AVIFAUNA OF INDIA - and the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan ... West Bengal ... biodiversity throughout India, ...

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<ul><li><p>Important Bird Areas in India: Priority sites for conservation</p><p>iii</p><p>CiiiMiiiYiiiKiii</p><p>CONTENTSPage Numbers</p><p>FOREWORDS ........................................................................... vii-xiACKNOWLEDGEMENTS .................................................................. xii-xviiiBACKGROUND ................................................................... 1-29</p><p>INDIA: GENERAL INFORMATION ................................................1-7Biodiversity .................................................................... 1Vegetation characteristics within various biogeographic zones of India ................................. 2AVIFAUNA OF INDIA ............................................................... 8-24The Indian Trans-Himalayas ............................................................... 9Wetlands of Trans-Himalayas .............................................................. 9Globally threatened species of the Indian Trans-Himalayas ........................................ 10The Himalayan Region................................................................ 10-13North-West Himalayas .................................................................. 10Western Himalayas ................................................................... 10Endemic Bird Areas of Western Himalayas .................................................... 10Restricted Range species of the Western Himalayas ............................................. 11Central Himalayas ................................................................... 11Eastern Himalayas ................................................................... 11Globally threatened species of the Himalayas Biogeographic Zone .................................. 12Endemic Bird Areas of Eastern Himalayas .................................................... 12Globally threatened and Restricted Range species of the Eastern Himalayas ............................ 13The Indian Desert (Thar) .............................................................. 13-15Avifauna of the Thar deset ............................................................... 14Globally threatened species of the Indian Thar Desert ............................................ 14The Semi-arid region ................................................................... 15Globally threatened species of the Semi-arid zone .............................................. 15The Western Ghats ................................................................. 15-16Globally threatened and Restricted Range species of the Western Ghats ............................... 16The Deccan Peninsula .................................................................. 17Secondary Areas in the Deccan Peninsula .................................................... 17Southern Deccan Plateau (SA 072) ......................................................... 17Central Indian Forests (SA 075) ............................................................ 17The Eastern Ghats ................................................................. 18-19Secondary Areas in Eastern Andhra Pradesh (SA 071) ............................................ 18Globally threatened species of the Deccan Biogeographic Zone .................................... 19The Gangetic Plains ................................................................. 19-20Globally threatened bird species of the Gangetic Plains .......................................... 20The Northeast India ................................................................. 20-22Threatened birds of the Northeast Biogeographic Zone ........................................... 21Restricted Range species of the Assam Plains Endemic Bird Area .................................... 21Secondary Areas of Northern Myanmar lowlands ............................................... 22Islands ................................................................. 22-23Restricted Range species in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands...................................... 23Lakshadweep ................................................................... 23Coasts ................................................................... 24Globally threatened species found in the Coasts Biogeographic Zone ................................. 24</p></li><li><p>Important Bird Areas in India: Priority sites for conservation</p><p>iv</p><p>CivMivYivKiv</p><p>Page NumbersWILDLIFE LEGISLATION AND POLICIES: A BRIEF ACCOUNT ..............................25-29The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 ......................................................... 25The protected areas system ...................................................... 26National Parks ................................................................... 26Wildlife Sanctuaries ................................................................... 26Tiger Reserves ................................................................... 27Reserve forests ................................................................... 27Biosphere Reserves ................................................................... 27International conventions and agreements .........................................28-29International recognition ................................................................ 28Ramsar Convention ................................................................... 28The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) ................................................. 28The Convention on International Trade in Endangered species ofWild Flora and Fauna (CITES) ............................................................. 29The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species ofWild Animals (Bonn Convention) .......................................................... 29Convention on Protection of Migratory Birds and their habitats between India and the former USSR ........... 29IBAs and the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (NBSAP) ................................. 29</p><p>OBJECTIVES AND METHODS OF INDIAN IBA PROGRAMME .................. 30-40Aims of the Inventory ................................................................... 30Site based approach ................................................................... 31Using birds to set conservation priorities ..................................................... 31Species ................................................................... 32Habitats ................................................................... 32Geographic range ................................................................... 32Limitations of the IBA approach ........................................................... 32PROCESS OF IBA IDENTIFICATION AND SELECTION .................................. 33Indian Bird Conservation Network (IBCN) ................................................... 33Sources of data ................................................................... 33Literature survey ................................................................... 33Red Data Book ................................................................... 33Regional workshops and consultation ....................................................... 33Identification of gaps ................................................................... 33Surveys for sites and species .............................................................. 