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203 APPENDICES A. LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND CONTRIBUTORS IWGN Casassa, Michael P. Director, Program Office NIST Admin. Bldg., Rm. A1000 Gaithersburg, MD 20899 301-975-2371 [email protected] Genther-Yoshida, Phyllis Associate Director, ITPTA U.S. Dept. of Commerce Room 4411 HCHB 14th and Constitution Ave., NW Washington, DC 20230 202-482-1287 [email protected] Henkart, Maryanna P. Directorate for Biology National Science Foundation 4201 Wilson Blvd., Suite 655S Arlington, VA 22230 703-306-1440 [email protected] John, Richard R. Director, DOT Volpe National Transportation Systems Center 55 Broadway, Kendall Square Cambridge, MA 02142 617-494-2222 [email protected] Kraback, Tim Jet Propulsion Laboratory Building 179, Rm. 224A 4800 Oak Grove Rd. M/S 179-224 Pasadena, CA 91109-8099 818-354-9654 [email protected] Kalil, Thomas A. Special Special Assistant to the President White House Economic Council OEOB, Washington, DC 20502 [email protected] Kirkpatrick, Kelly Senior Policy Analyst, Office of Science and Technology Policy OEOB, Washington, DC 20502 202-456-6037 [email protected] Kousvelari, Eleni Director, Biomimetics and Tissue Engineering Program National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research National Institutes of Health Natcher Bldg. (Bldg. 45), Rm. 4AN-18A Bethesda, MD 20892-6402 301-594-2427 [email protected] Kovatch, George Chief, Advanced Vehicle Technologies Division DOT Volpe National Transportation System Center; 55 Broadway, Kendall Square Cambridge, MA 02142 617-494-2756 [email protected] Lacombe, Annalynn DOT Volpe National Transportation System Center; 55 Broadway, Kendall Square Cambridge, MA 02142 [email protected] Meyyappan, Meyya NASA Ames Research Center Mail Stop 229-3, Bldg 229, Room 214 Moffett Field, CA 94035 650-604-2616 [email protected] Mucklow, Glenn H. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Office of Space Science Headquarters Building Washington DC 20546 202-358-2235 [email protected]

APPENDICES - World Technology Evaluation Center (WTEC) · 2017-08-16 · [email protected] Henkart, Maryanna P. ... Box 12211, RTP, NC 27709-2211 919-549-4384 Exarhos, Gregory

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  • 203

    APPENDICES

    A. LIST OF PARTICIPANTS AND CONTRIBUTORS

    IWGN

    Casassa, Michael P.Director, Program OfficeNISTAdmin. Bldg., Rm. A1000Gaithersburg, MD [email protected]

    Genther-Yoshida, PhyllisAssociate Director, ITPTAU.S. Dept. of CommerceRoom 4411 HCHB14th and Constitution Ave., NWWashington, DC [email protected]

    Henkart, Maryanna P.Directorate for BiologyNational Science Foundation4201 Wilson Blvd., Suite 655SArlington, VA [email protected]

    John, Richard R.Director, DOT Volpe National TransportationSystems Center55 Broadway, Kendall SquareCambridge, MA [email protected]

    Kraback, TimJet Propulsion LaboratoryBuilding 179, Rm. 224A4800 Oak Grove Rd.M/S 179-224Pasadena, CA [email protected]

    Kalil, Thomas A.Special Special Assistant to the PresidentWhite House Economic CouncilOEOB, Washington, DC [email protected]

    Kirkpatrick, KellySenior Policy Analyst, Office of Science andTechnology PolicyOEOB, Washington, DC [email protected]

    Kousvelari, EleniDirector, Biomimetics and Tissue EngineeringProgramNational Institute of Dental and CraniofacialResearchNational Institutes of HealthNatcher Bldg. (Bldg. 45), Rm. 4AN-18ABethesda, MD [email protected]

    Kovatch, GeorgeChief, Advanced Vehicle Technologies DivisionDOT Volpe National Transportation SystemCenter;55 Broadway, Kendall SquareCambridge, MA [email protected]

    Lacombe, AnnalynnDOT Volpe National Transportation SystemCenter;55 Broadway, Kendall SquareCambridge, MA [email protected]

    Meyyappan, MeyyaNASA Ames Research CenterMail Stop 229-3, Bldg 229, Room 214Moffett Field, CA [email protected]

    Mucklow, Glenn H.National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationOffice of Space ScienceHeadquarters BuildingWashington DC [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors204

    Murday, James S.SuperintendentChemistry DivisionNaval Research LaboratoryCode 6100Washington, D.C. [email protected]

    Murphy, EdwardU.S. Dept. of [email protected]

    Pomrenke, Gernot S.Mathematics and Space Sciences DirectorateAir Force Office of Scientific ResearchBallston Common Towers II801 N. Randolph Street, Rm. 732Arlington, VA [email protected]

    Porter, JoanNSTC, EOP, OSTPOld Executive Office Bldg., Rm. 435Washington, D.C. [email protected]

    Price, RobertU.S. Department of EnergyER-15, Office of Basic Energy Sciences1000 Independence Ave., S.W.Code SC-15, Rm. E-438AWashington, DC [email protected]

    Radzanowski, DaveOffice of Management and Budget, EOPNew Executive Office Building125 17th Street, N.W.Washington, DC [email protected]

    Roco, M.C.Program DirectorNational Science FoundationDivision of Chemical and Transport Systems4201 Wilson Blvd., Suite 525Arlington, VA [email protected]

    Schloss, Jeffery A.Program DirectorTechnology Development CoordinationNational Human Genome Research InstituteNational Institutes of HealthBldg 38A, Room 61438 Library DriveBethesda, MD [email protected]

    Shull, Robert D.NISTMagnetic MaterialsBldg. 223, Rm. B152Gaithersburg, MD [email protected]

    Thomas, Iran L.Division of Materials Sciences, Office of BasicEnergy SciencesSC-13, Rm. F-402U.S. Department of Energy19901 Germantown RoadGermantown, MD [email protected]

    Trew, Robert J.Director of ResearchOffice of the Secretary of DefenseResearch and Engineering4015 Wilson Blvd., Suite 209Arlington, VA [email protected]

    Venneri, SamuelChief TechnologistNational Aeronautics and Space AdministrationHeadquarters Building, Rm. 9S13Washington DC 20546-0001202 [email protected]

    Volintine, Brian G.U.S. Department of EnergyOffice of Industrial TechnologiesEE-20, Rm. 5F-0641000 Independence Ave., S.W.Washington, D.C. [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors 205

    Weber, Thomas A.Directorate for Mathematical and PhysicalSciencesNational Science Foundation4201 Wilson Blvd., Suite 1065Arlington, VA [email protected]

