Art 101Design &Appreciation
Instructor: Deb GoodsellVoice mail: 488-4701 ext. 2008Email:email@example.com
Perspective Is the visual illusion of space and depth. In two-dimensional art forms, such as drawings, paintings, and prints, the artist often wants to convey a feeling of space or depth. Here space in an illusion, for the images rendered on paper, canvas, or board are essentially flat.The picture plane is flat. A painting is on a flat canvas. But some artists may encourage us "see" back into the composition, to pierce the picture plane and forget the painting is a flat canvas. The picture plane no longer exists as a plane, but becomes a window into a simulated three-dimensional world created by the artist.
The easier way to create an illusion of space or distance is through size. Very early in life we observe the visual phenomenon that as objects get farther away they appear to become smaller.
Using relative size to give a feeling of space or depth is very common to many periods and styles of art. Some artists exaggerate size differences. This can automatically cause the viewer to imagine that great distance is involved. And this contrast of large and tiny elements can create a dynamic visual pattern. Hieratic Scaling described on the first page, uses relative size.
Overlapping is a simple device for creating an illusion of depth. It show us the spatial relationshipsof the overlapping objects to each other. Each shape hides a part of another because it is on top of or in front of the other. This creates a sense of very shallow depth. When overlapping is combined with size differencesthe spatial sensation is greatly increased!
Vertical location is a spatial device in which elevation on the page or format indicates a recess-ion into depth. The higher an object, the farther back it is assumed to be. Vertical location is based on a visual fact. As we stand and look at thescene before us, the closest place to us is the ground down at our feet. As we gradually raise our eyes upward, objects move farther away until we reach what is called the horizon, or eye level.
Shading is the way to make objects appear three-dimensional on a two dimensional surface.The different values created when light hits a three-dimensional object causes that object to be seen as occupying space. When items appear round (occupy space) the illusion of depth is generated.
Devices to show Depth:Size
"The world of reality has its limits; the world of imagination is boundless." Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Edith Hayller, 1883 - A Summer Shower