Art of India and Southeast Asia. The Great Stupa (Sanchi, India) completed first century CE Siddhartha Gautama/ Buddhism/ nirvana/ stupa/ path at the

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  • Art of India and Southeast Asia

  • The Great Stupa (Sanchi, India) completed first century CE

    Siddhartha Gautama/ Buddhism/ nirvana/ stupa/ path at the base of the dome/ symbols of the Buddhas presence/ cosmic diagram of the world mountain/ toranas

  • Use of sensuous figures (yakshi)

  • harmika/ yasti/chatras

  • Roman copy of the omphalos from Delphi

  • The Enlightenment from the west gateway of the Great Stupa (Sanchi, India), c. 50-25 BCE

  • The Great Departure, the east gateway of the Great Stupa

  • The Great Departure, the east gateway of the Great Stupa

  • Interior of chaitya hall (Karli, India) c. 100

  • Section (left) and plan (right) of chaitya hall at Karli

  • Seated Buddha from Gandhara (Pakistan), 2nd to 3rd century, stone

    a new image of the Buddha/ bhakti/ dukha and the Four Noble Truths/ bodhisattvas/ lakshanas/ ushnisha/ urna/ three bodies of Buddha/ asceticism/ Greco-Roman influence

  • The Four Great Miracles (Gandhara), 2nd century, schist

  • Seated Buddha preaching the first sermon, from Sarnath (India) fifth century CE

    Halo and the Bodhi tree at Bodh Gaya/ Deer Park near Sarnath/ strong degree of abstract idealism found in the Gupta style/ mudra/ dharma/ long-lobed ears/ broad shoulders and thin waist/ image of a yaksha

  • Left: Abhaya-mudra (granting protection to devotees and dispelling fear)Right: Varada-mudra (denotes a deitys charity, or power to grant a wish or fulfill a vow)

  • Left: Dhyana-mudra (denotes intense concentration during meditation)Right: Dharmacakra-mudra, the turning of the Wheel of the Law (gesture of teaching)

  • Left: Vitarka-mudra (denotes exposition or argument, another form of teaching)Right: Vajra-mudra (symbolizes the supreme widsom of Adi-Buddha (Vairocana), especially in his Japanese manifestation as Dai Nichi; also symbolizes a mystical sexual union for Tantric adepts)

  • Left: Bhumisparsha-mudra, or touching the earth, (most common in Thailand, a gesture made at the point of Enlightenment)Right: Anjali-mudra (symbol of supplication or adoration)

  • Shiva as Mahadeva in rock-cut temple (Elephanta, India), sixth century

    Shiva as Mahadeva/ three colossal faces with three different expressions

  • Garbha griha at Elephanta

    garbha griha/ linga

  • Vishnu Temple (Deogarh, India), early sixth century

    Hinduism/ Brahma/ Vishnu/ use of Hindu temple as a residence for a god/ darsan/ purusha/ mandala/ more sculptural than architectural/ sikhara

  • Vishnu Reclining on the Serpent of Eternity (Deogarh), early sixth century

  • Vastupurushamandala

    32 padadevatas (divinities in the square borders)/ nakshatras/ Brahmasthana

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