    Other Govt. & NL contributors

    Barhen, JacobCenter for Engineering SystemsAdvanced Research (CESAR)ORNLPO Box 2008Oak Ridge TN [email protected]

    Berson, AlanNHLBI, NIHTwo Rockledge Centre, Room 91786701 Rockledge Drive MSC 7940Bethesda, MD [email protected]

    Brecher, Dr. AvivaTransportation Strategic Planning and AnalysisOffice (DTS-24)DOT/RSPA Volpe National TransportationSystems Center55 BroadwayCambridgeMA [email protected]

    Celotta, Robert J.NIST Fellow and Group Leader, ElectronPhysics GroupNISTB206 Metrology Building100 Bureau Drive, MS 8412Gaithersburg, MD [email protected]

    Dahl, CarolAssistant to the DirectorNational Cancer InstituteStrategic Technologies OfficeBldg 31, Rm. 11AO331 Center Drive, MSC 2590Bethesda, MD 20892-2590301- [email protected]

    Dixon, David A.Pacific Northwest LaboratoryP.O. Box 999MS K1-83Richland WA [email protected]

    Eastman, Jeffrey A.Argonne National Lab.Materials Science Div.9700 S. Cass AvenueBldg. 212Argonne, IL [email protected]

    Edwards, James L.Deputy Assistant DirectorDirectorate for Biological SciencesNational Science Foundation4201 Wilson Blvd.Arlington D.C. [email protected]

    Everitt, H.U.S. Army Research OfficePhysics DivisionU.S. Army Research OfficeBox 12211, RTP, NC 27709-2211919-549-4384

    Exarhos, GregoryManager, Material Research SectionBatelle Pacific Northwest LaboratoryP.O.Box 999,MS K2-44Richland, WA [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors206

    Gilman, Jeffrey W.Fire Science DivisionPolymers Building, Room A265NIST100 Bureau Drive, Stop 8652Gaithersburg, MD [email protected]

    Ginley, DavidNational Renewable Energy Laboratory1617 Cole BoulevardGolden, CO [email protected]

    Hagnauer, GaryArmy Research LaboratoryWeapons & Materials Research DirectorateAttn: AMSRL-WM-M (Materials)Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD [email protected]

    Hasslacher, BroslLos Alamos National LaboratoryInstitute for Physical Sciences713 Meadow LaneLos Alamos, NM 87544505-67[email protected]

    Heetderks, William J.NINDS, NIHFED/802National Institutes of HealthBethesda, MD [email protected]

    Hinkley, Jeffrey A.NASA Langley Research CenterMaterials DivisionMail Stop 2266a West Taylor StreetHampton, VA [email protected] 864-4259

    Kelley, ChrisNHLBI/NIH31 Center Drive MSC 2490Bethesda, MD [email protected]

    Kelley, Richard D.U.S. Department of EnergyMaterials Sciences DivisionSC-13, Rm. F-421Building: GTNWashington, DC [email protected]

    Kung, HarrietLos Alamos National LaboratoryMaterials Science and Technology DivisionMail Stop G755Los Alamos, NM [email protected]

    Li, DeQuanLos Alamos National LaboratoryBioscience DivisionMail Stop G755Los Alamos, NM [email protected]

    Lowe, Terry C.Los Alamos National LaboratoryMaterials Science Laboratory, TA3-1698Mail Stop G754Los Alamos, NM [email protected]

    Michalske, Terry A.Sandia National LaboratoriesSurface and Interface Science DepartmentP.O. Box 5800Albuquerque, NM [email protected]

    Nelson, David L.National Science FoundationDivision of Materials Research4201 Wilson Blvd., Rm. 1065NArlington, VA [email protected]

    Newbury, DaleNISTBldg. 222, Rm A113Gaithersburg, MD [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors 207

    Picraux, S. TomDirector, Physical & Chemical Sciences CenterSandia National LabsP.O. Box 5800Albuquerque, NM [email protected]

    Poehlein, GaryDivision Director, CTS/ENGNational Science Foundation4201 Wilson Blvd.Arlington, VA [email protected]

    Ramsey, MikeOak Ridge National LaboratoryP.O. Box 20081 Bethel Valley Rd.Oak Ridge, TN [email protected]

    Samara, George A.Sandia National LaboratoriesNanostructures and Advanced MaterialsChemistry Department, MS-1421P.O. Box 5800Albuquerque, NM [email protected]

    Seyfert, Vicki L.NIAID, NIHBuilding SB, Room 4A2131 Center DriveBethesda, MD [email protected]

    Stroscio, Michael A.Chief ScientistOffice of the DirectorU.S. Army Research Office4300 S. Miami Blvd.Research Triangle Park, NC [email protected]

    Tassey, GregorySenior EconomistNational Institute of Standards and Technology100 Bureau Drive, Stop 1060Gaithersburg, MD [email protected]

    Tilden, Mark W.Los Alamos National LaboratoryPhysics DivisionMail Stop D454Los Alamos, NM [email protected]

    Toomerian, BennyJet Propulsion LaboratoryCISM C Center for Integrated Microsystems4800 Oak Grove Drive, MIS 303-310Pasadena, CA [email protected]

    Ward, Keith B.ONR, Code 341800 N. Quincy StreetArlington, VA [email protected]

    Warren, WilliamDARPA/DSO3701 N. Fairfax Dr.Arlington, VA [email protected]

    Watson, JohnNHLBI, NIHBuilding 31, Room 5A4931 Center Drive MSC 2490Bethesda, MD [email protected]

    Wong, EugeneAssistant Director for EngineeringNational Science Foundation4201 Wilson Blvd.Arlington D.C. [email protected]

    Academic contributors

    Aksay, IlhanPrinceton UniversityA313 Chemical Engineering QuadranglePrinceton, NJ [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors208

    Alivisatos, PaulUniversity of California at BerkeleyChemistry Dept.B62 Hildebrand 6911Berkeley, CA [email protected]

    Andres, Ronald P.School of Chemical EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest Lafayette, IN [email protected]

    Ballantyne, Joseph M.Director, Cornell Nanofabrication FacilityCornell UniversityM105 Knight LabIthaca, NY [email protected]

    Bawendi, Moungi G.Chemistry Dept.MITRm. 6-22377 Massachusetts Ave.Cambridge, MA [email protected]

    Block, Stephen M.Stanford UniversityDepartment of Biological SciencesGilbert Building, Room 109371 Serra MallStanford, CA [email protected]

    Brown, PatrickStanford UniversityBiochemistry DepartmentBeckman B400, Mail Code 5307Stanford, CA, [email protected]

    Chelikowsky, James R.University of MinnesotaChemical Engineering & Materials Science Dept.Room 151 Amundson Hall, Mail Stop 0531421 Washington Ave SEMinneapolis, MN [email protected]

