AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTS’ ESSAY ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTS’ ESSAY OF ... of the study show that English tenses (181 errors or 24.89%)

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  • AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTS ESSAY OF PAST NARRATION COMIC

    Submitted in Partial Fulfillment

    Of the Requirements for the Degree of

    FACULTY OF LANGUAGE AND

    SATYA WACANA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY

    AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTS ESSAY OF PAST NARRATION COMIC

    THESIS

    Submitted in Partial Fulfillment

    Of the Requirements for the Degree of

    Sarjana Pendidikan

    Evlin Yunanda Salim

    112007158

    ENGLISH DEPARTMENT

    FACULTY OF LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

    SATYA WACANA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY

    SALATIGA

    2013

    AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTS ESSAY OF

  • AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTSPAST NARRATION COMIC

    Submitted in Partial Fulfillment

    Of the Requirements for the Degree of

    FACULTY OF LANGUAGE AND

    SATYA WACANA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY

    i

    AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTS ESSAY OF PAST NARRATION COMIC

    THESIS

    Submitted in Partial Fulfillment

    Of the Requirements for the Degree of

    Sarjana Pendidikan

    Evlin Yunanda Salim

    112007158

    ENGLISH DEPARTMENT

    FACULTY OF LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE

    SATYA WACANA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY

    SALATIGA

    2013

    ESSAY OF

  • ii

    AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTS ESSAY OF PAST NARRATION COMIC

    THESIS

    Submitted in Partial Fulfillment

    Of the Requirements for the Degree of

    Sarjana Pendidikan

    Evlin Yunanda Salim

    112007158

    Approved by:

    Hendro Setiawan Husada, M.A Maria Christina Eko S, M. Hum

    Supervisor Examiner

  • PUBLICATION AGREEMENT DECLARATION

    As a member of the (SWCU) Satya Wacana Christian University academic I verify that:

    Name : Evlin Yunanda Salim

    Student ID Number : 11200

    Study Program : English Language Teaching Department

    Faculty : Language and Literature

    Kind of Work : Undergraduate Thesis

    In developing my knowledge, I right for my intellectual property and the contents therein entitled:

    AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTS

    along with any pertinent equipment.

    With this non-exclusive royalty free right, SWCU maintains the right to copy, reproduce, print, publish, post, display, incorporate, store in or scan into a retrieval system or database, transmit, broadcast, barter or sell my intellectual property, in whole or in part withexpress written permission, as long as my name is still included as the writer.

    This declaration is made according to the best of my knowledge.

    Thesis Supervisor

    Hendro Setiawan Husada, M.A

    COPYRIGHT STATEMENT

    iii

    PUBLICATION AGREEMENT DECLARATION

    As a member of the (SWCU) Satya Wacana Christian University academic

    Evlin Yunanda Salim

    : 112007158

    : English Language Teaching Department

    : Language and Literature

    : Undergraduate Thesis

    In developing my knowledge, I agree to provide SWCU with a non-exclusive royalty free right for my intellectual property and the contents therein entitled:

    AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTS ESSAY OF PAST NARRATION COMIC

    along with any pertinent equipment.

    lusive royalty free right, SWCU maintains the right to copy, reproduce, print, publish, post, display, incorporate, store in or scan into a retrieval system or database, transmit, broadcast, barter or sell my intellectual property, in whole or in part withexpress written permission, as long as my name is still included as the writer.

    This declaration is made according to the best of my knowledge.

    Made in : Salatiga

    Date : 25 Juni 201

    Verified by signee,

    Evlin Yunanda Salim

    Approved by

    Thesis Examiner

    Maria Christina Eko S, M. Hum

    COPYRIGHT STATEMENT

    As a member of the (SWCU) Satya Wacana Christian University academic community,

    exclusive royalty free

    ESSAY OF PAST

    lusive royalty free right, SWCU maintains the right to copy, reproduce, print, publish, post, display, incorporate, store in or scan into a retrieval system or database, transmit, broadcast, barter or sell my intellectual property, in whole or in part without my

    13

    Maria Christina Eko S, M. Hum

  • This thesis contains no such material as has been submitted for examination in any course or accepted for the fulfillment of any degree or diploma in any university. To the best of my knowledge and my belief, this contains no material previously published or written by any other person except where due reference is made in the text.

