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American Revolution Review What were the causes of the American Revolution? What were the causes of the American Revolution? What was the Boston Tea Party?

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American Revolution Review What were the causes of the American Revolution? What were the causes of the American Revolution? What was the Boston Tea Party? What was the Boston Tea Party? What is a boycott? What is a boycott? How do the Declaration of Independence, US Constitution, and Amendments reflect Enlightenment ideas? How do the Declaration of Independence, US Constitution, and Amendments reflect Enlightenment ideas? Slide 2 The Causes The French Revolution Slide 3 EQ: What were the underlying problems of France before the Revolution? Slide 4 Social Structure of French Society French society was divided into three estates (much like rich, middle, and poor) French society was divided into three estates (much like rich, middle, and poor) 1st Estate Clergy 2 nd Estate Nobility 3 rd Estate Everyone else Slide 5 Slide 6 The Top: 1 st and 2 nd Estates Privileged, wealthy, influential Privileged, wealthy, influential These two groups owned most of the land and paid few taxes. These two groups owned most of the land and paid few taxes. Represented 2% of the population which is out of 26 million Represented 2% of the population which is out of 26 million Slide 7 The Bottom: The 3 rd Estate The 3 rd Estate was 98 % of society The 3 rd Estate was 98 % of society 1. Bourgeoisie merchants, artisans, lawyers 2. Urban Workers worked small jobs in the city. 3. Peasants mostly farmers, very poor, 80% of population Slide 8 The Government Absolute Monarchy Absolute Monarchy King has total power King has total power Few rights for people Few rights for people Slide 9 King Louis XVI Louis XVI is King Louis XVI is King Weak, insecure leader Not good with people Slide 10 Queen Marie Antoinette Hated by the French people Hated by the French people Spent huge amounts of money Spent huge amounts of money Nickname Madame Deficit Nickname Madame Deficit Slide 11 Crop Problems In the 1780s, France experienced an unprecedented amount of bad weather In the 1780s, France experienced an unprecedented amount of bad weather Hurt crop production Less crops = higher prices Unhappy citizens Slide 12 Economic Problems French Government was bankrupt French Government was bankrupt Had a huge debt Why this fiscal crisis? Why this fiscal crisis? Spent money on several wars Bad tax policy (not tax the wealthy) Slide 13 The Estates General As a result of these issues, the King calls the Estates General to fix them As a result of these issues, the King calls the Estates General to fix them

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