    Chou, StephenPrinceton UniversityDept. of Electrical EngineeringB412 Engineering QuadPrinceton, NJ [email protected]

    Chu, SteveStanford UniversityApplied Physics DepartmentVarian Bldg Room 230Stanford, CA. [email protected]

    Colbert, Daniel T.Rice UniversityDept. of ChemistrySmalley Research MS100241 Butcher HallP.O. Box 1892Houston, TX [email protected]

    Craighead, HaroldProfessor of Applied and Engineering PhysicsCornell University211 Clark HallIthaca, NY [email protected]

    Cummings, Peter T.Dept. of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of Tennessee419 Dougherty EngineeringKnoxville, TN [email protected]

    Dresselhaus, Mildred S.MIT Institute ProfessorRm. 13-300577 Mass Ave.Cambridge, MA [email protected]

    Ellis, Arthur B.Univ. of Wisconsin-MadisonDept. of Chemistry750 University Ave.Madison, WI [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors 209

    Ferrari, MauroOhio State UniversityProfessor of Engineering Science270 Bevis Hall1080 Carmack RoadColumbus OH [email protected]

    Flagan, RichardCALTECHM/C 210-41Pasadena, CA [email protected]

    Friedlander, Sheldon K.Chemical Engineering DepartmentUCLA, 405 Hilgarg AvenueLos Angeles, CA [email protected]

    Goddard, William A., IIICalifornia Institute of TechnologyChemistry Dept.M/C 139-74Pasadena, CA [email protected]

    Guntherodt, Hans-JoachimInstitute of PhysicsUniversity of BaselKlingelbergstr. 82CH-4056 [email protected]

    Heath, James R.UCLADepartment of Chemistry & Biochemistry607 Circle Drive SouthBox 951569Los Angeles, CA [email protected]

    Hess, KarlBeckman InstituteUniversity of Illinois - Urbana-Champaign405 N. Mathews AveUrbana, IL [email protected]

    Hu, EvelynCenter for Quantized Electronic StructuresScience & Technology CenterUniversity of CaliforniaSanta Barbara, CA [email protected]

    Jelinski, LynnVice Chancellor for Research and GraduateStudiesLouisiana State UniversityOffice of Research and Graduate Studies240 Thomas Boyd HallBaton Rouge, LA [email protected]

    Kear, BernardRutgers Univ.Ceramics and Materials EngineeringRutgers University,607 Taylor Road,Piscataway, NJ [email protected]

    Kiehl, Richard A.University of MinnesotaElectrical and Computer Engineering Dept.EE/CSci Building, Room 6-129200 Union St. SEMinneapolis, MN [email protected]

    Klabunde, Kenneth J.Kansas State UniversityDepartment of ChemistryWillard HallManhattan, KS [email protected]

    Koehler, Karl A.Purdue Research FoundationDivision of Sponsored Program DevelopmentHOVDE 1021, Rm. 313West Lafayette, IN 47907-1021765- [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors210

    Lavernia, Enrique J.UC IrvineDepartment of Chemical and BiochemicalEngineering andMaterials ScienceIrvine, CA [email protected]

    Leong, KamJohns Hopkins UniversityBiomedical Engineering720 Rutland AvenueRoss Bldg. 726Baltimore, MD [email protected]

    Leuenberger, HansVice President, Swiss Academy of EngineeringSciencesUniversity of BaselDepartment of PharmacieCH-4051 Basel, [email protected]

    Majumdar, ArunAssociate ProfessorUniversity of California, BerkeleyMechanical Engineering6169 EtcheverryBerkeley, CA [email protected]

    Merz, JamesVice President for Graduate Studies andResearchUniversity of Notre Dame208 Hurley HallNotre Dame, IN [email protected]

    Najafi, KhalilUniv. of MichiganEECS Dept.2402 EECS Bldg.1301 Beal Ave.Ann Arbor, MI [email protected]

    Navrotsky, AlexandraUniv. of California at DavisDept. of Chemical Engineering and MaterialsScience4440 Chemistry AnnexDavis, CA [email protected]

    Oberdorster, GunterDirector of the Division ofRespiratory Biology andToxicologyUniversity of RochesterDepartment of Environmental Medicine575 Elmwood Ave.Rochester, NY. [email protected]

    Odde, David J.University of MinnesotaDepartment of Biomedical Engineering7-104 Basic Sciences/Biomedical EngineeringBuilding312 Church St., S.E.Minneapolis, MN [email protected]

    Petroff, PierreDepartment Of MaterialsUniversity of Californiaat Santa BarbaraEng III BuildingSanta Barbara, CA [email protected]

    Pollack, LoisCornell UniversityPhysics DepartmentClark Hall 168Ithaca, NY [email protected]

    Porod, WolfgangNotre Dame UniversityElectrical Engineering Dept.268 Fitzpatrick EngineeringNotre Dame, IN [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors 211

    Pui, DavidUniversity of MinnesotaMechanical Engineering Department111 Church St. S.E.Minneapolis, MN [email protected]

    Quate, C.F.Stanford UniversityGinzton LabStanford, CA [email protected]

    Raber, Douglas J.Director, Board of Chemical Sciences andTechnologyNational Research Council, (NAS-273),2101 Constitution Avenue N.W.Washington, D.C. [email protected]

    Ratner, Mark A.Northwestern UniversityChemistry Dept.2145 Sheridan Rd.Evanston, IL [email protected]

    Reed, Mark A.Chair, Electrical Engineering Dept.Yale UniversityP.O. Box 208284New Haven, CT [email protected]

    Requicha, Aristides A.G.Laboratory for Molecular RoboticsUniversity of Southern California941 West 37th PlaceLos Angeles, CA [email protected]

    Ruoff, RodDept of PhysicsWashington UniversityCB 1105, One Brookings DriveSt. Louis, MO [email protected]

    Schlick, TamarNew York UniversityDept. of Chemistry251 Mercer StreetNew York, NY [email protected]

    Siegel, Richard W.Head, Materials Science and EngineeringDepartmentRensselaer Polytechnic Institute110 Eighth StreetTroy, New York [email protected]

    Smith, Temple F.Boston UniversityBiomedical Engineering Dept.Biomolecular Engineering Research Center36 Cummington StreetBoston, MA [email protected]

    Stormer, HorstColumbia UniversityPhysics Dept.2960 Broadway704 Pupin, M/C 5206New York, NY [email protected]

    Stucky, Galen D.Department of ChemistryUniversity of California, Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara, CA 93106-9510805-893 [email protected]

    Stupp, Samuel I.Departments of Materials Science and ChemistryNorthwestern University2225 N. Campus DriveEvanston, IL [email protected]

