Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - ADHDAttention Deficit Disorder ADaStudents with ADHD or ADDThey are students with a problem, not problem students. Making adaptations to better serve them increases their chances for success and makes the learning experience more effective for everyone.ADD Inattention
Viewed as slowNot focusedDoes not careLow self esteemAlways behind when following directions
3 Major Characteristics of ADHDInattentionHyperactivityImpulsivityInattentionAre you paying attention?Are you daydreaming?Stay focused!Did you follow directions?Are you listening?Did you finish what you started?How did you miss the detailsWhy cant you get organized?
HyperactivityStop fidgetingStay stillWhy are you always moving around?Follow the rules.Why do you keep falling and bumping into others?STOP talking
impulsivityWhy cant you wait your turn?Stop blurting out your comments and questions.Stop interrupting.Wait until I finish giving directions.These behaviors lead to:Unable to wait their turn.Unpopular with peersDifficulty developing friendshipsEasily discouragedLow self esteemViewed as the bad kid.Teaching StrategiesKnow students strengths. Physical Education may be a place for success or because of lower skill ability, difficulty with following rules and peer acceptance, Physical Education can be a place of fear.Teaching strategiesEstablish a routineStart class session with movement.Develop a scheduleSet clear boundariesUse short directions and cue wordsCheck for understanding
Teaching StrategiesGet students attention. Use his or her name first before giving a direction.Use color for organization and interest.Use peer buddiesMeet with student before class to inform about what they will be doing.
Teaching strategiesMinimize competitionNo waiting activitiesSupport directions with visuals and demonstration. Reduce distractionsClarify expectations and class rulesMore teaching strategiesUse close proximityUse frequent eye contactUse frequent positive feedbackPlan transitionsHave equipment readyReduce any down time.Behavior Management StrategiesKnow antecedents that will cause inappropriate behaviorsApply a consistent behavior management planAsk students to help with equipmentPlan a cool down area Plan a signal for cool down time.
Behavior Management StrategiesUse a timer for activitiesUse positive rewards Use when you . Then you can..Provide clear choices. Not open ended questions