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Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20090016295 2019-10-17T01:20:05+00:00Z

Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

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Page 1: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview

Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview

https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20090016295 2019-10-17T01:20:05+00:00Z

Page 2: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

ObjectivesObjectives

• Describe LM Electrical System original specificationsy g p• Describe the decision to change from fuel cells to batteries

and other changes• Describe the Electrical system• Describe the Apollo 13 failure from the LM perspective

Page 3: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

OverviewOverview

Lunar Module (LM) electrical system designed for: – Low power during coast to Moon – High loads during lunar descent– Lower loads during lunar ascent– Redundant power supply such that entire mission (although p pp y ( g

shortened) could be done if one system on ascent or descent stage was lost

Page 4: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Original RequirementsOriginal Requirements

• 65 kW-hr at 4 kW max for a 35-hr lunar stay

• Designed fail-safe– Redundant buses, isolation equipmentRedundant buses, isolation equipment– Converters for equipment needing other than 28 V DC– Circuit protection by circuit breakers, fuses, electronic circuitry

• Originally designed for fuel cells– Three fuel cellsThree fuel cells– Peaking battery and battery charger

Page 5: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Power Source ChangesPower Source Changes

Due to complexity, development costs, time constraints, and p y, p , ,mission profile changes, off-the-shelf battery technology was used

LM battery charger not needed (only for CSM)– LM battery charger not needed (only for CSM)– Decreased time between lunar liftoff and docking meant lower

power requirementsT k 45 35k (100 lb) i ht hit t LM b it hi t b tt i– Took a 45.35kg (100 lb) weight hit to LM by switching to batteries

– Later mission increased lunar stay time from 35 to 72 hrs required extra batteries

Page 6: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Battery Specs.Battery Specs.

LM Descent

LM Ascent

CSM Entry/y

Post-LandingVoltage (volts) 29 29 29

Capacity (amp-hrs) 400 296 40

DimensionsLength

0.025m3 (1525.3 in3)0.43m (16.94”)

0.022m3 (1376.8 in3)0.90m (35.75”)

0.006m3 (373.5 in3)0.25m (10.15”)Length

WidthHeight

( )0.23m (9.04”)0.25m (9.96”)

( )0.12m (4.95”)0.2m (7.78”)

( )0.16m (6.4”)0.15m (5.75”)

Weight 60kg (132.7lbs) 56kg (123.7lbs) 10kg (22lbs)g

Quantity 4 or 5 2 3

Page 7: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Final ConfigurationFinal Configuration

• Seven batteries– Five descent-stage @ 400 amp-hrs eachFive descent stage @ 400 amp hrs each– Two ascent-stage @ 296 amp-hrs each

• Electrical Control Assembly (ECA)For control and protection of batteries– For control and protection of batteries

– 2 for descent and 2 for ascent• Redundant feeder systems

– Get the power from the batteries to the buses• Deadface assembly

– Separate the descent stage from the ascent stage via Explosive p g g pDevice Subsystem (which has its own separate power system)

• DC buses feed AC converters

Page 8: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

LM ElectricalLM Electrical

Page 9: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Other ChangesOther Changes

AC System– Most of the ECLSS pumps and fans changed to brushless DC

motors instead of AC motors, so they ended up with oversized ACmotors instead of AC motors, so they ended up with oversized AC inverters

D i h lt f A ll 13Design changes as a result of Apollo 13– Capability of the LM to initiate power transfer to CSM– Added circuit protection to LM buses during power transferp g p– Capability to transfer power after LM staging– Added fifth descent stage battery (Lunar Battery), 12 kW

Any battery could be tied to any electrical bus– Any battery could be tied to any electrical bus

Page 10: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Descent Stage Ascent Stage LMP busLUT

power

From LCC

To LM sub-

systems

LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM

30 A

LMP bus

Bat. 1HV

LV

ECA 1 RJBpower

batteryfeedtie

100 A30 A AC bus A

From GSETo LM sub-

systems

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

100ABat. 2

HV

tie

100 A

ECA 3 ECA 4 Inverter2

5 A 5 A

Lunar bat.