    Sussman, MichaelUniversity of WisconsinBiotechnology Center425 Henry MallMadison, WI [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors212

    Tirrell, Matthew V.Richard A. Auhll Professor and DeanCollege of EngineeringUniversity of California, Santa BarbaraSanta Barbara, CA [email protected]

    Tour, James M.Rice UniversityCenter for Nanoscale Science and TechnologyMS 222, P.O. Box 1892Houston, TX [email protected]

    Van Der Weide, Daniel W.Dept. of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of Wisconsin-Madison1415 Engineering DriveMadison, WI [email protected]

    Whitesides, GeorgeHarvard UniversityDepartment of Chemistry12 Oxford St.Cambridge, MA [email protected]

    Ying, JackieDept. of Chemical Engineering, Rm. 66-544Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridge, MA [email protected]

    Private sector contributors

    Avouris, PhaedonIBM Thomas J. Watson Research CenterP.O. Box 218Yorktown Heights, NY [email protected]

    Bauer, David R.Sr. Staff TechnicalSpecialistFord Motor CompanyResearch Laboratory, MD3182P.O. Box 2053Dearborn, MI [email protected]

    Blair, John DOBJBX Technologies, Inc.25 Moore RoadWayland, MA [email protected]

    Brannon-Peppas, LisaPresident, Biogel Technology, Inc.P.O. Box 6815139521 Valparaiso CourtIndianapolis, IN [email protected]

    Cader, TahirEnergy International, Inc.127 Bellevue Way SE, Suite 200Bellevue, Washington [email protected]

    Canton, JamesPresident, Institute for Global Futures2084 Union StreetSan Francisco, CA [email protected]

    Cavin, Ralph K. IIIVice President, Research OperationsSemiconductor Research Corp.P.O. Box 12053Research Triangle Park, NC [email protected]

    Chapman, KevinSenior Director, Combinatorial ChemistryMerck Research LabsMail Code RY 123-230P.O. Box 2000Rahway, NJ [email protected]

    Cody, George D.Exxon Corporate ResearchRoute 22 East Clinton TownshipAnnandale, New Jersey [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors 213

    Cohen, RogerDirector of Strategic Planning and ProgramsExxon Corporate CenterExxon R&E CompanyAnnandale, NJ [email protected]

    Cox, Donald M.Exxon Research & Engineering Co. (retired)14 Beechwood PlaceWatchung, NJ [email protected]

    Doering, Robert R.TI Senior FellowSilicon Technology DevelopmentTexas Instruments Inc.P.O. Box 650311MS 3730Dallas, TX [email protected]

    Drew, Stephen W.Merck & Co.P.O. Box 2000Rahway, NJ [email protected]

    Eigler, DonaldIBM Almaden Research Center650 Harry Rd., Mail Stop D1San Jose, CA [email protected]

    Ellenbogen, JamesMitre Corporation1820 Dolly Madison Ave. M/S Room W635McLean, VA 22102

    Frazier, GaryRaytheon Systems CompanyMail Station 3513532 N. Central ExpresswayDallas, Texas [email protected]

    Garces, Juan M.Research ScientistDow Corporate R&DBuilding 1776Midland, MI [email protected]

    Gardner, ColinVice PresidentMerck Research LaboratoriesP.O. Box 4WP 78-202West Point, PA [email protected]

    Goronkin, HerbMotorola EL 5082100 East Elliott RoadTempe, AZ [email protected]

    Grochowski, EdwardIBM Almaden Research Center650 Harry RoadSan Jose CA [email protected]

    Heller, Michael J.Chief Technical OfficerNanogen10398 Pacific Center CourtSan Diego, CA [email protected]

    Helms, JeffreyFord Motor Company20000 Rotunda, MD-3182Dearborn, MI [email protected]

    Helvajian, HenrySr. ScientistAerospace CorporationP.O. Box 92957Los Angeles, CA [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors214

    Jasinski, Joseph M.IBM ResearchT. J. Watson Research CenterP. O. Box 218Yorktown Heights NY [email protected]

    Kresge, Charles T.Paulsboro Technical CenterMobil TechnologyCompanyP.O. Box 480Paulsboro, NJ [email protected].com

    Kukonnen, CarlViaSpace Technologies2400 Lincoln Ave.Altadina, CA [email protected]

    Lee, Stephen CraigSenior Research InvestigatorMonsanto Company700 Chesterfield Village Parkway AA4CSt. Louis, MO [email protected]

    Loutfy, Raouf O.PresidentMER Corporation7960 S. Kolb Rd.Tucson, AZ 85706520-574-1980 ext. [email protected]

    Manian, Bala S.Biometric Imaging1025 Terra Bella AveMountain View, CA [email protected]

    Mendel, JohnEastman Kodak1669 Lake AvenueBldg. 35, 2nd Floor, Room 257, Mail Code 23701Rochester, N.Y. [email protected]

    Newberry, DebExecutive Director, Space SystemsGeneral Dynamics Information Systems8800 Queen Ave. S. BLCS1PBloomington, MN [email protected]

    Peercy, PaulPresidentSemi/Sematech2796 Montopolis DriveAustin, TX [email protected]

    Popper, Steven W.Senior EconomistAssoc. DirectorS&T Policy InstituteRAND Corporation

    Rawal, SurajLockheed Martin AstronauticsPO Box 179M/S 3085 DCDenver, CO [email protected]

    Salzman, DavidPolychip, Inc.4812 Auburn Ave.Bethesda, MD [email protected]

    Strulovici, BertaMerck and Co.Dept. of Automated BiotechnologyNW-1502 Louise LaneNorth Wales, PA. [email protected]

    West , PaulThermoMicroscopes1171 Borregas Ave.Sunnyvale, CA 94089408-982-9700 [email protected]

  • Appendix A. List of Participants and Contributors 215

    Williams, R. StanleyPrincipal Laboratory ScientistHewlett Packard Laboratories3500 Deer Creek Rd.MS 26U-12Palo Alto, CA [email protected]

    Wiltzius, PierreBell LabsLucent Technologies700 Mountain AvenueRm. ID428Murray Hill, NJ [email protected]

    Wise, John J.Mobil (retired)4343 Province Line RoadPrinceton, NJ [email protected]

    Ziolo, Ronald F.Xerox CorporationCorporate Research & Technology0114-39D800 Phillips RoadWebster, NY [email protected]

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    B. IWGN REFERENCE MATERIALS

    This is a list of key publications and conference proceedings sponsored by IWGN andparticipating agencies in the area of nanoscience, engineering and technology in the lasttwo years.

    The following documents have been prepared by the NSTC/CT/IWGN:

    1. National Nanotechnology Initiative, internal NSTC/CT/IWGN report, reviewed bythe Presidents Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST)Nanotechnology Panel. Expected release in Feb. 2000 (seehttp://www.nsf.gov/nano).

