An Age of Exploration and Isolation 1400-1800. Chapter 19. Vocabulary. Bartolommeo Dias : Portuguese explorer. 1 st to sail around Africa. Prince Henry : “Henry the Navigator” Set up navigation school. Opened exploration for everyone - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
An Age of Exploration and Isolation
Chapter 19An Age of Exploration and Isolation 1400-1800
VocabularyBartolommeo Dias: Portuguese explorer. 1st to sail around Africa.Prince Henry: Henry the Navigator Set up navigation school. Opened exploration for everyoneVasco da Gama: 1st to sail from Europe to India (directly)Treaty of Tordesillas: Pope Alexander IV peace between Spanish/Portuguese. Line of Demarcation split the Americas up for S/P. Dutch East India Company: Dutch trading company that controlled trade in Asia ($$RICH$$)Vocabulary IIZheng He: Famous Chinese explorerDaimyo: Japanese feudal lord/nobleTokugawa Shogunate: A dynasty of shoguns that ruled a unified Japan from 1603-1867. (Isolation) Haiku: Japanese poetry, consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables
Chapter 19:1 1400-1800An Age of Exploration and Isolation
GODGLORYGOLD5Main Idea QuestionsWhat Role did the Renaissance play in launching an age of exploration?
What was Prince Henrys goal and who actually achieved it?
What European countries were competing for Asian trade during the age exploration? Europeans Explore the EastGod, Glory, and GoldMany Factors Encourage Exploration (3 Gs)Europeans Seek Greater WealthDemand for spices and other Eastern goods increased after Crusades(nutmeg, ginger, cinnamon and pepper)Trade routes controlled by Muslim and Italian MerchantsWanted to find different way EastThe Spread of ChristianityEuropeans wanted to spread Christian ideas and convert non-Christians
7For God, Glory and GoldTechnological AdvancesInvention of triangular sails allowed ships to sail against the wind
Invention of astrolabe, sextant, and compass allowed sailors to accurately navigateCaravel: Sturdy Hull, triangular sails (against the wind) astrolabe and the magnetic compass
65 Feet Long (average)Large cargo areaShallow depth
Portugal Leads the WayThe Portuguese Explore AfricaPrince Henry the Navigator founded a school to promote exploration (1419)Wanted to find a sea route to AsiaPortuguese Sailors Reach AsiaIn 1487, Bartholomew Dias becomes the 1st European to round S. AfricaIn 1498, Vasco da Gama reaches India by sea, trade route opened from India to Portugal
9Trading Empires in the Indian OceanPortugals Trading EmpireDuring the early 1500s, Portugal captures ports in India, the East Indies, and the Philippines
Portugal had trade monopoly in Asia, allowing it to become the richest European Country
Vasco da Gama10Trading in the Indian OceanOther Nations Drive out the PortugueseIn 1521, Spanish explorer Magellan becomes the first to round the worldThe Dutch captured the East Indies in 1581, formed the Dutch East India Company
European Trading OutpostsWhile Europeans controlled coastal ports, majority of inland native peoples remained unaffected
Spain Also Makes ClaimsSpanish attempted a direct route to Asia1492 The Portuguese believed that Columbus reached AsiaSpain vs. Portugal over newly claimed landsSpain and Portugal are both Extremely Catholic!!!Pope Alexander VI stopped a potential warTreaty of TordesillasLine of Demarcation Zone
Other Nations Challenging The Portuguese The Dutch Republic (The Netherlands) 1600: 20,000 shipsDutch East India CompanyPrivate Company to lead colonizationExploration of the East Indies (Batavia, Java)
France and England develop their own East India CompaniesOnly gained access to port cities15Main Idea Questions: PG 535What Role did the Renaissance play in launching an age of exploration?
What was Prince Henrys goal and who actually achieved it?
