Avoiding plagiarism by citing your sources…

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Avoiding plagiarism by citing your sources. What is plagiarism?. It is the use of another authors ideas in your writing without giving due credit to the original writer. In other words its copying!. Why cite sources?. Avoid plagiarism (which will be penalised ). X - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • What is plagiarism?It is the use of another authors ideas in your writing without giving due credit to the original writer.

  • In other words its copying!

  • Why cite sources?Avoid plagiarism (which will be penalised). X

    Correct citation style is expected and rewarded.

  • Adds authority to your assignment (your examiner will be expecting you to quote experts and present theoretical knowledge)

  • aka: a wise owl!

  • How to cite sourcesYou are expected to use the Harvard Reference system.A good resource: http://www.library.uow.edu.au/content/groups/public/@web/@health/documents/doc/uow025425.pdfOther systems include:APA, MLA, Vancouver

  • Citation types In textIf you directly quote use inverted commas Include the author, year of publication and page number/sEg: According to White (1991, p 184) If an innovation is flexible and can change to fit new situations, it will have a greater chance of success than one which is inflexible.

    There are slight changes to this according to source type and available information.

  • In text citation cont.If you paraphrase or summarize content without using the original words you still have to cite your source.Include the name of the author and date of publicationEg: This variability is categorized as free variation and systematic variation (Larsen- Freeman and Long, 1991).

  • In-text citation of secondary sources.What are secondary sources?* When information from another source is reported in the available source.

    Eg: McCabe(1987, cited in White, 1991) underscores the importance of evaluation as he states that evaluation involves everyone in learning more deeply than before.

    See the Harvard Reference Guide to handle other scenarios.

  • Use of foot notes

    Key definitions or explanation of a term used can be included in a foot note reference.A foot note is numbered in text and explained at the bottom of the page with the number below a line drawn underneath the main text of the page.

  • Reference List or BibliographyThis is an essential component of your report.All sources that you have cited in text must be listed in alphabetical order under the title of bibliography.This listing has to be done according to a system and with certain information included.

  • BibliographyKotler, P. (2001) A framework for marketing management. United States, Prentice Hall.Note the way the reference is presented Surname of author first -comma(,) Initial, full stop (.) space year of publication in brackets, full stop (.) Name of book in italics (only first word capitalised)country/city of publisher , comma(,)publishers name, full stop (.)

  • Variations

    See the guide to handle variations such as source type, multiple authors, different books by the same author and new editions.


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