Aminy - .anilina stabilizowana poprzez nak‚adanie z pier›cieniem jon aniliniowy nie ma stabilizacji

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Text of Aminy - .anilina stabilizowana poprzez nak‚adanie z pier›cieniem jon aniliniowy nie ma...

  • Slajd 1

    Aminy

    chlorofil

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    Slajd 2

    amoniak trietyloamina

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  • Slajd 3

    Wypadkowymomentdipolowy

    1 lub 2 aminy:donory lub

    akceptory wizania wodorowego

    3 aminy:mog by wycznie

    akceptorami wizania wodorowego

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    Slajd 4

    Nazewnictwo amin

    Klasyfikacja amin 11, , 22 lublub 33 aminaminyy: pochodne amoniaku, w ktrych

    1, 2 lub 3 atomy wodoru zastpione zostay grupami alkilowymi lub arylowymi

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  • Slajd 5

    44 aminaminyy: jon, w ktrym atom azotu poczony jest z czterema atomami wgla i obdarzony jest adunkiem dodatnim

    +CH3

    CH3

    CH3 - N-CH3Br-

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    Slajd 6

    aminaminyy alialifatycznefatyczne : aminy, w ktrych atom azotu poczony jest tylko z atomami wgla grup alifatycznych

    aminaminyy aromataromatyczneyczne : aminy, w ktrych atom azotu poczony jest z jedn lub wiksz iloci grup aromatycznych

    CH3

    CH3

    CH3 -NH2 CH3 -N

    N-H CH2 - N-CH3

    CH3 CH3NH2

    metyloamina

    trimetyloamina

    anilina N-metyloanilina N,N-dimetylobenzyloamina

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  • Slajd 7

    aminaminyy heterocyheterocyklicznekliczne : aminy, w ktrych atom azotu jest jednym z atomw piercienia

    PyrrolePiperidine Pyrrolidine Pyridine(heterocyclic

    aliphatic amines)(heterocyclic

    aromatic amines)

    NN N NHH H

    Piperydyna Pirolidyna(heterocykliczne aminy

    alifatyczne)

    Pirol Pirydyna (heterocykliczne

    aminy aromatyczne)

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    Slajd 8

    (R)-etylometyloamina (S)-etylometyloaminastan przejciowy

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  • Slajd 9

    (S)-2-butyloamina (R)-2-butyloamina

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    Slajd 10

    Reakcje amin jako nukleofila

    Reakcje amin jako zasady

    nukleofil elektrofil

    zasada kwas

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  • Slajd 11

    sabsza zasada

    mocniejsza zasada

    stabilizowana przez grup alkilow

    Zasadowo amin

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    Slajd 12

    anilinastabilizowana poprzez

    nakadanie z piercieniem

    jon aniliniowynie ma stabilizacji

    amina alifatyczna

    amina aromatyczna

    efektnakadania mniej

    zasadowa

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  • Slajd 13

    Reakcje amin

    Alkilowanie

    amina 1 halogenek 1 sl aminy 2

    amina 2

    sl aminy 3amina 2

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    Slajd 14

    Acylowanie

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  • Slajd 15

    S