    2. Nanostructure Science and Technology (NSTC Report), Siegel et al. 1999, eds.,worldwide study on status and trends; available on the Web:http://itri.loyola.edu/nano/IWGN.Worldwide.Study/, on CD-ROM from WTEC, andhard cover publication by Kluwer Academic Publishers (1999).

    3. Nanotechnology Research Directions: IWGN Workshop Report (NSTC report), Rocoet al. 1999, eds., providing input from the academic, private sector and governmentcommunities; available on the Web:http://itri.loyola.edu/nano/IWGN.Research.Directions/ (this report).

    4. Nanotechnology Shaping the Word Atom by Atom (NSTC report), I. Amato,brochure for the public (available on the Web at:http://itri.loyola.edu/nano/IWGN.Public.Brochure/).

    Additional information on the National Nanotechnology Initiative will be posted on theWeb at: http://www.nsf.gov/nano.

    The following publications/proceedings prepared by different agencies since 1997address specific scientific topics, technological issues or areas of relevance in nanoscalescience and engineering:

    R&D Status and Trends in Nanoparticles, Nanostructured Materials, andNanodevices in the United States (includes review of U.S. funding), sponsored by 7agencies in 1997, Proceedings published in January 1998, R. Siegel, E. Hu and M.C.Roco, eds., WTEC, on the Web: http://itri.loyola.edu/nano/US.Review/

    NSF-NIST Conference on Nanoparticles (NSF and NIST, 1997), Proceedings, D.T.Shaw, M.C. Roco and R. Shull, eds.

    Selfassembling (NSF, 1997), Proceedings (1998), M. Tirrell, Ed.

  • Appendix B. IWGN Reference Materials 217

    Interdisciplinary Macromolecular Science and Engineering (NSF, 1997), Workshopreport (Brochure in colors, 1998), S. Stupp, ed.

    Molecular Modeling and Simulation (NSF, 1997), Workshop Report 1998, P.T.Cummings, ed., Website: http://flory.engr.utk.edu/nsf/

    US-EC Workshop on Nano-biotechnology (NSF, 1997), L. Jelinski, Workshop Report(Brochure in colors, 1998), Website:http://www.bio.cornell.edu/nanobiotech/nbt.htm/

    A Research Needs Assessment: Future Use of Nanofabricated Materials in EnergyApplications (DOE, 1998), Y.M. Chiang and J.Y. Ying.

    Thermal-chemical simulations (DOE, 1998), Proceedings, D. Dixon and P.T.Cummings, eds.

    BECON Proceedings (NIH, 1998), Workshop report, H.G. Craighead et al., eds.,Website: http://www.nih.gov/grants/becon/report_19980228.pdf, page 39.

    Nanotubes and Nanoelectronics (SRC/NASA Ames, 1998), Workshop Proceedings,D. Herr, M. Meyyappan and V. Zhirnov, eds.

    Nanotechnology for the Soldier System (ARO/DOD, 1998), Proceedings, T.Tassinnari, ed.

    Ultra Electronics Program Review (DARPA/DOD, 1998), Proceedings, Website:http://web-ext2.darpa.mil/eto/ULTRA/index.html, G. Pomrenke, ed.

    NANOSpace 98, NASA Workshops on Nano-Micro Technology, 1998, Houston,Proceedings on CD-ROM in 1999.

    Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions, Oak RidgeNational Laboratory, 1999 (with focus on research opportunities and challenges fornational laboratories), D.H. Lowndes et al., eds.

    Condensed-Matter and Materials Physics (National Research Council, 1999),publication supported by the DOC and NSF, National Academy Press, Washington,D.C., 1999.

  • 218

    C. GLOSSARYA/D Analog (to) digitalAES Auger electron spectroscopyAFM Atomic force microscopyAFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific ResearchAIM Atomic imaging and manipulationALE Atomic layer epitaxyATM Asynchronous transmission modeATP (U.S., Dept. of Commerce) Advanced Technology ProgramATP Adenosine triphosphate (supplies energy for biochemical cellular processes)bcc body-centered cubicBEEM Ballistic electron emission microscope/microscopyBEP (Treasury Department) Bureau of Engraving and PrintingBES (Department of Energy) Basic Energy Science DirectorateCAD-T Computer-aided design and testCAT (scan) Computerized axial tomographyCD Compact diskCermet Ceramic-metal compositeCFU Colony forming unitsCMOS Complementary metal-oxide semiconductorCMP Chemical mechanical polishingCNT Carbon nanotubeCPSE Collaborative problem-solving environmentsCPU Central processing unit (e.g., of a computer)CRT Cathode ray tubeCVD Chemical vapor depositionD/A Digital (to) analogDARPA Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects AgencyDesCArtES (NSF funded) Distributed Center for Advanced Electronics SimulationsDFT Density functional theoryDRAM Dynamic random access memoryDURIP (DOD program) Defense University Research Instrumentation ProgramEELS Electron energy loss spectroscopyERC (NSF) Engineering and Research CenterESM Electronic support measuresESPRIT European Commissions information technologies programEUV Extreme ultravioletEXAFS Extended X-ray absorption fine structurefcc Face centered cubicFDA Force discrimination assayFED (Japan) R&D Association for Future Electron DevicesFEL Free electron laserFET Field effect transistorFRET Fluorescence resonance energy transferFWHM Full width, half maximumGMR Giant magnetoresistanceGOALI (NSF) Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with IndustryHDS Hydrodesulfurization

  • Appendix C. Glossary 219

    HFET Heterojunction field-effect transistorHPMA N-2-hydroxypropyl methacrylamideHREELS (41) High- resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS)HREM High-resolution electron microscopyHVOF High velocity oxygen fuelIP Ionization potentialIPO Initial public offeringIR InfraredIWGN (U.S., NSTC) Interagency Working Group on Nanoscience, Engineering and