C On On On On

Bat. 5 Bat. 6

Inverter1

5 A 5 A

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

Bat. 3HV

ECA2 DFRB

b tt

100 A

On

Off/resetnormal

On

Off/resetbackup

Off/resetnormal

Off/resetbackup

2

1

AC bus B

100A

CDR bus

Bat. 4HV

LV

batteryfeedtie

100 A

30 A

1

Off To LM sub-

systemsTo LM sub-

systems

On

Off/Reset HV

Deadface

Connect From CSM

On

Off/Reset LV Note: Functional Flow diagram, many details not included

Translunar bus

Page 11: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Descent Stage Ascent Stage LMP busLUT

power

From LCC

To LM sub-

systems

LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Battery subsystem

30 A

LMP busECA 1 RJB

power

batteryfeedtie

100 A30 A AC bus A

From GSETo LM sub-

systemsBat. 1

HV

LV

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

100A

tie

100 A

ECA 3 ECA 4 Inverter2

5 A 5 ABat. 2

HV

C On On On On

Inverter1

5 A 5 A

Lunar bat.

Bat. 5 Bat. 6

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

ECA2 DFRB

b tt

100 A

On

Off/resetnormal

On

Off/resetbackup

Off/resetnormal

Off/resetbackup

2

1

AC bus BBat. 3HV

100A

CDR bus

batteryfeedtie

100 A

30 A

1

Off To LM sub-

systemsTo LM sub-

systems

Bat. 4HV

LV

Translunar busOn

Off/Reset HV

Deadface

Connect From CSM

On

Off/Reset LV Note: Functional Flow diagram, many details not included

Page 12: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Battery SubsystemBattery Subsystem

• Timeline– Prior to docking: DC power from low-voltage taps on descent stage

batteriesbatteries. – Descent: all 7 Ascent and Descent batteries were paralleled– Ascent: Ascent batteries activated, Descent batteries deactivated,

flines deadfaced and severed

• Loss of a single battery– If Descent stage, led to curtailed mission, but other battery couldIf Descent stage, led to curtailed mission, but other battery could

handle loads on the main bus– If Ascent stage, enough to accomplish liftoff, rendezvous, and

docking.docking.

• Lunar Battery was a spare added after Apollo 13 – Could be connected to either bus (but not both simo).

Page 13: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Descent Stage Ascent Stage LMP busLUT

power

From LCC

To LM sub-

systems

LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

30 A

LMP bus

Bat. 1HV

LV

RJBpower

batteryfeedtie

100 A30 A AC bus A

From GSETo LM sub-

systems

ECA 1

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

100ABat. 2

HV

tie

100 A

Inverter2

5 A 5 A

ECA 3 ECA 4

Lunar bat.

Bat. 5 Bat. 6

Inverter1

5 A 5 A

On On On OnC crosstie

balanceloads

30 A

Bat. 3HV

DFRB

b tt

100 A 2

1

AC bus B

On

Off/resetnormal

On

Off/resetbackup

Off/resetnormal

Off/resetbackup

ECA2

100A

CDR bus

Bat. 4HV

LV

batteryfeedtie

100 A

30 A

1

Off To LM sub-

systemsTo LM sub-

systems

Translunar bus

Deadface

Connect From CSM

Note: Functional Flow diagram, many details not included

On

Off/Reset HV

On

Off/Reset LV

Page 14: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Electrical Control AssemblyElectrical Control Assembly

Batteries controlled and protected by four electrical control assemblies (ECAs)– Two Descent stage ECAs allowed high and/or low voltage

onto the buses– Two Ascent stage ECAs provided a primary and backup

fpath from the batteries to the buses.

ECAs provided auto-trip protection– In case of overcurrent, reverse current, or overtempIn case of overcurrent, reverse current, or overtemp

Page 15: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Descent Stage Ascent Stage LMP bus

LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEMTo LM sub-

systemsLUT

power

From LCC

Interface Control subsystem

30 A

LMP bus

Bat. 1HV

LV

ECA 1

batteryfeedtie

100 A30 A AC bus A

From GSETo LM sub-

systems

RJBpower

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

100ABat. 2

HV

tie

100 A

ECA 3 ECA 4 Inverter2

5 A 5 A

Lunar bat.

