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    1 Shabbos is synonymous with Hashem. When we speak about Shabbos like this we are speaking about the Shechina.

    2 When Shabbos comes or goes what we really mean is that God is coming or going.

    3 Understand the majesty of this holy day.

    4 The reason why we don’t speak about greeting other mitzvos, is because other mitzvos you perform. Whereas Shabbos is an encounter with God.


    6 We are busy doing last minute things and therefore not physically ready to greet Hashem. We are not in the right state of mind to greet Hashem.

    7 King.

    8 So they could spend the whole latter part of the day ready to greet the Shechina.

    9 The more we prepare for Shabbos and yearn for it to come the more we will be raised in our sanctity of Shabbos.

    10 Start earlier and organize your day so that everything will be ready on time.

    11 Answers will vary.

    12 It is a time of great pressure and Hillel did not get upset.

    Receive Shabbos Receive Hashem’s Presence At

    Har Sinai

    Changing Clothes Wash their clothes

    Being in the right frame of mind

    Not being occupied with other matters

    Going out to greet the Sabbath Go out to greet the Shechina

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    1 To prepare for Shabbos, all the rooms of the house should be cleaned as if for visiting royalty.

    2 The Jewish people which are prepared for their final redemption.

    3 It adorns the Shabbos table and honors Shabbos. It honors the wife.

    4 It lends to the aura of the day.

    5 It is preferred that a person does the mitzvah themselves.

    6 To make the day something that the whole family looks forward to spending together.

    7 At least wash your hands and face in warm water.

    8 Freshly cleaned and better than weekday

    9 Shabbos and Yom Tov, and expenses for teaching your children Torah.

    10 Hashem will reimburse you and give you enough for other mitzvos.


    1 It is a token of appreciation for the effort the woman of the house expended to make the unique Shabbos atmosphere of the house.

    2 In the merit of tzedakah our prayers are more readily accepted.

    3 When she lights her candles she accepts Shabbos upon herself.

    4 It is better to light the candles in weekday clothes rather than run the risk of possibly violating Shabbos.

    5 The woman will be blessed with sons and sons-in-law that are talmidei chachamim.

    6 At the time of candlelighting there is great out-pouring of mercy from Above and there is nothing a woman cannot obtain from God.

    7 Once a woman recites the bracha she has accepted Shabbos restrictions upon herself and will no longer be able to light them.

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    8 The human soul.

    9 Just as candles light up the darkness, so too, our role as Jews is to bring light into the darkness of the world and shine Godliness into every corner of the world.


    1 The Shabbos candles add flavor and dignity to the day by creating a festive atmosphere.

    2 A meal eaten in a well lit room is far more enjoyable than one eaten in the dark.

    3 The Shabbos candles add peace to a home because it prevents a person from bumping in objects and hurting themselves.

    4 They should be lit in the place where we are eating.

    5 They should be lit in the place where we are eating.

    6 Each room should have enough light so the people will not trip or bump into things in the dark. The light can come from indirect sources such as a street light shining through the window.

    7 They do not require any light.


    1 Shabbos is a time of peace and freedom from worldly distractions and it is a time when parents have the peace of mind to bless their children with a whole heart and concentration.

    2 blessed they are to have children in the first place.

    3 ...of the love their parents feel for them.

    4 Friday night is a time when a surge of blessing descends on the world.

    5 The blessing that kohanim use to bless the Jewish people.

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    7 Ephraim and Menashe got along well together and we pray that our children get along peacefully with one another.

    8 We mention them in the hope our daughters will emulate the characteristics of the these great women.


    1 There is a positive commandment to sanctify the day with words of praise and to elevate it above the other days of the week.

    2 A bris milah, a wedding, a pidyon haben, kiddush and havdalah.

    3 Spiritual things get better over time. Physical things do not. Wine is unique as it is physical, but has spiritual properties in that it gets better over time.

