AN ANALYSIS ON STUDENTS GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN .GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN . WRITING DESCRIPTIVE PARAGRAPH

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AN ANALYSIS ON STUDENTS GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN

WRITING DESCRIPTIVE PARAGRAPH

(A Case Study at the Second Grade of SMPN 3 Tangerang Selatan)

By:

Santi Noviyanti

108014000077

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH EDUCATION

FACULTY OF TARBIYA AND TEACHERS TRAINING

STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH

JAKARTA

1434 H/2013 M

i

ABSTRACT

AN ANALYSIS ON STUDENTS GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN

WRITING DESCRIPTIVE PARAGRAPH. A Case Study at the Second Grade

of SMPN 3 Tangerang Selatan. Skripsi of English Education Department at

Faculty of Tabiyah and Teachers Training of State Islamic University Syarif

Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2013.

Keywords: Error Analysis, Types of Error.

This study was carried out to analyze and to classify the types and the

sources of students grammatical errors in writing descriptive paragraph. The

error collected was classified based on Corders theory. Besides, the purpose of

this study was to find out their frequency of in writing descriptive paragraph.

The method used in this study was qualitative. The qualitative design

applied in this study was a case study. Furthermore, the subject of this study was

second year students of 8.8. The writer took 30 students as the sample. The data

were collected through test.

The result of the error analysis process showed that students committed

error into four types: omission, addition, selection, and ordering. From the

frequency of each error types, selection was the error which most frequently

produced by the students. It took 57.9% of the total errors. Moreover, 29.8%

errors fell into error of omission and 7.6% errors fell into addition; whereas, for

Misordering, it only took 4.7%. To sum up, it showed that the usage of the

grammar in writing descriptiveparagraph is difficult for students.

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ABSTRAK

ANALISA KESALAHAN-KESALAHAN GRAMMAR SISWA DALAM

PENULISAN PARAGRAF DESKRIPTIF. A Case Study at the Second Grade

of SMPN 3 Tangerang Selatan. Skripsi of English Education Department at

Faculty of Tabiyah and Teachers Training of State Islamic University Syarif

Hidayatullah Jakarta. 2013.

Keywords: Error Analysis, Types of Error.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis dan mengelompokkan

kesalahan-kesalahan yang dilakukan oleh siswa dalam menulis paragraf

deskriptif. Kesalahan-kesalahan tersebut dikelompokkan berdasarkan teori

Corder. Penelitian ini bertujuan juga untuk memperoleh persentasi dari setiap

jenis kesalahan yang dilakukan oleh siswa dalam menulis paragraf deskriptif.

Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metodekualitatif,

sedangkan pola umum atau rancangan penelitian yang digunakan oleh peneliti

adalah studi kasus (case study). Selanjutnya, peneliti memilih siswakelas 8.8.

Penulis mengambil 30 siswa sebagai subjek dalam penelitian ini. Data dalam

penelitian ini diperoleh melalui tes.

Hasil dari penelitian error analysis menunjukan bahwa siswa melakukan

empat jenis kesalahan yaitu omission, addition, selection, and misordering.

Dilihat dari presentase setiap jenis kesalahan, selection merupakan jenis kesalahan

yang paling sering dilakukan dengan presentase sebesar 57.9%. Selanjutnya,

kesalahan omission sebesar 29.8%, addition sebesar 7.6%, sedangkan jenis

kesalahan ordering hanya sebesar 4.7% dari total kesalahan yang dilakukan oleh

siswa. Sebagai kesimpulan, hal ini terlihat bahwa siswa memiliki kesulitan

menggunakan grammar dalam penulisan paragraf deskriptif.

iii

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.All praisebe to Allah,

Lord of the Worlds, who has bestowed strength and healthupon thewriter in

finishing this research paper. Peace and blessing be upon our prophet Muhammad

SAW, his family, companions, and all his followers.

Alhamdulillah by the grace of Allah the Highest, the writer could finish

her research paper after long hard effort of writing. Thus, she would like to

express her greatest gratitude to her beloved parents (Nunu Erwin Siswanto and

Enok Ernawati) who always pray, support, and motivate her in every part of her

life especially in doing this study.

The writer would also like to address her gratitude to her advisors Dr.

Fahriany, M. Pd and Neneng Sunegsih M. Pd for their patient guidance, kindness,

valuable advice, and correction during the development of this research.

She would like to express her deep appreciation and gratitude to:

1. All lecturers of English Education Department who have taught her new

knowledge and have given her gorgeous experiences in study.

2. Drs. Syauki, M.Pd. and Zaharil Anasy, M.Hum. The head and secretary

of English Education Department.

3. Dra. Nurlena Rifai, Ph.D,the Dean of Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teachers

Training.

4. The principal and the English teacher of SMPN3 Tangerang Selatan for

permitting and helping the writer to conduct the research.

5. Her beloved best friends who have always been in the researcher side in

facing all the laughter and tears during her study, especially for Annis

Novitsania, Setya Ningrum, Nurma Hudaya, Hani Nur Hanifah and

Endah Mardiani, for their unforgetable memories.

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6. All her beloved friends of English Education Department C class of

academic year 2008 whose name cannot be mentioned here, for their

kindness to share their ideas and support in finishing this skripsi.

May Allah, the Almighty bless them all.Amin.

Finally, the writer realizes that this research paper still has some weakness

and shortage. Thus, she would be grateful to accept any suggestions and

corrections from anyone for better writing.

Jakarta, 20 August 2013

The Writer

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT .................................................................................................... i

ABSTRAK ...................................................................................................... ii

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................. iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................................... v

LIST OF TABLES ......................................................................................... viii

LIST OF APPENDICES ............................................................................... ix

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

A. The Background of the Study............................................... 1

B. The Identification of the Problem ........................................ 3

C. The Limitation of the Problem.............................................. 4

D. The Formulation of the Problem........................................... 4

E. The Significance of the Study.............................................. 4

F. The Organization of Writing................................................. 4

CHAPTER II: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

A. Error and Error Analysis . .............................................. 5

1. The Definition of Error . ............................... 5

2. The Distinction Between Error and Mistake ................ 5

3. The Types of Error........................................................ 6

B. The Error Analysis............................................................. 10

1. The Definition of Error Analysis.................................. 13

2. The Procedure in Error Analysis................................... 14

3. Goal of Error Analysis.................................................. 14

C. Writing .............................................................................. 14

1. The Definition of Writing ..................................... 14

2. The Purpose of Writing .......................................... 15

3. The Kinds of Writing ............................................ 16

4. Descriptive Writing ............................................... 18

vi

D. Paragraph............................................................................. 20

1. The Definition of Paragraph................................... 20

2. Types of Paragraph ................................................ 20

E. The Previous Related to Study .......................................... 24

CHAPTER III: REASERCH METHODOLOGY

A. Research Design ................................................................ 26

B. Place and Time of the Study . ............................ 26

C. The Subject of the Study .................................................... 27

D. Instrument of The Research ............................................... 27

E. Techniques of Data Collecting ........................................... 27

F. Techniques of Data Analysis ............................................. 29

CHAPTER IV: RESEARCH FINDING

A. The Data Description ...................................................

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