33Capacity building training workshops ....................................................... 34Final prioritized IBAs ................................................................... 34Circulation of site accounts .............................................................. 34Categories and Criteria to identify Important Bird Areas .......................................35-38Category A1: Globally threatened species .................................................... 35Category A2: Restricted Range species....................................................... 35Endemic Bird Areas ................................................................... 35Secondary Areas ................................................................... 35Category A3: Biome Restricted Assemblages .................................................. 36Category A4: Congregation............................................................... 36Biogeographic Population .............................................................. 361% thresholds and applying the criteria ...................................................... 37How do the IBA criteria relate to the identification of Ramsar sites under the Ramsar Convention............. 37Ramsar sites in India ................................................................... 38GIS BASED MAPPING OF THE IBAs OF INDIA ....................................... 39Background ................................................................... 39DATA PRESENTATION ......................................................... 40State Accounts ................................................................... 40Site Accounts ................................................................... 40</p></li><li><p>Important Bird Areas in India: Priority sites for conservation</p><p>v</p><p>CvMvYvKv</p><p>Page NumbersNATIONAL OVERVIEW ..........................................................41-65</p><p>ANALYSIS AND RESULTS ....................................................... 41Status of IBAs ................................................................... 41Categories and criteria met by Indian IBAs ................................................... 41A1: Globally threatened species ........................................................... 43A2: Coverage of Restricted Range species .................................................... 47A3: Biome Restricted Assemblage .......................................................... 55A4: Congregatory species ................................................................ 57IBAs in different vegetation types .......................................................... 59IBAs in different biogeographic zones ....................................................... 59Protection Status of IBAs in different States in India............................................. 62Threats to IBAs ................................................................... 63SOME BURNING ISSUES ............................................................66-85Illegal Bird Trade by Abrar Ahmed........................................................66-70Undermining Indias Ecologically Sensitive Areas by Neeraj Vagholikar .............................71-75IBAs in Northeast India: Threats to habitats and opportunities for conservationby Manju Menon and Neeraj Vagholikar ...................................................76-79Can Communities Protect Important Bird Areas? by Ashish Kothari and Neema Pathak...................80-85References ........................................................................ 86-88</p><p>IBAs IN DIFFERENT STATES OF INDIA ...................................... 89-1111Andaman and Nicobar ............................................................. 89-135Andhra Pradesh ................................................................. 136-168Arunachal Pradesh ............................................................... 169-230Assam........................................................................ 231-321Bihar ........................................................................ 322-341Chhattisgarh ................................................................... 342-353Delhi ........................................................................ 354-359Goa ......................................................................... 360-371Gujarat ....................................................................... 372-410Haryana ...................................................................... 411-423Himachal Pradesh ............................................................... 424-478Jammu and Kashmir .............................................................. 479-522Jharkhand ..................................................................... 523-530Karnataka ..................................................................... 531-598Kerala ........................................................................ 599-653Lakshadweep .................................................................. 654-656Madhya Pradesh ................................................................ 657-690Maharashtra ................................................................... 691-734Manipur ...................................................................... 735-753Meghalaya .................................................................... 754-776Mizoram ...................................................................... 777-792Nagaland ..................................................................... 793-812Orissa ........................................................................ 813-832Pondicherry ................................................................... 833-837Punjab ....................................................................... 838-846</p></li><li><p>Important Bird Areas in India: Priority sites for conservation</p><p>vi</p><p>CviMviYviKvi</p><p>Rajasthan ..................................................................... 847-897Sikkim ....................................................................... 898-931Tamil Nadu ................................................................... 932-1001Tripura ..................................................................... 1002-1007Uttaranchal .................................................................. 1008-1040Uttar Pradesh ................................................................ 1041-1086West Bengal ................................................................. 1087-1111</p><p>APPENDICES ..................................................................1112-1126Appendix I: Important Bird Areas: summary of global categories and criteriaAppendix II : A1: Globally Threatened SpeciesAppendix III: A2 : Restricted Range SpeciesAppendix IV: A3 : Biome Restricted AssemblageAppendix V: A4i : 1% of biogeographic population of waterbirds</p><p>Postscript: Vultures Decline ........................................................ 1127INDEX TO SITES ...............................................................1128-1133</p><p>Page Numbers</p></li><li><p>Important Bird Areas in India: Priority sites for conservation</p><p>vii</p><p>CviiMviiYviiKvii</p><p>Foreword by HIH Princess Takamado</p><p>Birds are beautiful. They are everywhere. We see and hear them everyday. Many of us are extremelyfond of birds, but even if we were not, it would be difficult not to notice them. As a result, there is awealth of data available on birds and that makes them ideal as environmental indicators. The aim ofthe BirdLife Partnership is to conserve birds and their habitats, and in so doing, to protect thebiodiversity within our ecosystem....</p></li></ul>

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