Anglo Russkij Tolkovij Slovar

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.., .. - . . ..; : - , 1995 407. ISBN 5-85382-132-6

Aa- - -. O : , . A chromosome - -. - - . A form - - []. , 75%- , , - 11, - - 2,56 , - 32,7o , - 23 , . Aarskog syndrome, faciogenital dysplasia - . , ; FGD1, q13 X-, , Rho-GTP Cdc42. AAT = aspartate aminotransferase (.). abasic site = AP-site (.). abbreviation - , . C - , . (, ). Abelson leukemia virus - . BALB , -, - . abetalipoproteinaemia - . , : APOB (-), p24-p23 2. abiocoen - . C . abiogenesis - . O : . - . abiotic environment - . C () () , .. . abiotrophic mutation - . , , .. ( ).

abiotrophy - . (.. ) , ; , "." , , , .; "." . 1902 . abnormal division = misdivision (.). AB0 blood groups - 0. C ( ), , , 9. AB0 [heterochromatic] function - 0- . Drosophila melanogaster, abo, 0- . aboriginal - , . O (), ; "" () , "" "". abortive pollen - . , ; - ( .). abortive transcription - . , (); .. 1981. abortive transduction - . , - - , - ("", "") . abortus - . , () . abscisic acid - . , ; . absolute lethal = complete lethal (.). absorption method - . : ( )

, . abundance [of mRNA] - () []. C , ; . . abundant mRNA - . , - 1000 10 000 ; M. 100, 50% . abzymes - . , ; - . . acanthocytaric hemolytic anemia - . , (); - . acceptor branch - "". , : ."." 7 3 (, --3' E.coli). acceptor capacity - . , , ; .. , . acceptor (right, 3'-) site - , . 3'- , ; ... ( / ). accessory chromosome = B chromosome (.). accessory nuclei - . , ; .. . accessory plate - . "" , , , , o . accidental (developmental) hermaphroditism - () . , ; .. . . acclimation - . , ; "." "" . acclimatization - .

, (); . , - ; ., , ( , , , ..). Ac-Dc system = activation-dissociation system (.). acentric (akinetic) chromosome - () . X, ; .. . acentric fragment - . , ; .. , , . acentric inversion = paracentric inversion (.). acetocarmine - , . K, ( ) . aceto-orceine - , . , , - ; . 1%- 45% . acetyl esterases - (. esterases). acetyl serine - -, N--. , , N- () . CH2 CO NH CH(CH2 OH) COOH acetylated tubulin - . , (, ) - . acetylation - . ; , . N- . acetylcholine - . , - . H3C CO O CH2 CH2 N+ (CH3)3

acetyl-coenzyme A - - . A , , , , .. achiasmata - . O ; . , . (, Y) - . achiasmate (achiasmatic) mutant - . O, , , . achondroplasia - , , -, . , (, ) , ; . achromatic - , . "" . achromatin - , , . K ( ), . acid phosphatase - [ 3.1.3.2]. , , , , (4,7-6,0; - 8,4-9,4) ; .. - (ACP). acidic amino acid - . A : .. - . aconidial type - . M , , .. . aconitase , [ 4.2.1.3]. , .

ACP = acid phosphatase (.). acrasin - . , Dictyostelium discoideum, : , . . acrichine = quinacrine (.). acridine dyes - . , 9- ( ); .. - , ( " " ); .

acridine orange - , . K ( , 550 ), , ; .. .

acriflavin - . A , , " " .

acrilamide - , 2-. , -N- ; . . CH2 - CH = CONH acritarchs .

, , , ; 1,5 . . acroblast = acrosome (.). acrocentric chromosome - () . X, , . . (1964), 7,0; .. , .. . acrosin - [ 3.4.21.10]. ( ), ; ( . ). acrosome, acroblast, idiosome - , . , , ; . (c. ), , ; , , . . acrosyndesis - . : . actidione = cycloheximide (.). actin - . ( 42 ), - , , , - . actinomycin D - D. , ( , , , ), Streptomyces chrysomallus; .D - , , ( DAPI) ; - (). activating enzyme = aminoacyl tRNA-synthetase (.). activator - , -. - , - ; . , - ; . , . activator-dissocation system, Ac-Ds system - -. ( ): Ac - () ,

Ds, ( Ac Ds ); Ds , ; ..-. .- 1950, . . 1984. active site - . , , , .. - , .. - ..; .. . activins, transforming growth factors- - , . , : , - . actomyosin - . ; . acute irradiation - . . acytokinesis - . ( ) , ( - ) ; , - (). ADA = adenosine deaminase (.). adaptation - . C (), ; . ( - ..) .; . , . - (.); ( ) . adaptive enzyme = inducible enzyme (.). adaptive norm - . C , , ; .. .. 1948. adaptive peak - . M ( ) . adaptive radiation - . , ; .. - ; .. .. 1875