    TechnologyJPL (U.S., NASA) Jet Propulsion Laboratory (Pasadena)JSC (NASA) Johnson Space CenterLANL Los Alamos National LaboratoryLARC (NASA) Langley Research CenterLED Light-emitting diodeLFM Lateral force microscopyLISA Lithographically-induced self-assemblyMBE Molecular beam epitaxyMD Molecular dynamicsMEL-ARI (Europe, ESPRIT) Advanced Research Initiative in MicroelectronicsMEMS Microelectromechanical systemsMFM Magnetic force microscope/scopyMITI (Japan) Ministry of International Trade and IndustryMOMBE Organometallic molecular beam epitaxyMRI Magnetic resonance imagingMRM Magnetic resonance microscope/scopyMRSEC (NSF) Materials Research Science and Engineering Center(s) (network)MS Mass spectrometryM-TAS Micro(scale)-total analysis systemMURI (DOD) Multidisciplinary University Research Initiativenano-TAS Nano(scale) total analysis systemNASA National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNCSA (U.S.) National Computational Science Alliance (for high-performance computing)NCSL Nanocrystal super latticesNDR Negative differential resistanceNEMS Nanoelectromechanical systemsNIL Nanoimprint lithographyNIST National Institute of Standards and Technologynm NanometernM NanomanipulatorNMR Nuclear magnetic resonanceNNUN (U.S.) National Nanofabrication Users NetworkNP Non-deterministic polynomialNQR Nuclear quadrupole resonanceNREL National Renewable Energy LaboratoryNSOM Near-field scanning optical microscope/microscopyNST (DOD) Nanometer Science and TechnologyNSTC (U.S.) National Science and Technology CouncilOMB (U.S.) Office of Management and Budget

  • Appendix C. Glossary220

    OMVPE Organometallic vapor phase epitaxyOPS Operations per secondOPTO (Europe/ESPRIT/MEL-ARI) Optoelectronic Interconnects for Integrated CircuitsPARC (U.S./Xerox) Palo Alto Research CenterPDMS PolydimethylsiloxanePEEM Photoemission electron microscope/microscopyPI Principal investigatorPMMA PolymethylmethylmethacrylatePVR Peak-to-valley ratioPVS Physical vapor synthesisQCA Quantum cellular automataQMOS Quantum metal oxide semiconductorRAM Random access memoryRCT (JPL) Revolutionary Computing Technologies ProgramRTD Resonant tunneling diodeSAM Self-assembled monolayerSAMMS Self-assembled monolayers on mesoporous supportsSBIR (U.S.) Small Business Innovative Research (program)SCM Scanning capacitance microscope/scopySECM Scanning electrochemical microscope/scopySEED Self-electro-optic effect deviceSEM Scanning electron microscopes/microscopySET Single electron transistorSFA Surface force apparatusSIA (U.S.) Semiconductor Industry AssociationSMT (U.S., Rutgers Univ.) Strategic Materials ProgramSOAC System on a chipSPICE Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis (computer-aided design tool)SPM Scanning probe microscope/scopySRAM Static random access memorySTC (NSF) Science and Technology CenterSTEM Scanning transmission electron microscopeSThM Scanning thermal microscope/scopySTM Scanning tunneling microscope/microscopySTS Scanning tunneling spectroscopySTTR (U.S.) Small Business Technology Transfer (program)SWNT Single-wall nanotube (also, buckeytube)TAS Total analysis systems (chem lab on a chip)TEM Transmission electron microscope/microscopyTeramak R&D program at Hewlett-PackardTSRAM Tunneling-based static RAMUPS (41) Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopyURI (U.S., DOD) University Research InitiativeUV UltravioletUV/VIS (41) Ultraviolet/visible lightVCSEL Vertical cavity surface emitting laserXMDC X-ray magnetic circular dicroismXPS X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

  • 221

    D. INDEX OF AUTHORSAksay, Ilhan ..............................................................................................................................................154, 180Alivisatos, Paul ....................................................xxv, 1, 11, 50, 63, 66, 74, 79, 94, 117, 119, 134, 139, 140Andres, Ronald P. ....................................................................................................................................... 11Avouris, Phaedon ...................................................................................................................... 77, 85, 95, 96Bauer, David R........................................................................................................................................ 32, 46Bawendi, Moungi G. ..................................................................................................................................... 74Brecher, Dr. Aviva .................................................................................................................................... 138Brown, P. .......................................................................................................................................... 119, 139Cader, Tahir .................................................................................................................................................. 72Canton, James ............................................................................................................................................. 178Celotta, Robert J. ............................................................................................................................. 31, 61, 64Chelikowsky, ................................................................................................................................... 27, 29, 30Chou, Stephen .............................................................................................................................56, 57, 64, 79, 94Colbert, Daniel T. ........................................................................................................................................ 55Cox, Donald M. ............................................................................................................................121, 137, 140, 141Craighead, Harold ............................................................................................................................. 107, 120Cummings, Peter T. .............................................................................................................................. 17, 23Dixon, David A. ........................................................................................................................................ ..63Dresselhaus, Mildred S. ............................................................................................ 128, 129, 138, 139, 140Eastman, Jeffrey A. ..................................................................................................................................... 106Eigler, Donald ................................................................................................................. 10, 34, 47, 48, 77, 96Ellenbogen, James........................................................................................................................... 79, 95, 164Ellis, Arthur B. .......................................................................................................................... 153, 161, 165Everitt, H. .................................................................................................................................................... 14Exarhos, Gregory ........................................................................................................................................ 151Flagan, Richard ......................................................................................................................................... 143Friedlander, Sheldon K. .............................................................................................................................. 49Garces, Juan M. .................................................................................................................................................. 69Gardner, Colin.................................................................................................................................................67, 74Gilman, Jeffrey W. ............................................................................................................................ 104, 106Ginley, David .................................................................................................... 134, 135, 140, 143, 150, 152Goronkin, Herb ....................................................................................................................................................... 80Grochowski, Edward ....................................................................................................................... 78, 86, 95Hagnauer, Gary ............................................................................................................................................ 49Hasslacher, Brosl .......................................................................................................................................... 95Heath, James R.................................................................................................................................. 82, 94, 95Heller, Michael J. ........................................................................................................................................ 58Helms, Jeffrey ............................................................................................................................................. 106Hess, Karl ..............................................................................................................................17, 25, 164, 169, 170Hinkley, Jeffrey A. ................................................................................................................................ 28, 30Hu, Evelyn .................................................................................................................. 120, 139, 140, 167, 180Jasinski, Joseph M. ...................................................................................................................................... 77Jelinski, Lynn ............................................................................................................................ 113, 114, 120Kalil, Thomas A. ......................................................................................................................................... 202Kear, Bernard ...................................................................................................................................... 97, 102Kiehl, R. .......................................................................................................................................... 54, 59, 64Klabunde, Kenneth J. ................................................................................................................ 65, 70, 74, 75