C On On On On

Bat. 5 Bat. 6

Inverter1

5 A 5 A

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

Bat. 3HV

ECA2

b tt

100 A

On

Off/resetnormal

On

Off/resetbackup

Off/resetnormal

Off/resetbackup

2

1

AC bus B

DFRB

100A

CDR bus

Bat. 4HV

LV

batteryfeedtie

100 A

30 A

1

Off To LM sub-

systemsTo LM sub-

systems

Translunar busOn

Off/Reset HV

From CSM

On

Off/Reset LV Note: Functional Flow diagram, many details not included

Deadface

Connect

Page 16: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Interface ControlInterface Control

Junction boxes on feeder wires between batteries and electrical buses– Disconnected deadheaded and isolated Descent stage from the– Disconnected, deadheaded, and isolated Descent stage from the

Ascent stage prior to liftoff from the lunar surface

Deadface Relay Box (DFRB) on CDR’s side

Rela J nction Bo (RJB) on the LMP sideRelay Junction Box (RJB) on the LMP side– RJB had additional relays and electronics for the various battery

controls from the automatic checkout equipment, the LM cabin, and th d d l (CM)the command module (CM).

– Also contained the relays that connected the Launch Umbilical Tower (LUT) to the LM prior to launch.

Page 17: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

LMP bus

To LM sub-

systemsLUT

powerDescent Stage Ascent Stage

From LCC

LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM DC Feeder subsystem

LMP bus

30 A

30 A AC bus A

From GSETo LM sub-

systems

RJBECA 1Bat. 1

HV

LV

power

batteryfeedtie

100 A

ECA 3 ECA 4

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

100A

Inverter2

5 A 5 ABat. 2

HV

tie

100 A

On On On On

Bat. 5 Bat. 6

Inverter1

5 A 5 A

C

Lunar bat.

On

Off/resetnormal

On

Off/resetbackup

Off/resetnormal

Off/resetbackup

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A2

1

AC bus B

DFRBECA

2

Bat. 3HV

b tt

100 A

CDR bus

100A

30 A

1

Off To LM sub-

systemsTo LM sub-

systems

Bat. 4HV

LV

batteryfeedtie

100 A

Translunar busFrom CSM

Note: Functional Flow diagram, many details not included

On

Off/Reset HV

Deadface

ConnectOn

Off/Reset LV

Page 18: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Feeder SystemFeeder System

Two feeder systems consisting of redundant power wires to transfer power from the batteries through the ECA to the DCtransfer power from the batteries through the ECA to the DC buses. – For the Descent stage, both high and low voltage distribution feeder

Cconnections had automatic overcurrent protection in the ECA– For the Ascent stage, autotrip for backup feeder was removed for

weight savings

Page 19: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Descent Stage Ascent StageLUTpower

From LCC

To LM sub-

systemsLMP bus

LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM DC Bus subsystem

Bat. 1HV

LV

ECA 1 RJBpower

batteryfeedtie

100 AAC bus A

From GSE

30 A

LMP bus

30 A

To LM sub-

systems

Bat. 2HV

tie

100 A

ECA 3 ECA 4

5 A 5 Acrosstiebalance

loads

30 A

100A

Inverter2

Lunar bat.

