict between Free-Soilers and pro-slavery

  • Bleeding KansasCaused by the Kansas-Nebraska ActBloody conflict between Free-Soilers and pro-slavery

  • Part of Compromise of 1850Northerners were forced to help catch slaves Caused the abolitionists to rally support for the abolition of slavery

  • Fugitive Slave ActPart of Compromise of 1850Northerners were forced to help catch slaves Caused the abolitionists to rally support for the abolition of slavery

  • Event that caused the south to cede from UnionLincoln elected without southern support

  • Election of 1860Event that caused the south to cede from UnionLincoln elected without southern support

  • President of the Confederate States of America

  • Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America

  • More experienced generalsFighting for home

  • Advantages of the SouthMore experienced generalsFighting for home

  • More railroad milesLarger armyLarge populationGreater number of factories

  • Advantages of the NorthMore railroad milesLarger armyLarge populationGreater number of factories

  • Northern Democrats who wanted to make peace with the south during the Civil War

  • CopperheadsNorthern Democrats who wanted to make peace with the south during the Civil War

  • Violent uprisings in northNew YorkImmigrants and poor whites upset over new draft lawRich could buy their way out of war

  • Draft RiotsViolent uprisings in northNew YorkImmigrants and poor whites upset over new draft lawRich could buy their way out of war

  • Lincolns goal in the Civil War

  • Preserve the UnionLincolns goal in the Civil War

  • Applied to Border StatesSlave holding statesStop dissentArrested and jailed without trial

  • Suspension of Habeas CorpusApplied to Border StatesSlave holding statesStop dissentArrested and jailed without trial

  • NurseSouthernerAngel of the Battlefield

  • Clara BartonNurseSouthernerAngel of the Battlefield

  • Robert E. LeeStonewall Jackson

  • Southern GeneralsRobert E. LeeStonewall Jackson

  • Ulysses S. GrantGeorge McClellanWilliam T. Sherman

  • Northern GeneralsUlysses S. GrantGeorge McClellanWilliam T. Sherman

  • First conflict between North and SouthLincoln tried to re-supply fort in South CarolinaLincoln wanted the Confederacy to fire the first shotSoutherners fired on Union troops

  • Fort SumterFirst conflict between North and SouthLincoln tried to re-supply fort in South CarolinaLincoln wanted the Confederacy to fire the first shotSoutherners fired on Union troops

  • Southern Military planGain Britain as an ally because they were the souths main trade partnerSouth thought Britain was dependent on their cotton

  • OffensiveSouthern Military planGain Britain as an ally because they were the souths main trade partnerSouth thought Britain was dependent on their cotton

  • Winfield ScottEncircle and crush southThree part planBlockade the southCut the south in twoCapture Richmond

  • Anaconda PlanWinfield ScottEncircle and crush southThree part planBlockade the southCut the south in twoCapture Richmond

  • Bloodiest single day in the Civil WarLincoln issued Emancipation Proclamation After

  • AntietamBloodiest single day in the Civil WarLincoln issued Emancipation Proclamation After

  • First battle of the Civil WarUnion defeatShowed that the Civil War would last longer than anyone expected

  • First Battle of Bull RunFirst battle of the Civil WarUnion defeatShowed that the Civil War would last longer than anyone expected

  • Confederate military victoryConfederate loss of key commanding generalStonewall Jackson killed

  • ChancellorsvilleConfederate military victoryConfederate loss of key commanding generalStonewall Jackson killed

  • Civil War Turning Points

  • Vicksburg and GettysburgCivil War Turning Points

  • Turning point of Civil WarCut the south in twoUnion captured Mississippi

  • VicksburgTurning point of Civil WarCut the south in twoUnion captured Mississippi

  • Bloodiest battle during the Civil WarStopped all hope of the South launching another offensive attack against the northTurning pointUnion troops held strong defensive position on a hillUnion VictoryLincoln gave a speech to dedicate a cemetery after the battle was over

  • GettysburgBloodiest battle during the Civil WarStopped all hope of the South launching another offensive attack against the northTurning pointUnion troops held strong defensive position on a hillUnion VictoryLincoln gave a speech to dedicate a cemetery after the battle was over

  • Burned a path from Atlanta to GeorgiaMarch to the SeaMake the south payTreated South Carolina harshly because it was the first state to leave union

  • Shermans MarchBurned a path from Atlanta to GeorgiaMarch to the SeaMake the south payTreated South Carolina harshly because it was the first state to leave union