  • Appendix D. Index of Authors222

    Kresge, Charles T. ...................................................................................................................... 128, 139, 140Kung, Harriet ........................................................................................................................................ 13, 16Lavernia, Enrique J. .......................................................................................................................... 105, 106Lee, Stephen Craig .......................................................................................................................... 91, 92, 95Leong, Kam ........................................................................................................................................ 60, 107Li, DeQuan ....................................................................................................................................... 149, 150Lowe, Terry C. .............................................................................................................................. 13, 93, 149Majumdar, Arun ..................................................................................................................................... 32, 47Mendel, John ..................................................................................................................................................... 71, 73Merz, James ...................................................................................................................... 153, 161, 163, 173Meyyappan, Meyya .................................................................................................................................... 24Michalske, Terry A. .................................................................................................................................... 92Murday, James S. .............................................................................................................31, 41, 44, 115, 190Navrotsky, Alexandra ............................................................................................................................... 148Nelson, D.L................................................................................................................................................. 139Odde, David J. ............................................................................................................................ 114, 115, 120Petroff, Pierre .............................................................................................................................. 77, 106, 140Picraux, S.T. ................................................................................................................93, 121, 136, 151, 171Pollack, Lois ............................................................................................................................................... 114Pomrenke, Gernot S. ....................................................................................................................... 87, 88, 96Pui, David ............................................................................................................................................. 31, 46Quate, C.F. .................................................................................................................................................... 48Ratner, Mark A. .........................................................................................................63, 83, 94, 154, 164, 180Reed, Mark A. ............................................................................................ 15, 16, 62, 63, 64, 77, 81, 83, 84, 94, 96Requicha, Aristides A.G. .................................................................................................. 49, 63, 64, 96, 165Roco, M.C. ................................................. xxv, xxx, 120, 139, 140, 141, 165, 180, 181, 190, 199, 201, 202Ruoff, Rod ...................................................................................................................................... 35, 43, 48Samara, George........................................................................................................................................... 151Schlick, Tamar ...................................................................................................................................... 26, 30Shull , Robert D. ....................................................................................................................................... 100Siegel, Richard ..xxvii, xxx, 46, 70, 75, 97, 103, 120, 131, 138, 139, 140, 141,161, 165, 174, 180, 189, 199, 202Stormer, Horst........................................................................................................................................................... 54Stroscio, Michael A. .............................................................................................................................32, 77, 96, 164Stucky, Galen D. ......................................................................................................................... 75, 140, 181Stupp, Samuel I. .....................................................................................................13, 16, 49, 61, 63, 64, 139Tilden, Mark W. .............................................................................................................................. 93, 95, 96Tirrell, Matthew V. ..................................................................................................................................... 49Toomerian, Benny ...................................................................................................................................... 89Tour, James M. .................................................................................................................................64, 83, 94, 96Van Der Weide, Daniel W. ......................................................................................................................44, 45, 48Volintine, Brian G...............................................................................................................................................141Watson, John.........................................................................................................................................................47Weber, Thomas A...............................................................................................................................................170West , Paul ............................................................................................................................................ 31, 45Whitesides, George ...........................................................................................................1, 61, 75, 154, 180, 199Williams, R. Stanley ........................................................................................ xxv, 9, 48, 69, 81, 94, 95, 181Wiltzius, Pierre ................................................................................................................................................. 65, 69Wise, John J. ................................................................................................................................. 66, 75, 148Ying, Jackie .....................................................................................................................51, 63, 124, 128, 141

  • 223

    E. INDEX OF MAIN TOPICSAcademe ..........................................................................................................................................................iv,xixAeronautics and space exploration................................................................................................................xiii, 89Agencies funding strategies........................................................................................................................ 181-202Architecture (s) .............................................................................................................................................xxi, 79Atomic force microscope (AFM) ..........................................................................................................32, 63, 116ATP (Advanced Technology Projects) .............................................................................................................156Avionics ...............................................................................................................................................................90Batteries ......................................................................................................................................................126, 135Beams (focused) ..................................................................................................................................................31Benefits of nanotechnology ...........................................................................................................................xxxviiBiodetection (biological) .............................................................................................................................70, 115Bioengineering ...................................................................................................................................................192Biolabels .............................................................................................................................................................116Biology (biological system) .........................................................................................................7, 52, 70, 91, 113Biomolecules / biostructures ...............................................................................................................................37Biomimetics .........................................................................................................................................................91Biotechnology, medicine, and healthcare ................................................................................................. 107-119Bottom-up nanotechnology ...............................................................................................................................154By design (synthesis and processing) .............................................................................................................xxi

    Carbon nanotubes ................................................................................. 24, 41, 50, 55, 77, 85, 128, 135, 138, 151Catalysis (at nanoscale, nanostructured catalyst) ................................................................................53, 124, 137Center for Quantized Electronics Structures (QUEST) ....................................................................................167Ceramic (structures, particles) ...........................................................................................................................103Characterization ...........................................................................................................................................2, 7, 36Chemical analysis systems ..................................................................................................................................92Chip (on a) .............................................................................................................................59, 92, 108, 111, 117Coatings (nanostructured) ..................................................................................................................................105Competitiveness ...................................................................................................................................................xvCommercial applications ...............................................................................................................................73, 86Computation (computer technology) ................................................................................................................x, 3Congressional (House, Senate) hearings ............................................................................................ iii, xvii, xviiiConsolidated nanostructures .................................................................................................................. 66, 97-106Coulomb blockade ...............................................................................................................................................78Courses on nanoscale science and engineering .................................................................................................165Decontamination ..................................................................................................................................................70Definition of (what is) nanotechnology ......................................................................................................vii, xxvDepartments and agencies; All at: .............................................................................................xxii, 181, 199-200

    Department of Commerce (including NIST) .....................................................................................182, 190Department of Defense (DOD) ..................................................................................................xvii, 182, 191Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) ................................................................154, 192Department of Energy (DOE) ............................................................................................................183, 193Department of Transportation (DOT) ................................................................................................183, 194National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ..........................................................89, 183, 195National Institutes of Health (NIH) ...........................................................................................xvii, 184, 196National Science Foundation (NSF) ................................................................................. xvii, 155, 184, 197

    Dispersions, coatings and other large surface area structures ........................................................................65-75

  • Appendix E. Index of Main Topics224

    Distributed Center for Advanced Electronics Simulations (DesCArtES) ........................................................169DNA ...................................................................................................................................3, 26, 58, 107, 109, 117Drug (delivery) .......................................................................................................................................60, 91, 111

    Economic impact .................................................................................................................................................. ixEducation (training) .........................................................................................................................xv, 8, 153, 158Electron microscope (microscopy) ......................................................................................................................32Energy and chemical industries ................................................................................................................. 121-141Energy (energy efficiency, conversion) .................................................................... xiii, 122, 135, 136, 144, 145Environment (nanoscale processes in) ....................................................................................xiii, xxviii, 143-152Environmentally benign structures ....................................................................................................................144Environmental technologies ......................................................................................................................144, 146Experimental methods and probes .................................................................................................................31-64Films (nanostructured, nanocomposite) ......................................................................................................65, 129Fire retardation in plastics .................................................................................................................................104Fuel cells ....................................................................................................................................................135, 138Fullerenes .....................................................................................................................................................55, 128Functional nanostructures (funding initiative) ..................................................................................................201Fundamental scientific issues ..................................................................................................................... ix, 1-16Funding for nanotechnology research (in fiscal years 1997 and 1999) ............................................................199

