Allama Iqbal Idelogy

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Sardar Saddam Jahangir

Text of Allama Iqbal Idelogy

  • 1.ALLAMA MUHAMMADIQBAL ANDTWO NATION THEORY

2. Introduction Allama Muhammad Iqbal! A great poet,thinker, philosopher, scholar and politician. When Iqbal was born, it was the time oftroubles for Indian Muslims. 300 Years before the birth of Iqbal, hisfamily embraced Islam. Iqbals grand father Shaikh Rafique used tosell Shawls. 3. Introduction (Cont.) Shaikh Rafique had a son known as ShaikhNoor Muhammad Noor Muhammad was married . He has sixchildren. 4. Noor Muhammad TalehZainab Karima FatimaAta MuhammadMuhammad Iqbal 5. Initial Life Friday, November 9, 1877, Iqbal was bornat Sialkot. Iqbal got his early education from MissionSchool and did his F.A. from MurryCollege, Sialkot and B.A. from IslamiaCollege, Lahore. Then he did his M.A. Philosophy fromIslamia College, Lahore. 6. Life and Career From 1899 1905, Iqbal served as Lecturer(Philosophy) in Oriental College, Lahore. In 1905, Iqbal went to Germany, where hedid his Ph.D. in Philosophy. 7. Political Career In 1926, Iqbal started his political careerwhen he was elected as member of PunjabImperial Legislative Council (PILC). 8. Two Nation Theory Allama Iqbal was also a strong believer of Hindu-Muslim unity but Congress extremism force himto change his attitude. In 1930, Iqbal clearly discussed Two NationTheory as: Islam: as code of conduct and way of life. Muslims are separate nation. Demand of separate state. 9. Islam: as Code of Conductand Way of LifeIslam is complete code of life; so IndianMuslims should get assistance from Islam. It will support them fully. 10. Muslims are Separate NationAllama Iqbal openly negated the concept ofone nation and said:Nations are based with religion; not withterritories. So we are separate nation because we have our own ideology. 11. Demand of Separate StateIf British Government is interested toresolve Hindu-Muslim conflicts then India should be divided into states.NWFP, Sindh, Baluchistan, Punjab, Aasam and Bengal should be converted into oneunit and authority should be given toIndian Muslims. 12. MUHAMMAD ALI JINNAH andTwo Nation Theory /Ideology of Pakistan 13. Jinnah Bai Poonja Muhammad Ali Banda AliSunday, December 25, 1876 Rehmat Ali Fazal AliAhmed Ali Maryam Shereen Fatima 14. Initial Life Muhammad Ali Jinnah got his earlyeducation from Sindh Madrassa-tul-Islam. In 1891, Jinnah was married to Sakeena bai. Then Jinnah went to England. He remained in England from 1891 to 1899. After his arrival, he left Karachi and settledin Bombay. 15. Political Career In 1906, Jinnah started his political careerwhen he joined All India NationalCongress. In 1913, Jinnah joined All India MuslimLeague on the request of MollanaMuhammad Ali Johar. In 1919, he became the President of AllIndia Muslim League. 16. Two Nation Theory Upto the 1928, Jinnah was also truebeliever of Hindu Muslim unity. But Nehru report of 1928, disheartedJinnah. So after Nehru report, Jinnah also talk onTwo Nation Theory.Pakistan was created the day the 1st IndianNational entered the fold of Islam 17. SUGGESTIONS OFNEHRU REPORT 1 . Ending of Separate Electorate.2 . Ending of more Muslim Seats than Population .3 . Ending of more Seats than Population .4 . Refusal to give 1/3 Representation to Muslim in thecenter .5 . Hindi should be introduced as an official language 6-separation of Sind From bombay (Mumbai)7. Suggestions of Reforms in N.W.F.P province andAviodness from Balouchistan .8 . Demand of Strong Central government . 18. 1 Round Table ConferencestNow we on position, from where, if IndianMuslims are not consulted about the futureof India; then the proposals of BritishGovt. would not be run-able more thanweeks. 19. Annual Session of Muslim League In 1938, Jinnah presided at Pattna:British Govt. wanted to rule India; whileCongress wanted to rule Indian Muslims. It would not be possible during our life. 20. Annual Session of Muslim League In 1940, Jinnah presided at Lahore: The Hindus and Muslims belong to two different religious philosophies, social customs and literature. They neitherintermarry nor inter dine together andindeed they belong to two differentcivilizations. So they are separate nation. 21. Open Speech 1944 We did not demand Pakistan simply to have a piece of land but we wanted alaboratory where we could experiment on Islamic principles. 22. General Election 1945-46Now Pakistan is our aim and we will reach there on every cost and every condition. 23. Aims and objectives of the Establishment of Pakistan Following factors can be said to be theobjective of the establishment of Pakistan Enforcement of the sovereignty of God Almighty Established of Islamic Democracy Revival of Muslim image and identity Protection of Muslim Culture and Civilization liberation from the harmful Hindo majority Establishment of Balance Economic System Two Nation Theory 24. 1-Enforcement of the sovereignty of God Almighty Quaid Azam Said: We did not demand Pakistan to acquire apiece of land, but we wanted a homelandwhere we could introduce Islamicprinciples 25. 2-Established of IslamicDemocracy Every thing is equal in Islamic democratic system The Khalifa is Naib of God on the earth. The Almighty thought us that our decision in thestate affairs shell be guided by mutualconsultation (Quiad e-Azam) 26. 3-Revival of Muslim image and identity The Hindo had adopted a harmful attitude which blocked all channels to wealth and progress to Muslims The National Identity of Muslim was in great danger under the extremes Hindo after British ruler 27. 4-Protection of Muslim Culture and Civilization The Hindo always tried to crush Muslims asNation and Ultimately merge them in HindoSociety. They Started several Movement for thispurpose, Hindi-Urdu controversy was resultof this movement. Protection from Hondu was the mainmotivating point for Pakistan movement 28. 5-liberation from the harmful Hindo majority The British and the Hindus adopted aunkind policy of mass elimination againstMuslims in order to erase them as a nationand merge them in Hindu Society. The demand of Pakistan was based on thisfeeling that Muslim should be liberate from the hold of the eternal Hindus domination 29. 6-Establishment of BalanceEconomic System Muslim was not in position to entre in business and tradebecause of biased policy of Government. After the war of the independence 1857, BritishGovernment had banned Muslims entre into Governmentservices. All high level jobs were reserved for Hindu The agricultural land mostly owned by Hindus who fullyexploited Muslims cultivator. The Government policyprovided no shelter to Muslims for earning 30. 7-Two Nation Theory Two Nation Theory based on religion, Economic & political system, cultural & social value, civilization & literature The religion of Islam is based on the concept of Toheed