  • Key event in Lincolns re-election in 1864Part of Shermans March

  • Fall of AtlantaKey event in Lincolns re-election in 1864Part of Shermans March

  • Ship reinforced with iron plating

  • IroncladShip reinforced with iron plating

  • Union Ironclad

  • MonitorUnion Ironclad

  • Confederate Ironclad

  • MerrimackConfederate Ironclad

  • LincolnFreed slaves in the Confederacy

  • Emancipation ProclamationLincolnFreed slaves in the Confederacy

  • Confederate SubmarineUsed to torpedo Union shipssunk

  • CSS HunleyConfederate SubmarineUsed to torpedo Union shipssunk

  • Last battle of the Civil WarLee surrendered to Grant

  • Appomattox Court HouseLast battle of the Civil WarLocation where Lee surrendered to Grant

  • President of the UnionShot at Fords Theater

  • LincolnPresident of the UnionShot at Fords Theater

  • Way freedmen earned a living after the Civil WarGrow and share a portion of crop with the owner of the landAnother form of slavery because it tied them to the land

  • SharecroppingWay freedmen earned a living after the Civil WarGrow and share a portion of crop with the owner of the landAnother form of slavery because it tied them to the land

  • Terrorized Freedmen of the southTried to drive Republicans out of the south using terrorWhite robes

  • Ku Klux KlanTerrorized Freedmen of the southTried to drive Republicans out of the south using terrorWhite robes

  • Example of dejure segregationLegal segregationCreated separate societies for whites and blacks

  • Jim Crow LawsExample of dejure segregationLegal segregationCreated separate societies for whites and blacks

  • Northerners that moved south after Civil WarMade profit off the suffering of the southCreated industryBought plantationsNamed for the bag they carried

  • CarpetbaggersNortherners that moved south after Civil WarMade profit off the suffering of the southCreated industryBought plantationsNamed for the bag they carried

  • Southern RepublicanSupported Reconstructionnickname

  • ScalawagSouthern RepublicanSupported Reconstructionnickname

  • Reconstruction Plan10% PlanLenientCreated to bring the south back into the Union

  • Lincolns PlanReconstruction Plan10% PlanLenientCreated to bring the south back into the Union

  • LawPassed by Radical RepublicansGave African Americans Citizenship and liberties protected by law

  • Civil Rights Act of 1866LawPassed by Radical RepublicansGave African Americans Citizenship and liberties protected by law

  • Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.Ended slavery

  • Thirteenth AmendmentNeither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.Ended slavery

  • Thaddeus Stevens = leaderRepublicansWanted to punish the Confederate StatesWanted to control Reconstruction

  • Radical RepublicansThaddeus Stevens = leaderRepublicansWanted to punish the Confederate StatesWanted to control Reconstruction

  • Congress took over ReconstructionMilitary Reconstruction beganSouth divided into five military districts

  • Military Reconstruction Act of 1867Congress took over ReconstructionMilitary Reconstruction beganSouth divided into five military districts

  • Guarantees equal protection under lawAwarded citizenship to freedmen

  • Fourteenth AmendmentGuarantees equal protection under lawAwarded citizenship to freedmen

  • Gave freedmen and poor whitesFoodClothesAssistanceEducation

  • Freedmens BureauGave freedmen and poor whitesFoodClothesAssistanceEducation

  • Guaranteed vote of freedmen

  • Fifteenth AmendmentGuaranteed vote of freedmen

  • ImpeachedViolated the Tenure in Office ActCould not fire Cabinet members without Congressional approvalEscaped conviction by one vote

  • President JohnsonImpeachedViolated the Tenure in Office ActCould not fire Cabinet members without Congressional approvalEscaped conviction by one vote

  • Basic constitutional issue resolved by the Civil War

  • National SupremacyBasic constitutional issue resolved by the Civil War

  • Ended ReconstructionRutherford B. Hayes presidentFederal troops withdrew from the southSouth gained home rule

  • Compromise of 1877Ended ReconstructionRutherford B. Hayes presidentFederal troops withdrew from the southSouth gained home rule

  • Racist attitudes continued in north and southDivision between north and south still existedSouth resented north

  • Failure of ReconstructionRacist attitudes continued in north and southDivision between north and south still existedSouth resented north

  • Restored unionRepaired war-torn southDeveloped southern industrySouth gained public education

  • Successes of ReconstructionRestored unionRepaired war-torn southDeveloped southern industrySouth gained public education

  • Two lawsWay the southern states kept poor African Americans from voting in the south after the Civil war

  • Literacy tests and poll taxesTwo lawsWay the southern states kept poor African Americans from voting in the south after the Civil war

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