    Gene (delivery) ............................................................................................................................................60, 109Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) ..................................................................................................... 3, 86, 100-101GOALI (Grant opportunities for academic liaison with industry) ...................................................................156Government funding ................................................................................................................................v, xx, 199Government R&D Laboratories ......................................................................................................v, xx, 171, 176Health ...................................................................................................................................................................xiiHierarchical self-assembled nanostructures ......................................................................................................151High density memory ...........................................................................................................................................xiHuman Genome Project ......................................................................................................................................... 3Hydrogen storage .......................................................................................................................................125, 138

    Imaging system ....................................................................................................................................................71Information technology .......................................................................................................................................20Infrastructure needs for R&D and education .................................................................................... 153-180, 187Interfaces ............................................................................................................................................................112International (Europe, Japan, worldwide) .........................................................................................xvii, 153, 155Lithography (lithographically) ......................................................................................................................56, 57Lubrication ...........................................................................................................................................................23

    Magnetic behavior .........................................................................................................................................11, 33Magnetic fluids ....................................................................................................................................................72Manipulation (of nanostructures, nano-manipulators) ................................................................34, 38, 41, 43, 63Materials ................................................................................................................................ ix, 13, 51-52, 69, 123Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers (MRSEC) ....................................................................170MCM-41 ............................................................................................................................................................148Medicine ...............................................................................................................................................................xiiMesoporous nanocomposite ..............................................................................................................................151Metrology .............................................................................................................................................................38

  • Appendix E. Index of Main Topics 225

    Microfluidics ........................................................................................................................................................53Microsystems (integration in) .............................................................................................................. 93, 172-173Miniaturization ...................................................................................................................................................195Molecular electronics ........................................................................................................................... 7, 79, 80-85Molecular folding ................................................................................................................................................42Molecular logic ....................................................................................................................................................83Molecular motors .................................................................................................................................42, 107, 108Molecular recognition ..........................................................................................................................................41Molecular simulation (dynamics) ..................................................................................................................26, 29Molecule (single) ...........................................................................................................................................41, 80Monolayers ..........................................................................................................................................................11Multidisciplinary University Research centers (MUIR) ...................................................................................192Nanocomposites ...........................................................................................................................................69, 102Nanocrystals .....................................................................................................................................11, 27, 50, 117Nanodevices, nanoelectronics, and nanosensors ............................................................................................77-96Nanoelectronics .........................................................................................................................x, 77, 87, 154, 175Nanoimprint lithography ...............................................................................................................................51, 56Nanometer (what is) .................................................................................................................................xxv, xxviNanomanufacturing (nanofabrication) ................................................................... ix, xxviii, 3, 6, 7, 58, 105, 117Nanoparticles ..........................................................................21, 50, 51, 66, 70, 71, 72, 103, 111, 143, 146, 148Nanostructures on surfaces ..........................................................................................................................45, 131National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) ................................................................................................xix, 188National Nanofabrication Users Network (NNUN) .........................................................................xvii, 156, 165National security ..................................................................................................................................... xiv, xxviiiNEMS (Nano-electro-mechanical system) .......................................................................................................193Near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) ..............................................................................................44Net shape forming ..............................................................................................................................................103

    Optical gap ...........................................................................................................................................................28Optical fiber .........................................................................................................................................................69Petrochemical processing ..................................................................................................................................122Photosynthesis (artificial, Gratzel Cell) ............................................................................................................134Planetary science .................................................................................................................................................... 7Pollution .....................................................................................................................................................143, 146Polymers ........................................................................................................................ 13, 29, 37, 49, 61, 70, 149Powders (nanocrystalline) ...................................................................................................................................66Priorities (priority areas) .................................................................................................................xxi, 9, 199, 201Private sector (industry) ........................................................................................................ iv, xix, 161, 174, 175Probes (probe arrays) .....................................................................................................................................35, 37Process control .....................................................................................................................................................35Processing (of nanostructures) ............................................................................................................................50Professional societies ....................................................................................................................................v, xxiiiProperties (of nanostructures) ............................................................................................................xxv-xxvi, 4-5

    Quantum behavior .............................................................................................................................................121Quantum dot (s) ...............................................................................................................................................9, 25Quantum cellular automata ..................................................................................................................................87Quantum computing ................................................................................................................................14, 79, 91Quantum confinement .........................................................................................................................................27

  • Appendix E. Index of Main Topics226

    Quantum corral ....................................................................................................................................................10Recommendations ................................................................................................................................. iv, xix-xxivReplication ...........................................................................................................................................................61Resonant tunneling devices (diode) ..............................................................................................................87, 88RNA ...................................................................................................................................................................107Robotic systems .............................................................................................................................................64, 93

    SBIR, Small Business Innovative Research ......................................................................................................156STTR, Small Business Technology Transfer ....................................................................................................156Scaling laws .....................................................................................................................................................2, 21Scanning electron microscope .............................................................................................................................43Scanning tunneling microscope (STM) ..............................................................................................................32Scanning probe microscopes ...............................................................................................................................32Self-assembly (selfassembling, self-assembled) ...........................................................................57, 62, 127, 151Sensors (nanoscale) ......................................................................................................................................52, 110Simulations ............................................................................................................................................ 17-29, 169Social impact .................................................................................................................................................ix, 178Sol-gel synthesis ..................................................................................................................................................69Stability (thermal and chemical) .......................................................................................................................132Standardization ....................................................................................................................................................38Storage (energy) .........................................................................................................................................125, 135Strain-directed assembly ......................................................................................................................................59Superlattices (nanocrystal) ...................................................................................................................................67Supramolecules (supramolecular) .................................................................................................................37, 57Suspensions ....................................................................................................................................................66, 67Synthesis, assembly, and processing of nanostructures ...................................................................... 7, 49-64, 66Templating (templates) ..................................................................................................................................51, 66Theory, modeling and simulation (TM&S) ...................................................................................................17-29Three-dimensional nanostructures ..............................................................................................15, 34, 37, 66, 78Thermal barriers .................................................................................................................................................133Tissue engineering .............................................................................................................................................114Transportation ....................................................................................................................................................194Two-dimensional nanostructures ..................................................................................................................34, 78

    Vision (looking to the future) .....................xviii, xxix, 1-2, 17, 31, 49, 65, 77, 97, 107, 121, 143, 153, 178, 181Zeolites (zeolitic materials) ...............................................................................................................................127Waste remediation .............................................................................................................................................144Water (fluid) purification ...........................................................................................................................149, 150Wiring ..................................................................................................................................................................54