    Copyright@ 2013 Evlin Yunanda Salim

    All rights reserved. No part of this thesis may be reproduced by any means without the permission of at least one of the copyright owners or the English Department, Faculty of Language and Literature, Satya Wacana University, Sal

    Evlin Yunanda Salim:

    iv

    This thesis contains no such material as has been submitted for examination in any course or any degree or diploma in any university. To the best of my

    knowledge and my belief, this contains no material previously published or written by any other person except where due reference is made in the text.

    Evlin Yunanda Salim and Hendro Setiawan Husada, M.A

    All rights reserved. No part of this thesis may be reproduced by any means without the permission of at least one of the copyright owners or the English Department, Faculty of Language and Literature, Satya Wacana University, Salatiga.

    This thesis contains no such material as has been submitted for examination in any course or any degree or diploma in any university. To the best of my

    knowledge and my belief, this contains no material previously published or written by any

    All rights reserved. No part of this thesis may be reproduced by any means without the permission of at least one of the copyright owners or the English Department, Faculty of

  • 1

    AN ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN STUDENTS ESSAY OF PAST NARRATION COMIC

    Evlin Yunanda Salim

    Abstract This study aimed to analyze the types of grammatical errors found in the Guided Writing students essay of past narration comic. The data were collected from 17 essays. In analyzing the data, I used steps proposed by Corder (1974) in Ellis and Barkhuizen (2005). A native speaker lecture helped identify the grammatical errors in the students essay. Based on the identification of errors, each category of errors was counted to find the types of grammatical errors using formula P

    100% P=percentage, n1=total of the errors, N=total of the

    whole errors. Each categories of error was explained and discussed. The result of the study show that English tenses (181 errors or 24.89%) were found to be the most common grammatical errors followed by errors in word choice (125 errors or 17.19%), punctuations (118 errors or 16.23%), subject-verb agreements (73 errors or 10.04%), prepositions (66 errors or 9.07%), articles (54 errors or 7.42%), singular/plurals (48 errors or 6.60%), pronoun (35 errors or 4.81%), and spellings (27 errors or 3.71%). This research concluded by discussing the pedagogical implication.

    Key words: grammatical errors, students essay, past narration comic

    Introduction

    Grammar is the central of the teaching and the basic knowledge to learning language

    effectively. Grammar plays an important role (Goh, 2007) and becomes one of the more

    difficult aspects of language to teach as well as to learn (Byrd, 2003). According to Mickan

    (2001), grammar analyzes the way the sentences work in the writing because writing is one of

    the skills which is used by people to communicate their ideas, thought, feeling, and emotions

    into words and paper.

    In the process of learning a foreign language, making errors is a common thing that the

    Indonesian learners face when they write an essay. They necessarily need knowledge of the

    grammatical rules. As a learner, producing second language (L2) is not easy. There will be

  • 2

    errors may occur because the learners often over-generalize them. An error is a noticeable

    deviation from the adult grammar of a native speaker, reflecting the interlangual competence

    of the learner (Dulay & Burt, 1974; Brown, 1994; Ancker, 2000) and grammatical error is an

    error of or pertaining to grammar (Kiser, 2009). Finding L2 learners errors is an evidence of

    a process of learning because error has played an important role in the study of language

    acquisition. Lengo (1995) also emphasized that people will learn to be better from errors that

    they have made.

    An analysis of errors in learning a foreign language has attracted scholars to examine

    the problematic error the learners made. However, grammatical error is one of the

    controversial issues in the field. One of the studies was done by Abushihab, El-Omari and

    Tobat in 2011. They investigated the grammatical errors in the students writing in

    Department of English Literature and Translation at Alzaytoonah Private University of

    Jordan. They found prepositions and morphological errors were the most problematic Arab

    learners made.

    However, most of the studies including the one belongs to Abushihab, El-Omari and

    Tobat focused on the problematic error the Arab learners made. Therefore, I will aim to

    answer the following research question, What types of grammatical errors did the English

    Department students produce in their writing?

    Theoretical Framework

    Error and mistake are different.