C On On On On

Bat. 5

5 A 5 A

Bat. 6

Inverter1

Bat. 3HV

ECA2 DFRB

b tt

100 A

On

Off/resetnormal

On

Off/resetbackup

Off/resetnormal

Off/resetbackup

2

1

AC bus B

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

Bat. 4HV

LV

batteryfeedtie

100 A

1

Off To LM sub-

systems

100A

CDR bus

30 A To LM sub-

systems

Translunar busOn

Off/Reset HV

Deadface

ConnectOn

Off/Reset LV Note: Functional Flow diagram, many details not included

From CSM

Page 20: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

DC Bus SystemDC Bus System

DC electrical power was distributed via the LMP and CDR buses– So named because of the switches and circuit breakers on that

crewmember’s side of the LM– DC power went to other subsystems directly from these busesDC power went to other subsystems directly from these buses– DC power was also distributed to the AC inverters

Page 21: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

DC Bus OperationsDC Bus Operations

During noncritical phases of normal operation– 30-amp cbs were closed to distribute unbalanced loads between30 amp cbs were closed to distribute unbalanced loads between

buses so that the batteries discharged evenly. – Between docking and descent, CSM supplied power to the LM at

the CDR bus using the CSM Translunar Negative Busthe CDR bus using the CSM Translunar Negative Bus

During critical phases of normal operation – Descent and Ascent stage batteries paralleled during descent

operations– CDR and LMP buses were isolatedC

Page 22: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

DC Load GroupingDC Load Grouping

Redundant loads were put on separate buses– Examples: two AC inverters, the system A and B reaction-control

quad heaters with control circuitry the two sets of UHF and VHFquad heaters with control circuitry, the two sets of UHF and VHF transceivers, primary guidance (PGNS), abort guidance (AGS)

Nonredundant critical loads powered by both buses with diode protection– Example: battery controlsExample: battery controls

Nonredundant noncritical loads powered by a single busy g– Examples: sensors, some lights

Page 23: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Descent Stage Ascent Stage LMP busLUT

power

From LCC

To LM sub-

systems

LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM AC subsystem

30 A

LMP bus

Bat. 1HV

LV

ECA 1 RJBpower

batteryfeedtie

100 A

To LM sub-

systems

30 A AC bus A

From GSE

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

100ABat. 2

HV

tie

100 A

ECA 3 ECA 4 Inverter2

5 A 5 A

Lunar bat.

C On On On On

Bat. 5 Bat. 6

Inverter1

5 A 5 A

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

Bat. 3HV

ECA2 DFRB

b tt

100 A

On

Off/resetnormal

On

Off/resetbackup

Off/resetnormal

Off/resetbackup

2

1

AC bus B

100A

CDR bus

Bat. 4HV

LV

batteryfeedtie

100 A

To LM sub-

systems

30 A

1

Off To LM sub-

systems

Translunar busOn

Off/Reset HV

Deadface

Connect From CSM

On

Off/Reset LV Note: Functional Flow diagram, many details not included

Page 24: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

AC SubsystemAC Subsystem

AC power provided by either of two identical, redundant inverters, one from each main bus– Inverter 2 energized when the LM subsystems first activated and

connected to the AC buses. – Inverter 1 functioned as a backup during the mission, except that it

was the operating inverter during LM descent and ascent engine burns.

The AC bus A also received power from the GSE prior to launch

Page 25: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Descent Stage Ascent Stage LMP bus

To LM sub-

systemsLUT

power

From LCC

LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Outside power sources

30 A

LMP bus

Bat. 1HV

LV

ECA 1 RJB

batteryfeedtie

100 A30 A

To LM sub-

systems

AC bus A

From GSEpower

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

100ABat. 2

HV

tie

100 A

ECA 3 ECA 4 Inverter2

5 A 5 A

Lunar bat.

C On On On On

Bat. 5 Bat. 6

Inverter1

5 A 5 A

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

Bat. 3HV

ECA2 DFRB

b tt

100 A

On

Off/resetnormal

On

Off/resetbackup

Off/resetnormal

Off/resetbackup

2

1

AC bus B

100A

CDR bus

Bat. 4HV

LV

batteryfeedtie

100 A

30 A

1

Off To LM sub-

systemsTo LM sub-

systems

On

Off/Reset HV

Deadface

ConnectOn

Off/Reset LV Note: Functional Flow diagram, many details not included

From CSM Translunar bus

Page 26: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Outside Power SourcesOutside Power Sources