. 1915. adaptive response - . , ( , , - "conditioning dose" "challenge dose"); .. 6--- . adaptive value, Darwinian fitness - , . , .. () () . adaptor hypothesis - . , , ; .., . 1958, . Ad-cells - Ad-. , ( ; d - dark, ): , Ad-., - , , -, ( ). Addison disease - , . , 12 ; .. , -12- ( -II: TCN2 22); . addition line - () . (), , ( ): , , . additional DNA - []. , ; . , 1 150 ; . . additional nucleolei - . , ( ); .. "-" ( , Drosophila .), ( Drosophila melanogaster); .. , (.). additive factors = polymeric genes (.).

additive theorem - . , -- ( ) : , - - (. ). adducin - . ( - - 103 97 ), , ; - . 4 . adduct - . , - , . adelphogamy - . C , . adenine - . (6-), , , , ; 6 .

adenine deoxyriboside - . : () (), . adenosine - . , () (), . adenosine deaminase - [ 3.5.4.4]. , ; - (ADA). adenosine diphosphate - , . , , , , . adenosine monophosphate, AMP - , . , , , , ; . . adenosine phosphate - . O , , , 1 ( ), 2 ( ) 3 ( ) . adenosine triphosphatases - , -, [ 3.6.1.3]. ,

; . , .. , ; . - (, ). adenosine triphosphate - , . , , ; ( ) , . Adenoviruses - . - , , 70-90 , ( 20-29 106); ., ; . . adenylate kinase - , [ 2.7.4.3]. , ++, ; , ; . - (. 68 ); - (). ADH = alcohol dehydrogenase (.). adichogamy = homogamy (.). adipocyte - . K, ; . - . adipokinetic hormones - . ; (, Schistocerca gregaria AKH-I AKH-II 10 8 ), , , , , , .. adjuvant - . , ; ( , .) ( , , .) . ADP = adenosine diphosphate (.). ADP-ribosilation - -. - : , eEF2 , ; -. ; , -. eEF2 . adrenalin - . , ; .

.

adrenergic receptors - . M , ; - 1, 2, 1, 2A, 2B; .. - . 80- . adrenocorticotropic hormone - , . , . advanced taxon - . derived line. adventitious - , . X ( ), (, ..). adventitious embryony - () . - (, ) ; .. , . adventitious homeosis - . : ( reduplicated legs Drosophila melanogaster - " "). adverse selection - () . () , , ; .. . aeromorphosis - . . aestivate - . , . afibrinogenemia . , , I (), - ; 1920, 70 ; (F1A, F1B, F1G) q28 4. aflatoxins - . , , , , , ; . - .

Africanized honey bee - " ". Apis mellifera, ; . afterbirth = placenta (.). AG protein = argentophilic protein (.). agameon - . , . agamete - . , ; . . agamodeme - . ( ), . agamogony - . P , , . agamospecies - "". , . agamospermy - . "" ; , , "" - , . agar - . , ( .) - . age group - . ( ) . ageing, senescence - . K , , , , , ; . . agglomeration = stickiness (.). agglutination - . (, . ), , - ; .

. . 1890 .. 1891. agglutinin - . A, ; . , ( ), ( ) ..; . "" - , (. ). agglutinogen - . A, . agmatoploidy - . ; , ; . - , . agnation - . P . agouti - "". T , ; , "." - , "." . agranular reticulum - . , ; .. - , , .. ( ); (.. ), (.. ) .. agranulocytosis, Kostmann disease - , . , ( .) , ; - ; . - NDF p21.3 6. agriculturally important species - - . , ; .. , ; .-.. 2. agrin - . , : ; . Torpedo 1984 . agropine - . P , , ( ); . Ti- . Ag-staining = N-banding (.).

Aicardi syndrome - . ( - ), , .; , , AIC p22 -. AID - . artificial insemination. AIDS (Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome) - ( ). , - (- ), H- , . AIH - . artificial insemination. air-drying method . : , ( ) - , ( , ), ; ... ( ) - "" . AK = adenylate kinase (.). akaryote = enucleate cell (.). akinetic chromosome = acentric chromosome (.). akinetic inversion = paracentric inversion (.). alanine - . A , (L-. - ; D-. - ); . ( 40%); , , , . Albers-Schoenberg disease = osteopetrosis (.). albinism - . ; . , ( , ); 10 , . albino - . O, . albomaculation - . - , ( ). Albrigh