    4 Right hand for righties and left hand for lefties.

    5 The fingers should extend upward and envelope the cup.

    6 The kiddush is valid bedieved.

    7 Malei lugmov, a cheekful.

    8 It is the minimum amount that will provide the drinker with a feeling of satisfaction.

    9 A meal.






    According to Kabbalistic sources, why does this blessing take place on Friday night? According to Kabbalistic sources, why does this

    What are origins of the brachos recited?

    Match each pasuk with its meaning:

    May Hashem grace you with wisdom and understanding of His Torah.

    May Hashem bless you with material wealth and protect you from misfortunes that would not allow you to enjoy it.

    May Hashem shine his face to you when you pray to Him and give you peace.

    ְיָבֶרְכָך ה‘ ְמֶרָך: ְוִיְשׁ

    ָניו ָיֵאר ה‘ ָפּ : ךָּ ֵאֶליָך ִויֻחֶנּ

    ָניו א ה‘ ָפּ ׂ ִיָשּ לֹום: ם ְלָך ָשׁ ֵאֶליָך ְוָיֵשׂ

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    1 The double portion of manna that fell on Friday in the desert.

    2 It teaches us that we will not lose out or suffer for keeping Shabbos.

    3 It fell daily, it was warm and fresh, it did not produce waste, it sharpened their minds and enabled them to learn Torah, a light rain cleaned the area where the manna would fall, a layer of dew covered it from below and above to keep out bugs, it landed in huge piles, everyone had the same amount, it tasted like whatever you wanted, when it came down the wind blew in a beautiful fragrance, expensive stones fell with it, it was a spiritual barometer, it was used to resolve monetary cases.

    4 We declare to ourselves and our families that our sustenance comes solely from above.


    1 The miracle of the manna which was protected by two layers of manna one from above and one from below.

    2 When making a blessing on both bread and wine, the order of brachos should really be that the bread should come first, however when making kiddush it is not possible, so we cover the challah in order not to embarrass it.

    3 They were brought to the table for Shabbos and are not leftovers from a Friday night meal.

    4 If one lifts the challah by the weaker section the loaf does not break into two.

    5 In order to minimize the delay between the blessing and finding the best place to cut the challah a slight cut is made before making the beracha.

    6 The 10 mitzvos involved in making the challah

    7 When announcing Hashem’s name.

    8 On Friday night we cut the bottom challah. In order not to pass over the mitzvah of the top challah we hold the bottom one closer.

    9 The salt that was brought along with each sacrifice that was brought in the Beis Hamikdash.

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    1 39

    2 The Melachos that were done to build the mishkan are the same Melachos that are forbidden on Shabbos.

    3 A. The exact melacha

    4 C. Similar in purpose as the one done in the mishkan, but not done the same way.

    5 Answers will vary. Clear the surface, add water to soften the ground, make a hole to put the seed into.

    6 B. A tolda is the same strictness as the av.

    7 Torah

    8 Rabbis


    1 A. Melacha she’tzricha legufo

    2 B. Melacha sheina tzricha legufo

    3 It is a rabbinic prohibition.


    1 The intention of the action was to move the chair not plow the earth.

    2 If the soil is hard and there is not 100% chance that one is going to make a groove it is permissible.

    If the soil is soft and it is going to make a groove it is prohibited.

    3 No, it will definitely make a groove and perform the melacha.

    4 Psik reisha or psik reisha v’lo yamos

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    1 Doing a melacha in a destructive manner.

    2 sew the material and make it better.

    3 It is a rabbinic prohibition.


    1 Doing a melacha in an unusual manner.

    2 Answers may vary. To cut paper with your teeth, carry something between your elbows, or write a letter with your toe.

    3 B. It is a prohibition from the Rabbis


    1 Doing a melacha indirectly.

    2 Answers may vary. Putting out a fire by placing water next to it.

    3 B. It is a prohibition from the Rabbis


    1 Sidura d’pas, the order of making bread.

    2 Plowing the ground

    3 Baking the bread

    4 Turning over the upper layer