PrelaunchFrom LUT (DC) and GSE (AC)– From LUT (DC) and GSE (AC)

Translunar coast– Used between docking and descent operations– Translunar Negative Bus, which transferred DC power from the

CSM to the LM via umbilicals for various heaters and lights duringCSM to the LM via umbilicals for various heaters and lights during the translunar coast

Page 27: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

TimelineTimeline

Time LM power supplyPrior to T-30 min GSET-30 to transposition and docking LM Descent batteriesTranslunar coast CSM via the Translunar BusLunar orbit LM Descent batteriesLunar orbit LM Descent batteriesLunar descent LM Ascent and Descent batteriesLunar surface stay LM Descent batteriesL LM A b iLunar ascent LM Ascent batteries

Page 28: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Apollo 13 (as seen from the LM)Apollo 13 (as seen from the LM)

Cryo tank explosion on Service Module led to impending loss of all power in the CSM

Only remaining power source in CSM were Entry/Post Landing– Only remaining power source in CSM were Entry/Post-Landing Batteries, and they were partly discharged

Used Translunar Negative Bus to power CSM from LM– Normally the CSM powered the LM during the translunar coast via

drag-through umbilicalsdrag through umbilicals– LM used as a “lifeboat” to power critical equipment on CSM and to

recharge the CSM Entry batteriesLM not designed to be brought back to Earth– LM not designed to be brought back to Earth

– Severe powerdowns on both LM and CSM were required (at some points, less than 20% of normal power levels)

Page 29: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Apollo 13 LM BatteriesApollo 13 LM Batteries

LM batteries provided power to itself and the CSM for 83 hrs– Far outside of qual/testing limitsq g– Provided 350W, normally 1000W– Continuous zero-G

Continuous cold temperatures (37° F)– Continuous cold temperatures (37 F)– At jettison, the LM had less than 5 hrs of power left

Extra “Lunar Battery” added afterwards due to longer lunar stays

Could also be used as extra power in emergency scenario– Could also be used as extra power in emergency scenario– Coincidentally already planned for Apollo 15-up

Page 30: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Descent Stage Ascent Stage LMP busLUT

power

From LCC

To LM sub-

systems

LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Apollo 13

LMP bus

Bat. 1HV

LV

ECA 1 RJBpower

batteryfeedtie

100 A30 A AC bus A

From GSETo LM sub-

systems

30 A

Bat. 2HV

tie

100 A

ECA 3 ECA 4 Inverter2

5 A 5 Acrosstiebalance

loads

30 A

100A

C On On On On

Bat. 5 Bat. 6

Inverter1

5 A 5 A

Lunar bat.

Bat. 3HV

ECA2 DFRB

b tt

100 A

On

Off/resetnormal

On

Off/resetbackup

Off/resetnormal

Off/resetbackup

2

1

AC bus B

crosstiebalance

loads

30 A

CDR bus

Bat. 4HV

LV

batteryfeedtie

100 A

30 A

1

Off To LM sub-

systemsTo LM sub-

systems

100A

On

Off/Reset HV

Deadface

ConnectOn

Off/Reset LV Note: Functional Flow diagram, many details not included

From CSM Translunar bus

Page 31: Apollo Lunar Module Electrical Power System Overview · 2021. 1. 18. · LMP bus LUT power From LCC To LM sub-systems LUNAR MODULE POWER SYSTEM Electrical Control Assembly subsystem

Apollo Experience Reports

For More InformationFor More Information

Apollo Experience ReportsBattery Subsystem, NASA Technical Note TN D-6976, 09/72Lunar Module Electrical Power Subsystem, NASA Technical Note TN

D 6977 09/72D-6977, 09/72

Apollo Operations HandbookApollo Operations HandbookLunar Module, LM 10 and Subsequent, Volume 1: Subsystem Data,

Grumman document LMA790-3-LM10, 04/71

Lunar Excursion Module Familiarization ManualGrumman document LMA790-1, 10/65Grumman document LMA790 1, 10/65

Apollo Mission Familiarization for Constellation PersonnelApollo Wiki