Andaman and nicobarAndaman and NicobarIslands are a cluster of some beautiful islands on earthAndaman and Nicobar culture show a mix of the indigenous cultures of the Negroid and the Mongoloid settlers of the island, as well as a more mainstream culture brought down by the descendants of the early settlers in the island from the Indian mainland.The migrants also contributed to the culture of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The greatest feature ofAndaman and Nicobar Islands culture is the peaceful coexistence of these two strains of cultural lives.The inhabitants of the Andamans are of Negroid origin and migrated from Africa thousands of years ago, way back in the later Paleolithic age. The main ethnic groups are:
Culture of andaman and nicobar
Andaman and NicobarIslands are a cluster of some beautiful islands on earth. They form an Indian State and the group of islands is mostly dependent on tour and tourism, and agriculture
The aboriginal tribes of theislandsstill stay naked and move around. They are untouched from theoutside world. TheSentinelese tribeof Andaman Islands has no link with outside world and they do not wear any cloth. Theyaccounta very small popular of the islands but theirlifeis a mystery.Sentinelese tribe of Andaman and Nicobar IslandThere is a dominantcommunityas well of the islands known asJarwas, who wear armband,necklaces, waistband, barks of trees and other traditionalclothingand jewelries.
A lot of changes have been seen on the islands and their lifestyle andculture, and now inhabitants do not restrict themselves to wearing coconut-leaf dresses and similar types of clothing. Now they wearmodern clothing. Similar thing has happened with the Onges tribe that has now adopted traditional dress after leaving their no dress culture. TheShormpenindividuals only cover themselves from the waist.
Christians, Sikhs and Hindus living on the islands wear their traditional and modern dresses like Kurtas, Dhoti, saree, salwars, Payjamas, t-shirts, shirts, trousers etc. They are well-connected with the outside world so they keep on changing their clothing like other modernpeople of India.
Costume of andaman and nicobar
Festivels of andaman and nicobar The festivals of Andaman andNicobar Islandscount occasions like Durga Puja to Dipawali, and from Christmas to Janmashtami. The colorful riot of the nature brings a new zeal for the peasants in the Holi festival. Even>festivals inAndaman and Nicobar Islandsalso include Onam and Pongal which are celebrated with equal enthusiasm.
The IslandTouristFestival which lasts for ten days is a grand festival which allures alarge numberof tourists every year. This festival is celebrated during the chilly winter season and thus in this period the Andaman and Nicobar island sees a large number of tourists across the world.
TheIsland TourismFestival is a mega event of this place where people from different schools assemble to perform. This is a unique place for the local people also as this festival gives the craftsmen a scope to explore their craftsmanship to the world.
Many people from various corners of the country visit Andaman to enjoy the festivals of the place.Languages inAndaman and NicobarIslands vary from community to community. Since the Union Territory is an abode to all types of communities, all the major languages of India are spoken here. The major languages spoken atAndaman and Nicobar Islandsare listed below :
Hindi,Tamil,Telugu,English,Punjabi,Kannada,Gujarati,Malayalam,Bengali,Marathi,Oriya,Karen,BurmeseApart from the above, there are some triballanguages spokenaround Andaman and Nicobar Islands. They are :AndamaneseOngeSentineleseNicobareseJarawaSince theclusterofislandshave people from various cultural backgrounds and communities, so different languages in Andaman andNicobar Islandsare used. But the majority of the population of Andaman and Nicobar Islands speak Hindi. English is also spoken a by a large number of people along with their regional languages.
The main reason behind such vastdiversityin Andaman and Nicobar languages is that the group of islands have people who have migrated from different states and communities to serve the punishment of "Kaala Pani" during the British rule. Thats how the Union Territory has people using different languages in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Language of andaman and nicobarCANE AND BAMBOOCane and Bamboo Work is carried on by settlers from Kerala and Andhra Pradesh . They are capable of making various items according to designs provided. Left to themselves, they generally copy designs from old catalogues.
Beautiful hole cane baskets made out of thin cane twigs that are not split, are used by women for carrying market produce and for storage. A cheaper type is used by labourers engaged in construction work. Mention may also be made of the cane work done in the cellular jail. This is mostly furniture made to order. The total number of artisans engaged in cane and bamboo work in the Andaman is estimated at about 50.
SHELL CRAFTA fairlylarge numberof shell workers, organised as private units, function in the islands. Their products extend from cleaned and polished decorative shells to table lamps, ashtrays, jewellery and buttons. There is much scope for improvement and expansion of sales in this line; a number of finer objects, for example, can be made from the polished shells with their pearly shine. An interesting resource material is Tortoise Shell; large shells in beautiful shades are available here, and could be put to very imaginative use. Small boxes-round and square-as well as bangles made of tortoise shell would find customers quite easily, particularly in the west. So far, articles such as table lamps and some jewellery and decorative items have been attempted.
COCONUT SHELLNot long ago, the local industries department at Port Blair initiated training in making articles out of coconut shells. The items, which include table lamps, finger bowls and other objects, have become quite popular. Jewellery made of coconut shell is another possibility, which may find an export market.
OTHER CRAFTSOne craftsman in Webi village, in the Middle Andamans, was engaged in hats of palm leaves and bamboo strips. Before he died, a few years ago, the All India Handicraft Board arranged to train some young boys under him, to keep the craft alive. Another who specialised in making walking sticks and billiard sticks out of marblewood, also trained a group of apprentices under the sponsorship of the handicrafts Board.
Crafts of andaman and nicobar
NICOBARESE DANCENicobarese dance isperformedby Nicobarese who live in the Island ofCarNicobar. Among the many fascinating tribal groups that inhabit the islands ofAndaman and Nicobar, Nicobarese is the only tribe who has lived in isolation and have unique traditional tribal ways. They are not even remotely influenced by modern civilisation and education.
The Festive RitualsColourfultribal festivities are still observed inNicobar Islands. The Nicobarese dance is performed during the "Ossuary Feast or the Pig Festival", which is dedicated to the departed head of the family. The occasion is observed with nightlong dancing in full moon light, under waving coconut palms. The dancers, dressed in coconut fronds, step gracefully in time, to traditional songs. The feast is followed by a pig fight in the morning.
Music & dance
The people of this Union Territory are deprived of many facilities till date and thus are living far behind the civilization. The food of the Andaman and Nicobar people are mainly the sea foods which are very common in this place. The people there are mainly non vegetarians depending primarily on sea foods.
The food of the Andamanese mainly comprises of non veg items like meat. They also intake a lot of fruits that are found in abundance in the forests of Andaman andNicobar islands. Most of the peasants of the island were hunters at a time. As such they used to feed on flesh of birds and wild animals. For a long time, the usage of fire was unknown to them.
Tropical foodsare found in the hilly parts of this island. Mango, banana, orange, pineapple, guava are some common fruits that are found in the markets of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Due to the increasing attractions of the visitors towards this place manyrestaurantshave grown up who are preparing delicious Indian, Chinese and Continental food items. But original Andaman foods could hardly be found there.
The Andamanfood preparedfrom fish are a very popular cuisine ofAndaman and Nicobar Islands. Sincefishis found in abundance in the sea, so people of Andaman like to take more and more fish in their meal.
Cuisine of andaman and nicobar