What European countries were competing for Asian trade during the age exploration? Chapter 19:2China Limits European Contacts
The Rise of the MingHongwu drives out the Mongols in 1368Helped restore farms, removed Mongol traces and promoted Chinas historical past!!Returned to Confucian idealsTyrant who feared being revoltsSon Yonglo moved capital to Beijing and constructed the Forbidden City
The Forbidden City Beijing
Started in 1406
14 years to construct
800 buildings with 9,000 rooms
Largest palace complex in the world
Hidden from public view
No foreigners were allowed
Home of the Royal Family
The Voyages of Zheng HeColumbus vs. Zheng HeChinese Marco Polo40-300 ship voyagesTreasure Ship 500ft 1.5 Football Fields27,000 crew members in the fleet (City of Jamestown)Distributed gives of silver and silk16 countries wanted to trade with Ming Dynasty7th voyage was the last (1433)
China Under the Ming Dynasty
Ming Foreign Relations1500s Ming Isolationism3 International Port CitiesCanton, Macao, NingboSmugglers Industry (European and Chinese)Used Silver from South American MinesChina did not Industrialized because.Confucian Ideas (farm life)Chinese Economy favored farms (high taxes on merchants)Christian MissionariesBrought Christianity, science/technology ie ClockMatteo Ricci
Manchus Found the Qing DynastyManchus (From Manchuria) establishes the Ming DynastyRuled for 260 years Expanded to Taiwan, Central Asia, Mongolia and TibetKangxi ruled 60 yearsPeace and prosperityThirst for knowledge
Ethnocentrism: Belief in the superiority of ones own ethnic group Chinese Exclusion
Chinese Middle Kingdom (Center of the Universe)
Foreigners must follow Chinese customs to trade (Dutch)Kowtow: Kneeling-head to ground 9 times (respect)
Dutch became exclusive trading partner Tea
Dutch vs. EnglishDutch Respected Chinese customs
English did not respect (NO KOWTOW)
Dutch gained access/British did not!!
nor do we need any more of your countrys manufactures. Qian-Long
Families and the Role of WomenNo Retirement Homes In ChinaNew increases in fertilizer allowed for more populationChinese favored sons over daughtersElderly parents would live with SonsWomen raised the children and tended he home
Life In Ming and Qing China Chapter 19:3Japan Returns to Isolation
Japan Limits Western Contacts1467-1568 period of Warring StatesDaimyos Take ControlTokugawa Shogunate Unites JapanBrought all of Japan under control in 1600-1868Continued feudalism in JapanEmperor and ShogunShogun has all the Power!!
Life In Tokugawa JapanThree words..Stability, Prosperity and Isolation
Farmers produced more food=more populationStructured society (Feudalism)Confucian ideals influenced society (Farmers!!)Mid 1700s shifted to urban societyEdo (old fishing village) changes to Tokyo (Million)
Culture Under The Tokugawa ShogunateSamurai attended dramas called Noh Dramas Glorified Samurai lifeTragic themes, battles, courageHaiku: Short poetry expressing imagesKabuki: Plays where actors mime in elaborate costumes
Portugal Sends Ships, Merchants and Tech.Christian Missionaries in Japan 1543 first European contact (shipwrecked Portuguese)Cultural DiffusionBrought Clocks, eyeglasses, tobacco, firearms Daimyo welcomed strangersBought weaponsSword vs. Gun Accepted missionaries b.c. they wanted gunsTokugawa Ieyasu did not like Christians 1612 Banned ChristianityRevolt in Southern Japan was blamed on Christians Forcible kick/killed Christians Contract Between Europe and JapanChristian Missionaries In Japan1549 Christian Missionaries arriveBy 1600, 300,000 Japanese convertsTokugawa Ieyasu disliked/distrusted Christians1612 Christianity is banned1637 Christianity is banned after a revolt
The Closed Country Policy Loved European Trade..Hated European ideas/waysFeared revolt1639 Closed Door Policy One Port: NagasakiOnly Dutch and Chinese allowed Spanish/Portuguese bannedShoguns controlled Nagasaki200 years of European IsolationJapanese forbidden to leaveSelf sufficient country
The Closed Country PolicyShoguns and Samurai feared outsider ideas/idealsClosed Door Policy One open port: NagasakiOnly Dutch and Chinese MerchantsShoguns could control the single port200 years of isolationForbidden to leaveNo new ideas from abroadNO CULTURAL DIFFUSION
Main IdeasWhat happened during the period of Warring States?
What was the structure of society in Tokugawa Japan?
What were the new styles of drama, art and literature in Tokugawa Japan? Chapter Quiz What were the three main reasons for the European Exploration?
Name the famous Chinese explorer during the Ming Dynasty?
What type of foreign policy did Japan use under the Tokugawa Shogunate? 40