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Akira Kaede/Getty Images Chapter 10 Relax: Using Relaxation Techniques to Offset the Effects of Stress McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill

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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images Chapter 10 Relax: Using Relaxation Techniques to Offset the Effects of Stress McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-2 The Stressed State Compared to the Relaxed State nRelaxation is the opposite of stress uHeart rate slows down uBlood pressure decreases uBreathing rate decreases uBreathing becomes deeper, includes entire lung volume uMuscles relax uMind is clearer, not threatened nThe stressed state: A quick review
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-3 The Relaxed State nThe bodys response to relaxation when we simply cannot be stressed uPassive mental state: allowing your mind to slow down uRelaxed state: a state characterized by the decrease of key physiological processes, accompanied by a passive mental state
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-4 Breathing and Relaxation nBreathing is the basis of both life and relaxation nRapid, shallow breathing disrupts relaxation nIntentionally slowing and deepening ones breathing can induce relaxation and cancel out the stress response (3X3) uDiaphragmatic breathing: a deep breathing technique that uses the diaphragm to assist in completely filling the lungs from the bottom up
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-5 Meditation nThe process by which we go about deepening our attention and awareness by refining them and putting them to greater practical use in our lives. Altered state of consciousness? nBenefits of meditation: uDecreased metabolic rate and oxygen consumption uIncreased intensity and frequency of alpha brain waves (associated with the restful awake state) uSlower heart and respiration rates uA calmer, more peaceful view of the world
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-6 Meditation (Contd) nFocused meditation: A mental exercise using a focal point to direct ones attention to nOpen meditation: Non- focused or mindful meditation that directs ones full attention to awareness of the present moment
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-7 Meditation (Contd) nFour kinds of focused meditation practices : uObject meditation uWord/phrase meditation uSound meditation uBreath meditation
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-8 Applying Focused Meditation: Bensons Relaxation Response nFour elements of Bensons relaxation response (an easy, popular form of focused meditation): uA quiet environment uA mental device uA passive attitude uA comfortable position
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-9 Meditation (Contd) nTwo kinds of open meditation: uFormal mindfulness meditation: a type of mindfulness meditation training implemented over 8 weeks and designed to have people practice 45 minutes per day uInformal mindfulness meditation: the application of mindful behavior into daily experiences
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-10 Visualization nMental creation of relaxing visual images and scenes nWorks by using images to facilitate a relaxation response nMay be used alone or in conjunction with other techniques such as deep breathing, yoga, stretching, or meditation nInstructions for creating personal visualization scripts are given in the text
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-11 The Quieting Reflex and the Calming Response nThe quieting reflex: a 6-second relaxation technique developed by Stroebel uThink about what is making you stressed. uSmile to relax facial muscles uRepeat I can keep a calm body and an alert mind uTake a quiet, easy breath. uExhale through parted teeth, allowing your jaw to go slack. uVisualize heaviness and warmth flowing through your body. nThe calming response: a modification of the quieting reflex developed by Segal uTake a personal inventory of stressors. uWhenever you are stressed or are about to be confronted with any of your stressors, stop what you focusing on and get in touch with the depth and pace of you breathing. uThink of a relaxing, warming word and visual image. uTake 3 deep abdominal breaths. On the 1 st state I will not let my body get involved. uPm the 2 nd identify any muscle that is tense and contract for 3 seconds. uOn the 3 rd breath, close your eyes and think of your calming word and relaxing image.
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-12 Biofeedback nEmploys instruments that measure body functions associated with stress nThe instruments help you recognize stress and relax your body nWith experience you can wean yourself off the machine
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-13 Biofeedback (Contd) nFour main types of biofeedback machines uEEG (electroencephalographic): measures brain waves uThermal: measures temperature at the extremities uEMG (electromyographic): measures tension in striated muscles uEDR (electrodermal): measures the bodys electrical activity
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-14 Hobbies, Entertainment, Recreational Activities, and Stress Relaxation: engaging in activities capable of inducing a truly relaxed state if done properly and practiced regularly Entertainment: engaging in activities that are enjoyable (usually) and provide a certain level of relief from the demands of the day but that fail to induce the same deeply relaxing state as relaxation activities
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  • Akira Kaede/Getty Images 10-15 Hobbies, Entertainment, Recreational Activities, and Stress (Contd) nMany confuse being entertained and engaging in non-physical hobbies and recreational activities with true relaxation nHobbies, entertainment, and recreational pursuits sometimes can stimulate the brain and trigger behavior that is neither healthy nor conducive to mindfulnessin fact, sometimes just the opposite of mindfulness. Golf?

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