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  • Ancient Central China

    Ancient Central China provides an up-to-date synthesis of archaeologi- cal discoveries in the Upper and Middle Yangzi River region of China, including the Three Gorges Dam reservoir zone. It focuses on the Late Neolithic (late third millennium B.C.) through the end of the Bronze Age (late first millennium B.C.) and considers regional and interregional cultural relationships in light of anthropological models of landscape. Rowan K. Flad and Pochan Chen show that centers and peripheries of political, economic, and ritual activities were not coincident and that politically peripheral regions, such as the Three Gorges reservoir zone, were crucial hubs in interregional economic networks, particularly related to prehistoric salt production. The book provides detailed dis- cussions of recent archaeological discoveries and data from the Chengdu Plain, Three Gorges, and Hubei to illustrate how these various compo- nents of regional landscape were configured across Central China.

    Rowan K. Flad is professor of anthropology at Harvard University. He has received grants from the Wenner Gren Foundation for Anthropo- logical Research, the Luce Foundation, the Chiang Ching-Kuo Foun- dation, and the American Philosophical Foundation, among others. He has been a traveling lecturer for the Archaeological Institute of America and has published extensively on archaeology in China in many edited volumes and journals, including Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Current Anthropology, The Holocene, Antiquity, Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, Journal of Field Archaeology, Asian Perspectives, Journal of East Asian Archaeology, Bulletin of the Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities, Kaogu, and Nanfang Minzu Kaogu. He coedited a book on specialization in the series Archaeo- logical Papers of the American Anthropological Association and is the author of Salt Production and Social Hierarchy in Ancient China: An Archaeolog- ical Investigation of Specialization in China’s Three Gorges (Cambridge, 2011).

    Pochan Chen is assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology at National Taiwan University. His major research focus is the Neolithic to Han Dynasty of China and Neolithic Taiwan. He has published several papers in journals such as Asian Perspectives, Bianjiang Minzu Kaogu Yu Minzu Kaoguxue Jikan, Diaro de Campo, Kaogu, Nanfang Minzu Kaogu, Nanfang Wenwu, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Xinshixue, and Yanyeshi Yanjiu and in book sections of Salt Archaeology of China, Volume 1 and Sel, Eau et Forêt: D’hier à Aujourd’hui.

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  • Case Studies in Early Societies

    Series Editor Rita P. Wright New York University

    This series aims to introduce students to early societies that have been the subject of sustained archaeological research. Each study is also designed to demonstrate a contemporary method of archaeological anal- ysis in action, and the authors are all specialists currently engaged in field research.

    The books have been planned to cover many of the same fundamental issues. Tracing long-term developments, and describing and analyzing a discrete segment in the prehistory or history of a region, they repre- sent an invaluable tool for comparative analysis. Clear, well organized, authoritative, and succinct, the case studies are an important resource for students and for scholars in related fields, such as anthropology, ethnohistory, history, and political science. They also offer the general reader accessible introductions to important archaeological sites.

    Other titles in the series include:

    Ancient Mesopotamia Susan Pollock Ancient Oaxaca Richard E. Blanton, Gary M. Feinman, Stephen A. Kowalewski, Linda M. Nicholas Ancient Maya Arthur Demarest Ancient Jomon of Japan Junko Habu Ancient Puebloan Southwest John Kantner Ancient Cahokia and the Mississippians Timothy R. Pauketat Ancient Middle Niger Rod McIntosh Ancient Egyptian Civilization Robert Wenke Ancient Tiwanaku John Janusek The Ancient Indus Rita P. Wright Ancient Inca Alan L. Kolata

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  • Ancient Central China Centers and Peripheries Along the Yangzi River

    Rowan K. Flad Harvard University

    Pochan Chen National Taiwan University

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  • CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, Delhi, Mexico City

    Cambridge University Press 32 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10013-2473, USA

    www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521727662

    C© Rowan K. Flad and Pochan Chen 2013

    This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press.

    First published 2013

    Printed in the United States of America

    A catalog record for this publication is available from the British Library.

    Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data

    Flad, Rowan K. Ancient Central China / Rowan K. Flad, Pochan Chen.

    p. cm. – (Case studies in early societies) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-521-89900-0 (hardback) – ISBN 978-0-521-72766-2 (paperback) 1. Neolithic period – China – Yangtze River Region. 2. Bronze Age – China – Yangtze River Region. 3. Yangtze River Region (China) – Antiquities. 4. Yangtze River Region (China) – Civilization. 5. Antiquities, Prehistoric – China – Yangtze River Region. I. Chen, Pochan, 1973– II. Title. GN776.32.C6F528 2013 931–dc23 2012023429

    ISBN 978-0-521-89900-0 Hardback ISBN 978-0-521-72766-2 Paperback

    Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party Internet Web sites referred to in this publication and does not guarantee that any content on such Web sites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.

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    Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-89900-0 - Ancient Central China: Centers and Peripheries Along the Yangzi River Rowan K. Flad and Pochan Chen Frontmatter More information

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  • For Lothar, for his mentorship and guidance

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    Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-89900-0 - Ancient Central China: Centers and Peripheries Along the Yangzi River Rowan K. Flad and Pochan Chen Frontmatter More information

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  • www.cambridge.org© in this web service Cambridge University Press

    Cambridge University Press 978-0-521-89900-0 - Ancient Central China: Centers and Peripheries Along the Yangzi River Rowan K. Flad and Pochan Chen Frontmatter More information

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  • Contents

    Figures page xi

    Tables xv

    Boxes xvii

    Acknowledgments xix

    1 Introduction: Centers and Peripheries in the Ancient Yangzi River Valley 1 Preliminaries 1 In Defense of “Centers” 4 Political Peripheries at the Analytical Center 7 Outline of the Book 13

    Part I Setting the Stage

    2 The Environment of Central China 19 Introduction 19 Physical Geography 22 Climate 33 Summary 41

    3 Historiography and the Topography of Research: A History of Archaeology in Central China 43 Introduction 43 Pre-1949 Antiquarianism and Archaeology in Central China 44 The Postwar Era 50 Archaeological Florescence and Glasnost 58 Conclusion: Archaeological Practice and the Nature of Data 64

    Part II Political and Cultural Topographies

    4 The Sichuan Basin: Shu and